Prep For Nj Sb Skin care Exam

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Prep For Nj Sb Skin care Exam - Quiz

This quiz was created to assist in the preparation for esthetics state board exam. This is not meant to be the sole means of studying or replace any material provided for the state board exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is an alternative to the use of wet cotton pads when cleansing the face?

    • A.

      Gauze

    • B.

      Tissues

    • C.

      Dry pads

    • D.

      Facial sponges

    Correct Answer
    D. Facial sponges
    Explanation
    Facial sponges are an alternative to wet cotton pads for cleansing the face. They are soft and gentle on the skin, making them suitable for sensitive skin types. Facial sponges can effectively remove dirt, oil, and makeup from the face without causing irritation. They are also reusable and can be easily cleaned after each use. Using facial sponges can provide a more thorough and enjoyable cleansing experience compared to wet cotton pads.

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  • 2. 

    What is the most important reason for the regular use of hygiene in the spa?

    • A.

      Its builds customer confidence

    • B.

      It helps the shop look better

    • C.

      It maximizes financial profits

    • D.

      It avoids the spread of infection

    Correct Answer
    D. It avoids the spread of infection
    Explanation
    Regular use of hygiene in the spa is important to avoid the spread of infection. Proper hygiene practices such as sanitizing equipment, using clean towels and linens, and maintaining a clean environment help prevent the transmission of bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens. This is crucial for the safety and well-being of the customers and staff, as it reduces the risk of contracting and spreading infections. By prioritizing hygiene, spas can create a safe and healthy environment, ensuring customer satisfaction and loyalty.

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  • 3. 

    Psoriasia appears as:

    • A.

      Elevated nodules

    • B.

      Loss of body hair

    • C.

      A viral infection

    • D.

      Scaly, red lesions

    Correct Answer
    D. Scaly, red lesions
    Explanation
    Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is characterized by scaly, red lesions on the skin. These lesions can appear anywhere on the body and are often accompanied by itching and discomfort. The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an overactive immune system. Treatment options for psoriasis include topical creams, oral medications, and light therapy.

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  • 4. 

    What is a beneficial action of a clay mask?

    • A.

      To deepen color

    • B.

      To soften the skin

    • C.

      To absorb impurities

    • D.

      To increase temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. To absorb impurities
    Explanation
    A clay mask is beneficial because it helps to absorb impurities from the skin. Clay has natural detoxifying properties, which allows it to draw out dirt, oil, and other impurities from the pores. By absorbing these impurities, the clay mask can help to cleanse and purify the skin, leaving it looking and feeling clearer and healthier.

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  • 5. 

    Muscular tissue may be stimulated by:

    • A.

      A massage

    • B.

      An ice pack

    • C.

      A makeup base

    • D.

      An astringent

    Correct Answer
    A. A massage
    Explanation
    A massage can stimulate muscular tissue because it involves the manipulation of the muscles, which increases blood flow and promotes relaxation. The pressure applied during a massage can help relieve tension and knots in the muscles, improving their flexibility and overall function. Additionally, the act of massaging can also stimulate the release of endorphins, which are natural painkillers and mood enhancers. Overall, a massage can provide various benefits to muscular tissue, including increased circulation, reduced muscle stiffness, and improved range of motion.

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  • 6. 

    Which one of the following are open sores on tissue surfaces?

    • A.

      Cysts

    • B.

      Ulcers

    • C.

      Polyps

    • D.

      Nodules

    Correct Answer
    B. Ulcers
    Explanation
    Ulcers are open sores on tissue surfaces. They are characterized by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal properly. Ulcers can occur in various parts of the body, such as the stomach (gastric ulcers) or the mouth (oral ulcers). They are often painful and can be caused by factors like infection, injury, or underlying health conditions. Ulcers differ from cysts, polyps, and nodules, which are not typically associated with open sores on tissue surfaces.

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  • 7. 

    After removal of a facial mask, what should be used to tone the skin?

    • A.

      Paraffin wax

    • B.

      A mild astringent

    • C.

      A mild disinfectant

    • D.

      A solution of uric acid

    Correct Answer
    B. A mild astringent
    Explanation
    After removing a facial mask, it is recommended to use a mild astringent to tone the skin. Astringents are skincare products that help to tighten the skin and minimize the appearance of pores. They also remove any remaining dirt or residue from the skin, leaving it clean and refreshed. Using a mild astringent can help to balance the skin's pH levels and prepare it for further skincare steps, such as moisturizing. Paraffin wax, a mild disinfectant, and a solution of uric acid are not commonly used for toning the skin after removing a facial mask.

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  • 8. 

    What is the proper safety protocol for cleaning up a blood spill?

    • A.

      Apply an antiseptic

    • B.

      Bandaged the wound

    • C.

      Wear gloves

    • D.

      Double bag soiled items

    Correct Answer
    C. Wear gloves
    Explanation
    If a blood spill occurs, an esthetician must first wear latex gloves and treat the injured party by applying an antiseptic and bandaging the wound. Then, any soiled items must be double bagged and thrown away, and the soiled area must be disinfected with EPA-approved disinfectant.

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  • 9. 

    What four cell types make up the epidermis, the protective outer layer of our skin?

    • A.

      Keratinocytes, melanocytes, langerhans, and merkel's cells

    • B.

      Collagen, elastin, fibroblast, mast cells

    • C.

      Lymphocytes, adipocytes, macrophages, and microphages

    • D.

      Corpuscles, hemidesmosomes, squamous cells, and epithelial cells

    • E.

      Krause end's bulb, Ruffini's corpuscles, Pacinan corpuscles, and Meissner's corpuscles

    Correct Answer
    A. Keratinocytes, melanocytes, langerhans, and merkel's cells
    Explanation
    1) Keratinocytes produce keratin and keep the skin strong, flexible, and waterproof.
    2) Melanocytes give skin its color
    3) Langerhans' cells support the immune system
    4) Merkel's cells help give us our sense of touch

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  • 10. 

    What are sudoriferous glands?

    • A.

      Oil glands

    • B.

      Endocrine glands

    • C.

      Ductless glands

    • D.

      Sweat glands

    Correct Answer
    D. Sweat glands
    Explanation
    Sebaceous glands secrete oil that helps our skin retain moisture and avoid drying out. During puberty, sebaceous glands become more active and can lead to acne. Sudoriferous glands are sweat glands whose primary function is to cool the body by producing sweat. Some sudoriferous glands also secrete pheromones.

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  • 11. 

    What is the function of sebum?

    • A.

      To dry the skin

    • B.

      To cool the skin

    • C.

      To cleanse the skin

    • D.

      To lubricate the skin

    Correct Answer
    D. To lubricate the skin
    Explanation
    Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. Its main function is to lubricate the skin and hair, preventing them from becoming dry and brittle. Sebum helps to maintain the skin's moisture balance and provides a protective barrier against external factors such as bacteria and pollutants. It also helps to keep the skin soft and supple, preventing it from becoming overly dry or irritated. Therefore, the correct answer is "to lubricate the skin."

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  • 12. 

    What is the function of sweat?

    • A.

      To dry the skin

    • B.

      To cool the skin

    • C.

      To cleanse the skin

    • D.

      To lubricate the skin

    Correct Answer
    B. To cool the skin
    Explanation
    Sweat is produced by sweat glands in the skin and serves the function of cooling the body. When we sweat, the moisture on our skin evaporates, taking away heat from the body and thus helping to regulate body temperature. This process is especially important during physical activity or in hot environments, as it helps prevent overheating and maintains a stable body temperature. Therefore, the function of sweat is to cool the skin.

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  • 13. 

    What are sebaceous glands?

    • A.

      Oil glands

    • B.

      Endocrine glands

    • C.

      Ductless glands

    • D.

      Sweat glands

    Correct Answer
    A. Oil glands
    Explanation
    Sebaceous glands are responsible for producing and secreting oil, known as sebum, onto the skin's surface. This oil helps to lubricate and waterproof the skin, preventing it from drying out. Sebaceous glands are found all over the body, except for the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They are typically attached to hair follicles and release sebum through small ducts. Therefore, the correct answer is "oil glands."

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  • 14. 

    Skin is the body's largest organ--how many functions does it perform?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    B. 6
    Explanation
    1) Protection
    2) Sensation
    3) Temperature regulation
    4) Excretion
    5) Secretion
    6) Absorption
    Skin cells control which molecules enter and exit the body, and sweat glands regulate temperature. All of these functions help the body interact safely with its outside environment.

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  • 15. 

    What is soft waxing, and how is it performed? On which part of the body do estheticians use soft waxing?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Soft waxing refers to using wax for hair removal on the eyebrow. An esthetician performing soft waxing must apply antiseptic to the area to be waxed, test the temperature of the wax, apply wax in the direction of hair growth, and remove in the opposite direction.

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  • 16. 

    Lymphatic drainage is a specialized service estheticians provide. Describe the purpose and practice of lymphatic drainage.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Lymphatic drainage is a form of massage that encourages the movement of fluid through the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system promotes health by removing toxins from cells and helping the immune system fight infection, and lymphatic drainage aids this process by removing blockages in lymph nodes.

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  • 17. 

    What does effleurage refer to, and what is its purpose? Can you name any related techniques?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Effleurage is one type of massage taught at esthetician school. It involves long, stroking movements performed with the flat of the hand or fingers and is meant to increase relaxation and circulation. The other five types of massage are petrissage, friction, tapotement, vibration, and compression.

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  • 18. 

    What core services can you expect to be tested on when applying for an esthetician license?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The National Esthetics Practical Examination tests candidates on seven core services, including setup and client protection, massaging the face, cleansing and steaming the face, manual extraction on the forehead, hair removal of the eyebrows, facial mask, and facial makeup. Occasionally, lip waxing (hard waxing) is also tested.

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  • 19. 

    A facial steamer is frequently used in skin treatment. What are its two main purposes?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Facial steaming is performed by estheticians to soften the sebum, or oil, on the skin, and to oxygenate the skin. With a reduced layer of oil, skin is more receptive to other products. Steaming is often performed prior to other skin care treatments to increase their effectiveness.

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  • 20. 

    What are skin tags, and how can they be treated?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Skin tags, or acrochordons, are small protrusions on the skin about the size and shape of a grain of rice. They are benign tumors thought to be caused by skin-to-skin friction. Acrochordons are not harmful, but they may be removed through cryosurgery or cauterization.

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  • 21. 

    What is the medical term for a wrinkle, and what is its cause?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The medical term for a wrinkle is a rhytid. Rhytids occur when skin begins to sag as a result of lost strength and flexibility. Aging, sun exposure, and smoking all contribute to wrinkles by decreasing skin's elasticity. Sun exposure is the primary cause of early wrinkling.

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  • 22. 

    How are fingernails and toenails related to the skin? What is their function?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Fingernails and toenails grow out of the skin. They are made of hard, keratinized cells and act as protection for fingers and toes. Nails appear pink because of the vascular tissue beneath them, and the nail bed is made of thick, epithelial skin.

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  • 23. 

    Explain the role of melanin in skin color and protection. What skin disorder is defined by a lack of melanin?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Skin color is largely determined by the number of melanocytes in a person's skin, which produce melanin--increased melanin means darker skin. Melanin protects skin from the ultraviolet rays of the sun, so sun exposure causes melanocytes to increase melanin production. Albinism occurs when the skin fails to produce melanin.

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  • 24. 

    What is the deepest layer of the skin, and what does it consist of?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The hypodermis, or subcutaneous layer. This layer contains blood vessels, lymph vessels, sweat glands, hair follicles, and adipose tissue. Adipose tissue is the medical term for body fat, which acts as insulation in the skin.

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  • 25. 

    Which layer of the skin is known as "true skin?"

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The middle layer of skin, the dermis, is often called the "true skin" as it provides nourishment to the epidermis and contains touch receptors. The dermis consists of loose connective tissue (the papillary layer) and dense connective tissue (the reticular layer). The papillary layer connects to the epidermis via papillae.

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  • 26. 

    What is the Fitzpatrick Scale, and how is it used? Why do estheticians need to know it?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The Fitzpatrick Scale is used to determine skin type through a series of questions about genetics and sun exposure. It was developed by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, MD, PhD, in 1975 and separates skin into six types. Estheticians must understand a client's skin type before performing treatment.

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  • 27. 

    At esthetician school, what topics are covered in advanced esthetics?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Advanced esthetics includes skin care treatments that use machines, chemicals, electricity, lasers, or light therapy. It also digs deeper into the science of skin with courses in chemistry, skin histology, human physiology, and skin disorders. Many esthetician schools require students to take advanced esthetics courses.

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  • 28. 

    What is the purpose of a chemical peel, and what chemicals are typically used?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    A chemical peel removes the outer layers of facial skin in order to reduce the appearance of blemishes, uneven skin pigmentation, and wrinkles. Most chemical peels use a combination of phenol, trichloroacetic acid, and alphahydroxy acids and require days of recovery. Light peels use only the less intense, alphahydroxy acids.

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  • 29. 

    What does OSHA stand for, and what is its role in the esthetics industry?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    OSHA is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, a government agency that promotes safety in the workplace. Students seeking an esthetician license must be familiar with the OSHA blood borne pathogens standards and know how to limit the spread of blood borne diseases.

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  • 30. 

    How can you learn more about the science and application of esthetics?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    With online education, you can prepare for an esthetician license without leaving your current job. Check out the multiple cosmetology schools that can help you earn esthetician license at online-education.net.

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  • 31. 

    What are the two main types of exfoliation procedures? What does each involve?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Exfoliation falls into two categories: chemical and physical. Chemical exfoliation uses chemicals to remove layers of skin. Salicylic acid is used in basic exfoliation treatments, while phenol, alphahydroxy, and trichloroacetic acid are used in chemical peels. Physical exfoliation uses textured scrubs to physically remove dead skin cells.

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  • 32. 

    Self beautification has its origins in?

    • A.

      The 18th century

    • B.

      The popularity of glamorous hollywood movies

    • C.

      Pigments that made cosmetics available to a mass audience

    • D.

      Ancient cultures, when it was often allied with the practice of medicine

    Correct Answer
    D. Ancient cultures, when it was often allied with the practice of medicine
    Explanation
    Self beautification has its origins in ancient cultures, where it was often allied with the practice of medicine. In these ancient civilizations, such as Egypt and Mesopotamia, people used various cosmetic products and techniques to enhance their appearance. These practices were not only for aesthetic purposes but also had medicinal and spiritual significance. For example, they believed that certain cosmetics could protect them from evil spirits or ward off diseases. Therefore, self beautification has a long history that dates back to ancient times and was closely intertwined with the practice of medicine.

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  • 33. 

    Early pigments were NOT made from?

    • A.

      Minerals

    • B.

      Nuts

    • C.

      Feathers

    • D.

      Insects

    Correct Answer
    C. Feathers
    Explanation
    Early pigments were made from minerals, nuts, and insects, but not from feathers. Feathers were not used as a source for pigments in early civilizations. Minerals such as ochre and charcoal were commonly used to create pigments for cave paintings and other forms of early art. Nuts, such as walnuts and acorns, were also used to create pigments by grinding them into a powder. Insects, such as cochineal beetles, were used to create red pigments. Feathers were not a commonly used material for creating pigments in early civilizations.

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  • 34. 

    Henna:

    • A.

      Was devolped in the us

    • B.

      Was first used by hollywood make up artist max factor

    • C.

      Is obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree

    • D.

      Is considered extremely dangerous by modern standards

    Correct Answer
    C. Is obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree." This is because henna is a natural dye that is derived from the mignonette tree. The leaves and shoots of the tree are dried and ground into a fine powder, which is then mixed with water to create a paste that can be applied to the skin or hair. Henna has been used for centuries for its dyeing properties and is still commonly used today for temporary body art and hair coloring.

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  • 35. 

    The first modern cosmetic compound:

    • A.

      Was invented for actors and actresses in the 18th century

    • B.

      Contained highly refined petroleum

    • C.

      Was cold cream

    • D.

      We aren't sure what the first cosmetic compound was, but we know it came from Egypt

    Correct Answer
    C. Was cold cream
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was cold cream". Cold cream is considered the first modern cosmetic compound. It was invented in the 18th century and contained highly refined petroleum. Although we cannot be certain about the very first cosmetic compound, historical evidence points to cold cream being the earliest known cosmetic product.

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  • 36. 

    Fragrant oils were used in the middle ages:

    • A.

      Only for religious purposes

    • B.

      As a perfume by those who could afford them

    • C.

      Fragrant oils were not used by the middle ages

    • D.

      As hair dyes

    Correct Answer
    B. As a perfume by those who could afford them
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages, fragrant oils were primarily used as a perfume by those who could afford them. This suggests that fragrant oils were considered a luxury item and were used for their pleasant scent. The option stating that fragrant oils were used only for religious purposes is incorrect, as it implies that they had a solely religious significance during this time period. Additionally, there is no information provided to support the claim that fragrant oils were not used at all during the Middle Ages or that they were used as hair dyes.

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  • 37. 

    We know about the history of cosmetic use from?

    • A.

      Its depiction in paintings

    • B.

      Its depiction in movies

    • C.

      Carbon dating

    • D.

      Dna testing

    Correct Answer
    A. Its depiction in paintings
    Explanation
    The history of cosmetic use can be known through its depiction in paintings. Paintings provide visual evidence of how cosmetics were used in different time periods and cultures. They showcase the types of cosmetics used, the techniques employed, and the societal norms surrounding beauty and grooming. By studying these paintings, historians and researchers can gain insights into the evolution of cosmetic practices and their significance in various societies throughout history.

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  • 38. 

    The victorian age of the 19th century was a time:

    • A.

      When elaborately colored clothing was common

    • B.

      When heavy use of cosmetics on the cheeks and lips was the norm

    • C.

      Of austere and restrictive fashions and cosmetic use

    • D.

      When headdresses were sometimes a foot tall

    Correct Answer
    C. Of austere and restrictive fashions and cosmetic use
    Explanation
    During the Victorian age of the 19th century, the fashion trends and cosmetic practices were characterized by austerity and restriction. This means that people during this time period followed a more conservative and restrained approach to their clothing and cosmetic choices. Elaborately colored clothing and heavy use of cosmetics on the cheeks and lips were not common during this era. Additionally, headdresses were sometimes a foot tall, but this does not necessarily relate to the overall fashion and cosmetic trends of the Victorian age.

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  • 39. 

    In the 1920's?

    • A.

      Americans' use of cosmetics was influenced by movie stars

    • B.

      To imitate the look of forbidden rouge and lipstick, women pinched their cheek and bit their lips

    • C.

      Eye shadow was not used

    • D.

      Skin,bhair, and body treatment was still like that of the victorian age

    Correct Answer
    A. Americans' use of cosmetics was influenced by movie stars
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the use of cosmetics by Americans was influenced by movie stars. Women wanted to imitate the glamorous look of movie stars, which included the use of forbidden rouge and lipstick. In order to achieve this look, women would pinch their cheeks and bite their lips to create a flushed appearance. However, eye shadow was not commonly used during this time. Additionally, while cosmetics were becoming more popular, skincare, haircare, and body treatments still followed the traditional practices of the Victorian age.

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  • 40. 

    Because of shortages during World War II:

    • A.

      Most women made their own cosmetics out of insects,berries, and other natural sources, often grown in the victory gardens

    • B.

      Cosmetic use was banned by the government

    • C.

      Cosmetics were rationed

    • D.

      In spite of wartime shortages, sales of cosmetics and grooming aids grew

    Correct Answer
    D. In spite of wartime shortages, sales of cosmetics and grooming aids grew
    Explanation
    During World War II, there were shortages of various resources, including cosmetics. However, despite these shortages, the sales of cosmetics and grooming aids actually increased. This suggests that even during a time of limited availability, people still found ways to purchase and use these products. It could be speculated that the desire for self-care and personal grooming remained important to individuals, even in the midst of war and scarcity.

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  • 41. 

    A cosmecutical is:

    • A.

      Any spa treatment that includes cosmetics

    • B.

      An acient greek process of creating pigments

    • C.

      A cosmetic with theraputic properties

    • D.

      A manicure

    Correct Answer
    C. A cosmetic with theraputic properties
    Explanation
    A cosmecutical is a cosmetic with therapeutic properties. This means that it not only enhances the appearance of the skin, but also provides therapeutic benefits such as improving the skin's health or treating specific skin conditions. Unlike regular cosmetics that only focus on superficial beauty, cosmecuticals are formulated with active ingredients that can penetrate deeper into the skin to deliver targeted benefits. They are often recommended by dermatologists or skincare professionals for their ability to address specific skin concerns and provide long-term benefits.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following are not comtemporary "anti-aging" treatments?

    • A.

      Cosmeceuticals

    • B.

      Nutriceuticals

    • C.

      Nutriceuticals

    • D.

      Neuroceuticals

    Correct Answer
    D. Neuroceuticals
    Explanation
    Neuroceuticals are not considered contemporary "anti-aging" treatments. While cosmeceuticals and nutriceuticals are commonly used in the beauty and wellness industry for their anti-aging properties, neuroceuticals are not specifically targeted towards aging concerns. They typically focus on improving brain function and cognitive health rather than addressing the physical signs of aging.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following factors shaped the 20th century cosmetic use?

    • A.

      Hollywood movies

    • B.

      The invention of the internet

    • C.

      The world war II ban on cosmetics

    • D.

      Increased average lifespan

    Correct Answer
    A. Hollywood movies
    Explanation
    Hollywood movies played a significant role in shaping the cosmetic use during the 20th century. Hollywood became a powerful influence on popular culture, and the glamorous and idealized portrayal of actors and actresses on screen greatly influenced beauty standards. As people aspired to emulate the looks of their favorite stars, the demand for cosmetics increased. Hollywood movies showcased the latest trends in fashion, makeup, and hairstyles, leading to the widespread adoption of cosmetics as a means to achieve a desired appearance.

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  • 44. 

    Estheticans:

    • A.

      Deal with the overall health and well-being of the skin

    • B.

      Were acient greek inventors of many of today's pigments

    • C.

      Are any people who use cosmetics

    • D.

      Are experts in the history of cosmetic use

    Correct Answer
    A. Deal with the overall health and well-being of the skin
    Explanation
    Estheticians deal with the overall health and well-being of the skin. This involves various skincare treatments and procedures aimed at improving the condition of the skin, such as facials, exfoliation, and moisturizing. They are trained professionals who can analyze and address different skin concerns, provide advice on skincare routines, and recommend suitable products for maintaining healthy skin. Their focus is on promoting skin health and enhancing its appearance, rather than inventing pigments or being experts in the history of cosmetic use.

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  • 45. 

    Estheticans:

    • A.

      Provide care and treatment to keep the skin healthy

    • B.

      May manufacture cosmetics

    • C.

      Detect skin problems that may require medical attention

    • D.

      All the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above are correct
    Explanation
    Estheticians are professionals who provide care and treatment to maintain the health of the skin. They are also involved in the manufacturing of cosmetics. Additionally, estheticians are trained to identify skin issues that may require medical attention. Therefore, all of the given options are correct as they accurately describe the responsibilities and roles of estheticians.

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  • 46. 

    Career options for estheticans include work in:

    • A.

      Art galleries

    • B.

      Department stores

    • C.

      Police departments

    • D.

      Sports medicine

    Correct Answer
    B. Department stores
    Explanation
    Estheticians are professionals who specialize in skincare and beauty treatments. Department stores often have beauty counters or salons where estheticians can offer their services to customers. These stores provide a convenient and accessible platform for estheticians to showcase and sell their products, as well as provide services such as facials, makeup application, and skincare consultations. Working in department stores allows estheticians to interact directly with customers, build relationships, and potentially earn commissions or bonuses based on sales. Therefore, department stores are a viable career option for estheticians to practice their skills and pursue their passion in the beauty industry.

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  • 47. 

    Medical esthetics:

    • A.

      Is another term for plastic surgery

    • B.

      Involves the integeration of surgical procedures and aesthic treatments

    • C.

      Is preformed only by registered nurses

    • D.

      Is preformed only by a physician

    Correct Answer
    B. Involves the integeration of surgical procedures and aesthic treatments
    Explanation
    Medical esthetics involves the integration of surgical procedures and aesthetic treatments. This means that it combines both surgical techniques and non-surgical treatments aimed at enhancing a person's appearance. It is not limited to plastic surgery alone, as it encompasses a broader range of procedures and treatments. The term "medical esthetics" does not imply that it is exclusively performed by registered nurses or physicians.

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  • 48. 

    A medical esthetician may work in:

    • A.

      A community health center

    • B.

      A dermatologist's office

    • C.

      A nursing home

    • D.

      A moruge

    Correct Answer
    B. A dermatologist's office
    Explanation
    A medical esthetician may work in a dermatologist's office because dermatologists specialize in treating skin conditions and diseases, and estheticians are trained to provide skincare treatments and services. Working in a dermatologist's office allows the esthetician to collaborate with the dermatologist in providing comprehensive care for patients, including performing procedures such as facials, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion. This setting also provides the opportunity for the esthetician to work alongside other medical professionals and stay updated on the latest advancements in dermatology.

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  • 49. 

    A medi-spa offers:

    • A.

      Spa services and surgical procedures in a medical setting

    • B.

      Spa services and surgical procedures in a spa setting

    • C.

      A staff of esthetician MDs

    • D.

      Medi-spas do not exsit yet under current liscensing laws

    Correct Answer
    A. Spa services and surgical procedures in a medical setting
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "spa services and surgical procedures in a medical setting." This implies that the medi-spa provides both spa services and surgical procedures, but in a medical setting rather than a spa setting. This suggests that the medi-spa has the necessary medical facilities and equipment to perform surgical procedures, making it a suitable option for individuals seeking both spa services and more invasive treatments.

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  • 50. 

    Medi-spas do not exsit yet under current liscensing laws:

    • A.

      Basic skin care skills

    • B.

      Cosmetic chemistry

    • C.

      Organic chemistry

    • D.

      Business skills

    Correct Answer
    C. Organic chemistry
    Explanation
    The correct answer is organic chemistry because under current licensing laws, medi-spas do not exist yet. The skills mentioned in the question, such as basic skin care skills, cosmetic chemistry, and business skills, may be relevant to operating a medi-spa, but organic chemistry is not required as it is not directly related to the operation of a medi-spa.

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