Psychology Quiz On Learning

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Psychology Quiz On Learning - Quiz

Do you know about the psychology of learning? Take this psychology quiz on learning, and see how well you understand this psychology concept. The psychology of learning is a theoretical science covering the various psychological theories related to learning. You must take this quiz if you know them well or have studied them. This quiz will not only test your knowledge but will also enhance it. Go for it, and check out your scores. All the best! Do not forget to share the quiz with other aspirants of psychology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Some experience that results in a relatively permanent change in the state of a person is known as ___________________. 

    Correct Answer
    learning
    Explanation
    Learning refers to the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, attitudes, or behaviors through experience, study, or teaching. It involves a relatively permanent change in a person's state, as they acquire new information or skills that can be applied in different situations. Learning can occur through various methods such as observation, practice, or instruction, and it can occur consciously or unconsciously. Overall, learning is a fundamental process that allows individuals to adapt, grow, and develop throughout their lives.

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  • 2. 

    What is a simple form of learning?

    • A.

      Exposure

    • B.

      Habituation

    • C.

      Experience

    • D.

      Memorizing

    Correct Answer
    B. Habituation
    Explanation
    Habituation is a simple form of learning where an organism becomes accustomed to a repeated or constant stimulus and gradually reduces its response to it. This process allows the organism to conserve energy and resources by not responding to irrelevant or non-threatening stimuli. It is a basic form of learning that is observed in many different species and is essential for survival.

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  • 3. 

    You move to a big city and experience your first traffic jams, which drive you crazy. After a year sitting in traffic just becomes part of your routine. This is an example of what?

    • A.

      Learning

    • B.

      Residential reforming

    • C.

      Habituation

    • D.

      Recalling

    Correct Answer
    C. Habituation
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes habituation, which is the process of becoming accustomed to or desensitized to a repeated stimulus over time. In this case, the individual initially finds the traffic jams frustrating and maddening, but after experiencing them regularly for a year, they no longer have the same strong emotional response. The individual has become habituated to the traffic jams, and they have become part of their routine.

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  • 4. 

    Ivan Pavlov experimented with what? 

    • A.

      Cognition

    • B.

      Dreams

    • C.

      Classical conditioning

    • D.

      Adaptive reproduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Classical conditioning
    Explanation
    Ivan Pavlov experimented with classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the ability to elicit a similar response. Pavlov's most famous experiment involved conditioning dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell by pairing the bell with the presentation of food. This demonstrated how a previously neutral stimulus (the bell) could come to elicit a conditioned response (salivation) through repeated association with an unconditioned stimulus (food).

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  • 5. 

    The principle of classical conditioning where a process in which the CR is observed even though the CS is slightly different from the original one used during acquisition. 

    • A.

      Extinction

    • B.

      Discrimination

    • C.

      Generalization

    • D.

      Spontaneous recovery

    Correct Answer
    C. Generalization
    Explanation
    In classical conditioning, generalization refers to the process where a conditioned response (CR) is observed even when the conditioned stimulus (CS) is slightly different from the original one used during acquisition. This means that the individual or animal has generalized the learned response to similar stimuli, showing that they have associated the CR with a broader range of stimuli. This is different from discrimination, where the individual or animal is able to differentiate between similar stimuli and only respond to the specific CS that was used during acquisition. Extinction refers to the gradual disappearance of the CR when the CS is no longer paired with the unconditioned stimulus (US), and spontaneous recovery refers to the reappearance of the CR after a period of rest following extinction.

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  • 6. 

    The principle of classical conditioning where the capacity to distinguish between similar but distinct stimuli is what?

    • A.

      Extinction

    • B.

      Disctimination

    • C.

      Generalization

    • D.

      Spontaneous recovery

    Correct Answer
    B. Disctimination
    Explanation
    The principle of classical conditioning states that organisms can learn to distinguish between similar but distinct stimuli. This ability is known as discrimination. Through repeated pairing of a conditioned stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, an organism can learn to respond differently to similar stimuli based on their association with a specific outcome. This process of discrimination allows the organism to differentiate between stimuli and respond selectively.

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  • 7. 

    What occurs when the likelihood of an action potential in a post-synaptic neuron is increased by the electrical stimulation of a pre-synaptic neuron? 

    • A.

      Action potential

    • B.

      LTP

    • C.

      ACh

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. LTP
    Explanation
    When the likelihood of an action potential in a post-synaptic neuron is increased by the electrical stimulation of a pre-synaptic neuron, it leads to Long-Term Potentiation (LTP). LTP is a process in which the strength of the synapse between two neurons is enhanced, resulting in increased efficiency of signal transmission. This increased likelihood of an action potential allows for improved communication between neurons and can contribute to the formation of new memories and learning.

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  • 8. 

    Cells that fire together, ________ together. 

    • A.

      Hire

    • B.

      Wire

    • C.

      Tyre

    • D.

      Mire

    Correct Answer
    B. Wire
    Explanation
    This statement is a play on words based on the phrase "cells that fire together, wire together." It suggests that when nerve cells in the brain are activated at the same time, their connections become stronger, forming a neural pathway. This concept is known as Hebbian plasticity, which is a fundamental principle in neuroscience. The word "wire" is used metaphorically to represent the strengthening of connections between cells.

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  • 9. 

    If you get drunk on tequila, you cannot drink tequila anymore because your body relates tequila with vomiting and creates an aversion to tequila. This is an example of what?

    • A.

      Biological preparedness

    • B.

      Evolutionary significance of conditioned food aversions

    • C.

      Conditioned stimuli

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Evolutionary significance of conditioned food aversions
    Explanation
    This scenario demonstrates the evolutionary significance of conditioned food aversions. The individual's body associates the consumption of tequila with vomiting, creating an aversion to tequila. This aversion is a protective mechanism that has evolved over time to prevent the individual from consuming potentially harmful substances.

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  • 10. 

    Was contiguity sufficient to create CS-US associations?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    Contiguity refers to the idea that the CS (conditioned stimulus) and US (unconditioned stimulus) should be presented close together in time and space for effective learning to occur. However, contiguity alone is not sufficient to create CS-US associations. Other factors such as contingency, predictability, and attention also play crucial roles in the formation of these associations. Therefore, the correct answer is no.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 12, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Bigdch
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