Harcourt Lesson 16 Vocabulary Test

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Lesson 16 Vocabulary Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Because Misha is a _____, she redid her graph several times before she was content.

    • A.

      Perfectionist

    • B.

      Bliss

    • C.

      Refuge

    • D.

      Trial

    Correct Answer
    A. Perfectionist
    Explanation
    Misha's behavior of redoing her graph multiple times before being satisfied indicates that she has high standards and a strong desire for perfection. This trait aligns with the characteristic of a perfectionist, someone who constantly seeks flawlessness and excellence in their work.

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  • 2. 

    The artist _____ sculpted the face of her subject to incude every detail.

    • A.

      Terminally

    • B.

      Meticulously

    • C.

      Sheepishly

    • D.

      Cockily

    Correct Answer
    B. Meticulously
    Explanation
    The word "meticulously" means to do something with great attention to detail and care. In the context of the sentence, if the artist sculpted the face of her subject meticulously, it means that she paid close attention to every detail and ensured that each feature was accurately represented in the sculpture. This word choice suggests that the artist was thorough and precise in her work, resulting in a sculpture that captured the subject's likeness accurately.

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  • 3. 

    The second medicine _____ the unwanted side effects of the first, so Yumiko felt better.

    • A.

      Counteracted

    • B.

      Demanded

    • C.

      Peitioned

    • D.

      Entwined

    Correct Answer
    A. Counteracted
    Explanation
    The word "counteracted" means to act against or neutralize the effects of something. In the context of the sentence, it suggests that the second medicine had the ability to negate or reduce the unwanted side effects caused by the first medicine. As a result, Yumiko felt better.

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  • 4. 

    The model boat builder took his new sailboat for a quick _____ run.

    • A.

      Stationary

    • B.

      Precise

    • C.

      Terminal

    • D.

      Trial

    Correct Answer
    D. Trial
    Explanation
    The model boat builder took his new sailboat for a quick trial run. This suggests that he wanted to test the performance and functionality of the sailboat in real conditions. A trial run is commonly done to assess the capabilities and potential issues of a new vehicle or equipment before using it extensively.

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  • 5. 

    Scientists need the right equipment to get _____ measurements.

    • A.

      Precise

    • B.

      Trial

    • C.

      Rank

    • D.

      Cocky

    Correct Answer
    A. Precise
    Explanation
    Scientists need the right equipment to get precise measurements because precise measurements are accurate and exact. In order to obtain accurate data, scientists rely on precise measurements to ensure that their experiments and observations are as reliable and consistent as possible. Precise measurements help scientists to make more accurate calculations, draw more accurate conclusions, and contribute to the overall validity and credibility of their research.

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  • 6. 

    We had to _____ the principal so that we could go on the field trip.

    • A.

      Regulate

    • B.

      Retrieve

    • C.

      Wince

    • D.

      Petition

    Correct Answer
    D. Petition
    Explanation
    The word "petition" fits best in the given sentence because it implies making a formal request or appeal to the principal in order to gain permission for the field trip. The other options do not make sense in this context. "Regulate" means to control or manage, which does not align with the goal of seeking permission. "Retrieve" means to get back or recover something, which is not relevant to the sentence. "Wince" means to flinch or show pain, which is unrelated to the topic of the sentence. Therefore, "petition" is the most appropriate choice.

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  • 7. 

    The valve _____ the pressure in the container and thus prevents explosions.

    • A.

      Retrieves

    • B.

      Regulates

    • C.

      Petition

    • D.

      Winces

    Correct Answer
    B. Regulates
    Explanation
    The word "regulates" means to control or maintain something within certain limits. In the context of the question, a valve that regulates the pressure in a container would help to keep the pressure at a safe level, preventing explosions. Therefore, "regulates" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the function of the valve in relation to preventing explosions.

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  • 8. 

    When I missed a day of school, I had to _____ by doing extra work during the weekend.

    • A.

      Recede

    • B.

      Petition

    • C.

      Compensate

    • D.

      Wince

    Correct Answer
    C. Compensate
    Explanation
    When someone misses a day of school, they need to make up for the missed work and catch up on what they missed. This can be done by doing extra work or assignments during the weekend or at another time. The word "compensate" means to make up for something or to provide an equivalent or substitute for something that has been lost or missed. Therefore, "compensate" is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 9. 

    A student with problems spelling words might compensate by _____

    • A.

      Using a dictionary.

    • B.

      Making up the word.

    • C.

      Leaving the word blank.

    • D.

      Asking Ms. Ray to spell the word for them.

    Correct Answer
    A. Using a dictionary.
    Explanation
    When a student has difficulty spelling words, one way they can compensate for this is by using a dictionary. By using a dictionary, they can look up the correct spelling of the word they are unsure of. This allows them to rely on a resource that provides the correct spelling and helps them overcome their spelling problem.

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  • 10. 

    If a student is a perfectionist, his or her work  probably _____.

    • A.

      Is torn and messy.

    • B.

      Is full of mistakes.

    • C.

      Is completed and neat.

    • D.

      Is incomplete with no name.

    Correct Answer
    C. Is completed and neat.
    Explanation
    A perfectionist is someone who strives for perfection and pays great attention to detail. Therefore, it can be inferred that if a student is a perfectionist, their work is likely to be completed and neat, as they would put in the extra effort to ensure that their work is of high quality and free from errors or messiness.

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  • 11. 

    I studied for this Vocabulary Test.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement implies that the person actually studied for the Vocabulary Test. Therefore, the correct answer is "True."

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