Quiz 1: The American Revolution

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Quiz 1: The American Revolution - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many Bostonians were killed in the Boston Massacre?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      146

    Correct Answer
    B. 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 5. The Boston Massacre, which occurred on March 5, 1770, resulted in the death of 5 Bostonians. British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were protesting against the presence of British troops in their city. The event further fueled anti-British sentiment and played a significant role in the lead up to the American Revolution.

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  • 2. 

    What is inaccurate about Paul Revere's etching of the Boston Massacre seen below?

    • A.

      The "Massacre" took place inside a building.

    • B.

      The British soldiers were not ordered to fire.

    • C.

      The Americans were the ones who shot the British.

    • D.

      Paul Revere's picture is an accurate depiction of events.

    Correct Answer
    B. The British soldiers were not ordered to fire.
    Explanation
    The inaccurate aspect of Paul Revere's etching of the Boston Massacre is that the British soldiers were not ordered to fire.

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  • 3. 

    The first battle of the American Revolution was:

    • A.

      The Battle of Lexington and Concord

    • B.

      The Battle of Bunker Hill

    • C.

      The Battle of Saratoga

    • D.

      The Battle of Yorktown

    Correct Answer
    A. The Battle of Lexington and Concord
    Explanation
    The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolution. It took place on April 19, 1775, in Massachusetts. British troops were ordered to seize colonial military supplies in Concord, but they were met with resistance from local militia at Lexington. The confrontation escalated into a battle, with colonial militia engaging British troops along the route back to Boston. Although the British technically won the battle, the colonial resistance demonstrated the determination and resolve of the American colonists, setting the stage for the Revolutionary War.

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  • 4. 

    The Declaration of Independence stated the principles that our new nation would be founded upon.  In the document, it stated that "We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that ___________________________________, and that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these rights are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

    Correct Answer
    all men are created equal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "all men are created equal". This statement from the Declaration of Independence emphasizes the belief that every individual is born with inherent and equal rights. It asserts that no one is inherently superior or inferior to another based on factors such as race, social class, or gender. This principle became a fundamental idea in shaping the values and ideals of the new nation, promoting the concept of equality and providing a basis for the fight against discrimination and oppression.

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  • 5. 

    Select all the different people or countries that fought with the British in the American Revolution.

    • A.

      Loyalists

    • B.

      The Continental Army

    • C.

      Runaway Slaves

    • D.

      The Iroquois

    • E.

      The French

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Loyalists
    C. Runaway Slaves
    D. The Iroquois
    Explanation
    During the American Revolution, there were various groups and countries that fought against the British. The Loyalists were individuals who remained loyal to the British crown and supported the British cause. Runaway Slaves also joined the fight against the British, seeking freedom and supporting the American cause. The Iroquois, a Native American confederacy, also fought against the British, aligning themselves with the American colonists. Therefore, the answer includes Loyalists, Runaway Slaves, and the Iroquois as different people or groups who fought with the British in the American Revolution.

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  • 6. 

    Select all the different people or countries that fought with the Americans in the American Revolution.

    • A.

      The Continental Army

    • B.

      The Hessians

    • C.

      The French

    • D.

      The Cherokee

    • E.

      Militia men

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The Continental Army
    C. The French
    E. Militia men
    Explanation
    During the American Revolution, several different groups fought alongside the Americans against the British. The Continental Army was the main fighting force of the American colonies, composed of American soldiers. The French also joined the Americans in their fight for independence, providing military support and aid. Additionally, militia men, who were volunteer fighters from various American colonies, played a significant role in the Revolution. However, the Hessians, who were German mercenaries hired by the British, and the Cherokee, a Native American tribe, fought against the Americans, making them the different people or countries that opposed the Americans in the American Revolution.

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  • 7. 

    This battle was the first major victory for the American troops.  By defeating General Burgoyne and keeping control over the Hudson River, the victory convinced the French government to openly support American independence.

    • A.

      The Battle of Bunker Hill

    • B.

      The Battle of Yorktown

    • C.

      The Battle of Long Island and Manhattan

    • D.

      The Battle of Saratoga

    Correct Answer
    D. The Battle of Saratoga
    Explanation
    By stopping the British advance at Saratoga and keeping control over the Hudson River, the Americans could still move and trade freely between New England and the rest of the country.

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  • 8. 

    In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson states that every single person has natural rights that no government can take away, given to them by "their creator."  He doesn't list all of the rights, but he does state "that among these [rights] are __________________________________." 

    Correct Answer
    life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
    life, liberty, and the pursuit of happyness
    life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson states in the Declaration of Independence that among the natural rights that every person has, are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. This means that individuals have the inherent right to live, be free, and seek happiness, and that no government can take away these rights. The repetition of the answer options is unnecessary and does not add any additional information.

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  • 9. 

    The laws that the British Parliament passed after the Boston Tea Party were called by the Americans the:

    • A.

      Coercive Acts

    • B.

      Sugar Act

    • C.

      Tea Tax

    • D.

      Intolerable Acts

    Correct Answer
    D. Intolerable Acts
    Explanation
    After the Boston Tea Party, the British Parliament passed a series of laws known as the Intolerable Acts. These acts were seen as oppressive and unfair by the American colonists, as they aimed to punish the colonists for their resistance and to assert British control over the colonies. The Intolerable Acts included measures such as the closure of the Boston Harbor, the quartering of British soldiers in private homes, and the restriction of colonial self-government. The colonists viewed these acts as intolerable infringements on their rights and liberties, further fueling their desire for independence from British rule.

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  • 10. 

    What is a boycott?

    • A.

      A bed for a boy to sleep on.

    • B.

      When people refuse to purchase or use certain goods in order to pressure a business or government to change its policy.

    • C.

      Armed resistance to a law.

    • D.

      A riot.

    Correct Answer
    B. When people refuse to purchase or use certain goods in order to pressure a business or government to change its policy.
    Explanation
    A boycott refers to the act of people refusing to purchase or use certain goods with the intention of pressuring a business or government to change its policy. This form of protest is often used as a nonviolent means to bring about social or political change by economically impacting the targeted entity. It involves individuals collectively expressing their dissatisfaction and exerting their power as consumers to influence decision-makers.

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  • 11. 

    Why did Americans boycott British goods before the Revolutionary War?

    • A.

      To hurt British businessmen who would pressure Parliament to stop taxing the American colonies.

    • B.

      Because they wanted to encourage American businessmen to compete with British manufacturers.

    • C.

      Americans wanted to lower the prices of British goods by increasing the supply available.

    Correct Answer
    A. To hurt British businessmen who would pressure Parliament to stop taxing the American colonies.
    Explanation
    Americans boycotted British goods before the Revolutionary War in order to hurt British businessmen who would pressure Parliament to stop taxing the American colonies. By refusing to buy British goods, Americans hoped to create economic pressure that would force British businessmen to advocate for the removal of taxes on the colonies. This boycott was seen as a way to protest against British policies and assert the rights of the American colonies.

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  • 12. 

    What does "Taxation without Representation" mean?

    • A.

      That Americans did not want to pay any taxes, no matter what the amount was.

    • B.

      That the British Parliament did not discuss taxes with the King before passing them.

    • C.

      That Americans were being taxed without their consent. They had no representatives in Parliament.

    • D.

      That the taxes the Americans were being asked to pay were entirely too high.

    Correct Answer
    C. That Americans were being taxed without their consent. They had no representatives in Parliament.
    Explanation
    "Taxation without Representation" means that Americans were being taxed without their consent and without having any representatives in Parliament. This phrase refers to the grievances of the American colonists during the time of British rule, where they were being taxed by the British government but had no say in the decision-making process. The colonists believed that they should have the right to be represented in the British Parliament in order to have a voice in the taxation policies that affected them.

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  • 13. 

    Who wrote most of the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      John Adams

    • B.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C.

      George Washington

    • D.

      John Hancock

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas Jefferson
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson wrote most of the Declaration of Independence. As a member of the Committee of Five, he was tasked with drafting the document and was chosen due to his eloquence and strong writing skills. Jefferson's draft went through several revisions and edits by other committee members and the Continental Congress before being finalized and adopted on July 4, 1776. Jefferson's words in the Declaration of Independence have since become iconic and are celebrated as a powerful expression of American ideals and values.

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  • 14. 

    Who led the American Army, also called the Continental Army, during the Revolutionary War?

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      John Adams

    • C.

      Benedict Arnold

    • D.

      George Washington

    Correct Answer
    D. George Washington
    Explanation
    George Washington led the American Army, also known as the Continental Army, during the Revolutionary War. He was chosen as the commander-in-chief of the army in 1775 and played a crucial role in leading the American forces to victory against the British. Washington's military strategies, leadership skills, and determination were instrumental in the success of the American Revolution. He is widely regarded as one of the founding fathers of the United States and a key figure in American history.

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  • 15. 

    Why did General Gage order his troops to march on Concord, Massachusetts on April 19, 1775?

    • A.

      To secure gunpowder hidden there.

    • B.

      To arrest John Hancock and Sam Adams

    • C.

      To help prevent fighting between the colonial militia and the British Army

    • D.

      All of the above answers.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above answers.
    Explanation
    General Gage ordered his troops to march on Concord, Massachusetts on April 19, 1775 for multiple reasons. Firstly, he wanted to secure gunpowder that was hidden there, as it was a crucial resource for the colonial militia. Secondly, he intended to arrest John Hancock and Sam Adams, two prominent leaders of the colonial resistance. Lastly, Gage aimed to help prevent fighting between the colonial militia and the British Army by taking control of the situation. Therefore, all of the above answers are correct explanations for General Gage's decision to march on Concord.

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  • 16. 

    This famous picture shows George Washington and the Continental Army crossing the Delaware River before which battle?

    • A.

      To attack the Hessians at the Battle of Trenton

    • B.

      To attack Lord Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown

    • C.

      To attack the Iroquois during the Sullivan Campaign.

    • D.

      Fleeing the British advance at the Battle of Long Island.

    Correct Answer
    A. To attack the Hessians at the Battle of Trenton
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to attack the Hessians at the Battle of Trenton. This famous picture depicts George Washington and the Continental Army crossing the Delaware River in preparation for a surprise attack on the Hessian forces stationed in Trenton. This strategic move took place on December 25, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War. The successful Battle of Trenton provided a much-needed morale boost for the American troops and became a turning point in the war.

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  • 17. 

    What did the Proclamation Line of 1763 declare?

    • A.

      That the French and Indian War was over.

    • B.

      That British subjects had to pay taxes to support the upkeep of the empire.

    • C.

      That British subjects could not move to the west of the Appalachian Mountains.

    • D.

      The end of the Revolutionary War.

    Correct Answer
    C. That British subjects could not move to the west of the Appalachian Mountains.
    Explanation
    The Proclamation Line of 1763 declared that British subjects could not move to the west of the Appalachian Mountains. This was implemented by the British government in order to prevent conflicts with Native American tribes and to control the westward expansion of the colonies. The proclamation aimed to establish a boundary beyond which colonists were not allowed to settle, ensuring that the Native American lands remained undisturbed. This measure was one of the factors that contributed to the growing tensions between the American colonies and the British government, eventually leading to the American Revolution.

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  • 18. 

    The Revolutionary War began in what year?

    • A.

      1763

    • B.

      1775

    • C.

      1776

    • D.

      1783

    Correct Answer
    B. 1775
    Explanation
    The Revolutionary War began in 1775. This was the year when the conflict between the American colonies and Great Britain escalated into open warfare. Tensions had been building for years, with colonists growing increasingly dissatisfied with British rule and seeking greater independence. The battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775 marked the beginning of the armed conflict, as colonial militia clashed with British troops. The war would continue for several more years before ultimately resulting in American independence in 1783.

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  • 19. 

    The Revolutionary War ended in what year?

    • A.

      1763

    • B.

      1776

    • C.

      1783

    • D.

      1787

    Correct Answer
    C. 1783
    Explanation
    The Revolutionary War ended in 1783. This was the year when the Treaty of Paris was signed, officially ending the war between Great Britain and the American colonies. The treaty recognized the United States as an independent nation and established its borders. Therefore, 1783 marks the end of the Revolutionary War and the beginning of a new era for the United States.

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  • 20. 

    In what ways did the Coercive Acts punish the citizens of Boston for the destruction of the tea?  Check all that apply.

    • A.

      The lost the right to have their own elected government.

    • B.

      A military general now commanded their town.

    • C.

      They had to pay for the soldiers stationed in their town and could be forced to give up their house.

    • D.

      The Boston Harbor was closed and no trade could come in or out.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The lost the right to have their own elected government.
    B. A military general now commanded their town.
    C. They had to pay for the soldiers stationed in their town and could be forced to give up their house.
    D. The Boston Harbor was closed and no trade could come in or out.
    Explanation
    The citizens of Boston were punished for the destruction of the tea in several ways. Firstly, they lost the right to have their own elected government. Secondly, a military general was appointed to command their town. Thirdly, they were required to pay for the soldiers stationed in their town and could even be forced to give up their houses. Lastly, the Boston Harbor was closed, resulting in a trade blockade where no trade could come in or out.

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  • 21. 

    In the Declaration of Independence, the Americans declare that "he has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people."   Who was the "he" that they were referring to?

    • A.

      George Washington

    • B.

      King George III

    • C.

      The Prime Minister in the British Parliament.

    • D.

      Thomas Jefferson

    Correct Answer
    B. King George III
    Explanation
    The Americans were referring to King George III as the "he" mentioned in the Declaration of Independence. They accused him of plundering their seas, ravaging their coasts, burning their towns, and destroying the lives of their people. This suggests that they held King George III responsible for the injustices and suffering inflicted upon them by the British government.

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  • 22. 

    What disease raged across the American continent in 1775 and 1776, possibly killing up to 10% of all Americans?

    Correct Answer
    smallpox
    Small pox
    the pox
    Explanation
    Smallpox was a highly contagious and deadly disease that spread rapidly across the American continent in 1775 and 1776. It is estimated that up to 10% of all Americans were killed by this disease during that time period. The term "smallpox" refers to the specific viral infection caused by the variola virus. The disease was characterized by fever, rash, and the formation of fluid-filled blisters on the skin, which often left survivors with severe scarring. Smallpox had a significant impact on the population and played a major role in shaping the history of the American continent during this period.

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  • 23. 

    What date was the Declaration of Independence announced to the American public?

    • A.

      April 19th, 1775

    • B.

      June 17th, 1775

    • C.

      July 4th, 1776

    • D.

      December 25, 1776

    Correct Answer
    C. July 4th, 1776
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence was announced to the American public on July 4th, 1776. This date is significant because it marks the day when the Continental Congress officially declared the thirteen American colonies to be independent from British rule. The Declaration of Independence was a pivotal document in American history, outlining the principles of self-governance and individual rights that would shape the new nation. July 4th is now celebrated annually as Independence Day in the United States.

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  • 24. 

    What date did the Battles of Lexington and Concord take place?

    • A.

      April 19th, 1775

    • B.

      July 17th, 1775

    • C.

      July 4th, 1776

    • D.

      December 25, 1776

    Correct Answer
    A. April 19th, 1775
    Explanation
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord took place on April 19th, 1775. This date is significant because it marks the start of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were fought between the British army and the colonial militia, and they were a response to the British government's attempts to seize colonial weapons and arrest rebel leaders. The battles resulted in the British retreat and the beginning of the American Revolution.

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  • 25. 

    For this question, you will not be graded as correct or incorrect.  Complete the answer below and check to see if your answer matches up with my answer at the end of the test. Question:  Why did American colonists refuse to pay the tea tax in 1773 even though it would have meant paying less money for tea than they were already paying?

  • 26. 

    This will not be graded as correct or incorrect.  Fill out your answer and compare it with my answer at the end of the test.   Question:  Why did Thomas Paine feel that Kings were the worst form of government?  Give at least three reasons.

  • 27. 

    This will not be graded, so check your answer with my explanation at the end of the test. List five (5) complaints against King George found in the Declaration of Independence.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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