Psyc 100 Exam Practice

110 Questions | Total Attempts: 81

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Psyc 100 Exam Practice

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychology arose in the 19th century from developments in a number of areas, primarily:
    • A. 

      Culture and philosophy

    • B. 

      Philosophy and religion

    • C. 

      Science and medicine

    • D. 

      Science and philosophy

  • 2. 
    Structuralism is to ______ as functionalism is to ____________.
    • A. 

      Unobservable behaviour; consciousness

    • B. 

      Introspection; consequences of behaviour

    • C. 

      Elements of consciousness; purpose of consciousness

    • D. 

      Consciousness; memory

  • 3. 
    Psychology is most closely related to:
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Chemistry

    • C. 

      Sociology

    • D. 

      Philosophy

  • 4. 
    Rationalism is to ___________ as empiricism is to _____________. 
    • A. 

      Logic; function

    • B. 

      Logic; observation

    • C. 

      Analysis; science

    • D. 

      Analysis; measurement

  • 5. 
    Through their research on human responses to physical stimuli, both von Helmholtz and Fechner contributed to the beginnings of:
    • A. 

      Comparative psychology

    • B. 

      Materialism

    • C. 

      Rationalism

    • D. 

      Psychophysics

  • 6. 
    Suppose that you conduct an experiment to study the effects of love on improving children's self concepts. To manipulate love, you allow a research assistant to hug each child after he/she has successfully completed a set of math problems. After the study is over, you ask the children if they felt loved during the study. They all say no. Apparently, your operational definition of your independent variable is:
    • A. 

      Not objective

    • B. 

      Unreliable

    • C. 

      Invalid

    • D. 

      Too subjective

  • 7. 
    In psychological research, the term generalization refers to:
    • A. 

      Obtaining a broad understanding of how different variables are related to eachother.

    • B. 

      Adding the results from one study to those from other studies

    • C. 

      How significant the results of the statistical analysis are

    • D. 

      Concluding that the results obtained from a sample can also be applied to the larger population

  • 8. 
    Minor deception may be permitted in research providing there is ___________ and _____________. 
    • A. 

      No forseeable harm; there is a full debriefing

    • B. 

      No confounding; information is confidential

    • C. 

      Monetary renumeration; prior informed consent

    • D. 

      Prior informed consent; no forseeable harm

  • 9. 
    The first step of the scientific method specifies that a researcher:
    • A. 

      Design the study

    • B. 

      Formulate a hypothesis

    • C. 

      Determine the subjects that he/she would like to use in the experiment

    • D. 

      Collect the data for the study

  • 10. 
    A researcher has 2 groups of subjects - one that has been taught a memory aid, and another that has not. Both groups are then asked to learn a list of 20 nouns in 2 minutes, and both are then given a recall test. What is the independent variable?
    • A. 

      Participants' scores on the recall test

    • B. 

      Number of words

    • C. 

      Whether or not the participants have been taught the memory aid

    • D. 

      Amount of time that participants took to complete the recall test

  • 11. 
    Mean is to ____________ as standard deviation is to _____________. 
    • A. 

      Central tendency; variability

    • B. 

      Inferential statistics; descriptive statistics

    • C. 

      Descriptive statistics; inferential statistics

    • D. 

      Variability; relations

  • 12. 
    An organism's phenotype is the result of: 
    • A. 

      The influence of environmental influences and experiences

    • B. 

      Its genotype

    • C. 

      The reproductive success of its parents

    • D. 

      The interaction of its genotype with the environment

  • 13. 
    The fact that male peacocks have evolved large tail feathers (even though large feathers appear to be an impediment for survival) is best explained by:
    • A. 

      Large feathers can be used to protect the nest

    • B. 

      Evolution through sexual selection

    • C. 

      Evolution through natural selection

    • D. 

      Genetic drift

  • 14. 
    Concordance is the degree to which two people:
    • A. 

      Share the same genotype

    • B. 

      Share the same environment

    • C. 

      Share the same phenotype

    • D. 

      Are biologically related

  • 15. 
    Natural selection has favoured species that reproduce sexually because sexual reproduction:
    • A. 

      Pleasurable, which is reinforcing

    • B. 

      Leads to a longer life span and more variability in behaviour

    • C. 

      Produces organisms that have the capacity for thinking and language

    • D. 

      Leads to genetic diversity, which is adaptive

  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding human sexual behaviour?
    • A. 

      Unmarried women tend to seek casual sexual relationships

    • B. 

      Men are more likely to seek diversity in their sexual relationships than women

    • C. 

      Men tend to be more promiscuous than women

    • D. 

      Human sexual behaviour is subject to strong cultural influences

  • 17. 
    Extinction would happen most rapidly following which reinforcement schedule?
    • A. 

      Variable-ratio, every 10th response reinforced

    • B. 

      Variable-ratio, every 5th response reinforced

    • C. 

      Fixed-interval, reinforced after 1 minute

    • D. 

      Fixed-ratio, every response is reinforced

  • 18. 
    __________ is a learning procedure that utilizes reinforcement to guide a response in closer and closer approximations to a desired behaviour.
    • A. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • B. 

      Shaping

    • C. 

      Habituation

    • D. 

      Partial Reinforcement

  • 19. 
    Which schedule of reinforcement is most similar to that used in gambling?
    • A. 

      Fixed-ratio

    • B. 

      Variable-ratio

    • C. 

      Variable-interval

    • D. 

      Intermittent reinforcement

  • 20. 
    Which of the following presents the most convincing evidence that an animal has learned by "insight" rather than by trial and error?
    • A. 

      One sees an absence of errors in the animal's performance

    • B. 

      There is a sudden drop in the learning curve

    • C. 

      The animal gives a smooth, continuous performance

    • D. 

      A transfer of training occurs

  • 21. 
    To what is the tendency of the conditioned stimulus (CS) to elicit a conditioned response (CR) related?
    • A. 

      The number of times the US has elicited the CR

    • B. 

      The number of CS-US pairings

    • C. 

      The intensity of the CS

    • D. 

      The intensity of the CR

  • 22. 
    Which of the following structures, located in the middle of the brain, is often described as being the relay station that connects various parts of the brain?
    • A. 

      The cerebellum

    • B. 

      The limbic system

    • C. 

      The hypothalamus

    • D. 

      The thalamus

  • 23. 
    In split-brain studies, when a picture of a common object was flashed to the left visual field, the patient would be unable to ___________ but would be able to ______________. 
    • A. 

      Identify it verbally; identify it by touch with the left hand

    • B. 

      Identify it by touch with the left hand; identify it verbally

    • C. 

      Identify it verbally; identify it by touch with the right hand

    • D. 

      Identify it by touch with the right hand; identify it verbally

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is FALSE about brain plasticity?
    • A. 

      The environmental richness of the environment in which they grow up is positively correlated with the structural complexity and size of rats' brains

    • B. 

      After childhood, the functional organization of the human brain is unchangeable

    • C. 

      All learning and memory requires a physical change in the brain

    • D. 

      Early-life stress can produce physical changes in the brain

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about hemispheric specialization?
    • A. 

      The left hemisphere receives sensory information from the left side of the body, and the right hemisphere from the right side

    • B. 

      The left hemisphere is generally specialized for language function, while the right hemisphere seems to be better at appreciating spatial relationships among objects

    • C. 

      The right hemisphere generally has no language ability

    • D. 

      The left hemisphere is logical and analytic, whereas the right hemisphere is creative and intuitive

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