Principles Of Microeconomics Quiz

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Principles Of Microeconomics Quiz - Quiz

In the market, there are a lot of products and services being offered to meet the desires of a consumer, but the resources needed to meet these wants are always scarce, and it is up to the producer to come up with a solution on how to maximize his/her outcomes using them. This quiz will check your understanding of the Principles of Microeconomics.

Challenge yourself with thought-provoking scenarios that mirror real-world economic situations. Whether you're preparing for exams or simply eager to expand your economic literacy, this quiz provides a dynamic platform for testing your grasp of microeconomic concepts.

From Read moreunderstanding utility to exploring the dynamics of production and cost, each question is crafted to enhance your knowledge and critical thinking. Take the Principles of Microeconomics Quiz and unravel the complexities of economic decision-making at the individual level.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Monopolistic competition means:

    • A.

      Many firms producing differentiated products.

    • B.

      A situation where competition is based entirely on product differentiation.

    • C.

      A large number of firms producing a standardized or homogeneous product.

    • D.

      A few firms producing a standardized or homogeneous product

    Correct Answer
    A. Many firms producing differentiated products.
    Explanation
    Monopolistic competition refers to a market structure where there are many firms producing differentiated products. In this type of competition, each firm has some control over the price of its product due to its unique features or branding. This allows firms to have a certain degree of market power and differentiate themselves from competitors. Unlike perfect competition, monopolistic competition allows for product differentiation, which leads to a wider range of choices for consumers and allows firms to compete based on factors other than just price.

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  • 2. 

    Refer to the above data. The value for Y is:

    • A.

      45

    • B.

      25

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    A. 45
    Explanation
    Based on the given data, the value for Y is 45.

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  • 3. 

    If the demand for bacon is relatively elastic, a 10 percent decline in the price of bacon will:

    • A.

      Increasethe amount demanded by more than 10 percent.

    • B.

      Decrease the amount demanded by more than 10 percent.

    • C.

      Decrease the amount demanded by less than 10 percent.

    • D.

      Increase the amount demanded by less than 10 percent.

    Correct Answer
    A. Increasethe amount demanded by more than 10 percent.
    Explanation
    If the demand for bacon is relatively elastic, a 10 percent decline in the price of bacon will increase the amount demanded by more than 10 percent. This means that the decrease in price will result in a proportionally larger increase in the quantity demanded. This indicates that consumers are highly responsive to changes in price, and a decrease in price will lead to a significant increase in demand.

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  • 4. 

    Suppose a pure monopolist is charging a price of $12 and the associated marginal revenue is $9. We thus know that:

    • A.

      Demand is inelastic at this price

    • B.

      The firm is maximizing profits

    • C.

      Total revenue is at a maximum

    • D.

      Total revenue is increasing

    Correct Answer
    D. Total revenue is increasing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "total revenue is increasing". This is because the marginal revenue is positive ($9), which indicates that the additional revenue gained from selling one more unit is greater than the cost of producing that unit. Therefore, as the monopolist continues to sell more units, the total revenue will increase.

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  • 5. 

    The above diagram indicates that the marginal revenue of the sixth unit of output is:

    • A.

      -$1

    • B.

      $1

    • C.

      $4

    • D.

      $24

    Correct Answer
    A. -$1
    Explanation
    The above diagram suggests that the marginal revenue of the sixth unit of output is negative, specifically -$1. This means that the revenue generated from producing and selling the sixth unit is less than the revenue generated from the previous unit. It indicates that the additional unit of output is causing a decrease in total revenue.

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  • 6. 

    The MR = MC rule:

    • A.

      Applies only to pure competition.

    • B.

      Applies only to pure monopoly.

    • C.

      Does not apply to pure monopoly because price exceeds marginal revenue.

    • D.

      Applies both to pure monopoly and pure competition

    Correct Answer
    D. Applies both to pure monopoly and pure competition
    Explanation
    The MR = MC rule applies both to pure monopoly and pure competition because it is a fundamental principle in economics that helps determine the optimal level of production for a firm. In pure competition, where there are many firms and no market power, the rule states that a firm should produce where marginal revenue equals marginal cost in order to maximize profits. In pure monopoly, where there is a single firm with market power, the rule still applies, but the firm should produce where marginal revenue equals marginal cost to maximize profits, even though price exceeds marginal revenue.

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  • Current Version
  • Nov 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 08, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Mindstein
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