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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Let’s talk about psychology? In this quiz, we will test you on topics like scale construction, social psychology, the California psychological inventory, scientific education and the factor analytic technique. What can you tell us on the topic?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Research regarding the person-situation debate indicates that ____are relevant to how people will act under specific circumstances and that _____are better for describing how people act in general
    • A. 

      S data; I data

    • B. 

      S data; B data

    • C. 

      Personality traits; situation variables

    • D. 

      Situational variables; personality traits

  • 2. 
    What is the first step in the empirical method of scale construction?
    • A. 

      Gather lots of items

    • B. 

      Identify the groups

    • C. 

      Administer items to a large sample

    • D. 

      Conduct a factor analysis on existing scales

  • 3. 
    One mission of the person-situation debate was that many social psychologists concluded that personality did not really exist 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The statement, "There is no such thing as objective reality, only human ideas or perceptions of reality," would most likely be made by a ____. The statement, "The absence of perfect, infallible criteria for truth does not force us to conclude that all interpretations of reality are equally likely to be correct," would most likely be made by a ____.
    • A. 

      Contructivisit; empiricst

    • B. 

      Constructivist; critical realist

    • C. 

      Critical realist; empiricst

    • D. 

      Empiricist; critical realist

  • 5. 
    In current psychological research, men are more likely to participate in studies than women.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The california psychological inventory (CPI) was designed
    • A. 

      To assess individuals with psychological disorders

    • B. 

      To assess normal individuals

    • C. 

      To identify the Big Five personality factors

    • D. 

      To assess Jung's psychological types

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is NOT an advantage of B data? 
    • A. 

      Direct observations require little in the way of psychological interpretation.

    • B. 

      Direct observations are easily quantifiable

    • C. 

      Direct observations can be made with extreme precision as in the case of reaction times

    • D. 

      Psychologists can construct situations to elicit particular behaviors.

  • 8. 
    The observation, "If it looks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it is probably a duck," illustrates the method of
    • A. 

      Moderator variables

    • B. 

      Constructivist accuracy

    • C. 

      Procedural judgment

    • D. 

      Convergent validation

  • 9. 
    Why do inventories derived from the empirical method sometimes have items that seem objectionable to test taskers?
    • A. 

      To catch test takers who are faking responses

    • B. 

      Because those items correlated with outcomes of interest to the test developers

    • C. 

      To catch test takers who are prudish and close-minded

    • D. 

      Because those items seemed the most content valid to the test developers

  • 10. 
    In a series of studies about intellectual expectancies, Rosenthal (1968) found that schoolchildren randomly indentified as "late bloomers" showed an average IQ increase of about 15 points by the end of the school year. These studies demonstrated
    • A. 

      The power of expectanices

    • B. 

      That formal training designed to develop self-efficacy can impact performance

    • C. 

      The accuracy of lay judgement of personality.

    • D. 

      The good target moderator of accuracy

  • 11. 
    A recent review of the entire literature on social psychology concluded that the situational effect was about 
    • A. 

      .10

    • B. 

      .20

    • C. 

      .40

    • D. 

      .50

  • 12. 
    According to the text the goal of scientific education is
    • A. 

      To teach what is known and how to find out what is not yet known

    • B. 

      To convey what is known about a subject so it can be applied

    • C. 

      To train individuals to exclusively rely on deductive reasoning to solve problems

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    The factor analytic technique of test construction is deisgned to 
    • A. 

      Identify individuals who are attempting to lie or sabotage a test

    • B. 

      Identify groups of test items that seem to be alike

    • C. 

      Identify items that mean the same thing to the respondent as they do to the researcher

    • D. 

      Create projective tests

  • 14. 
    The basis of ______ method of test construction is to come up with items that seem directly, obviously, and logically related to what it is you wish to measure
    • A. 

      Rational

    • B. 

      Empirical

    • C. 

      Philosopical

    • D. 

      Factor analytic

  • 15. 
    A variable that influences the association between two other variables is called a(n) _________- variable
    • A. 

      Intervening

    • B. 

      Mediating

    • C. 

      Moderator

    • D. 

      Suppressor

  • 16. 
    According to the article by Vazire and Mehl in the Funder and Ozer reader, when an objective recording is available to see who is right, who is a more accurate predictor of behavior?
    • A. 

      The person being obsevered (the self)

    • B. 

      Other people

    • C. 

      Overall, there is no clear advantage for self or others' knowledge

    • D. 

      We do not know

  • 17. 
    In observing human behavior, it is impossible 
    • A. 

      To understand everything about a person all at once

    • B. 

      To choose to limit what you look at in a person

    • C. 

      To find patterns across different kinds of observation

    • D. 

      To make any real progress towards solving the personality puzzle

  • 18. 
    Happiness is associated with what trait?
    • A. 

      Openness to experience

    • B. 

      Self-monitoring

    • C. 

      Extraversion

    • D. 

      Conscientiousness

  • 19. 
    According to principles described in the text, it would be relatively difficult to create a reliable measure of 
    • A. 

      Attitudes towards paperclips

    • B. 

      Attitudes towards TV violence

    • C. 

      Attitudes toward casual sex

    • D. 

      Attitudes towards the self (like self-esteem)

  • 20. 
    If you were to develop a personality test without even looking at the item content, you would be using the ______ method of test construction
    • A. 

      Factor analytic

    • B. 

      Rational

    • C. 

      Projective

    • D. 

      Empirical

  • 21. 
    A researcher constructs a scatter plot and notices that it shows a linear trend such that scores on the X axis increase as scores on the Y axis decrease. The correlation coefficient that describes the relationship between X and Y should therefore be negative 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    What is the best way for a researcher to judge the face validity of items on a measure?
    • A. 

      Conduct an exploratory factor analysis on the items

    • B. 

      Conduct a confirmatory factor analysis

    • C. 

      Conduct an internal consistency analysis of the items

    • D. 

      Read content of the items

  • 23. 
    According to the text, which of the following characteristics is positively associated with personality consistency?
    • A. 

      Openness to experience

    • B. 

      Neuroticism

    • C. 

      General mental health

    • D. 

      Need for cognition

  • 24. 
    Self monitoring seems to be an important quality of a good personality judge for both men and women
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The most important and generally useful way to enhance reliablitiy is
    • A. 

      To use as the smallest possible number of items

    • B. 

      To measure something that is important

    • C. 

      To aggregate your measurements

    • D. 

      To maximize error variance