Reproductive SySTEM Practice Quiz

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| By Rogersbths
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Rogersbths
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 276
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 276

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Reproductive System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What cells support and nourish growing spermatocytes?

    Correct Answer
    Sertoli Cells
    Explanation
    Sertoli cells are specialized cells found in the seminiferous tubules of the testes. They play a crucial role in supporting and nourishing the developing spermatocytes, which are the cells that eventually develop into mature sperm. Sertoli cells provide physical support to the spermatocytes, help in regulating their growth and development, and create a suitable microenvironment for spermatogenesis to occur. They also secrete various factors and nutrients that are essential for the nourishment and maturation of the spermatocytes. Therefore, Sertoli cells are vital for the proper development and production of sperm in the testes.

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  • 2. 

    What is the role of luteinizing hormone in spermatogenesis?

    Correct Answer
    stimulates testosterone production
    stimulates testosterone production to signal meiosis II
    Explanation
    Luteinizing hormone plays a crucial role in spermatogenesis by stimulating testosterone production. Testosterone is necessary for the development and maturation of sperm cells. Additionally, luteinizing hormone also signals the process of meiosis II, which is the division of cells that results in the production of haploid sperm cells. Therefore, luteinizing hormone not only stimulates testosterone production but also plays a role in signaling the progression of spermatogenesis.

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  • 3. 

    What structure produces human chorionic gonadotropin?

    Correct Answer
    embryo
    placenta
    chorionic villi
    Explanation
    Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is produced by the embryo, placenta, and chorionic villi. During pregnancy, the embryo implants itself into the uterine wall and forms the placenta. The placenta is responsible for producing hCG, which is a hormone that helps maintain the pregnancy. Chorionic villi are small finger-like projections that form on the placenta and contain cells that produce hCG. Therefore, all three structures play a role in the production of human chorionic gonadotropin.

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  • 4. 

    After a zygote undergoes mitosis and forms a bundle of cells, what is the next stage called?

    Correct Answer
    morula
    Explanation
    After a zygote undergoes mitosis and forms a bundle of cells, the next stage is called a morula. The morula is a solid ball of cells that is formed as a result of rapid cell division. It is the early stage of embryonic development and precedes the formation of a blastocyst. The morula eventually develops into a blastocyst, which is a hollow ball of cells that implants into the uterus and further develops into an embryo.

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  • 5. 

    What does oxytocin control during child birth?

    Correct Answer
    contractions of the uterus
    minimizes bleeding
    inhibits progesterone
    Explanation
    Oxytocin is a hormone that plays a crucial role during childbirth. It controls contractions of the uterus, which are necessary for the baby to be pushed out of the mother's body. Additionally, oxytocin also helps minimize bleeding by causing the blood vessels in the uterus to constrict. It inhibits progesterone, another hormone that is needed to maintain pregnancy, as the body prepares for labor and delivery. Therefore, oxytocin controls all three aspects mentioned in the answer choices.

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  • 6. 

    What structure helps to support and protect the fetus against shock and trauma?

    Correct Answer
    amniotic sac
    amniotic fluid
    Explanation
    The amniotic sac is a protective structure that surrounds and supports the fetus during pregnancy. It acts as a cushion, absorbing shocks and protecting the fetus against trauma. The amniotic fluid, which is contained within the amniotic sac, also plays a crucial role in protecting the fetus. It helps to maintain a stable environment for the fetus, providing buoyancy and preventing direct contact with the mother's organs. Together, the amniotic sac and amniotic fluid create a safe and secure environment for the developing fetus.

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  • 7. 

    What organ secretes follicle stimulating hormone?

    Correct Answer
    pituitary
    pituitary gland
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland secretes follicle stimulating hormone. The pituitary gland is a small, pea-sized gland located at the base of the brain. It is often referred to as the "master gland" because it produces and releases several hormones that regulate various bodily functions. One of these hormones is follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which plays a crucial role in the reproductive system. FSH stimulates the growth and development of follicles in the ovaries in females and the production of sperm in males. Therefore, the correct answer is pituitary or pituitary gland.

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  • 8. 

    In males, where does meiosis take place?

    Correct Answer
    seminiferous tubules
    Explanation
    Meiosis is the process of cell division that occurs in the testes of males, specifically in the seminiferous tubules. These tubules are responsible for the production of sperm cells through the process of spermatogenesis. During meiosis, the cells in the seminiferous tubules undergo two rounds of cell division, resulting in the formation of haploid sperm cells that carry half the number of chromosomes compared to the parent cell. Therefore, the correct answer is seminiferous tubules.

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  • 9. 

    What region serves as the sperm "swim school"?

    Correct Answer
    epididymis
    Explanation
    The epididymis serves as the "swim school" for sperm. This is because it is a coiled tube located on the back of each testicle where sperm mature and gain the ability to swim. Sperm produced in the testes are initially immature and unable to swim, but as they pass through the epididymis, they undergo maturation and acquire the necessary motility to swim and fertilize an egg. Therefore, the epididymis plays a crucial role in the development and maturation of sperm.

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  • 10. 

    What structure adds an alkaline fluid to semen?

    Correct Answer
    prostate gland
    Explanation
    The prostate gland is responsible for adding an alkaline fluid to semen. This fluid helps to neutralize the acidity of the vagina and provides nourishment and protection to the sperm. Without this alkaline fluid, the sperm would not be able to survive in the acidic environment of the female reproductive system. Therefore, the prostate gland plays a crucial role in the reproductive process by enhancing the chances of successful fertilization.

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  • 11. 

    What is the role of the seminal vesicles?

    Correct Answer
    adds 70% of fluid to semen
    adds fluid to semen
    adds nutrients to semen
    adds fructose to semen
    adds sugar to semen
    Explanation
    The seminal vesicles play a crucial role in the production of semen. They contribute approximately 70% of the fluid volume in semen, which helps to nourish and protect sperm. The fluid secreted by the seminal vesicles also contains various nutrients, including fructose and sugars, which provide energy for the sperm to swim and survive in the female reproductive tract. Therefore, the seminal vesicles add fluid, nutrients, fructose, and sugar to semen, supporting the overall function and viability of sperm.

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  • 12. 

    After swimming to the egg, what is the first step in fertilization of an egg by sperm?

    Correct Answer
    acrosome reaction
    Explanation
    The acrosome reaction is the first step in fertilization of an egg by sperm. During this process, the acrosome, a structure on the head of the sperm, releases enzymes that help the sperm penetrate the protective layers surrounding the egg. This reaction allows the sperm to bind to the egg's surface and initiate the fusion of their membranes, leading to the fertilization process.

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  • 13. 

    What happens during the cortical reaction?

    Correct Answer
    The cortical granules release enzymes to create a fertilization envelope
    Explanation
    During the cortical reaction, the cortical granules release enzymes. These enzymes are responsible for creating a fertilization envelope. The fertilization envelope forms a protective barrier around the egg, preventing multiple sperm from entering and fertilizing it. This process ensures that only one sperm successfully fertilizes the egg, which is essential for the development of a healthy embryo.

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  • 14. 

    What is the jelly-like layer of the egg cell that becomes the fertilization envelope?

    Correct Answer
    zona pellucida
    Explanation
    The jelly-like layer of the egg cell that becomes the fertilization envelope is called the zona pellucida. This layer surrounds the egg and plays a crucial role in fertilization. It helps to protect the egg and allows only one sperm to penetrate, preventing polyspermy. After fertilization, the zona pellucida hardens to form a barrier that prevents other sperm from entering the egg.

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  • 15. 

    After ovulation, what is the structure that forms from the remaining follicle cells in the ovary in the presence of LH?

    Correct Answer
    corpus luteum
    Explanation
    After ovulation, the structure that forms from the remaining follicle cells in the ovary in the presence of LH is called the corpus luteum. The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine gland that secretes hormones such as progesterone, which is important for preparing the uterus for potential pregnancy. If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum will eventually degenerate, leading to a decrease in hormone production and the start of a new menstrual cycle.

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  • 16. 

    What does the trophoblast layer of the blastocyst develop into?

    Correct Answer
    placenta
    Explanation
    The trophoblast layer of the blastocyst develops into the placenta. The placenta is an organ that forms during pregnancy and connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall. It is responsible for providing oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, removing waste products, and producing hormones necessary for pregnancy. The trophoblast layer specifically gives rise to the outer layer of the placenta, which is involved in implantation and the exchange of substances between the mother and fetus.

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  • 17. 

    Name cells involved in the stages of spermatogenesis, beginning with spermatogonia.

    Correct Answer
    Spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes, secondary spermatocytes, spermatids, spermatozoa
    Explanation
    The stages of spermatogenesis begin with spermatogonia, which are the diploid cells in the testes. Spermatogonia undergo mitosis to produce primary spermatocytes, which are also diploid. The primary spermatocytes then undergo meiosis I to form secondary spermatocytes, which are haploid. These secondary spermatocytes then undergo meiosis II to form spermatids, which are also haploid. Finally, spermatids mature into spermatozoa, which are the functional male gametes.

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  • 18. 

    How many gametes are produced from one primary oocyte during oogenesis?

    Correct Answer
    one
    Explanation
    During oogenesis, one primary oocyte produces one gamete. This is because oogenesis is the process of forming female gametes, or eggs, in the ovaries. The primary oocyte undergoes meiosis, resulting in the formation of one mature egg cell and three polar bodies. However, only the mature egg cell is considered a functional gamete capable of fertilization. Therefore, the correct answer is one.

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  • 19. 

    What is the structure that forms a narrow opening between the uterus and vagina?

    Correct Answer
    cervix
    Explanation
    The structure that forms a narrow opening between the uterus and vagina is called the cervix. The cervix is a cylindrical-shaped organ that connects the uterus to the vagina. It plays a crucial role in reproductive health, as it allows the passage of menstrual blood from the uterus to the vagina and also serves as the entrance for sperm during sexual intercourse. Additionally, the cervix helps to protect the uterus from infections by producing mucus that acts as a barrier.

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  • 20. 

    After an ovum is released from the ovary, what structure does it enter?

    Correct Answer
    fallopian tubes
    uterine tubes
    oviduct
    Explanation
    After an ovum is released from the ovary, it enters the fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or oviducts. These tubes serve as a pathway for the ovum to travel from the ovary to the uterus. The fallopian tubes are lined with cilia, which help propel the ovum towards the uterus. Fertilization of the ovum by a sperm usually occurs in the fallopian tubes.

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  • 21. 

    Where are Sertoli cells located?

    Correct Answer
    seminiferous tubules
    wall of the seminiferous tubules
    Explanation
    Sertoli cells are located in both the seminiferous tubules and the wall of the seminiferous tubules. They provide structural support and nourishment to developing sperm cells, as well as help in the production of testosterone.

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  • 22. 

    At the time of ovulation, are estrogen levels low or high?

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      High

    Correct Answer
    B. High
    Explanation
    During ovulation, estrogen levels are high. This hormone plays a crucial role in the menstrual cycle, stimulating the release of an egg from the ovary. As the follicles in the ovary mature, they produce increasing amounts of estrogen. This surge in estrogen triggers the release of luteinizing hormone (LH), which leads to ovulation. Therefore, high estrogen levels are necessary for the occurrence of ovulation.

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  • 23. 

    In the first few days of the menstrual cycle, are levels of progesterone low or high?

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      High

    Correct Answer
    A. Low
    Explanation
    During the first few days of the menstrual cycle, progesterone levels are low. This is because progesterone is primarily produced during the second half of the menstrual cycle, after ovulation occurs. In the early days of the cycle, the uterus lining is shed, and the body prepares for the release of a new egg. Therefore, progesterone levels are low during this phase.

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  • 24. 

    How is in vitro fertilization different from natural fertilization in humans?

    Correct Answer
    IVF happens outside the body
    Explanation
    In vitro fertilization (IVF) is different from natural fertilization in humans because it occurs outside the body. In natural fertilization, the sperm fertilizes the egg inside the woman's reproductive system, typically in the fallopian tubes. However, in IVF, the fertilization process takes place in a laboratory dish, where the egg and sperm are combined. After fertilization, the resulting embryo is then transferred back into the woman's uterus for implantation and pregnancy to occur. This method is used to help couples who are struggling with infertility or have certain medical conditions that prevent natural conception.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 13, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Rogersbths
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