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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Let’s talk about psychology? In this quiz, we will test you on topics like scale construction, social psychology, the California psychological inventory, scientific education and the factor analytic technique. What can you tell us on the topic?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Research regarding the person-situation debate indicates that ____are relevant to how people will act under specific circumstances and that _____are better for describing how people act in general
    • A. 

      S data; I data

    • B. 

      S data; B data

    • C. 

      Personality traits; situation variables

    • D. 

      Situational variables; personality traits

  • 2. 
    What is the first step in the empirical method of scale construction?
    • A. 

      Gather lots of items

    • B. 

      Identify the groups

    • C. 

      Administer items to a large sample

    • D. 

      Conduct a factor analysis on existing scales

  • 3. 
    One mission of the person-situation debate was that many social psychologists concluded that personality did not really exist 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The statement, "There is no such thing as objective reality, only human ideas or perceptions of reality," would most likely be made by a ____. The statement, "The absence of perfect, infallible criteria for truth does not force us to conclude that all interpretations of reality are equally likely to be correct," would most likely be made by a ____.
    • A. 

      Contructivisit; empiricst

    • B. 

      Constructivist; critical realist

    • C. 

      Critical realist; empiricst

    • D. 

      Empiricist; critical realist

  • 5. 
    In current psychological research, men are more likely to participate in studies than women.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The california psychological inventory (CPI) was designed
    • A. 

      To assess individuals with psychological disorders

    • B. 

      To assess normal individuals

    • C. 

      To identify the Big Five personality factors

    • D. 

      To assess Jung's psychological types

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is NOT an advantage of B data? 
    • A. 

      Direct observations require little in the way of psychological interpretation.

    • B. 

      Direct observations are easily quantifiable

    • C. 

      Direct observations can be made with extreme precision as in the case of reaction times

    • D. 

      Psychologists can construct situations to elicit particular behaviors.

  • 8. 
    The observation, "If it looks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it is probably a duck," illustrates the method of
    • A. 

      Moderator variables

    • B. 

      Constructivist accuracy

    • C. 

      Procedural judgment

    • D. 

      Convergent validation

  • 9. 
    Why do inventories derived from the empirical method sometimes have items that seem objectionable to test taskers?
    • A. 

      To catch test takers who are faking responses

    • B. 

      Because those items correlated with outcomes of interest to the test developers

    • C. 

      To catch test takers who are prudish and close-minded

    • D. 

      Because those items seemed the most content valid to the test developers

  • 10. 
    In a series of studies about intellectual expectancies, Rosenthal (1968) found that schoolchildren randomly indentified as "late bloomers" showed an average IQ increase of about 15 points by the end of the school year. These studies demonstrated
    • A. 

      The power of expectanices

    • B. 

      That formal training designed to develop self-efficacy can impact performance

    • C. 

      The accuracy of lay judgement of personality.

    • D. 

      The good target moderator of accuracy

  • 11. 
    A recent review of the entire literature on social psychology concluded that the situational effect was about 
    • A. 

      .10

    • B. 

      .20

    • C. 

      .40

    • D. 

      .50

  • 12. 
    According to the text the goal of scientific education is
    • A. 

      To teach what is known and how to find out what is not yet known

    • B. 

      To convey what is known about a subject so it can be applied

    • C. 

      To train individuals to exclusively rely on deductive reasoning to solve problems

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    The factor analytic technique of test construction is deisgned to 
    • A. 

      Identify individuals who are attempting to lie or sabotage a test

    • B. 

      Identify groups of test items that seem to be alike

    • C. 

      Identify items that mean the same thing to the respondent as they do to the researcher

    • D. 

      Create projective tests

  • 14. 
    The basis of ______ method of test construction is to come up with items that seem directly, obviously, and logically related to what it is you wish to measure
    • A. 

      Rational

    • B. 

      Empirical

    • C. 

      Philosopical

    • D. 

      Factor analytic

  • 15. 
    A variable that influences the association between two other variables is called a(n) _________- variable
    • A. 

      Intervening

    • B. 

      Mediating

    • C. 

      Moderator

    • D. 

      Suppressor

  • 16. 
    According to the article by Vazire and Mehl in the Funder and Ozer reader, when an objective recording is available to see who is right, who is a more accurate predictor of behavior?
    • A. 

      The person being obsevered (the self)

    • B. 

      Other people

    • C. 

      Overall, there is no clear advantage for self or others' knowledge

    • D. 

      We do not know

  • 17. 
    In observing human behavior, it is impossible 
    • A. 

      To understand everything about a person all at once

    • B. 

      To choose to limit what you look at in a person

    • C. 

      To find patterns across different kinds of observation

    • D. 

      To make any real progress towards solving the personality puzzle

  • 18. 
    Happiness is associated with what trait?
    • A. 

      Openness to experience

    • B. 

      Self-monitoring

    • C. 

      Extraversion

    • D. 

      Conscientiousness

  • 19. 
    According to principles described in the text, it would be relatively difficult to create a reliable measure of 
    • A. 

      Attitudes towards paperclips

    • B. 

      Attitudes towards TV violence

    • C. 

      Attitudes toward casual sex

    • D. 

      Attitudes towards the self (like self-esteem)

  • 20. 
    If you were to develop a personality test without even looking at the item content, you would be using the ______ method of test construction
    • A. 

      Factor analytic

    • B. 

      Rational

    • C. 

      Projective

    • D. 

      Empirical

  • 21. 
    A researcher constructs a scatter plot and notices that it shows a linear trend such that scores on the X axis increase as scores on the Y axis decrease. The correlation coefficient that describes the relationship between X and Y should therefore be negative 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    What is the best way for a researcher to judge the face validity of items on a measure?
    • A. 

      Conduct an exploratory factor analysis on the items

    • B. 

      Conduct a confirmatory factor analysis

    • C. 

      Conduct an internal consistency analysis of the items

    • D. 

      Read content of the items

  • 23. 
    According to the text, which of the following characteristics is positively associated with personality consistency?
    • A. 

      Openness to experience

    • B. 

      Neuroticism

    • C. 

      General mental health

    • D. 

      Need for cognition

  • 24. 
    Self monitoring seems to be an important quality of a good personality judge for both men and women
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The most important and generally useful way to enhance reliablitiy is
    • A. 

      To use as the smallest possible number of items

    • B. 

      To measure something that is important

    • C. 

      To aggregate your measurements

    • D. 

      To maximize error variance

  • 26. 
    A researcher can increase the reliability of a personality test by 
    • A. 

      Refusing to aggregate items

    • B. 

      Measuring something important

    • C. 

      Using very few items to reduce the risk of mistakes

    • D. 

      Constructing items with complicated words and phrases

  • 27. 
    As described in the text, according to some researchers, the TAT measures ______, whereas questionnaire-based measures predict ______/
    • A. 

      What people want; actual performance

    • B. 

      What people need; what people want

    • C. 

      What people want; how motives are expressed

    • D. 

      How motives are expressed; actual performance

  • 28. 
    According to the text, which of the following is NOT a threat to the generalizability of personality research ?
    • A. 

      More women participate in research

    • B. 

      Participants who show up for research studies are more conventional than potential participants who skip

    • C. 

      Personality researchers often study multiple cohorts

    • D. 

      Much personality research is based on samples of college students

  • 29. 
    One concern with items on measures like the MMPI is that they often lack face validity. What kind of problem does this create?
    • A. 

      Participants can easily fake responses on the items

    • B. 

      Such items raise concerns with social desirability

    • C. 

      Responses to such items are difficult to interpet

    • D. 

      Such items tend to make participants very anxioous

  • 30. 
    Increasing the number of items on a test makes it a better insturment according to which principle
    • A. 

      Construct validation

    • B. 

      Operational definiton

    • C. 

      Aggregation

    • D. 

      Incremental validation

  • 31. 
    According to the text, what term describes a context where social norms tend to restrict what people do?
    • A. 

      Weak situation

    • B. 

      A socially constrained situation

    • C. 

      A strong situation

    • D. 

      Situationism

  • 32. 
    Which of the following illustrates converging criteria that could be used to establish the accuracy of a personality judgement?
    • A. 

      One of your friends describes you as a extravert

    • B. 

      You always show up to work on time, and your colleagues say that you are dependable and conscientious

    • C. 

      You tend to experience extreme emotions and throw tantrums frequently

    • D. 

      You describe yourself as intelligent, but you score low on an IQ test

  • 33. 
    Psychology is relatively unique among the sciences because it uses the case method
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Traditonally, the usual practice in evaluating the degree to which behavior is affected by the situation has been to 
    • A. 

      Square the correlation coefficient for the relationship between behavior and some aspect of the situation

    • B. 

      Determine the percentage of variance accounted for by personality, subtract that from 100, percent, and then assign the remaining percentage of the variance, by default, to the situation

    • C. 

      Multiply the variance in the behavioral measure by 2

    • D. 

      Add the variance in the behavioral measure to the variance for the situational variable

  • 35. 
    Shy people fear social interaction and often feel lonely. They are typically percieved by others as 
    • A. 

      Shy

    • B. 

      Cold and aloof

    • C. 

      Warm and friendly

    • D. 

      Sensitive and intelligent

  • 36. 
    In a study of social expectancies, Snyder, Tanke, and Berscheid found that if male participants were shown a photograph of an attractive woman and told they would be interacting with her by telephone, the femalse participant they actually spoke with 
    • A. 

      Rated herself as more attractive than the woman in the photograph

    • B. 

      Rated herself as less attractive that the woman in the photograph

    • C. 

      Was rated by other people as behaving in a warm, humorous, and friendly manner

    • D. 

      Was rated by other people as behaving in a cold, aloof and unfriendly manner

  • 37. 
    Imagine a researcher conducts a study and FAILS to find a statistically significant correlation between exercise and weight loss. However, there is a real association between exercise and weight loss in nature. What kind of error has this researcher made? 
    • A. 

      Type 1 error

    • B. 

      Type 2 error

    • C. 

      Type 3 error

    • D. 

      Correlational error

  • 38. 
    The unique mandate of personality psychologists is to attempt
    • A. 

      To identify and measure individual differences in ability and behavior

    • B. 

      To determine the effect of the social environment on behavior

    • C. 

      To explain whole, functioning persons in their social context

    • D. 

      To prevent or treat psychological personality dissorders

  • 39. 
    Early research on the good judge of personality indicated that the good judge was
    • A. 

      Extraverted

    • B. 

      A high self-monitor

    • C. 

      Narcissistic

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 40. 
    It appears that there are gender differences in the attributes that make someone a good judge of personality. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    As part of a research project, a participant carries a handheld computer (e.g.) that signals her at random times throughout the day. At those times, the computer presents a series of questions for her to answer regarding her current acitvities. This is an example of ______ data.
    • A. 

      Experience sampling

    • B. 

      Experimental B

    • C. 

      L

    • D. 

      Projective

  • 42. 
    It is possible to directly calculate correlation effect sizes from experimental social psychology
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      Detection

    • B. 

      Availabilty

    • C. 

      Utilization

    • D. 

      Judgment

  • 44. 
    Personality attributes are rarely linked with mortality risk
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    The reason that objective tests include so many items is to increase the _____ of the test. 
    • A. 

      Criterion-related validity

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Content validity

    • D. 

      Construct validity

  • 46. 
    According to the text, _____ does not seem to significantly improve as judges acquire more information, whereas _____ does seem to significantly improve. 
    • A. 

      Accuracy; consensus

    • B. 

      Consensus; accuracy

    • C. 

      Predictive validity; reliability

    • D. 

      Consensus; interjudge agreement

  • 47. 
    • A. 

      S data have casual force

    • B. 

      S data are relatively simple and easy to collect

    • C. 

      The person providing S data might be the world's best expert on Laura

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 48. 
    Agreeableness is negatively associated with criminal behavior
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    What is the correct definition of the p-value?
    • A. 

      Probability that the null hypothesis is TRUE

    • B. 

      Probability that the null hypothesis is FALSE

    • C. 

      Probability that the observed result occurred by chance given that the null hypothesis is TRUE

    • D. 

      Probability that the observed result occurred by chance given that the null hypothesis is FALSE

  • 50. 
    What type of data is likely to be the most subjective and judgemental?
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      L

    • D. 

      S