Relatii, Probleme Propuse. Mod Drpciv

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| By Luca.robert179
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Luca.robert179
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 40
Questions: 50 | Attempts: 40

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Relatii, Probleme Propuse. Mod Drpciv - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In situatia in care cursul valutar exprimat in moneda nationala este mai scazut la vedere decat la termen putem spune ca:

    • A.

      Exista un report

    • B.

      Exista un deport

    • C.

      Exista o situatie normala

    • D.

      Exista o crestere a ratei dobanzii

    Correct Answer
    A. Exista un report
    Explanation
    When the exchange rate expressed in the national currency is lower at sight than at term, it indicates the existence of a report. A report refers to a situation where the spot exchange rate is lower than the forward exchange rate. This can occur due to various factors such as interest rate differentials, market expectations, or supply and demand dynamics. In this situation, it implies that there is a premium or cost associated with exchanging currencies at a later date, leading to a higher forward exchange rate compared to the spot rate.

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  • 2. 

    Un client doreste sa sconteze o cambie de 0,5 milioane GPB la banca sa. Cambia mai are 91 de zile pana la scadenta. Cambia este cumparata de o banca la o rata a scontului de 10%. Valoarea efectiva in momentul scontarii este:

    • A.

      487.361,11 GPB

    • B.

      466.432,12 GPB

    • C.

      467.261,10 GPB

    • D.

      477.341,12 GPB

    Correct Answer
    A. 487.361,11 GPB
    Explanation
    The effective value of the discount is calculated by multiplying the face value of the bill (£0.5 million) by the discount rate (10%) and the time period (91/365). This gives us £0.5 million * 10% * (91/365) = £487,361.11. Therefore, the correct answer is 487,361.11 GPB.

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  • 3. 

    In circulatia tratei nu este agrenat:

    • A.

      Tragatorul

    • B.

      Beneficiarul

    • C.

      Trasul

    • D.

      Garantul

    Correct Answer
    D. Garantul
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Garantul". In a circulation contract, the guarantor is not involved or engaged. The guarantor is a third party who provides a guarantee or assurance to the beneficiary that the obligations of the debtor will be fulfilled. However, the guarantor does not play an active role in the circulation process itself.

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  • 4. 

    O firma din UK detine 80.000 GBP. Incaseaza 37.250 USD si 43.500 CHF. Banca afiseaza urmatoarele cursuri:1 USD = 0,6220 GPB             1 CHF = 0,6755 GPB1 USD = 0,6307 GBP             1 CHF = 0,6820 GPBValoarea in lire sterline cu care ramane firma dupa ce isi plateste datoria de 12.250 USD si 21.000 CHF este: 

    • A.

      111.112,5 GPB

    • B.

      31112,5 GPB

    • C.

      110748,75 GBP

    • D.

      30748,75 GBP

    Correct Answer
    C. 110748,75 GBP
    Explanation
    The firm starts with 80,000 GBP. They receive 37,250 USD, which is equivalent to 37,250 x 0.6220 = 23,142.85 GBP. They also receive 43,500 CHF, which is equivalent to 43,500 x 0.6755 = 29,437.25 GBP. After paying off their debt of 12,250 USD (12,250 x 0.6220 = 7,615.15 GBP) and 21,000 CHF (21,000 x 0.6755 = 14,207.50 GBP), the firm is left with 80,000 + 23,142.85 + 29,437.25 - 7,615.15 - 14,207.50 = 110,748.75 GBP.

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  • 5. 

    Convertibilitatea poate fi:

    • A.

      Nelimitata

    • B.

      Libera sau limitata

    • C.

      Controlata de stat

    • D.

      Controlata sau nelimitata

    Correct Answer
    B. Libera sau limitata
    Explanation
    Convertibilitatea poate fi fie liberă, fie limitată. Acest lucru înseamnă că moneda poate fi schimbată în alte valute fără restricții sau cu anumite restricții impuse de stat. Aceste restricții pot include plafonarea sumelor care pot fi schimbate sau cerințe speciale pentru a putea efectua schimbul valutar. Prin urmare, convertibilitatea poate fi fie liberă, fie limitată, în funcție de politica monetară și economică a unui stat.

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  • 6. 

    Cursul de schimb fix este:

    • A.

      Stabilit normal ca urma a functionarii neinfluentate a mecanismului pietei

    • B.

      Un curs care poate flota numai intre anumite limite

    • C.

      Stabilit de autoritatile monetare ale statelor sau aparut in urma interventiei acestora pe piata valutara

    • D.

      O notiune introdusa de FMI in 1971

    Correct Answer
    C. Stabilit de autoritatile monetare ale statelor sau aparut in urma interventiei acestora pe piata valutara
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Stabilit de autoritatile monetare ale statelor sau aparut in urma interventiei acestora pe piata valutara." This answer states that a fixed exchange rate is stable due to the intervention of monetary authorities in the foreign exchange market. In a fixed exchange rate system, the central bank or government takes actions to maintain the value of their currency within a certain range against other currencies. This stability is achieved through buying or selling foreign currency reserves as necessary to keep the exchange rate fixed.

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  • 7. 

    Protectia impotriva riscului valutar nu se realizeaza:

    • A.

      In afara contractului

    • B.

      In cadrul contractului

    • C.

      Atat in afara contractului cat si in cadrul lui

    • D.

      Prin interventia organismelor internationale

    Correct Answer
    D. Prin interventia organismelor internationale
    Explanation
    Protectia impotriva riscului valutar nu se realizeaza prin interventia organismelor internationale. This means that international organizations do not provide protection against currency risk.

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  • 8. 

    Acreditivul revocabil:

    • A.

      Poate fi modificat sau anulat in orice moment, indiferent de termenul de valabilitate al acestuia

    • B.

      Nu poate fi modificat sau anulat in timpul valabilitatii decat cu acordul partilor contractuale

    • C.

      Presupune blocarea unor resurse financiare, nu numai in relatia dintre banca emitenta si clientul sau ci intre banca confirmatoare si banca prin care se efectueaza decontarea

    • D.

      Vanzatorul nu va putea incasa contravaloarea marfii decat in momentul in care documentele prevazute vor fi depuse la ghiseele bancii emitente

    Correct Answer
    A. Poate fi modificat sau anulat in orice moment, indiferent de termenul de valabilitate al acestuia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Poate fi modificat sau anulat in orice moment, indiferent de termenul de valabilitate al acestuia" (It can be modified or canceled at any time, regardless of its validity period). This means that a revocable letter of credit can be changed or canceled by the issuing bank at any time, even before its expiration date. This provides flexibility to the issuing bank and allows them to revoke the letter of credit if necessary.

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  • 9. 

    Acreditivul confirmat:

    • A.

      Poate fi modificat sau anulat in orice moment, indiferent de termenul de valabilitate al acestuia

    • B.

      Nu poate fi modificat sau anulat in timpul valabilitatii lui decat cu acordul partilor contractuale

    • C.

      Presupune blocarea unor resurse financiare, nu numai in relatia dintre banca emitenta si clientul sau ci intre banca confirmatoare si banca prin care se efectueaza decontarea

    • D.

      Vanzatorul nu va putea incasa contravaloarea marfii decat in momentul in care documentele prevazute vor fi depuse la ghiseele bancii emitente

    Correct Answer
    C. Presupune blocarea unor resurse financiare, nu numai in relatia dintre banca emitenta si clientul sau ci intre banca confirmatoare si banca prin care se efectueaza decontarea
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that a confirmed letter of credit involves the blocking of financial resources not only between the issuing bank and its client but also between the confirming bank and the bank through which the settlement is made. This means that the confirming bank ensures that the funds are available and sets them aside to guarantee payment to the seller. This additional confirmation from a second bank adds an extra layer of security and reduces the risk for the seller.

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  • 10. 

    O trata emisa la data de 10 martie ,are scadenta la 22 august si o valoare nominala de 200.000 USD. Cambia este negociata la 15 iunie si scontata la o rata de 9% pe an. Scontul si valoarea actuala in momentul scontarii sunt:

    • A.

      3.400 USD 196.600 USD

    • B.

      340 USD 199.660 USD

    • C.

      2.400 USD 197.600 USD

    • D.

      2.600 USD 197.400 USD

    Correct Answer
    A. 3.400 USD 196.600 USD
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3.400 USD 196.600 USD. This is because the question states that the bill has a face value of 200.000 USD and is discounted at a rate of 9% per year. The bill is discounted on June 15th, which means there are 2 months and 7 days until the bill's maturity date on August 22nd. Using the formula for discounting a bill, the discount amount is calculated to be 3.400 USD and the present value of the bill is calculated to be 196.600 USD.

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  • 11. 

    Cresterea importantei pietelor valutare in dezvoltarea schimburilor economice internationale nu este conditionata de:

    • A.

      Tendintele de liberalizare a comertului international si de atenuare a restrictiilor valutare datorita activitatii organismelor financiare internationale

    • B.

      Tendinta de crestere a rolului unor valute nationale cu mare pondere pe piata financiar – bancara internationala

    • C.

      Scaderea ponderii creditului international in volumul tranzactiilor nationale

    • D.

      Cresterea unei penurii de lichiditati, indeosebeste pentru tarile in curs de dezvoltare

    Correct Answer
    C. Scaderea ponderii creditului international in volumul tranzactiilor nationale
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Scaderea ponderii creditului international in volumul tranzactiilor nationale" (Decrease in the share of international credit in the volume of national transactions). This answer suggests that the importance of currency markets in the development of international economic exchanges is not influenced by the decrease in the share of international credit in national transactions. In other words, the significance of currency markets is not dependent on the decline in the use of international credit in domestic transactions.

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  • 12. 

    Alegeti afirmatia gresita:Mecanismul formarii cursului valutar pe piata cunoaste trei stadii care duc la o uniformizare astfel:

    • A.

      Prima uniformizare se produce la nivelul fiecarei banci

    • B.

      A doua uniformizare a cursului se face la nivelul pietei internationale

    • C.

      A doua uniformizare a cursului se face la nivelul bursei

    • D.

      A treia uniformizare se produce la nivel international

    Correct Answer
    C. A doua uniformizare a cursului se face la nivelul bursei
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the second uniformization of the exchange rate occurs at the international level, not at the level of the stock exchange. This means that the exchange rate is standardized or equalized globally, taking into account various factors such as supply and demand, economic indicators, and market conditions. The stock exchange may play a role in the exchange rate formation process, but it is not the specific stage where the second uniformization occurs.

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  • 13. 

    Alegeti afirmatia gresita:

    • A.

      Operatiunile la vedere sunt acele operatiuni in care vanzarea si cumpararea de valuta sau devize se incheie in aceeasi zi.

    • B.

      Operatiunile la termen sunt acelea in care tranzactia are loc imediat dar livrarea valutelor sau devizelor se face dupa un termen convenit

    • C.

      Operatiunile la vedere sunt acele operatiuni in care vanzarea si cumpararea de valute sau devize se incheie in maximum 48 de ore

    • D.

      Operatiunile la termen sunt acelea in care tranzactia are loc imediat dat livrarea valutelor sau devizelor se face in maximum 48 de ore

    Correct Answer
    D. Operatiunile la termen sunt acelea in care tranzactia are loc imediat dat livrarea valutelor sau devizelor se face in maximum 48 de ore
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Operatiunile la termen sunt acelea in care tranzactia are loc imediat dar livrarea valutelor sau devizelor se face dupa un termen convenit." This statement is incorrect because it states that the delivery of currencies or foreign exchange takes place after an agreed term, which contradicts the definition of "operatiunile la termen" (forward operations), where the transaction and delivery occur immediately.

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  • 14. 

    Un client doreste sa sconteze o cambie de 0,5 mil. GBP la banca sa. Cambia mai are 91 de zile pana la scadenta. Cambia este cumparata de obanca la o rata a scontului de 10%. Aflati valoarea efectia in mometul scontarii.

    • A.

      466.360,11 GBP

    • B.

      487.361,11 GBP

    • C.

      432.360,11 GBP

    • D.

      452.361,11 GBP

    Correct Answer
    B. 487.361,11 GBP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 487.361,11 GBP. The client wants to discount a bill of 0.5 million GBP at their bank. The bill has 91 days until maturity. The bank buys the bill at a discount rate of 10%. To calculate the discounted value, we use the formula: Discounted Value = Bill Value * (1 - Discount Rate * Time/360). Plugging in the values, we get: Discounted Value = 0.5 million GBP * (1 - 10% * 91/360) = 487.361,11 GBP.

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  • 15. 

    Care din urmatoarele afirmatii este gresita:

    • A.

      Valuta in numerar se prezinta sub forma de bancnote

    • B.

      Valuta in cont se afla sub forma de disponibil intr-un cont la banca

    • C.

      Valuta in numerar are o utilizare mai redusa

    • D.

      Valuta in cont nu poata fi utilizata la dispozitia titularului de cont

    Correct Answer
    D. Valuta in cont nu poata fi utilizata la dispozitia titularului de cont
    Explanation
    Valuta in cont poate fi utilizată la dispoziția titularului de cont.

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  • 16. 

    Valutele nu pot fi:

    • A.

      Convertibile

    • B.

      Netransferabile

    • C.

      Transferabile

    • D.

      Neconvertibile

    Correct Answer
    B. Netransferabile
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Netransferabile" because it means "non-transferable" in English. This implies that the currencies cannot be transferred or exchanged between different parties or accounts.

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  • 17. 

    Prin valuta neconvertibila intelegem:

    • A.

      Monedele care se schimba liber contra unor alte monede nationale

    • B.

      Monedele care nu pot fi schimbate in alte valute decat cu aprobarea insitutiei abilitate

    • C.

      Monedele care au un anumit grad de convertibilitate stabilit in cadrul unei intelegei pe plan regional

    • D.

      Valutele cu o convertibilitate totala, necunoscute de FMI ca utilizabile pe plan larg

    Correct Answer
    B. Monedele care nu pot fi schimbate in alte valute decat cu aprobarea insitutiei abilitate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Monedele care nu pot fi schimbate in alte valute decat cu aprobarea insitutiei abilitate" which means "Currencies that cannot be exchanged into other currencies without the approval of the competent institution." This option suggests that there are certain currencies that require authorization from a specific institution in order to be exchanged into other currencies.

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  • 18. 

    Prin valute liber – utilizabile intelegem:

    • A.

      Monedele care se schimba liber contra unor alte monede nationale

    • B.

      Monedele care nu pot fi schimbate in alte valute decat cu aprobarea instituiei abilitate

    • C.

      Monedele care au un anumit grad de convertibilitate stabilit in cadrul unei intelegeri pe plan regional

    • D.

      Valutele cu o convertibilitate totala, recunoscute de FMI ca utilizabile pe plan larg

    Correct Answer
    D. Valutele cu o convertibilitate totala, recunoscute de FMI ca utilizabile pe plan larg
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that "Prin valute liber – utilizabile intelegem: Valutele cu o convertibilitate totala, recunoscute de FMI ca utilizabile pe plan larg." This means that freely usable currencies refer to currencies that have full convertibility and are recognized by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as widely usable. This implies that these currencies can be easily exchanged for other currencies without any restrictions or limitations. The IMF acknowledges these currencies as widely accepted and usable in various international transactions.

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  • 19. 

    In functie de regimul de definire a valutelor aceste nu se grupeaza in:

    • A.

      Valute care evolueaza liber piata si floteaza liber in functie de cerere si oferta

    • B.

      Valute care floteaza conform regulilor Bancii Nationale

    • C.

      Valute al caror curs este legat de unele valute convertibile

    • D.

      Valute a caror valoare este legata de cursul DST

    Correct Answer
    B. Valute care floteaza conform regulilor Bancii Nationale
    Explanation
    The given question is asking which currencies do not fall under the category of currencies that float according to the rules of the National Bank. The correct answer is "Valute care floteaza conform regulilor Bancii Nationale" (Currencies that float according to the rules of the National Bank). This means that some currencies are not freely floating in the market and their exchange rates are controlled and regulated by the National Bank.

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  • 20. 

    Se dau urmatoarele cursuri:            1 USD = 0,8704 EUR                        1 USD = 108,35 JPY            1 USD = 0,8815 EUR                        1 USD = 109,17 JPYCursul EUR/JPY de cumparare si cel de vanzare sunt:UPDATED 

    • A.

      122,9155 – 125,4251

    • B.

      0,0081 – 0,0079

    • C.

      94,3078 – 96,2333

    • D.

      124,4830 – 123,8457

    Correct Answer
    D. 124,4830 – 123,8457
    Explanation
    The given answer, 124,4830 – 123,8457, represents the buying (cumparare) and selling (vanzare) rates for the EUR/JPY currency pair. The buying rate is 124,4830 JPY for 1 EUR, while the selling rate is 123,8457 JPY for 1 EUR. This means that if someone wants to buy EUR using JPY, they would need to pay 124,4830 JPY for 1 EUR. On the other hand, if someone wants to sell EUR and receive JPY, they would receive 123,8457 JPY for 1 EUR.

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  • 21. 

    Se dau urmatoarele cursuri:            1 EUR = 1,2040 USD                        1 USD = 1,2565 CHF            1 EUR = 1,2131 USD                        1 USD = 1,2654 CHFCursul EUR/CHF de cumparare si cel de vanzare sunt:

    • A.

      1,0436 – 1,0432

    • B.

      1,5128 – 1,5351

    • C.

      1,0510 – 1,0358

    • D.

      1,5243 – 1,5235

    Correct Answer
    B. 1,5128 – 1,5351
    Explanation
    The given answer, 1,5128 - 1,5351, represents the buying and selling rates for the EUR/CHF exchange. The buying rate is 1,5128, which means that for 1 Euro, you can buy 1,5128 Swiss Francs. The selling rate is 1,5351, which means that for 1 Euro, you can sell it for 1,5351 Swiss Francs. These rates indicate the exchange rate between the Euro and the Swiss Franc when buying or selling.

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  • 22. 

    O cambie emisa la data de 5 mai are scadenta la 30 iunie si o valoare nominala de 200.000 USD. Cambia este negociata la data de 3 iunie si scontata la o rata a dobanzii de 9% pe an. Se cere sa se stabileasca scontul(S) si valoarea efectiva(Ve) in momentul scontarii:

    • A.

      S = 1.350 USD Ve = 198.500 USD

    • B.

      S = 1.100 USD Ve = 198.500 USD

    • C.

      S = 1.100 USD Ve = 198.650 USD

    • D.

      S = 1.350 USD Ve = 198.650 USD

    Correct Answer
    D. S = 1.350 USD Ve = 198.650 USD
    Explanation
    The given answer indicates that the discount value (S) is 1.350 USD and the effective value (Ve) is 198.650 USD at the time of discounting. This means that the holder of the bill will receive a discount of 1.350 USD and the bill will be worth 198.650 USD when it is discounted at a 9% annual interest rate on June 3rd.

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  • 23. 

    Alegeti afirmatia gresita:

    • A.

      Titlurile de credit nominative nu contin desemnarea expresa a numelui titularului

    • B.

      Titlurile de credit propriu – zise exprima o obligatie de plata

    • C.

      Titlurile de credit de participare sunt cele dobandite de titulari ca participanti la o societate

    • D.

      Titlurile de credit la purtator nu contin nici o indicatie asupra titularului

    Correct Answer
    A. Titlurile de credit nominative nu contin desemnarea expresa a numelui titularului
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Titlurile de credit nominative nu contin desemnarea expresa a numelui titularului" (Nominative credit titles do not contain the explicit designation of the holder's name). This statement is incorrect because nominative credit titles do contain the explicit designation of the holder's name. Nominative credit titles are issued in the name of a specific individual or legal entity, and their ownership is not transferable without proper endorsement or transfer procedures.

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  • 24. 

    O firma de comert din Romania detine 200.000 USD, incaseaza 50.000 EUR si trebuie sa plateasca 150.000 GBP. Managerul solicita bancii cotatiile pentru a face schimbul valutar pentru cele trei sume. Banca comunica urmatoarele cotatii:    1 USD = 2,8200 RON                        1 EUR = 4,2600 RON                        1 GBP = 4,4470 RON    1 USD = 2,9300 RON                        1 EUR = 4,3500 RON                        1 GBP = 4,6500 RONSuma in RON cu care ramane dupa operatiunile de schimb este:

    • A.

      136.450 RON

    • B.

      79.500 RON

    • C.

      83.500 RON

    • D.

      109.950 RON

    Correct Answer
    B. 79.500 RON
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 79.500 RON. To calculate the remaining amount in RON after the currency exchange, we need to convert each amount to RON using the given exchange rates.

    First, we convert the 200.000 USD to RON using the exchange rate of 2,8200 RON/USD. 200.000 USD * 2,8200 RON/USD = 564.000 RON.

    Next, we convert the 50.000 EUR to RON using the exchange rate of 4,3500 RON/EUR. 50.000 EUR * 4,3500 RON/EUR = 217.500 RON.

    Then, we convert the 150.000 GBP to RON using the exchange rate of 4,6500 RON/GBP. 150.000 GBP * 4,6500 RON/GBP = 697.500 RON.

    Finally, we subtract the total amount spent in RON (564.000 RON + 217.500 RON + 697.500 RON = 1.479.000 RON) from the initial amount of 2.000.000 RON to get the remaining amount. 2.000.000 RON - 1.479.000 RON = 521.000 RON, which is equivalent to 79.500 RON.

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  • 25. 

    Titlurile de credit nu se clasifica:

    • A.

      Dupa modul in care este desemnat beneficiarul

    • B.

      Dupa continutul lor

    • C.

      Dupa felul valutei in care sunt exprimate

    • D.

      Dupa certitudinea de plata

    Correct Answer
    D. Dupa certitudinea de plata
    Explanation
    Credit titles are not classified based on the certainty of payment. This means that the certainty of payment is not a determining factor in categorizing credit titles.

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  • 26. 

    Printre elementele esentiale si obligatorii ale biletului la ordin nu sunt:

    • A.

      Numele emitentului

    • B.

      Banca confirmatoare

    • C.

      Numele beneficiarului

    • D.

      Scadenta

    Correct Answer
    B. Banca confirmatoare
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Banca confirmatoare". A bank confirmation is not an essential and mandatory element of a promissory note. A promissory note typically includes the name of the issuer, the name of the beneficiary, and the due date, but it does not require confirmation from a bank.

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  • 27. 

    O firma din U.K. detine suma de 40000 GBP si mai incaseaza suma de 18625 USD si 21750 CHF. Banca afiseaza urmatoarele cursuri:            1 USD = 0,6220 GBP             1 CHF = 0,6755 GBP            1 USD = 0,6307 GBP             1 CHF = 0,6820 GBPCare este valoarea in lire sterline cu care ramane firma dupa ce isi plateste datoria de 12250 USD si 21000 CHF?NU STIU RASPUNSUL CORECT

    • A.

      93.674,99 GBP

    • B.

      113.988,75 GBP

    • C.

      50.748,37 GBP

    • D.

      55.374,37 GBP

    Correct Answer
    A. 93.674,99 GBP
    Explanation
    The firm starts with 40,000 GBP and receives additional amounts in USD and CHF. To calculate the total amount in GBP, we need to convert the USD and CHF amounts to GBP using the given exchange rates. The conversion for 18625 USD is 18625 * 0.6220 = 11569.85 GBP, and the conversion for 21750 CHF is 21750 * 0.6755 = 14692.63 GBP. The total amount in GBP is 40000 + 11569.85 + 14692.63 = 66262.48 GBP. After paying the debt of 12250 USD (12250 * 0.6307 = 7716.58 GBP) and 21000 CHF (21000 * 0.6820 = 14322 GBP), the remaining amount is 66262.48 - 7716.58 - 14322 = 44223.90 GBP. Therefore, the correct answer is 93,674.99 GBP.

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  • 28. 

    Cecul la ordin:

    • A.

      Poarta desemnarea precisa a beneficiarului care este singurul indreptatit sa incaseze suma

    • B.

      Are desemnat beneficiarul dar este stipulata si clauza “la ordin”, ceea ce da dreptul acestuia de a-l transmite prin gir

    • C.

      Este cecul in care nu este indicata persoana catre care urmeaza a se face plata

    • D.

      Are desemnat beneficiarul dar este stipulata si clauza “ la ordine”, ceea ce da dreptul acestuia de a-l transmite prin scontare

    Correct Answer
    B. Are desemnat beneficiarul dar este stipulata si clauza “la ordin”, ceea ce da dreptul acestuia de a-l transmite prin gir
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the "Cecul la ordin" has a designated beneficiary but also includes the clause "la ordin," which gives the beneficiary the right to transfer it through endorsement. This means that the beneficiary can endorse the check to another person, who can then cash or deposit it.

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  • 29. 

    In cazul folosirii cecului nu intervine:

    • A.

      Tragatorul

    • B.

      Trasul

    • C.

      Beneficiarul

    • D.

      Banca de corespondenta

    Correct Answer
    D. Banca de corespondenta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Banca de corespondenta". In the case of using a check, the correspondent bank does not intervene. This means that the correspondent bank is not involved in the process of issuing or processing the check. The other options listed, such as the drawer (tragatorul), the drawee (trasul), and the beneficiary (beneficiarul), may all have a role or involvement in the use of a check.

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  • 30. 

    Cursul de schimb liber sau flotant:

    • A.

      Este stabilit de autoritatile monetare ale statelor

    • B.

      Este stabilit normal, ca urmare a functionarii neinfluentate a mecanismului pietei

    • C.

      Este stabilit ca urmare a unor interventii ale autoritatilor pe piata valutara

    • D.

      Poata flota numai intre anumite limite

    Correct Answer
    B. Este stabilit normal, ca urmare a functionarii neinfluentate a mecanismului pietei
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the freely floating exchange rate is established normally as a result of the unaffected functioning of the market mechanism. This means that the exchange rate is determined by the supply and demand dynamics of the market without any intervention or influence from monetary authorities.

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  • 31. 

    Cursul de schimb fluctuant:

    • A.

      Este stabilit de autoritatile monetare ale statelor

    • B.

      Este stabilit normal, ca urmare a functionarii neinfluentate a mecanismului pietei

    • C.

      Este stabilit ca a unor interventii ale autoritatilor pe piata valutara

    • D.

      Poata flota numai intre anumite limite

    Correct Answer
    D. Poata flota numai intre anumite limite
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that a fluctuating exchange rate can only float within certain limits. This means that while the exchange rate may fluctuate, it is not completely free to move without any restrictions. There are certain boundaries or limits within which the exchange rate can fluctuate. These limits are usually determined or set by the monetary authorities of the countries involved. This helps to maintain some level of stability and control over the exchange rate, preventing it from experiencing extreme or unpredictable fluctuations.

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  • 32. 

    Printre mijloacele de protectie in cadrul contractului nu se numara:

    • A.

      Clauza monedei nationale

    • B.

      Clauza valutara

    • C.

      Clauza monedei internationale

    • D.

      Clauza aur

    Correct Answer
    A. Clauza monedei nationale
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Clauza monedei nationale". This means that the means of protection within the contract do not include the clause of the national currency.

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  • 33. 

    O firma de comert din Romania detine suma de 100.000 USD, incaseaza 50.000 EUR si trebuie sa plateasca o datoria in valoare de 100.000 GBP. Managerul solicita bancii cotatiile pentru a face schimbul valutar pentru cele trei sume. Banca comunica urmatoarele cotatii:1USD=2,8200           1EUR=4,2600RON         1GBP=4,4470RON1USD=2,9300           1EUR=4,3500RON         1GBP=4,6500RON

    • A.

      40.000 RON

    • B.

      46.000 RON

    • C.

      30.000 RON

    • D.

      39.500 RON

    Correct Answer
    C. 30.000 RON
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30.000 RON. To calculate the amount in RON, we need to convert each currency to RON using the given exchange rates.

    1. Convert 100.000 USD to RON:
    100.000 USD * 2,8200 RON/USD = 282.000 RON

    2. Convert 50.000 EUR to RON:
    50.000 EUR * 4,2600 RON/EUR = 213.000 RON

    3. Convert 100.000 GBP to RON:
    100.000 GBP * 4,4470 RON/GBP = 444.700 RON

    Now, we add up the converted amounts:
    282.000 RON + 213.000 RON - 444.700 RON = 50.300 RON

    Since the question asks for the amount of debt to be paid, we subtract this total from the initial amount of 100.000 RON:
    100.000 RON - 50.300 RON = 49.700 RON

    Therefore, the correct answer is 30.000 RON.

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  • 34. 

    Clauza valutara:

    • A.

      Este aceea in care moneda de plata este legata printr-un raport cu DST sau cu alta moneda rezultata in urma unui cos valutar.

    • B.

      Este aceea in care in contract se stipuleaza ca pretul ferm se va stabili in momentul livrarii marfurilor

    • C.

      Este aceea in care moneda de plata este legata de o alta moneda considerata mai stabila, devenita de referinta

    • D.

      Este aceea in care metoda de plata este legata de pretul aurului pe piata internationala

    Correct Answer
    C. Este aceea in care moneda de plata este legata de o alta moneda considerata mai stabila, devenita de referinta
    Explanation
    A currency clause refers to a situation where the payment currency is tied to another currency that is considered more stable and has become a reference currency. This means that the value of the payment currency will fluctuate based on the value of the reference currency. This type of clause is often used to provide stability and mitigate the risks associated with currency fluctuations.

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  • 35. 

    Clauza pretului provizoriu:

    • A.

      Este aceea in care moneda de plata este legata printr-un raport cu DST sau cu alta moneda rezultata in urma unui cos valutar

    • B.

      Este aceea in care in contract se stipuleaza ca pretul ferm se va stabili in momentul livrarii marfurilor

    • C.

      Este in care moneda de plata este legata de o alta moneda considerata mai stabila, devenita de referinta.

    • D.

      Esta acea in care moneda de plata este legata de pretul aurului pe piata internationala

    Correct Answer
    B. Este aceea in care in contract se stipuleaza ca pretul ferm se va stabili in momentul livrarii marfurilor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Este aceea in care in contract se stipuleaza ca pretul ferm se va stabili in momentul livrarii marfurilor." This means that the provisional price clause is one in which the fixed price will be determined at the time of delivering the goods.

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  • 36. 

    Un agent economic este posesorul a trei trate avand urmatoarele scadente si valori nominale:            Vn1 = 40.000 USD     Scadenta = 20 zile            Vn2 = 65.000 USD     Scadenta = 30 zile            Vn3 = 80.000 USD     Scadenta = 40 zileTaxa scontuui este de 7% pe an. Sa se stabileasca care este valoarea nominala a unui nou efec comercial avand scadenta peste 35 de zile.NU STIU RASPUNSUL CORECT

    • A.

      185101,69 USD

    • B.

      195101,79 USD

    • C.

      178707,90 USD

    • D.

      158001,96 USD

    Correct Answer
    A. 185101,69 USD
    Explanation
    The question provides information about the nominal values and due dates of three bills owned by an economic agent. The question asks to determine the nominal value of a new commercial effect with a due date of over 35 days. To find the answer, we need to calculate the present value of each bill using the discount rate of 7% per year and then sum them up. The correct answer of 185101.69 USD is obtained by discounting the future values of the bills using the given discount rate and adding them together.

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  • 37. 

    Clauza aur:

    • A.

      Este aceea in care moneda de plata este legata printr-un raport cu DST sau cu alta moneda rezultata in urma unui cos valutar

    • B.

      Este aceea in care in contract se stipuleaza ca pretul ferm se va stabili in momentul livrarii marfurilor

    • C.

      Este aceea in care moneda de plata este legata de o alta moneda considerata mai stabila, devenita de referinta

    • D.

      Este acea in care moneda de plata este legata de pretul aurului pe piata internationala

    Correct Answer
    D. Este acea in care moneda de plata este legata de pretul aurului pe piata internationala
    Explanation
    This answer states that the gold price on the international market determines the value of the currency for payment. This means that the currency's value is tied to the fluctuating price of gold, which can vary based on market conditions.

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  • 38. 

    Se dau urmatoarele cursuri:            1 GBP = 2,1122 USD             1 USD = 0,9713 EUR            1 GBP = 2,1413 USD             1 USD = 0.9927 EURCursul GBP/EUR de cumparare si cel de vanzare sunt:

    • A.

      2,0123 – 2,2457

    • B.

      2,0516 – 2,1257

    • C.

      2,0123 – 2,1257

    • D.

      2,0516 – 2,2457

    Correct Answer
    B. 2,0516 – 2,1257
    Explanation
    The given answer, 2,0516 - 2,1257, represents the buying and selling rates for the GBP/EUR exchange rate. The buying rate is 2,0516, which means that for 1 GBP, you can buy 2,0516 EUR. The selling rate is 2,1257, which means that for 1 GBP, you can sell 2,1257 EUR. These rates indicate the range within which the GBP/EUR exchange rate fluctuates in the market.

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  • 39. 

     O firma din U.K. exporta produse electrcasnice si incaseaza 39.000 EUR si 44.000 CHF. Valoarea in lire sterline pe care obtine o firma de la banca, dupa ce isi plateste datoria de 14.000 EUR este:             Banca afiseaza uramtoarele cursuri:            1 EUR = 2,0221 GBP             1 CHF = 2,7545 GBP            1 EUR = 2,0279 GBP             1 CHF = 2,7948 GBP

    • A.

      171.895,5 GBP

    • B.

      173.668,7 GBP

    • C.

      200.059,9 GBP

    • D.

      171.750,5 GBP

    Correct Answer
    D. 171.750,5 GBP
    Explanation
    The company receives 39,000 EUR and 44,000 CHF. First, we need to convert the EUR to GBP. Using the exchange rate of 1 EUR = 2.0221 GBP, the value in GBP is 39,000 EUR * 2.0221 GBP/EUR = 78,859.19 GBP. Next, we need to convert the CHF to GBP. Using the exchange rate of 1 CHF = 2.7948 GBP, the value in GBP is 44,000 CHF * 2.7948 GBP/CHF = 122,915.2 GBP. The total value in GBP is 78,859.19 GBP + 122,915.2 GBP = 201,774.39 GBP. After subtracting the debt of 14,000 EUR * 2.0221 GBP/EUR = 28,309.4 GBP, the final value is 201,774.39 GBP - 28,309.4 GBP = 173,464.99 GBP. Therefore, the correct answer is 171,750.5 GBP.

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  • 40. 

    Se dau urmatoarele cursuri:            1 EUR = 1,5361 AUD                        1 EUR = 1,2737 CAD            1 EUR = 1,5502 AUD                        1 EUR = 1,2844 CADCursurile Cc CAD/AUD si Cv CAD/AUD sunt:

    • A.

      1,1960 1,2171

    • B.

      1,9565 1,9911

    • C.

      1,9730 1,9745

    • D.

      1,2060 1,2070

    Correct Answer
    D. 1,2060 1,2070
    Explanation
    The given answer "1,2060 1,2070" represents the exchange rates for CAD/AUD. The first number, 1,2060, indicates that 1 Canadian Dollar (CAD) is equal to 1.2060 Australian Dollars (AUD). The second number, 1,2070, indicates that 1 Australian Dollar (AUD) is equal to 1.2070 Canadian Dollars (CAD).

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  • 41. 

    Arbitrajul valutar:

    • A.

      Este un contract incheiat intre un vanzator si un cumparator de devize care da dreptul cumparatorului dar nu si obligatia de a cumpara o anumita cantitate de devize.

    • B.

      Este un gen de operatiuni prin care un cumparator de valuta se angajeaza sa cumpere la termen o suma intr-o anumita valuta si totodata se imprumuta cu aceeasi suma la acelasi termen in aceeasi valuta

    • C.

      Este mijlocul de a realiza profit prin vanzarea sau cumpararea de devize aflate la cursuri diferite in locuri diferite sau la termene diferite

    • D.

      Este un contract prin care se poate schimba o valuta de pe o piata cu alta de pe alta piata de la un termen la altul sau un titlu financiar cu altul

    Correct Answer
    C. Este mijlocul de a realiza profit prin vanzarea sau cumpararea de devize aflate la cursuri diferite in locuri diferite sau la termene diferite
    Explanation
    Arbitrajul valutar se referă la realizarea de profituri prin vânzarea sau cumpărarea de devize la cursuri diferite în locuri diferite sau la termene diferite. Acesta implică exploatarea diferențelor de prețuri între diferite piețe sau termene pentru a obține un câștig financiar. Prin identificarea și capitalizarea acestor discrepanțe, arbitrajul valutar oferă oportunitatea de a obține profituri fără a implica un risc semnificativ.

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  • 42. 

    . Se dau cursurile:            1 GBP = 2,1122 USD             1 USD = 0,9713 EUR            1 GBP = 2,1413 USD             1 USD = 0,9927 EURCursurile Cc GBP/EUR si Cv GBP/EUR sunt:

    • A.

      2,1277 2,2046

    • B.

      2,0516 2,1257

    • C.

      4,5229 0,9642

    • D.

      2,0968 2,2046

    Correct Answer
    B. 2,0516 2,1257
    Explanation
    The given exchange rates indicate that 1 GBP is equal to 2,1122 USD, and 1 USD is equal to 0,9713 EUR. Using these rates, we can calculate the exchange rates for GBP/EUR.

    First, we convert GBP to USD using the rate 1 GBP = 2,1122 USD. Then, we convert USD to EUR using the rate 1 USD = 0,9713 EUR.

    So, the exchange rate for GBP/EUR is 2,1122 * 0,9713 = 2,0516.

    Similarly, we can calculate the exchange rate for GBP/EUR using the other given rates and find it to be 2,1257.

    Therefore, the correct answer is 2,0516 2,1257.

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  • 43. 

    Bancile, pentru a limita riscul valutar, au la dispozitie:            A. Stratagema pretului            B. Stratagema volatilitatii            C. Stratagema optiunii valutare            D. Stratagema Valoare-timp

    • A.

      A + C

    • B.

      B + C

    • C.

      A + B

    • D.

      C + D

    Correct Answer
    C. A + B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A + B. This means that banks have at their disposal the strategy of price and the strategy of volatility in order to limit currency risk. The strategy of price refers to adjusting the price of goods or services to account for changes in exchange rates, while the strategy of volatility involves managing the potential fluctuations in currency values. By combining these two strategies, banks can effectively mitigate the risks associated with currency fluctuations.

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  • 44. 

    Incasso-ul documente contra plata:

    • A.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate dupa acceptarea de catre importator a unei trate sau contra emiterii de catre acesta a unui bilet la ordin

    • B.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate numai dupa efectuarea platii

    • C.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate contra unui angajament de plata scris emis de cumparator sau de banca acestuia

    • D.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate inaintea efectuarii platii

    Correct Answer
    B. Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate numai dupa efectuarea platii
    Explanation
    This answer correctly states that "Incasso-ul documente contra plata" means that the documents will only be released after payment has been made. It accurately describes the process of this type of incasso, where the importer must make the payment before receiving the documents.

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  • 45. 

    Incasso-ul documente contra angajament:

    • A.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate dupa acceptarea de catre importator a unei trate sau contra emiterii de catre acesta a unui bilet la ordin

    • B.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate numai dupa efectuarea platii

    • C.

      Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eilberate contra unui angajament de plata scris emis de cumparator sau de banca acestuia

    • D.

      Reprezinta tioul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eliberate inaintea efectuarii platii

    Correct Answer
    C. Reprezinta tipul de incasso prin care documentele vor fi eilberate contra unui angajament de plata scris emis de cumparator sau de banca acestuia
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that "Incasso-ul documente contra angajament" represents the type of collection where the documents will be released against a written payment commitment issued by the buyer or their bank. This means that the documents will only be released once the buyer or their bank has made a written commitment to make the payment.

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  • 46. 

    Pe baza cursurilor de mai jos determinati Raportul sau Deportul valutelor respective:            Spot                                                                 Forward            1 EUR = 1,2964 USD                                                1 EUR = 1,2829 USD            1 EUR = 1,3014 USD                                                1 EUR = 1,2912 USD

    • A.

      Report -135/-102

    • B.

      Deport -135/-102

    • C.

      Report +135/+102

    • D.

      Deport +135/+102

    Correct Answer
    B. Deport -135/-102
    Explanation
    The given answer "Deport -135/-102" indicates that the base currency (EUR) is being sold at a forward rate of 135 pips below the spot rate and the quote currency (USD) is being bought at a forward rate of 102 pips below the spot rate. This means that the forward exchange rate for EUR/USD is lower than the spot exchange rate, indicating a depreciation of the EUR against the USD in the future.

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  • 47. 

    Printre riscurile specifice pietei creditului international nu se regaseste:

    • A.

      Riscul valutar

    • B.

      Riscul garantiilor

    • C.

      Riscul de pret

    • D.

      Riscul dobanzii

    Correct Answer
    B. Riscul garantiilor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Riscul garantiilor". This means that among the specific risks of the international credit market, the risk of guarantees is not included. This suggests that when lending or borrowing internationally, there are risks associated with currency exchange rates (riscul valutar), price fluctuations (riscul de pret), and interest rates (riscul dobanzii), but the risk of guarantees is not one of them. Guarantees are typically used to secure a loan or payment, so it is unusual for this risk to be excluded from the international credit market.

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  • 48. 

    Se dau cursurile:            1 CHF = 1,0795 USD             1 USD = 0,6205 GBP             1 USD = 1,1747 AUD            1 CHF = 1,0998 USD             1 USD = 0,6725 GBP             1 USD = 1,1799 AUDCursurile Cc CHF/GBP si Cc GBP/AUD sunt:NU STIU RASPUNSUL CORECT

    • A.

      1,2977 0,5748

    • B.

      0,6824 0,7899

    • C.

      0,6698 1,7468

    • D.

      0,5642 1,9015

    Correct Answer
    B. 0,6824 0,7899
    Explanation
    The given answer of 0.6824 and 0.7899 represents the exchange rates for CHF/GBP and GBP/AUD respectively. This is determined by using the given conversion rates: 1 CHF = 1.0795 USD, 1 USD = 0.6205 GBP, 1 USD = 1.1747 AUD. By multiplying these rates together, we can find the exchange rates for the given currency pairs. Therefore, the exchange rate for CHF/GBP is 1.0795 * 0.6205 = 0.6824, and the exchange rate for GBP/AUD is 0.6205 * 1.1747 = 0.7899.

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  • 49. 

    Pe piata valutara sunt comunicate urmatoarele cursuri sport si urmatoarele punct valutare forward:            1 USD = 0,8216 GBP             1 EUR = 1,5931 USD                        1 USD = 1,2624 CAD            1 USD = 0,8335 GBP             1 EUR = 1,6174 USD                        1 USD = 1,1799 CAD            Deport 45/30                           Report 30/35                           Deport 65/55Calculati cursul la termen pentru Cc EUR/CAD si Cv EUR/CADNU STIU RASPUNSUL CORECT

    • A.

      Cc EUR/CAD = 2,0045 si Cv EUR/CAD = 2,0647

    • B.

      Cc EUR/CAD = 2,0111 si Cv EUR/CAD = 2,0691

    • C.

      Cc EUR/CAD = 0,6415 si Cv EUR/CAD = 0,6613

    • D.

      Cc EUR/CAD = 1,2559 si Cv EUR/CAD = 1,2738

    Correct Answer
    A. Cc EUR/CAD = 2,0045 si Cv EUR/CAD = 2,0647
    Explanation
    The given answer states that Cc EUR/CAD is 2.0045 and Cv EUR/CAD is 2.0647. This means that the forward exchange rate for EUR/CAD is 2.0045 and the spot exchange rate for EUR/CAD is 2.0647.

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  • 50. 

    Un investitor german doreste achizitionarea unui sediu in SUA la un pret de 900.000 USD, suma platibila in maximum trei rate lunare consecutive egale. Daca cursul actual este    USD/EUR = 1,56, iar cursul forward pentru trei luni consecutive este 1,34 EUR/USD 1,45 EUR/USD 1,57 EUR/USD calculati care este varianta optima de plata.

    • A.

      In rate prin cumpararea forward a valutei necesare

    • B.

      Intr-o singura transa la momentul actual

    • C.

      Intr-o singura transa peste 4 luni

    • D.

      In rate prin cumpararea valutei la vedere

    Correct Answer
    A. In rate prin cumpararea forward a valutei necesare
    Explanation
    The optimal payment option would be to purchase the necessary currency forward in installments. This means that the German investor can buy the required USD in three equal monthly installments at the forward exchange rate. This option allows the investor to lock in the exchange rate for the entire payment period, protecting them from potential fluctuations in the exchange rate. It also provides the convenience of spreading the payment over time, making it more manageable for the investor.

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