Reading Comprehension_passage On Brain Drain

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Reading Comprehension_passage On Brain Drain - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Directions (Q. 1 –10): The passage given below is followed by a set of ten questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question. A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: Among the many groups of students in American colleges, Asian students:

    • A.

      Are often written about in magazines like News Week

    • B.

      Are most successful academically

    • C.

      Have proved that they are as good as the whites

    • D.

      Have only a minority status like the blacks

    Correct Answer
    C. Have proved that they are as good as the whites
    Explanation
    The passage states that students of Asian origin in American colleges outperform both minority group students and majority whites. This implies that Asian students have proved that they are as good as the whites academically.

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  • 2. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: The student of Asian origin in America include:

    • A.

      A fair number from India

    • B.

      A small group from India

    • C.

      Persons from India who are very proud

    • D.

      Indians who are the most hard working of all

    Correct Answer
    A. A fair number from India
    Explanation
    The passage mentions that many of the students of Asian origin in American colleges must be of Indian origin, indicating that there is a significant number of Indian students among them. Therefore, the correct answer is "a fair number from India."

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  • 3. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: In general, the talented young Indians studying in America:

    • A.

      Have a reputation for being hard working

    • B.

      Have the opportunity to contribute to India's development

    • C.

      Can solve the brain drain problem because of recent changes in policy

    • D.

      Will not return to pursue their careers in India

    Correct Answer
    D. Will not return to pursue their careers in India
    Explanation
    The passage states that it is unlikely for the talented young Indians studying in America to come back to India, suggesting that they will not return to pursue their careers in India. This is supported by the statement that their achievement is a brain drain problem, indicating that their skills and expertise are being deposited in other places and not being utilized in India. Therefore, the correct answer is that they will not return to pursue their careers in India.

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  • 4. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: There is talk now of the 'brain bank'. This idea:

    • A.

      Is a solution to the brain drain problem

    • B.

      Is a new problem caused partly by the brain drain

    • C.

      Is a new way of looking at the role of qualified Indians living abroad

    • D.

      Is based on a plan to utilize foreign exchange remittances to stimulate research and development

    Correct Answer
    C. Is a new way of looking at the role of qualified Indians living abroad
    Explanation
    The idea of the 'brain bank' is a new way of looking at the role of qualified Indians living abroad. It suggests that instead of viewing the emigration of talented individuals as a brain drain, their expertise can be seen as a valuable resource that is deposited in other places. This perspective acknowledges the achievements of Indians studying abroad and recognizes the potential benefits they can bring to their home country and other Asian lands. It also implies a shift in perception from seeing emigration as a loss to viewing it as a form of global knowledge exchange and collaboration.

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  • 5. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: The brain bank has limitations like all banks in the sense that

    • A.

      A bank's services go mainly to those near it

    • B.

      Small neighbourhood banks are not visible in this age of multinationals

    • C.

      Only what is deposited can be withdrawn and utilized

    • D.

      No one can be forced to put his assets in a bank

    Correct Answer
    A. A bank's services go mainly to those near it
    Explanation
    The passage states that the brain bank primarily serves customers in its neighborhood, implying that the services of the brain bank, similar to a regular bank, are mainly utilized by those in close proximity. This suggests that the expertise and skills of Indians studying abroad, although valuable, primarily benefit the United States and neighboring countries rather than India or other Asian lands. Therefore, the correct answer is that a bank's services go mainly to those near it.

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  • 6. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: The author feels that what non-resident Indians do for India

    • A.

      Will have many useful side effects

    • B.

      Will not be their main interest and concern

    • C.

      Can benefit other Asian countries, as a by-product

    • D.

      Can American colleges be of service to the world community

    Correct Answer
    B. Will not be their main interest and concern
    Explanation
    The passage suggests that the achievements of non-resident Indians studying abroad, particularly in American colleges, primarily benefit the United States. The author believes that these individuals are unlikely to prioritize their contributions to India and other Asian countries, viewing it as a by-product of their success. Therefore, the author feels that what non-resident Indians do for India will not be their main interest and concern.

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  • 7. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: The performance of Indians when they go to study in the West

    • A.

      Shows the fruits of hard work done by school teachers in India

    • B.

      Should remind us that knowledge and wisdom are not limited by the boundaries of race and nation

    • C.

      Is better than people in the West expect of non-whites

    • D.

      Is better than what it would have been if they had studied in India

    Correct Answer
    D. Is better than what it would have been if they had studied in India
    Explanation
    The passage suggests that Indians studying abroad, particularly in America, perform better than they would have if they had studied in India. The passage mentions that studying in America provides students with better resources, facilities, and competition of an international standard, which helps to eliminate laziness and motivate them to excel. Therefore, the correct answer is that the performance of Indians when they go to study in the West is better than what it would have been if they had studied in India.

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  • 8. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: The high level of competition faced by Asian students in America

    • A.

      Helps them overcome their lazy habits

    • B.

      Makes them lazy since the facilities there are good

    • C.

      Makes them worried about failing

    • D.

      Helps them prove that they are as good as whites

    Correct Answer
    D. Helps them prove that they are as good as whites
    Explanation
    The passage suggests that the high level of competition faced by Asian students in America helps them prove that they are as good as whites. It states that the Asian students excel in American colleges because they have to prove themselves in their new country and face competition of an international standard. This implies that the competition motivates them to work hard and demonstrate their abilities, ultimately proving that they are equal to their white counterparts.

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  • 9. 

     Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: The author feels that some of the conditions other than the level of facilities that make the West attractive

    • A.

      Are available in India but young people do not appreciate them

    • B.

      Can never be found here because we believe in conformity

    • C.

      Can be created if our attitudes and values change

    • D.

      Can also give respectability to our traditions and customs

    Correct Answer
    C. Can be created if our attitudes and values change
    Explanation
    The author believes that the conditions that make the West attractive, other than the level of facilities, can be created in India if there is a change in attitudes and values. The author suggests that Indians need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more, rather than conforming to societal norms. By changing our attitudes and values, we can create an environment that encourages and supports young people, providing them with the opportunities and resources they need to succeed. This would help in creating conditions similar to those found in the West, making India a more attractive place for young people to study and thrive.

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  • 10. 

    Passage: A recent report in News Week says that in American colleges, students of Asian origin outperform not only the minority group students but the majority whites as well. Many of these students must be of Indian origin, and their achievement is something we can be proud of. It is unlikely that these talented youngsters will come back to India, and that is the familiar brain drain problem. However recent statements by the nation's policy-makers indicate that the perception of this issue is changing. 'Brain bank' and not 'brain drain' is the more appropriate idea, they suggest since the expertise of Indians abroad is only deposited in other places and not lost. This may be so, but this brain bank, like most other banks, is one that primarily serves customers in its neighbourhood.The skills of the Asians now excelling in America's colleges will mainly help the U.S.A.. No matter how significant, what non-resident Indians do for India and what their counterparts do for other Asian lands is only a by-product. But it is also necessary to ask, or be reminded, why Indians study fruitfully when abroad. The Asians whose accomplishments News Week records would have probably had a very different tale if they had studied in India. In America they found elbow room, books and facilities not available and not likely to be available here. The need to prove themselves in their new country and the competition of an international standard they faced there must have cured mental and physical laziness. But other things helping them in America can be obtained here if we achieve a change in social attitudes, especially towards youth. We need to learn to value individuals and their unique qualities more than conformity and respectability. We need to learn the language of encouragement to add to our skill in flattery. We might also learn to be less liberal with blame and less tight-fisted with appreciation, especially. Question: One of the ways of making the situation in India better would be:

    • A.

      To eliminate flattery from public life

    • B.

      To distinguish between conformity and respectability

    • C.

      To give appreciation and not be tightfisted

    • D.

      To encourage people and not merely flatter them

    Correct Answer
    C. To give appreciation and not be tightfisted
    Explanation
    The passage highlights the need for a change in social attitudes in India, particularly towards youth. It suggests that individuals should be valued for their unique qualities rather than conforming to societal norms. The passage also emphasizes the importance of encouragement and appreciation, rather than flattery, in improving the situation in India. Therefore, the answer "to give appreciation and not be tightfisted" aligns with the passage's message of valuing individuals and their qualities, and promoting a supportive and encouraging environment.

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