World History Quiz: The Rise Of Rome

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World History Quiz: The Rise Of Rome - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Italian Peninsula is shaped like what?

    • A.

      A boot/bone

    • B.

      A star/flower

    • C.

      A fish/shark

    Correct Answer
    A. A boot/bone
    Explanation
    The Italian Peninsula is shaped like a boot. This is because when looking at a map of Italy, the country's outline resembles the shape of a boot, with the heel of the boot being the southern part of Italy and the toe being the island of Sicily. The boot shape is a commonly used metaphor to describe the shape of Italy due to its long and narrow landmass extending into the Mediterranean Sea. The option of "bone" is not a correct description of the shape of the Italian Peninsula.

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  • 2. 

    What is not a benefit of Rome's Apennines Mountain range?

    • A.

      A natural defense

    • B.

      A popular tourist attraction back in the 1500 B.C.E

    • C.

      Easy to cross because it is not very rugged

    • D.

      Support a larger population

    Correct Answer
    B. A popular tourist attraction back in the 1500 B.C.E
    Explanation
    The Apennines Mountain range in Rome does not have the benefit of being a popular tourist attraction back in the 1500 B.C.E. This means that during that time period, the mountain range did not attract tourists or visitors for its scenic beauty or recreational activities.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these groups were not known to inhabit Italy?

    • A.

      Etruscans

    • B.

      Greek Colonies

    • C.

      Puritans

    • D.

      Indo-Europeans

    Correct Answer
    C. Puritans
    Explanation
    The Puritans were not known to inhabit Italy. The Etruscans, Greek Colonies, and Indo-Europeans were all known to have inhabited Italy at different points in history. The Etruscans were an ancient civilization that thrived in Italy before the rise of the Roman Empire. Greek colonies were established along the southern coast of Italy during the ancient Greek colonization period. The Indo-Europeans were a linguistic and cultural group that migrated to various parts of Europe, including Italy. However, there is no historical evidence or record of the Puritans inhabiting Italy.

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  • 4. 

    Established by Romulus & Remus, the Roman government was once what? What government was later established by Tarquinuis Superbus?

    • A.

      Monarchy; Republic

    • B.

      Oligarchy; Democracy

    • C.

      Dictatorship; Aristocracy

    • D.

      Republic; Monarchy

    Correct Answer
    A. Monarchy; Republic
    Explanation
    The Roman government was initially established as a monarchy by Romulus and Remus. However, it was later transformed into a republic under the rule of Tarquinuis Superbus. This transition marked a shift in the power structure, where the authority was no longer held by a single monarch but rather shared among elected representatives. The Roman Republic became known for its system of checks and balances, with power distributed among different branches and a strong emphasis on civic participation.

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  • 5. 

    What did the Roman Confederation allow?

    • A.

      Full Citizenship

    • B.

      Money & Riches

    • C.

      Marriage

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    A. Full Citizenship
    Explanation
    The Roman Confederation allowed full citizenship. This means that individuals within the confederation had the same rights and privileges as Roman citizens, including the right to vote and hold public office. This was an important aspect of Roman governance as it helped to integrate conquered territories and foster a sense of unity within the empire. By granting full citizenship, the Roman Confederation ensured that its subjects had equal legal and political rights, promoting stability and loyalty to the empire.

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  • 6. 

    Livy was a historian that provided stories to teach Romans virtues?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Livy, a Roman historian, did indeed provide stories to teach Romans virtues. He wrote a monumental history of Rome, called "Ab Urbe Condita Libri" (Books from the Foundation of the City), which aimed to educate and inspire Roman citizens by recounting the heroic deeds and moral lessons of their ancestors. Livy's work played a significant role in shaping the Roman identity and promoting virtues such as courage, honor, and patriotism among the population. Therefore, the statement "Livy was a historian that provided stories to teach Romans virtues" is true.

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  • 7. 

    The two classes of people in the Roman State were Patricians & the Plebeians. Which best describes the Patricians?

    • A.

      Great Landowners

    • B.

      The Masses

    Correct Answer
    A. Great Landowners
    Explanation
    The Patricians were the upper class in the Roman State and were known for their wealth and social status. They were a small group of aristocrats who owned large amounts of land and held significant power and influence in society. Therefore, the term "Great Landowners" accurately describes the Patricians.

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  • 8. 

     Which best describes the Plebeians?

    • A.

      Great Landowners

    • B.

      The Masses

    Correct Answer
    B. The Masses
    Explanation
    The Plebeians were the common people or the lower class in ancient Rome. They were not the great landowners, but rather the majority of the population who were not part of the aristocracy. They were the working class, including farmers, artisans, and laborers. Therefore, "The Masses" is the best description for the Plebeians.

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  • 9. 

    What were the roles between the Roman consuls, practors and senate?

  • 10. 

    The following words can represent what war? Naval Power Vs. Land Power Sicily Carthage Defeat

    • A.

      1st Punic War

    • B.

      2nd Punic War

    • C.

      3rd Punic War

    Correct Answer
    A. 1st Punic War
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1st Punic War. The words "Naval Power Vs. Land Power" suggest a conflict between two different types of military strength, which is a key feature of the 1st Punic War between Rome and Carthage. "Sicily" is a significant location in this war, as it was the main point of contention between the two powers. "Carthage Defeat" refers to Rome's victory in this war, which ultimately led to Carthage losing control over Sicily.

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  • 11. 

    The following words can represent what war? "Bye, Bye Carthage!!" "Hello, Pergamum!!"

    • A.

      1st Punic War

    • B.

      2nd Punic War

    • C.

      3rd Punic War

    Correct Answer
    C. 3rd Punic War
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 3rd Punic War. The phrases "Bye, Bye Carthage!!" and "Hello, Pergamum!!" suggest a shift in power and the destruction of Carthage. The 3rd Punic War was the final conflict between Rome and Carthage, which resulted in the complete destruction of Carthage by the Romans. The phrases indicate the farewell to Carthage and the rise of Pergamum as a new power.

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  • 12. 

    The following words can represent what war? Elephants Scipio Africanas (Roman) No Supply Lines Carthage loses Spain

    • A.

      1st Punic War

    • B.

      2nd Punic War

    • C.

      3rd Punic War

    Correct Answer
    B. 2nd Punic War
    Explanation
    Hannibal- Carthaginian general who wanted revenge after the 1st Punic War.

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  • 13. 

    Who were Tiberius & Gaius, and how have their actions affected Rome and themselves?

  • 14. 

    Which of the following did General Marius not do?

    • A.

      Recruited an army from urban and rural poor areas

    • B.

      Made his soldiers swore an oath of loyalty

    • C.

      Believed that the new system of military recruitment gave more power

    • D.

      Was overthrown by his own soldiers

    Correct Answer
    D. Was overthrown by his own soldiers
    Explanation
    General Marius did not recruit an army from urban and rural poor areas, made his soldiers swear an oath of loyalty, and believed that the new system of military recruitment gave more power. However, he was not overthrown by his own soldiers.

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  • 15. 

    Who was Sulla?

  • 16. 

    Which of these men did not rise up to rule for power after Sulla?

    • A.

      Julius Caesar

    • B.

      Marcus Crassus

    • C.

      Gaius Pompey

    • D.

      Octavian Caesar

    Correct Answer
    D. Octavian Caesar
    Explanation
    Pompey- Commanded Spain
    Crassus-Commanded Syria
    Caesar- Gaul (modern-day France)

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  • 17. 

    What was a triumvirate?

  • 18. 

    Who did senators vote to rule solely after the death of Crassus?

    • A.

      Caesar

    • B.

      Pompey

    Correct Answer
    B. Pompey
    Explanation
    Caesar refused on this decision. Then he marched his legions into Italy. This led to a civil war.

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  • 19. 

    Who won the civil war between Caesar & Pompey?

    • A.

      Caesar

    • B.

      Pompey

    Correct Answer
    A. Caesar
    Explanation
    He then gave land to poor & increased the senate to 900. Although the rich landowners hated Caesar. He was eventually killed on March 15th by Cassius & his best friend Brutus.

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  • 20. 

    After the death of Caesar, who were not one of the three men that formed the 2nd triumvirate to replace him?

    • A.

      Mark Antony

    • B.

      Octavian Caesar

    • C.

      Lepidus

    • D.

      Brutus

    Correct Answer
    D. Brutus
    Explanation
    Lepidus died eventually, and Octavian controlled the west while Antony took the east. The 2 eventually came into conflict. Antony fell in love with Cleopatra, and soon began the Battle of Actium. Antony lost and he and Cleopatra committed suicide.

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  • 21. 

    List the facts about the Age of Augustus.

    • A.

      Claimed a restoration to the republic

    • B.

      Gave some power to the senate

    • C.

      Augustus was known as the "revered one"

    • D.

      Set up a system of selecting own successor

    • E.

      Dealt in another war with Carthage

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Claimed a restoration to the republic
    B. Gave some power to the senate
    C. Augustus was known as the "revered one"
    D. Set up a system of selecting own successor
    Explanation
    Augustus claimed a restoration to the republic, indicating that he aimed to bring back the traditional Roman system of government. He also gave some power to the senate, suggesting that he sought to share authority and involve them in decision-making. Augustus was known as the "revered one," which implies that he had a respected and revered status among the people. Additionally, he set up a system of selecting his own successor, indicating that he had a plan in place to ensure a smooth transition of power. However, there is no mention of Augustus dealing in another war with Carthage in the given facts.

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  • 22. 

    Who did Caligula make a senator?

    • A.

      A horse

    • B.

      A donkey

    • C.

      Octavian Caesar

    Correct Answer
    A. A horse
    Explanation
    Caligula, the Roman Emperor, famously appointed his horse as a senator. This decision is often cited as an example of his erratic and unpredictable behavior, as it demonstrated his disregard for the political system and his tendency towards extravagance and absurdity. This act was seen as a mockery of the Senate and a display of Caligula's power and arrogance. It is considered one of the more outrageous and bizarre actions during his reign.

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  • 23. 

    Which is not true about Nero?

    • A.

      Nero killed his mother

    • B.

      Nero led the battle at Actium

    • C.

      Nero set Rome on fire while he played the fiddle

    Correct Answer
    B. Nero led the battle at Actium
    Explanation
    The statement "Nero led the battle at Actium" is not true because Nero was not alive during the time of the Battle of Actium. The battle took place in 31 BC, while Nero was born in 37 AD. Therefore, it is historically inaccurate to claim that Nero led the battle at Actium.

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  • 24. 

    He withdrew forces and built defensive structures. He was also named after a wall in Britain that prevented invaders from Scotland.

    • A.

      Hadrian

    • B.

      Trajan

    Correct Answer
    A. Hadrian
    Explanation
    Hadrian withdrew forces and built defensive structures, indicating a defensive strategy. Additionally, he was named after a wall in Britain that prevented invaders from Scotland, suggesting his association with fortifications and defense. This aligns with Hadrian's reputation as a Roman emperor who focused on consolidating and defending the empire's borders rather than expanding them, making him the correct answer.

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  • 25. 

    He extended the Roman empire into Romania, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula.

    • A.

      Hadrian

    • B.

      Trajan

    Correct Answer
    B. Trajan
    Explanation
    Trajan is the correct answer because he was a Roman emperor who expanded the Roman empire into various regions, including Romania, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula. He is known for his military campaigns and conquests, which significantly increased the territorial extent of the Roman empire. Hadrian, on the other hand, was also a Roman emperor, but his reign was characterized by consolidating and fortifying the existing territories rather than extensive conquests. Therefore, Trajan is the more appropriate choice for the given statement.

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  • 26. 

    What is this?

    Correct Answer
    Latifundia
    latifundia
  • 27. 

    Who represented the rights of the Plebeians?

    • A.

      Senators

    • B.

      Patricians

    • C.

      Tribunes

    Correct Answer
    C. Tribunes
    Explanation
    Tribunes represented the rights of the Plebeians. The Plebeians were the common people in ancient Rome who were not part of the privileged Patrician class. The Tribunes were elected officials who acted as the voice and advocates for the Plebeians. They had the power to veto laws and actions that were deemed unfair or harmful to the Plebeians, providing them with a measure of protection and representation in the Roman government.

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  • 28. 

    Unlike the Greeks city states, ancient Rome promoted which of the following after establishing it's Republic?

    • A.

      A democratic form of government

    • B.

      A polytheistic religion with deities that exhibited human qualities

    • C.

      A strong military dictatorship

    • D.

      A policy of territorial expansion and conquest

    • E.

      A social system that permitted slavery

    Correct Answer
    D. A policy of territorial expansion and conquest
    Explanation
    After establishing its Republic, ancient Rome promoted a policy of territorial expansion and conquest. This can be seen in the history of Rome, as it gradually expanded its territory through military campaigns and conquered various regions. This policy allowed Rome to increase its power, resources, and influence, ultimately leading to the establishment of a vast empire.

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  • 29. 

    The first area that the Romans conquered in Italy was what?

    • A.

      Etruria

    • B.

      Sicily

    • C.

      Puglia

    • D.

      Latium

    Correct Answer
    D. Latium
    Explanation
    The Romans first conquered the region of Latium in Italy. Latium was the homeland of the ancient Latin people and it included the city of Rome. This conquest marked the beginning of Roman expansion and the establishment of their dominance in the Italian peninsula.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 19, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Student1017
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