Redox, Circuits & Fluorescence

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Quizzes Created: 20 | Total Attempts: 19,830
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Redox, Circuits & Fluorescence - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Metals readily ____________ electrons to form _______________ charged particles.

    • A.

      Lose, negatively

    • B.

      Lose, positively

    • C.

      Gain, negatively

    • D.

      Gain, postively

    Correct Answer
    B. Lose, positively
    Explanation
    Metals readily lose electrons to form positively charged particles. This is because metals have a low ionization energy, meaning it requires less energy for them to lose electrons. When metals lose electrons, they become positively charged ions, also known as cations. This is due to the fact that they now have more protons than electrons, resulting in a net positive charge.

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  • 2. 

    Oxidation is when electrons are _____________. The electrons are written on the right side of the reaction as ______________.

    • A.

      Lost, reactants

    • B.

      Lost, products

    • C.

      Gained, reactants

    • D.

      Gained, products

    Correct Answer
    B. Lost, products
    Explanation
    In oxidation, electrons are lost. This means that they are transferred from the reactants to the products. Therefore, the correct answer is "lost, products".

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  • 3. 

    The ground state is:

    • A.

      When an ion or atom with an electron moves to a higher than normal energy level

    • B.

      The lowest energy level of atom or ion

    • C.

      The distance between successive crests of an electromagnetic wave

    • D.

      The number of times a point on a wave passes a fixed reference point in a second

    Correct Answer
    B. The lowest energy level of atom or ion
    Explanation
    The ground state refers to the lowest energy level of an atom or ion. In this state, the electron is in its most stable configuration, occupying the energy level closest to the nucleus. Excitation of the electron to a higher energy level results in an excited state. Therefore, the ground state can be considered as the "resting" or baseline energy level of the atom or ion.

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  • 4. 

    Fluorsescence is

    • A.

      When an ion or atom with an electron moves to a higher than normal energy level

    • B.

      The lowest energy level of atom or ion

    • C.

      The emisison of light from a substance resulting from the immediate return of an electron to ground state

    • D.

      The emission of light from a substance resulting from the delayed return of an electron to ground state

    Correct Answer
    C. The emisison of light from a substance resulting from the immediate return of an electron to ground state
    Explanation
    Fluorescence is the emission of light from a substance resulting from the immediate return of an electron to the ground state. When an atom or ion with an electron moves to a higher than normal energy level, it becomes excited. As the electron returns to its ground state, it releases energy in the form of light. This process is known as fluorescence.

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  • 5. 

    In ROYGBIV, red has a wavelength corresponding to

    • A.

      700 nm

    • B.

      400 nm

    • C.

      1000 nm

    • D.

      200 nm

    Correct Answer
    A. 700 nm
    Explanation
    ROYGBIV is an acronym used to remember the colors of the visible light spectrum - red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Each color in the spectrum corresponds to a specific wavelength of light. In this case, the correct answer is 700 nm because red light has a longer wavelength compared to the other options.

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  • 6. 

    The relationship between wavelength and frequency is __________________ because when wavelength _______________, frequency decreases.

    • A.

      Direct, increases

    • B.

      Direct, decreases

    • C.

      Indirect, increases

    • D.

      Indirect, decreases

    Correct Answer
    C. Indirect, increases
    Explanation
    The relationship between wavelength and frequency is indirect because when wavelength increases, frequency decreases. This is because wavelength and frequency are inversely proportional to each other according to the wave equation. As the wavelength of a wave increases, the number of wave cycles that pass a point in a given time decreases, resulting in a lower frequency.

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  • 7. 

    Why did the orange LED light NOT make the glow-in-the-dark star glow?

    • A.

      It's wavelength was too small

    • B.

      Its energy was too small

    • C.

      The electron moved to an excited state then had a delay in returning to ground state

    • D.

      The electron moved to an excited state and immediately returned to ground state

    Correct Answer
    B. Its energy was too small
    Explanation
    The orange LED light did not make the glow-in-the-dark star glow because its energy was too small. Energy is directly related to the wavelength of light, and orange light has a longer wavelength compared to other colors. The glow-in-the-dark star requires a certain amount of energy to absorb and re-emit light, and the energy provided by the orange LED light was not sufficient for this process to occur.

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  • 8. 

    What is the relationship between current and potential difference?

    • A.

      Direct

    • B.

      Indirect

    • C.

      Exponential

    • D.

      Quadratic

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct
    Explanation
    The relationship between current and potential difference is direct. This means that as the potential difference increases, the current flowing through a circuit also increases. Similarly, if the potential difference decreases, the current will also decrease. This direct relationship is described by Ohm's Law, which states that the current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference across it, as long as the temperature and other factors remain constant.

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  • 9. 

    Solid lead (Pb) will react with ___________ if it is in the aqueous state.

    • A.

      Calcium, Ca

    • B.

      Zinc, Zn

    • C.

      Silver, Ag

    • D.

      Lithium, Li

    Correct Answer
    C. Silver, Ag
    Explanation
    Solid lead (Pb) will react with silver (Ag) if it is in the aqueous state. This is because silver is more reactive than lead and can displace lead from its compound in the aqueous solution. This reaction is known as a displacement reaction, where a more reactive metal displaces a less reactive metal from its compound.

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  • 10. 

    Aqueous sodium (Na) will react with _________ in the solid state.

    • A.

      Lithium, Li

    • B.

      Magnesium, Mg

    • C.

      Tin, Sn

    • D.

      Mercury, Hg

    Correct Answer
    A. Lithium, Li
    Explanation
    Aqueous sodium (Na) will react with lithium (Li) in the solid state because both elements are highly reactive metals. When they come into contact, a chemical reaction occurs, resulting in the formation of a compound. This reaction is known as a single displacement reaction, where the more reactive metal (sodium) displaces the less reactive metal (lithium) from its compound. Therefore, aqueous sodium will react with solid lithium.

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  • 11. 

    In the reaction: Ag+ (aq)  + Zn(s) --> Ag (s) + Zn2+ (aq) Ag is _____________ meaning it _______________ electrons.

    • A.

      Oxidized, loses

    • B.

      Oxidized, gains

    • C.

      Reduced, loses

    • D.

      Reduced, gains

    Correct Answer
    D. Reduced, gains
    Explanation
    In the given reaction, Ag+ is reduced, meaning it gains electrons. This is because in the reaction, Ag+ ions are reduced to Ag atoms, which involves the gain of electrons. On the other hand, Zn is oxidized, meaning it loses electrons. This is because Zn atoms are oxidized to Zn2+ ions, which involves the loss of electrons. Therefore, the correct answer is "reduced, gains".

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  • 12. 

    In the reaction Ag+ (aq)  + Zn(s) --> Ag (s) + Zn2+ (aq) electrons are transferred from ________ to __________.

    • A.

      Ag, Zn

    • B.

      Zn, Ag

    • C.

      Impossible to answer, electrons are not transferred

    Correct Answer
    B. Zn, Ag
    Explanation
    In the given reaction, electrons are transferred from Zn to Ag. This is because Zn is in solid form (Zn(s)) and loses electrons to form Zn2+ ions (Zn2+ (aq)). On the other hand, Ag is in aqueous form (Ag+ (aq)) and gains electrons to form solid Ag (Ag (s)). Therefore, Zn is oxidized (loses electrons) and Ag is reduced (gains electrons) in this reaction.

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  • 13. 

    In the reaction: Cr3+ (aq)  +Al(s) -->  Cr (s) + Al3+ (aq) There is a transfer of

    • A.

      Electrons from Al to Cr3+

    • B.

      Electrons from Cr3+ to Al

    • C.

      Protons from Al to Cr3+

    • D.

      Protons from Cr3+ to Al

    Correct Answer
    A. Electrons from Al to Cr3+
    Explanation
    In this reaction, aluminum (Al) is oxidized and loses electrons, while chromium (Cr3+) is reduced and gains electrons. This transfer of electrons from Al to Cr3+ is indicated by the arrow pointing towards Cr (s) in the reaction equation. Therefore, the correct answer is "electrons from Al to Cr3+".

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  • 14. 

    Which metal reacts spontaneoulsy with a solution containing zinc ions?

    • A.

      Potassium, K

    • B.

      Nickel, Ni

    • C.

      Copper, Cu

    • D.

      Silver, Ag

    Correct Answer
    A. Potassium, K
    Explanation
    Potassium reacts spontaneously with a solution containing zinc ions because it is more reactive than zinc. In a redox reaction, potassium donates electrons to zinc ions, causing the zinc ions to be reduced and forming zinc metal. This reaction is spontaneous because it releases energy. On the other hand, nickel, copper, and silver are less reactive than zinc, so they do not react spontaneously with a solution containing zinc ions.

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  • 15. 

    It is incorrect to say "When aluminum metal and copper ions were mixed the aluminum melted". Because Al is above Cu on the ____________________ it is correct to say they reacted.

    • A.

      Electromagnetic spectrum

    • B.

      Periodic table

    • C.

      Metal activity series

    • D.

      Electronegativity series

    Correct Answer
    C. Metal activity series
    Explanation
    The correct answer is metal activity series. The metal activity series is a list that ranks metals in order of their reactivity. When aluminum metal and copper ions were mixed, aluminum reacted with the copper ions because aluminum is above copper in the metal activity series. This means that aluminum is more reactive than copper and can displace copper from its ions in a chemical reaction.

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  • 16. 

    In the reaction:  Cu2+ (aq)  +Zn(s) -->   Zn (s) +   Cu2+ (aq) which equation represents the reduction half reaction?

    • A.

      Zn(s) --> Zn2+ + 2 e

    • B.

      Zn(s) + 2e --> Zn2+

    • C.

      Cu2+ (aq) + 2e --> Cu (s)

    • D.

      Cu2+(aq) --> Cu (s) + 2e

    Correct Answer
    C. Cu2+ (aq) + 2e --> Cu (s)
    Explanation
    The equation "Cu2+ (aq) + 2e --> Cu (s)" represents the reduction half reaction because it shows the gain of electrons by the Cu2+ ion to form Cu metal. In a reduction reaction, the species being reduced gains electrons, which is shown in this equation by the Cu2+ ion gaining 2 electrons to form Cu metal.

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  • 17. 

    In the reaction: Na(s) + Pt+ (aq) -->  Na + (aq) + Pt(s) Na is _________________ meaning it _______________ electrons.

    • A.

      Oxidized, loses

    • B.

      Oxidized, gains

    • C.

      Reduced, loses

    • D.

      Reduced, gains

    Correct Answer
    A. Oxidized, loses
    Explanation
    In the given reaction, Na(s) is oxidized, meaning it loses electrons. This is because it goes from being a neutral atom (Na(s)) to a positively charged ion (Na+(aq)). Oxidation involves the loss of electrons, so the correct answer is "oxidized, loses".

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  • 18. 

    In order for a substance to be conduct it must have ______________________ that can ______________________.

    • A.

      Ions, be charged

    • B.

      Ions, move

    • C.

      Molecules, move

    • D.

      Atoms, move

    Correct Answer
    B. Ions, move
    Explanation
    In order for a substance to conduct, it must have ions that can move. Ions are charged particles, either positively or negatively charged, and they are responsible for carrying electric current in a substance. When ions are able to move freely within a substance, they can carry the electric charge and allow for conductivity. Therefore, the presence of ions and their ability to move is essential for a substance to be conductive.

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  • 19. 

    The first recorded references to static electricity and lightning were made over 2,500 years ago by

    • A.

      Thomas Edison

    • B.

      Dr. William Gilbert

    • C.

      Einstein

    • D.

      Greek Philosophers

    Correct Answer
    D. Greek Philosophers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Greek Philosophers. The question is asking about the first recorded references to static electricity and lightning, which were made over 2,500 years ago. Thomas Edison, Dr. William Gilbert, and Einstein are not relevant to this time period, as they lived much later. Greek Philosophers, on the other hand, were known for their early observations and theories about natural phenomena, including electricity and lightning.

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  • 20. 

    Which metallic conductor is the best & most popular choice?

    • A.

      Aluminum

    • B.

      Silver

    • C.

      Copper

    • D.

      Gold

    Correct Answer
    C. Copper
    Explanation
    Copper is the best and most popular choice for a metallic conductor because it has excellent electrical conductivity. It is widely used in various applications such as electrical wiring, power transmission, and electronics. Copper has low resistance, allowing for efficient flow of electricity, and it is also cost-effective compared to other metals like silver and gold. Additionally, copper is readily available and has good mechanical properties, making it a reliable and versatile choice for conducting electricity.

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  • 21. 

    What unit used to measure EMF? 

    • A.

      Amps

    • B.

      Volts

    • C.

      Ohms

    • D.

      Curies

    Correct Answer
    B. Volts
    Explanation
    Volts are used to measure electromotive force (EMF). EMF is the potential difference or voltage generated by a source such as a battery or generator. It represents the amount of electrical energy transferred per unit charge. Amps measure electric current, ohms measure resistance, and curies measure radioactive decay. Therefore, volts are the appropriate unit for measuring EMF.

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  • 22. 

    What is used in an electrical circuit to prevent a short circuit? 

    • A.

      Insulators

    • B.

      Conductors

    • C.

      Resistors

    • D.

      Circuit breakers

    Correct Answer
    D. Circuit breakers
    Explanation
    Circuit breakers are used in electrical circuits to prevent a short circuit. A short circuit occurs when there is a direct connection between the positive and negative terminals of a power source, causing a surge of current. Circuit breakers are designed to detect this excessive current flow and quickly interrupt the circuit, preventing damage to the system and potential fire hazards. They act as a safety mechanism by automatically opening the circuit when a short circuit occurs, thereby protecting the electrical components and preventing further damage.

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  • 23. 

    Which represents an example when resistance is desirable?

    • A.

      Light bulbs

    • B.

      Space heaters

    • C.

      Cell phones

    • D.

      Computers

    Correct Answer
    B. Space heaters
    Explanation
    Space heaters represent an example when resistance is desirable because they convert electrical energy into heat energy by passing the electric current through a resistive element. The resistance in the heater helps to control the flow of current and prevent overheating or damage to the device. By producing heat, space heaters are able to warm up a specific area or room, making them useful in providing warmth during cold weather conditions.

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  • 24. 

    Which wavelength of light has a higher energy?

    • A.

      700 nm

    • B.

      600 nm

    • C.

      500 nm

    • D.

      400 nm

    Correct Answer
    D. 400 nm
    Explanation
    The wavelength of light is inversely proportional to its energy. This means that shorter wavelengths have higher energy. In this case, 400 nm has the shortest wavelength among the given options, indicating that it has the highest energy.

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  • 25. 

    Which color of visible light has a longer wavelength?

    • A.

      Orange

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Indigo

    • D.

      Violet

    Correct Answer
    A. Orange
    Explanation
    Orange has a longer wavelength compared to green, indigo, and violet. In the visible light spectrum, colors with longer wavelengths appear closer to the red end, while colors with shorter wavelengths appear closer to the violet end. Therefore, orange, being closer to the red end, has a longer wavelength than the other given options.

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  • 26. 

    In the Mythbuster's Episode "The Third Rail", why did the dummy leak ballistics gel? This is extra credit.

  • 27. 

    In the Brainicas clip, an electric fence was used to shock people. How were they able to get EVERYONE who was holding hands to feel the shock from the fence? This is Extra credit.

  • 28. 

    In the Mythbusters episode, "The Third Rail", it was proved that urine was conductive but yet the myth was busted. What was the specific issue that was discovered the "problem" with the myth? This is extra credit.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 14, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Lmmurp2

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