Can You Pass This Esthetician Exam Test?

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Can You Pass This Esthetician Exam Test? - Quiz

When it comes to facial beauty, an esthetician plays an important role. Here, we have prepared a practice test for the Esthetics State Board exam. Estheticians are state-licensed skin care professionals who are trained through esthetics programs to perform treatments. In the esthetician state board exam, the topics like infection control, hair growth, skin analysis, skin conditions, and other important concepts related to cosmetics are included. Start with the quiz, and check out your scores. You can share the quiz with other aspirants also.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is an alternative to the use of wet cotton pads when cleansing the face?

    • A.

      Gauze

    • B.

      Tissues

    • C.

      Dry pads

    • D.

      Facial sponges

    Correct Answer
    D. Facial sponges
    Explanation
    Facial sponges are a suitable alternative to wet cotton pads when cleansing the face. They are soft and gentle on the skin, making them effective in removing dirt, oil, and makeup. Facial sponges also have a porous texture that helps to exfoliate the skin, leaving it feeling refreshed and rejuvenated. Unlike wet cotton pads, facial sponges can be used with or without water, making them convenient for on-the-go cleansing. Additionally, they are reusable and easy to clean, making them a cost-effective and environmentally friendly option.

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  • 2. 

    What is the most important reason for the regular use of hygiene in the spa?

    • A.

      It builds customer confidence.

    • B.

      It helps the shop look better.

    • C.

      It maximizes financial profits.

    • D.

      It avoids the spread of infection.

    Correct Answer
    D. It avoids the spread of infection.
    Explanation
    Regular use of hygiene in the spa is important primarily because it avoids the spread of infection. Maintaining proper hygiene practices such as cleaning and disinfecting equipment, using clean towels and linens, and following proper hand hygiene protocols helps prevent the transmission of bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens. This not only protects the health and safety of both the customers and staff but also ensures a clean and sanitary environment for everyone.

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  • 3. 

    Psoriasis appears as:

    • A.

      Elevated nodules

    • B.

      Loss of body hair

    • C.

      A viral infection

    • D.

      Scaly, red lesions

    Correct Answer
    D. Scaly, red lesions
    Explanation
    Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by scaly, red lesions on the skin. These lesions are typically raised and can be itchy and painful. The redness is caused by inflammation, and the scaling occurs due to the excessive production of skin cells. While psoriasis can sometimes be mistaken for a viral infection, it is important to note that it is an autoimmune disease and not caused by a virus. The presence of scaly, red lesions is a key feature of psoriasis.

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  • 4. 

    What is a beneficial action of a clay mask?

    • A.

      To deepen color

    • B.

      To soften the skin

    • C.

      To absorb impurities

    • D.

      To increase temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. To absorb impurities
    Explanation
    A clay mask is beneficial because it helps absorb impurities from the skin. Clay has natural properties that allow it to draw out dirt, oil, and toxins from the pores, leaving the skin cleaner and clearer. By absorbing impurities, the clay mask can help improve the overall appearance and health of the skin, making it a beneficial skincare treatment.

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  • 5. 

    Muscular tissue may be stimulated by:

    • A.

      A massage

    • B.

      An ice pack

    • C.

      A makeup base

    • D.

      An astringent

    Correct Answer
    A. A massage
    Explanation
    A massage can stimulate muscular tissue by increasing blood flow, promoting relaxation, and relieving muscle tension. The physical manipulation of the muscles during a massage helps to improve circulation, which delivers oxygen and nutrients to the muscles, aiding in their repair and recovery. The pressure applied during a massage can also help to release tightness and knots in the muscles, relieving pain and promoting flexibility. Overall, a massage can be beneficial for stimulating and rejuvenating muscular tissue.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following are open sores on tissue surfaces?

    • A.

      Cysts

    • B.

      Ulcers

    • C.

      Polyps

    • D.

      Nodules

    Correct Answer
    B. Ulcers
    Explanation
    Ulcers are open sores on tissue surfaces. They are characterized by a break or loss of the skin or mucous membrane, leading to a shallow or deep wound. Ulcers can occur in various parts of the body, including the skin, mouth, stomach, and intestines. They are often painful and can be caused by factors such as infection, injury, poor blood circulation, or underlying health conditions like diabetes or autoimmune diseases. Treatment for ulcers typically involves addressing the underlying cause, managing symptoms, and promoting healing of the affected tissue.

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  • 7. 

    After the removal of a facial mask, what should be used to tone the skin?

    • A.

      Paraffin wax

    • B.

      A mild astringent

    • C.

      A mild disinfectant

    • D.

      A solution of uric acid

    Correct Answer
    B. A mild astringent
    Explanation
    After the removal of a facial mask, a mild astringent should be used to tone the skin. Astringents are substances that help to tighten and shrink the skin pores, thus reducing the appearance of oiliness and preventing clogged pores. They also help to remove any remaining residue from the mask and balance the pH level of the skin. This can leave the skin feeling refreshed, toned, and ready for further skincare steps. Paraffin wax, a mild disinfectant, and a solution of uric acid are not typically used for toning the skin after a facial mask.

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  • 8. 

    What is the proper safety protocol for cleaning up a blood spill?

    • A.

      Apply an antiseptic

    • B.

      Bandaged the wound

    • C.

      Wear gloves

    • D.

      Double bag soiled items

    Correct Answer
    C. Wear gloves
    Explanation
    If a blood spill occurs, an esthetician must first wear latex gloves and treat the injured party by applying an antiseptic and bandaging the wound. Then, any soiled items must be double bagged and thrown away, and the soiled area must be disinfected with EPA-approved disinfectant.

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  • 9. 

    What four cell types make up the epidermis, the protective outer layer of our skin?

    • A.

      Keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans, and Merkel's cells

    • B.

      Collagen, elastin, fibroblast, mast cells

    • C.

      Lymphocytes, adipocytes, macrophages, and microphages

    • D.

      Corpuscles, hemidesmosomes, squamous cells, and epithelial cells

    • E.

      Krause end's bulb, Ruffini's corpuscles, Pacinan corpuscles, and Meissner's corpuscles

    Correct Answer
    A. Keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans, and Merkel's cells
    Explanation
    1) Keratinocytes produce keratin and keep the skin strong, flexible, and waterproof. 2) Melanocytes give skin its color 3) Langerhans' cells support the immune system 4) Merkel's cells help give us our sense of touch

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  • 10. 

    What are sudoriferous glands?

    • A.

      Oil glands

    • B.

      Endocrine glands

    • C.

      Ductless glands

    • D.

      Sweat glands

    Correct Answer
    D. Sweat glands
    Explanation
    Sebaceous glands secrete oil that helps our skin retain moisture and avoid drying out. Sebaceous glands become more active during puberty, which can lead to acne. Sudoriferous glands are sweat glands whose primary function is to cool the body by producing sweat. Some sudoriferous glands also secrete pheromones.

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  • 11. 

    What is the function of sebum?

    • A.

      To dry the skin

    • B.

      To cool the skin

    • C.

      To cleanse the skin

    • D.

      To lubricate the skin

    Correct Answer
    D. To lubricate the skin
    Explanation
    Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. Its primary function is to lubricate the skin and hair, keeping them moisturized and preventing them from drying out. Sebum also helps to protect the skin by forming a protective barrier against environmental factors such as bacteria and pollutants. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the health and integrity of the skin, ensuring it remains hydrated and supple.

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  • 12. 

    What is the function of sweat?

    • A.

      To dry the skin

    • B.

      To cool the skin

    • C.

      To cleanse the skin

    • D.

      To lubricate the skin

    Correct Answer
    B. To cool the skin
    Explanation
    Sweat functions to cool the skin by evaporating and dissipating heat from the body. When we sweat, the moisture on our skin's surface evaporates, taking away heat and cooling down our body temperature. This helps to regulate our body's internal temperature and prevent overheating.

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  • 13. 

    What are sebaceous glands?

    • A.

      Oil glands

    • B.

      Endocrine glands

    • C.

      Ductless glands

    • D.

      Sweat glands

    Correct Answer
    A. Oil glands
    Explanation
    Sebaceous glands are glands in the skin that produce and secrete an oily substance called sebum. This sebum helps to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair. Therefore, the correct answer is "oil glands".

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  • 14. 

    Skin is the body's largest organ. How many functions does it perform?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    B. 6
    Explanation
    1) Protection 2) Sensation 3) Temperature regulation 4) Excretion 5) Secretion 6) Absorption Skin cells control which molecules enter and exit the body, and sweat glands regulate temperature. All of these functions help the body interact safely with its outside environment.

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  • 15. 

    Self-beautification has its origins in

    • A.

      The 18th century

    • B.

      The popularity of glamorous Hollywood movies

    • C.

      Pigments that made cosmetics available to a mass audience

    • D.

      Ancient cultures, when it was often allied with the practice of medicine

    Correct Answer
    D. Ancient cultures, when it was often allied with the practice of medicine
    Explanation
    Self-beautification has its origins in ancient cultures, when it was often allied with the practice of medicine. In these cultures, the use of cosmetics and beauty treatments was not only for aesthetic purposes but also for medicinal and healing purposes. Ancient civilizations like Egypt, Greece, and Rome used various natural substances and techniques to enhance their appearance and treat skin conditions. This practice of self-beautification has been passed down through generations and continues to be an integral part of many cultures today.

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  • 16. 

    Early pigments were NOT made from

    • A.

      Minerals

    • B.

      Nuts

    • C.

      Feathers

    • D.

      Insects

    Correct Answer
    C. Feathers
    Explanation
    Early pigments were made from minerals, nuts, and insects, but not feathers. Feathers were not commonly used as a source for pigments because they do not contain the necessary compounds or colors to create pigments. Minerals such as ochre, charcoal, and clay were often used to create pigments, as well as nuts and insects that could be crushed or ground to produce colors. Feathers were more commonly used for decorative purposes or in the creation of tools and clothing, rather than for pigment production.

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  • 17. 

    Henna:

    • A.

      Was developed in the US.

    • B.

      Was first used by Hollywood makeup artist max factor.

    • C.

      Is obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree.

    • D.

      Is considered extremely dangerous by modern standards.

    Correct Answer
    C. Is obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree." This statement explains the source of henna, stating that it is derived from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree.

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  • 18. 

    We know about the history of cosmetic use from

    • A.

      Its depiction in paintings.

    • B.

      Its depiction in movies.

    • C.

      Carbon dating

    • D.

      Dna testing

    Correct Answer
    A. Its depiction in paintings.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "its depiction in paintings" because throughout history, paintings have served as a visual record of various aspects of human life, including the use of cosmetics. Artists have depicted people wearing makeup in their artworks, providing evidence of cosmetic use in different time periods and cultures. By studying these paintings, we can gain insights into the history and evolution of cosmetic practices.

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  • 19. 

    The victorian age of the 19th century was a time:

    • A.

      When elaborately colored clothing was common.

    • B.

      When heavy use of cosmetics on the cheeks and lips was the norm.

    • C.

      Of austere and restrictive fashions and cosmetic use

    • D.

      When headdresses were sometimes a foot tall

    Correct Answer
    C. Of austere and restrictive fashions and cosmetic use
    Explanation
    During the Victorian age of the 19th century, there was a prevalence of austere and restrictive fashions. This means that clothing styles were characterized by simplicity, modesty, and a lack of ornamentation. Additionally, cosmetic use was also common during this time, indicating that people would often use cosmetics for enhancing their appearance. The mention of "elaborately colored clothing" and "headdresses sometimes a foot tall" in the other options suggests a more extravagant and flamboyant style, which is contradictory to the austere and restrictive nature of the Victorian era.

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  • 20. 

    In the 1920's

    • A.

      Americans' use of cosmetics was influenced by movie stars.

    • B.

      To imitate the look of forbidden rouge and lipstick, women pinched their cheeks and bit their lips.

    • C.

      Eye shadow was not used.

    • D.

      Skin, hair, and body treatment were still like that of the Victorian age.

    Correct Answer
    A. Americans' use of cosmetics was influenced by movie stars.
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the use of cosmetics by Americans was influenced by movie stars. Women wanted to imitate the look of forbidden rouge and lipstick, so they would pinch their cheeks and bite their lips. However, eye shadow was not commonly used during this time. Additionally, skincare, haircare, and body treatments still followed the Victorian age practices.

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  • 21. 

    Because of shortages during World War II:

    • A.

      Most women made their own cosmetics out of insects, berries, and other natural sources, often grown in the victory gardens.

    • B.

      Cosmetic use was banned by the government.

    • C.

      Cosmetics were rationed.

    • D.

      In spite of wartime shortages, sales of cosmetics and grooming aids grew.

    Correct Answer
    D. In spite of wartime shortages, sales of cosmetics and grooming aids grew.
    Explanation
    During World War II, there were shortages of various resources, including cosmetics. However, despite these shortages, the sales of cosmetics and grooming aids actually grew. This suggests that despite the difficult circumstances, people still prioritized their personal grooming and appearance. It also indicates that the demand for cosmetics remained strong, possibly due to the desire to maintain a sense of normalcy and self-care during a challenging time.

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  • 22. 

    A cosmeceutical is:

    • A.

      Any spa treatment that includes cosmetics.

    • B.

      An acient greek process of creating pigments.

    • C.

      A cosmetic with therapeutic properties

    • D.

      A manicure

    Correct Answer
    C. A cosmetic with therapeutic properties
    Explanation
    A cosmeceutical refers to a cosmetic product that not only enhances appearance but also has therapeutic benefits. Unlike regular cosmetics, cosmeceuticals contain active ingredients that can improve the health and condition of the skin. These ingredients may include antioxidants, peptides, retinol, or hyaluronic acid, among others. By combining the benefits of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, cosmeceuticals aim to provide both aesthetic enhancement and therapeutic effects, such as reducing wrinkles, improving skin texture, or promoting collagen production.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following are not contemporary "anti-aging" treatments?

    • A.

      Cosmeceuticals

    • B.

      Nutriceuticals

    • C.

      Neuroceuticals

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Neuroceuticals
    Explanation
    Neuroceuticals are not contemporary "anti-aging" treatments. The other options, cosmeceuticals and nutriceuticals, are commonly used in the beauty and wellness industry as anti-aging treatments. However, neuroceuticals are not typically associated with anti-aging effects and are more commonly used to support brain health and cognitive function.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following factors shaped 20th-century cosmetic use?

    • A.

      Hollywood movies

    • B.

      The invention of the internet

    • C.

      The world war II ban on cosmetics

    • D.

      Increased average lifespan

    Correct Answer
    A. Hollywood movies
    Explanation
    Hollywood movies played a significant role in shaping 20th-century cosmetic use. During this time, Hollywood became a major influence on popular culture, and the glamorous images portrayed on screen had a profound impact on societal beauty standards. Movie stars were idolized and their flawless appearance became aspirational for many individuals. This led to an increased desire to emulate their looks, which in turn fueled the demand for cosmetics. Hollywood movies thus played a pivotal role in promoting the use of cosmetics and shaping beauty trends throughout the 20th century.

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  • 25. 

    Estheticians:

    • A.

      Deal with the overall health and well-being of the skin.

    • B.

      Were ancient Greek inventors of many of today's pigments

    • C.

      Are any people who use cosmetics

    • D.

      Are experts in the history of cosmetic use

    Correct Answer
    A. Deal with the overall health and well-being of the skin.
    Explanation
    Estheticians are professionals who specialize in the care and maintenance of the skin. They are knowledgeable about various skin conditions and treatments, and their main focus is to improve the overall health and well-being of the skin. They provide services such as facials, skincare consultations, and advice on skincare products. Their expertise lies in understanding the unique needs of each individual's skin and providing appropriate treatments to enhance its health and appearance.

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  • 26. 

    Estheticians:

    • A.

      Provide care and treatment to keep the skin healthy.

    • B.

      May manufacture cosmetics.

    • C.

      Detect skin problems that may require medical attention.

    • D.

      All the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above are correct
    Explanation
    Estheticians are professionals who provide care and treatment to maintain the health of the skin. They are also involved in the manufacturing of cosmetics. Additionally, they have the expertise to identify and detect any skin problems that may require medical attention. Therefore, all the options mentioned in the question are correct when it comes to the role and responsibilities of estheticians.

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  • 27. 

    Career options for estheticians include work in:

    • A.

      Art galleries

    • B.

      Department stores

    • C.

      Police departments

    • D.

      Sports medicine

    Correct Answer
    B. Department stores
    Explanation
    Estheticians are professionals who specialize in skincare and beauty treatments. Department stores often have dedicated beauty sections or counters where estheticians can work. They provide skincare consultations, recommend and sell beauty products, and perform services like facials and makeup application. Working in department stores allows estheticians to interact with a diverse range of customers and gain exposure to various beauty brands. It also provides them with opportunities for professional growth and advancement within the beauty industry.

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  • 28. 

    Medical esthetics:

    • A.

      Is another term for plastic surgery

    • B.

      Involves the integration of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments.

    • C.

      Is performed only by registered nurses.

    • D.

      Is performed only by a physician.

    Correct Answer
    B. Involves the integration of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "involves the integration of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments." This answer accurately describes medical esthetics as the combination of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments. It does not specify that it is performed only by registered nurses or physicians, which may vary depending on the jurisdiction and specific procedures.

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  • 29. 

    A medical esthetician may work in the:

    • A.

      A community health center

    • B.

      A dermatologist's office

    • C.

      A nursing home

    • D.

      A morgue

    Correct Answer
    B. A dermatologist's office
    Explanation
    A medical esthetician may work in a dermatologist's office because they specialize in performing cosmetic procedures under the supervision of a dermatologist. They provide skincare treatments, such as facials, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion, to improve the appearance and health of the skin. Working in a dermatologist's office allows them to collaborate with medical professionals and provide specialized skincare services tailored to individual patients' needs.

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  • 30. 

    A medi-spa offers:

    • A.

      Spa services and surgical procedures in a medical setting.

    • B.

      Spa services and surgical procedures in a spa setting.

    • C.

      A staff of esthetician MDs.

    • D.

      Medi-spas do not exist yet under current licensing laws.

    Correct Answer
    A. Spa services and surgical procedures in a medical setting.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "spa services and surgical procedures in a medical setting." This means that the medi-spa offers both traditional spa services like massages and facials, as well as surgical procedures such as Botox or laser treatments, all within a medical environment. This suggests that the medi-spa is equipped with the necessary medical equipment and staffed by qualified medical professionals to perform these procedures safely and effectively.

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  • 31. 

    Medi-spas do not exist yet under current licensing laws:

    • A.

      Basic skin care skills

    • B.

      Cosmetic chemistry

    • C.

      Organic chemistry

    • D.

      Business skills

    Correct Answer
    C. Organic chemistry
    Explanation
    Organic chemistry is the correct answer because it is a skill that is not currently required for licensing in the operation of medi-spas. While basic skin care skills, cosmetic chemistry, and business skills may be necessary for running a medi-spa, organic chemistry is not specifically mentioned as a requirement under current licensing laws.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following services is offered by a laser center?

    • A.

      Microdermabrasion

    • B.

      Peel

    • C.

      Spider vein removal

    • D.

      None of the above is correct

    Correct Answer
    C. Spider vein removal
    Explanation
    A laser center typically offers a range of services related to laser treatments. Microdermabrasion and peels are not typically associated with laser treatments, so they are not offered by a laser center. However, spider vein removal is a common procedure that can be done using laser technology, making it a service that is offered by a laser center. Therefore, the correct answer is spider vein removal.

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  • 33. 

    A makeup artist commonly works with:

    • A.

      Police officers

    • B.

      Soldiers

    • C.

      Morticians

    • D.

      Dentists

    Correct Answer
    C. Morticians
    Explanation
    A makeup artist commonly works with morticians because they are responsible for preparing the deceased for funerals and other memorial services. This involves applying makeup to the deceased to create a natural and lifelike appearance. The makeup artist works closely with morticians to ensure that the deceased's appearance is respectful and comforting to their loved ones.

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  • 34. 

    A licensed esthetician rarely:

    • A.

      Travels

    • B.

      Owns her own salon

    • C.

      Needs business skills

    • D.

      None of the above is correct

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above is correct
    Explanation
    A licensed esthetician rarely travels, as their work is typically done in a salon or spa. However, it is not uncommon for estheticians to travel for special events or to provide services for clients at their location. Similarly, while many estheticians may choose to own their own salon, it is not a requirement for their profession. Lastly, estheticians do need business skills to some extent, as they often have to manage client bookings, handle financial transactions, and market their services. Therefore, none of the above statements are correct.

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  • 35. 

    An esthetician employed as a department store salesperson might:

    • A.

      Work as a cashier

    • B.

      Sell his or her own product line exclusively

    • C.

      Produce an educational book for the esthetics market.

    • D.

      Frequently travel to manufacturer's showrooms.

    Correct Answer
    A. Work as a cashier
    Explanation
    An esthetician employed as a department store salesperson might work as a cashier because it is a common responsibility for salespersons in retail settings. While selling his or her own product line exclusively or producing an educational book for the esthetics market are possible career paths for an esthetician, these options are not specifically mentioned in the context of being a department store salesperson. Similarly, frequently traveling to manufacturer's showrooms is not a typical duty for a salesperson in a department store.

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  • 36. 

    As an esthetics educator, you would:

    • A.

      Need to meet the requirements that other teachers of career preparation courses do.

    • B.

      Need supervisory skills.

    • C.

      Need to keep up with developments in the field.

    • D.

      All the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above are correct
    Explanation
    As an esthetics educator, it is important to meet the requirements that other teachers of career preparation courses do. This ensures that you have the necessary qualifications and knowledge to effectively teach esthetics. Additionally, supervisory skills are essential in managing and guiding students in their learning process. Lastly, keeping up with developments in the field is crucial to provide students with the most up-to-date and relevant information. Therefore, all of the above options are correct for an esthetics educator.

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  • 37. 

    Being an educator in the field of esthetics, you might work:

    • A.

      For a cosmetics manufacturer

    • B.

      For a cosmetology school

    • C.

      To establish, amend, and repeal laws involving the industry.

    • D.

      All the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above are correct
    Explanation
    The correct answer is all the above are correct. As an educator in the field of esthetics, you have the potential to work for a cosmetics manufacturer, where you can share your knowledge and expertise in product development and marketing. You can also work for a cosmetology school, where you can educate and train aspiring estheticians. Additionally, you may be involved in the establishment, amendment, and repeal of laws involving the esthetics industry, ensuring the industry operates within legal and ethical boundaries.

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  • 38. 

    State license examiners do not:

    • A.

      Supervise medi-spa care

    • B.

      Ensure ethical standards are met

    • C.

      Conduct examinations

    • D.

      Enforce state regulations

    Correct Answer
    A. Supervise medi-spa care
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "supervise medi-spa care". This means that state license examiners do not have the responsibility of overseeing or monitoring the care provided at medi-spas. They may have other roles such as conducting examinations, enforcing state regulations, and ensuring ethical standards are met, but supervising medi-spa care is not one of their duties.

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  • 39. 

    What interest can you combine with your career in esthetics?

    • A.

      Journalism

    • B.

      Science

    • C.

      Work with public

    • D.

      All of the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are correct
    Explanation
    The correct answer is all of the above are correct. This means that you can combine your career in esthetics with any of the interests mentioned, such as journalism, science, or working with the public. This implies that there are multiple options for combining esthetics with other fields, allowing for a diverse range of career paths and opportunities.

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  • 40. 

    What factors will not influence esthetics in the 21st century?

    • A.

      Aging baby boomers

    • B.

      Fast-paced, stressful American lifestyles

    • C.

      New techniques in marketing

    • D.

      Skin transplants

    Correct Answer
    C. New techniques in marketing
    Explanation
    New techniques in marketing will not influence aesthetics in the 21st century. While aging baby boomers, fast-paced, stressful American lifestyles, and skin transplants can all have an impact on aesthetics, marketing techniques are unrelated to the physical appearance and beauty standards.

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  • 41. 

    Kohl is:

    • A.

      A fragrant oil invented in the middle ages.

    • B.

      Used as a perfume in a cosmetic related to arsenic.

    • C.

      The Greek spelling for "coal", an ancient form of eye makeup.

    • D.

      An Egyptian hair dye.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Greek spelling for "coal", an ancient form of eye makeup.
    Explanation
    Kohl is the Greek spelling for "coal", an ancient form of eye makeup. In ancient times, people would crush charcoal or other substances to create a powder that was then applied around the eyes to enhance their appearance. This practice was common in various cultures, including ancient Egypt and Greece. The use of kohl as eye makeup has a long history and is still popular in some parts of the world today.

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  • 42. 

    Which trend was a characteristic of the 1970's?

    • A.

      Well-scrubbed look

    • B.

      Heavy eyeliner and false eyelashes

    • C.

      Individual look your best style

    • D.

      Platinum-blond hair

    Correct Answer
    C. Individual look your best style
    Explanation
    During the 1970s, there was a shift towards individualism and self-expression in fashion and style. People embraced a more personalized approach to their appearance, focusing on expressing their individuality and unique sense of style. This trend was characterized by people striving to look their best in their own way, rather than conforming to a specific standard or trend. It was a time when people embraced their individuality and celebrated their own personal style choices.

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  • 43. 

    A manufacturer's representative would:

    • A.

      Demonstrate company products.

    • B.

      Work to build clientele and increase product sales.

    • C.

      Visit salons

    • D.

      All the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above are correct
    Explanation
    A manufacturer's representative is responsible for demonstrating company products, working to build clientele, and increasing product sales. They visit salons to showcase the products and convince potential clients to purchase them. This role encompasses all of the mentioned tasks, making the answer "all the above are correct" the correct choice.

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  • 44. 

    Since 1900 the average lifespan in The US has:

    • A.

      Almost doubled

    • B.

      Almost tripled

    • C.

      Quadrupled

    • D.

      Increased only slightly

    Correct Answer
    A. Almost doubled
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "almost doubled". This means that the average lifespan in the US has increased by almost two times since 1900. This could be due to advancements in healthcare, improved living conditions, better nutrition, and overall advancements in medical science. These factors have contributed to a significant increase in life expectancy over the past century.

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  • 45. 

    _________ destroy disease-causing germs.

    • A.

      Leucocytes

    • B.

      Red corpuscles

    • C.

      Thrombocytes

    • D.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    A. Leucocytes
    Explanation
    Leucocytes, also known as white blood cells, are responsible for destroying disease-causing germs in the body. They are part of the immune system and play a crucial role in defending the body against infections and diseases. Leucocytes can identify and eliminate harmful pathogens through various mechanisms, such as engulfing them or producing antibodies. Unlike red corpuscles, thrombocytes, and plasma, which have different functions in the body, leucocytes specifically target and destroy germs to maintain the overall health and well-being of an individual.

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  • 46. 

    What do nasal bones form?

    • A.

      The occipital orifice

    • B.

      Bridge of the nose

    • C.

      The nostrils

    • D.

      Lobular oris

    Correct Answer
    B. Bridge of the nose
    Explanation
    The nasal bones form the bridge of the nose. The bridge of the nose refers to the bony structure that runs vertically down the middle of the nose, connecting the forehead to the tip of the nose. The nasal bones provide support and shape to the bridge, contributing to the overall structure and appearance of the nose.

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  • 47. 

    The _ forms the forehead.

    • A.

      Frontal bone

    • B.

      Temporal bone

    • C.

      Mandibular bone

    • D.

      Occipital bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Frontal bone
    Explanation
    The frontal bone is a flat bone located at the front of the skull. It forms the forehead and extends back to the coronal suture, which separates it from the parietal bones. The frontal bone also contributes to the roof of the orbits (eye sockets) and the anterior part of the cranial cavity. It is responsible for the shape and contour of the forehead and provides protection to the underlying brain.

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  • 48. 

    _  system is another name for the circulatory system.

    • A.

      Vascular

    • B.

      Excretory

    • C.

      Cardiostriate

    • D.

      Endocrine

    Correct Answer
    A. Vascular
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Vascular. The term "vascular" refers to the blood vessels that make up the circulatory system. The circulatory system is responsible for transporting blood, oxygen, and nutrients throughout the body. Therefore, "vascular" is another name for the circulatory system. The other options (excretory, cardiostriate, endocrine) do not accurately describe the circulatory system.

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  • 49. 

    Groups of bodily organs that act together in performing one or more functions are known as:

    • A.

      Central organs

    • B.

      Functioning organs

    • C.

      Body systems

    • D.

      Performing organs

    Correct Answer
    C. Body systems
    Explanation
    Body systems refer to groups of bodily organs that work together to perform specific functions. These systems include the circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, and many others. Each system has a specific function and the organs within that system work together to carry out that function. Therefore, body systems is the correct term to describe groups of bodily organs that act together in performing one or more functions.

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  • 50. 

    The lower chambers of the heart:

    • A.

      Valves

    • B.

      Ventricles

    • C.

      Atriums

    • D.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    B. Ventricles
    Explanation
    The lower chambers of the heart are called ventricles. These chambers are responsible for pumping blood out of the heart and into the circulatory system. The ventricles are larger and more muscular than the upper chambers, known as atriums. They are separated from the atriums by valves, which ensure that blood flows in the correct direction. Arteries, on the other hand, are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body.

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