Program Evaluation Final

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Program Evaluation Final - Quiz

Program Evaluation Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ultimate purpose of program evaluation is

    • A.

      The collection of data on the number of people who utilize a service.

    • B.

      The improvement of programs and the selection of the best program among possible programs

    • C.

      Making decisions about the proper groups a program should serve.

    • D.

      An assessment of how program staff people spend their time.

    Correct Answer
    B. The improvement of programs and the selection of the best program among possible programs
    Explanation
    Program evaluation serves the purpose of improving programs and selecting the best program among possible options. It involves assessing the effectiveness, efficiency, and impact of programs to identify areas for improvement and make informed decisions. By collecting and analyzing data, program evaluation helps organizations understand what works and what doesn't, allowing them to make evidence-based decisions to enhance program outcomes and maximize resources. It focuses on continuous learning and improvement, ensuring that programs are meeting their intended goals and making a positive difference in the lives of the target population.

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  • 2. 

    (seperate answers with commas) Evaluation is the ____________________ of the ___________________ of a program or policy, compared to a set of ________, as a means of contributing to the _______________________.

    Correct Answer
    systematic assessment, operation and/or the outcomes, standards, improvement of the program or policy.
    Explanation
    Evaluation is the process of systematically assessing the operation and/or the outcomes of a program or policy, compared to a set of standards, as a means of contributing to the improvement of the program or policy.

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  • 3. 

    Carrying out a _________________ requires that a evaluation be conducted according to accepted social science research principles (quantitative and qualitative).

    Correct Answer
    systematic assessment
    Explanation
    A systematic assessment requires conducting an evaluation based on accepted social science research principles, both quantitative and qualitative. This means that the assessment should follow a structured and organized approach, ensuring that all relevant factors are considered and evaluated. By incorporating quantitative and qualitative research methods, a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter can be obtained. This approach allows for a thorough and unbiased evaluation, ensuring that the assessment is reliable and valid.

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  • 4. 

    ________________ is the study of the way a program or service is carried out.

    Correct Answer
    process
    Explanation
    The term "process" refers to the study of how a program or service is carried out. It involves analyzing and understanding the steps, procedures, and actions involved in executing a program or providing a service. By studying the process, one can identify inefficiencies, bottlenecks, and areas for improvement in order to optimize the program or service.

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  • 5. 

    ____________ are the effects or results of the program.

    Correct Answer
    outcome
    Explanation
    The word "outcome" refers to the effects or results of a program. It implies that after implementing a program, certain consequences or achievements can be observed. The term "outcome" is commonly used to evaluate the overall success or effectiveness of a program by assessing the desired results it has produced.

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  • 6. 

    _________________ is one type of evaluation

    • A.

      Needs assessment

    • B.

      Individual assessment

    • C.

      Program audit

    • D.

      Basic research

    Correct Answer
    A. Needs assessment
    Explanation
    Needs assessment is a type of evaluation that focuses on identifying the needs and requirements of a particular individual, group, or organization. It involves gathering information and analyzing data to determine what is lacking or what improvements are needed in order to meet those needs effectively. This evaluation helps in understanding the current situation and making informed decisions about the best course of action to address the identified needs.

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  • 7. 

    An evaluation that documents the extent to which implemenation has occurred and the degree to which the program operates as expected is an

    • A.

      Evaluation of efficiency

    • B.

      Evaluation of need

    • C.

      Evaluation of outcome

    • D.

      Evaluation of process

    Correct Answer
    D. Evaluation of process
    Explanation
    An evaluation of process involves documenting the extent to which implementation has occurred and the degree to which the program operates as expected. This type of evaluation focuses on the procedures and activities involved in implementing the program, rather than the outcomes or results. It helps to assess whether the program is being implemented effectively and efficiently, and whether any adjustments or improvements are needed in the process.

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  • 8. 

    An evaluation of need refers to evaluations that

    • A.

      Isolate the costs of providing various services

    • B.

      Are particularly useful in planning a new program

    • C.

      Are similar to performance appraisals

    • D.

      Are done at the end of a program cycle.

    Correct Answer
    B. Are particularly useful in planning a new program
    Explanation
    An evaluation of need refers to assessments that are particularly useful in planning a new program. These evaluations help identify the specific requirements and demands of the target population or community that the program aims to serve. By understanding the needs, planners can design and implement a program that effectively addresses those needs and maximizes its impact. This type of evaluation focuses on gathering information about the problem or issue that the program seeks to solve, and it helps inform the development and implementation of the program's goals, objectives, and strategies.

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  • 9. 

    An evaluation of __________ is designed to determine how program recipients perform as a result of participating in a program.

    • A.

      Outcome

    • B.

      Efficiency

    • C.

      Process

    • D.

      Need

    Correct Answer
    A. Outcome
    Explanation
    An evaluation of outcome is designed to determine how program recipients perform as a result of participating in a program. This means that the evaluation focuses on measuring the actual results or effects of the program on the participants. It assesses whether the program has achieved its intended goals and objectives and evaluates the impact it has had on the recipients. The evaluation of outcome helps to determine the effectiveness and success of the program in terms of the desired outcomes.

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  • 10. 

    The strongest advantage that an external evaluator has over an internal evaluator is

    • A.

      More well-developed analytic skills

    • B.

      The trust she/he has built up over the years

    • C.

      The influence to see that the findings are used by the program staff.

    • D.

      The potential to be more objective

    Correct Answer
    D. The potential to be more objective
    Explanation
    An external evaluator has the potential to be more objective compared to an internal evaluator because they are not directly involved in the program or organization being evaluated. They do not have personal biases or conflicts of interest that could affect their assessment. Being independent allows them to provide an unbiased and impartial evaluation, which can lead to more accurate and reliable findings.

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  • 11. 

    Internal program evaluators usually have the following advantage over consultant evaluators:

    • A.

      Better knowledge of the program

    • B.

      Better objectivity

    • C.

      Better statistical and research competence

    • D.

      Better support staff

    Correct Answer
    A. Better knowledge of the program
    Explanation
    Internal program evaluators usually have better knowledge of the program compared to consultant evaluators. This is because internal evaluators are part of the organization and have direct access to program information, data, and stakeholders. They are familiar with the program's goals, objectives, processes, and outcomes. This deep understanding allows them to assess the program more effectively and make informed recommendations for improvement. On the other hand, consultant evaluators may have limited knowledge and need to spend time familiarizing themselves with the program, which can impact the accuracy and comprehensiveness of their evaluation.

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  • 12. 

    The purpose of a formative evaluation is to provide information to program sponsors when they are

    • A.

      Making program improvements.

    • B.

      Trying to minimize the effects of arbitrary federal requirements for program evaluations.

    • C.

      Trying to improve public relations.

    • D.

      Making decisions about maintaining or terminating a program.

    Correct Answer
    A. Making program improvements.
    Explanation
    A formative evaluation is conducted to gather feedback and information about a program in order to make improvements. It helps program sponsors identify areas that need attention, assess the effectiveness of program strategies, and make informed decisions to enhance the program's outcomes. This evaluation is not focused on minimizing the effects of federal requirements, improving public relations, or deciding whether to maintain or terminate a program. Instead, it aims to provide valuable insights and data to improve the program's design, implementation, and overall effectiveness.

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  • 13. 

    When an evaluation relates the cost of a program to its outcomes, we think of this form of evaluation as

    • A.

      An evaluation of performance.

    • B.

      An evaluation of efficiency.

    • C.

      A form of basic research.

    • D.

      Applicable to business but not to social service programs.

    Correct Answer
    B. An evaluation of efficiency.
    Explanation
    When an evaluation relates the cost of a program to its outcomes, it is considered an evaluation of efficiency. This type of evaluation focuses on determining how effectively resources are being utilized to achieve desired results. It assesses the cost-effectiveness of a program by analyzing the relationship between inputs (costs) and outputs (outcomes). By examining the efficiency of a program, organizations can identify areas for improvement and make informed decisions about resource allocation. This evaluation approach is applicable to various sectors, including both business and social service programs.

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  • 14. 

    In the mid-1990's which of the following was true:

    • A.

      Both Conservatives and Liberals were interested in evaluation.

    • B.

      Liberals were interested in evaluation but not Conservatives.

    • C.

      Conservatives were interested in evaluation but not Liberals.

    • D.

      Neither Conservatives or Liberals were interested in evaluation.

    Correct Answer
    A. Both Conservatives and Liberals were interested in evaluation.
    Explanation
    During the mid-1990s, both Conservatives and Liberals were interested in evaluation. This implies that both political parties had a shared interest in the process of evaluation, which could refer to the assessment and analysis of various policies, programs, or initiatives. It suggests that evaluation was a topic of importance and relevance to both Conservatives and Liberals during that period.

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  • 15. 

    An evaluation whose purpose is identifying and measuring level of unmet needs within an organization or a community is an evaluation of ___________.

    • A.

      Outcome

    • B.

      Need

    • C.

      Efficiency

    • D.

      Process

    Correct Answer
    B. Need
    Explanation
    This evaluation focuses on identifying and measuring the level of unmet needs within an organization or community. It aims to understand what needs are not being adequately addressed or fulfilled. This evaluation helps in identifying areas where improvements or interventions are required to meet the needs of the organization or community effectively.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these are not a task of an evaluation of process?

    • A.

      Nature of people being served

    • B.

      Degree to which program operates as expected

    • C.

      Document extent to which implementation has occurred

    • D.

      Assess whether or not the services are meeting individual needs

    Correct Answer
    D. Assess whether or not the services are meeting individual needs
    Explanation
    The evaluation of a process involves assessing various aspects such as the nature of people being served, the degree to which the program operates as expected, and documenting the extent to which implementation has occurred. However, assessing whether or not the services are meeting individual needs is not a task of process evaluation. This task is more aligned with evaluating the effectiveness or outcomes of the services rather than the process itself.

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  • 17. 

    The evaluation that asks if participants are performing well is an evaluation of __________.

    • A.

      Outcome

    • B.

      Need

    • C.

      Efficiency

    • D.

      Process

    Correct Answer
    A. Outcome
    Explanation
    This evaluation assesses whether participants are achieving desired results or outcomes. It focuses on measuring the end results of their performance rather than the specific processes or methods used. The evaluation aims to determine if participants are meeting the intended goals and objectives effectively.

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  • 18. 

    Which of these are not a type of evaluation?

    • A.

      Need assessment

    • B.

      Efficiency

    • C.

      Outcome

    • D.

      Process

    • E.

      Individual Assessment

    Correct Answer
    E. Individual Assessment
    Explanation
    The question asks for a type of evaluation that is not included in the given options. The options provided include need assessment, efficiency, outcome, process, and individual assessment. Among these options, individual assessment is the only one that is not typically considered a type of evaluation. Individual assessment refers to the evaluation of an individual's performance or abilities, whereas the other options refer to different types of evaluations such as assessing needs, efficiency, outcomes, and processes.

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  • 19. 

    Formative evaluations are conducted to _____________.

    • A.

      Improve the program.

    • B.

      Monitor the program.

    • C.

      To determine of the program should continue

    Correct Answer
    A. Improve the program.
    Explanation
    Formative evaluations are conducted to identify strengths and weaknesses in a program and provide feedback for improvement. These evaluations involve gathering data and feedback from stakeholders to assess the effectiveness of the program's design, implementation, and outcomes. By identifying areas that need improvement, formative evaluations help program developers make necessary adjustments and enhancements to ensure better program performance and outcomes. This continuous improvement process is essential for enhancing the overall quality and effectiveness of the program.

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  • 20. 

    A summatitve evaluation seeks to

    • A.

      Improve the program.

    • B.

      Monitor the program.

    • C.

      Determine if the program should continue.

    Correct Answer
    C. Determine if the program should continue.
    Explanation
    A summative evaluation is a type of assessment that is conducted to determine whether a program should continue or not. It is used to make a final judgment about the effectiveness and success of a program. This evaluation helps to gather data and evidence to determine if the program has achieved its intended outcomes and if it is worth continuing. It provides valuable information for decision-making regarding the future of the program.

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  • 21. 

    A monitoring evaluation serves to

    • A.

      Improve the program

    • B.

      Monitor the program

    • C.

      Determine if the program should continue

    Correct Answer
    B. Monitor the program
    Explanation
    A monitoring evaluation is conducted to assess and oversee the progress and performance of a program. It involves regularly monitoring the program's activities, outputs, and outcomes to ensure that it is functioning effectively and achieving its intended goals. By monitoring the program, organizations can identify any issues or areas for improvement, make necessary adjustments, and ensure that the program is on track. It helps in keeping a close eye on the program's implementation and making informed decisions about its continuation or any necessary modifications.

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  • 22. 

    Formative evaluations are conducted

    • A.

      Before the program starts

    • B.

      During the program implementation

    • C.

      After the program is completed

    Correct Answer
    A. Before the program starts
    Explanation
    Formative evaluations are conducted before the program starts in order to gather feedback and assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the program's design and objectives. This allows for any necessary adjustments or improvements to be made before the program is fully implemented. By conducting formative evaluations at this stage, potential issues or challenges can be identified and addressed early on, leading to a more successful and impactful program implementation.

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  • 23. 

    Summative evaluations are conducted

    • A.

      Before the program starts

    • B.

      During the program

    • C.

      After the program is compeleted

    Correct Answer
    C. After the program is compeleted
    Explanation
    Summative evaluations are conducted after the program is completed. This type of evaluation is used to assess the overall effectiveness and outcomes of a program. It helps determine whether the program has achieved its intended goals and objectives. By conducting the evaluation after the program is completed, it allows for a comprehensive assessment of the program's impact and effectiveness. This information can then be used to inform future program improvements and decision-making.

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  • 24. 

    Before a program is developed and started, an evaluation of ________ should be conducted.

    • A.

      Outcome

    • B.

      Efficiency

    • C.

      Need

    • D.

      Process

    Correct Answer
    C. Need
    Explanation
    Before a program is developed and started, an evaluation of the need should be conducted. This is important because it helps determine whether there is a genuine requirement for the program and whether it will address a specific problem or fulfill a particular goal. Evaluating the need ensures that resources are not wasted on developing a program that is unnecessary or redundant. It also helps in identifying the scope and objectives of the program, allowing for a more efficient and effective development process.

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  • 25. 

    A program might be ineffective because the

    • A.

      Target population does not feel a need for the service provided.

    • B.

      Program treats the needs of the target population.

    • C.

      Program deals with needs that the population really has.

    • D.

      Program has a well thought out model.

    Correct Answer
    A. Target population does not feel a need for the service provided.
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that a program might be ineffective if the target population does not feel a need for the service provided. This means that even if the program is well-designed and addresses the needs of the population, it may fail to have an impact if the population does not perceive a need for the service. The success of a program often depends on the demand and willingness of the target population to engage with the services offered.

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  • 26. 

    Before conducting a survey of community needs, an evaluator should _______________.

    • A.

      Define the population to be studied.

    • B.

      Identify current resources in the community

    • C.

      Do both a and b listed above.

    • D.

      Conduct an outcomes evaluation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Do both a and b listed above.
    Explanation
    Before conducting a survey of community needs, an evaluator should do both a and b listed above. This is because defining the population to be studied is important in order to ensure that the survey is targeted towards the right group of people. Additionally, identifying current resources in the community is crucial as it helps the evaluator understand the existing support systems and potential gaps that need to be addressed. By doing both a and b, the evaluator can gather comprehensive information to inform their survey and subsequent evaluation process.

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  • 27. 

    The Focus Group approach to assessing needs utilizes _______________.

    • A.

      Representative, randomly selected, members of the public answering a survey.

    • B.

      Elected community members discussing needs with a trained focus group leader.

    • C.

      Selected community members answering a survey.

    • D.

      Randomly sampled census data focusing on a particular social problem.

    Correct Answer
    B. Elected community members discussing needs with a trained focus group leader.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is elected community members discussing needs with a trained focus group leader. In the Focus Group approach, elected community members are chosen to participate in a discussion led by a trained focus group leader. This method allows for in-depth exploration of needs and enables community members to provide valuable insights and perspectives. The focus group leader facilitates the discussion and ensures that all participants have an opportunity to contribute their thoughts and opinions. This approach promotes active engagement and collaboration among community members in identifying and assessing needs.

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  • 28. 

    Conducting a needs assessment can be difficult because ______________.

    • A.

      Some people deny their needs and other people do not recognize their needs.

    • B.

      Statistical data analyses that are so helpful to other phases of evalaution do not apply to needs assessment.

    • C.

      Random assignment to groups is ethically wrong.

    • D.

      Census data is inaccurate and can never be used in needs assessment.

    Correct Answer
    A. Some people deny their needs and other people do not recognize their needs.
    Explanation
    Conducting a needs assessment can be difficult because some people deny their needs and other people do not recognize their needs. This means that individuals may be unwilling or unable to acknowledge their own needs, making it challenging to gather accurate information about what is truly needed. It highlights the importance of using various methods and strategies to overcome these barriers and ensure a comprehensive needs assessment.

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  • 29. 

    Key informants __________________.

    • A.

      Are people who know a community well and therefore are not objective and should not be relied on for accurate information regarding the needs of a community.

    • B.

      Are people who know a community well and can be expected to know what community needs exist.

    • C.

      Tend to underestimate the number of people in need in their community.

    • D.

      View a problem in ways that are quite similar to how others view the problem.

    Correct Answer
    B. Are people who know a community well and can be expected to know what community needs exist.
    Explanation
    Key informants are individuals who have a deep understanding and knowledge of a specific community. Due to their familiarity with the community, they are expected to possess valuable insights and information regarding the needs and requirements of that community. Their expertise and experience make them reliable sources for accurate information about the community's needs.

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  • 30. 

    A need is the discrepancy between __________________

    • A.

      A desired state and an ideal state.

    • B.

      An ideal state and a norm.

    • C.

      A desired state and an expected state.

    • D.

      An actual state and an ideal state.

    Correct Answer
    D. An actual state and an ideal state.
    Explanation
    A need is the discrepancy between an actual state and an ideal state. This means that a need arises when there is a gap between what is currently happening and what is considered the ideal or desired situation. In other words, a need represents the difference between the current reality and the desired outcome or goal.

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  • 31. 

    Incidence of the flu is the _______________.

    • A.

      Number of cases of the flu on a given day.

    • B.

      Number of cases of the flu for a one year period.

    • C.

      Severity of the flu.

    • D.

      Duration of the flu.

    Correct Answer
    B. Number of cases of the flu for a one year period.
    Explanation
    The incidence of the flu refers to the number of new cases of the flu that occur within a specific population over a given time period, usually a year. It represents the rate at which new cases of the flu are occurring and helps in understanding the spread and impact of the disease. The answer "number of cases of the flu for a one year period" accurately describes the concept of incidence in relation to the flu.

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  • 32. 

    One disadvantage of open forums is that ______________.

    • A.

      Hey are open to the public and provide unrestricted access to anyone who wishes to participate.

    • B.

      They cost very little to conduct.

    • C.

      Groups in attendance may not be representative of the commuity because many people cannot or will not attend such a meeting

    • D.

      Ideas from the community will be generated.

    Correct Answer
    C. Groups in attendance may not be representative of the commuity because many people cannot or will not attend such a meeting
    Explanation
    Open forums, although they provide unrestricted access to anyone, have the disadvantage that the groups in attendance may not accurately represent the community. This is because many individuals may be unable or unwilling to attend such meetings. Therefore, the opinions and perspectives shared in these forums may not truly reflect the diversity and breadth of the community as a whole.

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  • 33. 

    Need is refers to something (X) that people ____________to achieve satisfactory state.

    • A.

      Must have

    • B.

      Don't necessarily need

    • C.

      Doesn't need

    Correct Answer
    A. Must have
    Explanation
    The word "must" indicates a strong requirement or necessity. Therefore, the phrase "must have" implies that people need something in order to achieve a satisfactory state. This aligns with the definition of "need," which refers to a requirement or a lack of something essential for a satisfactory condition.

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  • 34. 

    With (X) or this need fulfilled people _____________ but _______________ that satisfactory state.

    • A.

      Achieve; do exceed

    • B.

      Do not achieve; do exceed

    • C.

      Achieve,do not exceed

    • D.

      Do not achieve; do not exceed

    Correct Answer
    C. Achieve,do not exceed
    Explanation
    When people achieve a certain need, they do not exceed or go beyond that state. In other words, they are satisfied with achieving the need and do not strive for more or surpass it.

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  • 35. 

    Prevalence of people suffering from stress is

    • A.

      Number of cases of stress on a given day.

    • B.

      Number of cases of stress for a one year period.

    • C.

      Severity of stress

    • D.

      Duration of stress

    Correct Answer
    A. Number of cases of stress on a given day.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "number of cases of stress on a given day." This is because the prevalence of people suffering from stress refers to the number of cases of stress that exist on a particular day. It does not refer to the number of cases over a longer period of time, the severity or duration of stress.

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  • 36. 

    All of these are an example of social indicators of need except:

    • A.

      Crime reports

    • B.

      National census

    • C.

      Consumer price index

    • D.

      Asking people about their needs

    Correct Answer
    D. Asking people about their needs
    Explanation
    Asking people about their needs is not considered a social indicator of need because it relies on subjective opinions and self-reporting, which may not accurately reflect the actual needs of a population. In contrast, crime reports, national census, and consumer price index are objective measures that provide more reliable and comprehensive data on social needs.

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  • 37. 

    Another way to determine the level of need is to determine what ___________ are already available.

    Correct Answer
    services, resources
    Explanation
    To determine the level of need, it is important to assess what services are already available. By evaluating the existing services, one can understand the extent to which the needs are being met and identify any gaps or areas that require improvement. This information helps in making informed decisions regarding the allocation of resources and the development of new services to address the identified needs effectively.

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  • 38. 

    When the US federal government wanted to provide children under 18 free immunizations, they failed to account for the fact that many poor children already got free immunizations under medicaid. This is an example of failing to

    • A.

      Examine the context of the need

    • B.

      Examine the need

    • C.

      Relate need to implementation plans

    • D.

      Deal with ignorance of need

    Correct Answer
    B. Examine the need
    Explanation
    This scenario demonstrates the failure to examine the need. The US federal government did not consider the existing provision of free immunizations for many poor children under Medicaid. By not thoroughly evaluating the need for free immunizations among children under 18, they overlooked the fact that a significant portion of the target population already had access to this service. This oversight highlights the importance of conducting a comprehensive analysis of the need before implementing any program or policy.

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  • 39. 

    In the area of health care, a basic problem is assuming that developing nations need advanced medical services. Unforunately, developing nations cannot support advanced technologies, and the foreign aid available can provide this type of care only to a small minority of the population. This is an example of failing to

    • A.

      Examine the context of the need

    • B.

      Examine the need

    • C.

      Relate need to implementation plans

    • D.

      Deal with ignorance of need

    Correct Answer
    A. Examine the context of the need
    Explanation
    This question is asking about a basic problem in the area of health care, specifically in developing nations. The correct answer is "examine the context of the need." This means that the problem lies in not considering the specific circumstances and conditions of the developing nations when determining the medical services they require. Instead, assuming that they need advanced medical services without taking into account their limitations and available resources. This failure to examine the context of the need results in the inability to provide appropriate and effective care to the majority of the population.

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  • 40. 

    Sometimes a program is prepared on the basis of reasonable understanding of unmet needs, but implementation makes it difficult for people to participate. This an example of failing to

    • A.

      Examine the context of the need

    • B.

      Examine the need

    • C.

      Relate need to implementation plans

    • D.

      Dealing with ignorance of the need

    Correct Answer
    C. Relate need to implementation plans
    Explanation
    This scenario suggests that there was a failure to relate the unmet needs to the implementation plans of the program. The program was developed based on a reasonable understanding of the needs, but the way it was implemented made it difficult for people to participate. This implies that the program did not effectively consider how the needs would be addressed and met through the implementation plans.

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  • 41. 

    When the condition of high blood pressure first develops, there symptoms are almost unnoticeable. In addition, medication can have undesirable side effects. Since these people expect their condition to get better after taking medications, not worse, many reject the treatment. A rejected treatment means program failure, even though the medication is effective. This is an example of the failure to

    • A.

      Examine the need

    • B.

      Examine the context of the need

    • C.

      Relate the need to implementation plans

    • D.

      Deal with ignorance of need

    Correct Answer
    D. Deal with ignorance of need
    Explanation
    This situation exemplifies the failure to deal with ignorance of need. The individuals with high blood pressure are unaware of the severity of their condition and the potential negative consequences if left untreated. They reject the treatment because they expect it to make them feel better, not worse. This demonstrates a lack of understanding and awareness of their own need for medication to manage their high blood pressure.

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  • 42. 

    A workshop was offered to Hawai'i college students to help them prepare for taking the Graduate Records Examination (GRE). This workshop is an example of an:

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Activity

    • C.

      Outcome

    • D.

      Impact

    Correct Answer
    B. Activity
    Explanation
    The workshop offered to Hawai'i college students to help them prepare for the GRE is an example of an activity. It is a specific event or program that is designed to provide students with the necessary skills and knowledge to succeed in the exam. The workshop itself is a proactive step taken by the college to support and assist their students in their academic pursuits. It is not an outcome or impact, as those terms refer to the results or effects of an activity or intervention.

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  • 43. 

    A Federal grant was obtained by UHH to cover the workshop fees for up to 300 students. The Federal grant is an example of an

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Activity

    • C.

      Outcome

    • D.

      Impact

    Correct Answer
    A. Input
    Explanation
    The Federal grant obtained by UHH to cover the workshop fees for up to 300 students is considered an input. Inputs are resources or contributions that are used to carry out activities or produce outcomes. In this case, the grant is a resource that enables UHH to provide the workshop fees for the students.

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  • 44. 

    At the end of the first year of offering GRE workshops for Hawai'i college students, students who attended the GRE workshop scored 10% higher on the GRE than students who did not attend the workshop. This is an example of an

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Activity

    • C.

      Output

    • D.

      Outcome

    Correct Answer
    D. Outcome
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes the outcome of offering GRE workshops for Hawai'i college students. The outcome is that students who attended the workshop scored 10% higher on the GRE compared to students who did not attend. This indicates the result or consequence of the workshop, showing that it had a positive impact on the students' GRE scores.

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  • 45. 

    In Year one, 250 students attended the GRE workshop. This is an example of an

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Activity

    • C.

      Output

    • D.

      Impact

    Correct Answer
    C. Output
    Explanation
    This is an example of an output because it represents the result or outcome of the GRE workshop. The number of students attending the workshop is a measurable and observable result that can be attributed to the workshop itself.

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  • 46. 

    After three years of offering GRE workshops to Hawai'i college students, graduate school enrollment of Hawaii students increased significantly. This is an example of an

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Output

    • C.

      Outcome

    • D.

      Impact (long-term outcome)

    Correct Answer
    D. Impact (long-term outcome)
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes the result of offering GRE workshops to Hawaii college students for three years. The significant increase in graduate school enrollment among Hawaii students after this period indicates a long-term outcome or impact of the workshops. The workshops have had a lasting effect on the students' decisions and actions, leading to an increase in their enrollment in graduate school.

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  • 47. 

    Goal-free evaluation refers to evaluations that are conducted

    • A.

      On programs with no goals.

    • B.

      When program managers cannot describe their program goals.

    • C.

      When the program outcomes do not match the program goals.

    • D.

      When evaluators want to examine the program without their views being affected by knowledge of the program's goals.

    Correct Answer
    D. When evaluators want to examine the program without their views being affected by knowledge of the program's goals.
    Explanation
    Goal-free evaluation refers to evaluations that are conducted when evaluators want to examine the program without their views being affected by knowledge of the program's goals. This approach allows evaluators to assess the program based on its actual outcomes and impacts, rather than being biased or influenced by preconceived notions of what the program should achieve. By setting aside knowledge of the program's goals, evaluators can provide a more objective and unbiased assessment of its effectiveness and identify areas for improvement.

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  • 48. 

    Black box evaluation refers to evaluations that

    • A.

      Inspect the product at the end of the product line.

    • B.

      Examine the output of a program without examining its internal operation.

    • C.

      Examine the internal operation of a program without examinig the output of the program.

    • D.

      Are confined to impressionistic evaluations made informally by supervisors.

    Correct Answer
    B. Examine the output of a program without examining its internal operation.
    Explanation
    Black box evaluation refers to evaluating a program or product by examining its output without considering its internal workings. This approach focuses solely on the observable behavior and results, without delving into the internal processes or code. It is similar to how a user interacts with a program without knowing the underlying implementation details. This type of evaluation allows for testing and assessment without requiring knowledge of the internal structure, making it useful for assessing the functionality and correctness of a program from an external perspective.

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  • 49. 

    _________________ evaluation seeks to help the people for whom a service has been developed to become more competent in dealing with community problems and public and private agencies.

    • A.

      Theory-driven

    • B.

      Improvement-focused

    • C.

      Naturalistic

    • D.

      Empowerment

    Correct Answer
    D. Empowerment
    Explanation
    Empowerment evaluation is a type of evaluation that aims to help individuals or groups develop the skills and knowledge necessary to address community problems and interact effectively with public and private agencies. It focuses on empowering the people for whom a service has been developed by providing them with the tools and resources they need to become more competent and self-sufficient. Empowerment evaluation encourages active participation and engagement, and aims to build the capacity of individuals and communities to create positive change.

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  • 50. 

    When planning to conduct an evaluation, the first thing an evaluator should do is

    • A.

      Examinine the literature

    • B.

      Determine the methodology

    • C.

      Obtain a complete program description

    • D.

      Assess the evaluability of the program.

    Correct Answer
    C. Obtain a complete program description
    Explanation
    To conduct a successful evaluation, it is crucial for the evaluator to obtain a complete program description as the first step. This is important because having a thorough understanding of the program will provide the evaluator with the necessary background information and context to effectively assess the program's goals, objectives, and outcomes. By obtaining a complete program description, the evaluator can also identify any potential challenges or limitations that may impact the evaluation process. This step sets the foundation for the evaluation and ensures that the evaluator is well-informed before proceeding with determining the methodology and examining the literature.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 12, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 16, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Goaliebat
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