Moles And Molar Mass Test Questions And Answers

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Zohra Sattar, PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
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Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.
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Moles And Molar Mass Test Questions And Answers - Quiz

Welcome to our Moles and Molar Mass quiz, where you'll be asked to calculate the number of moles and molar masses of the given atoms or molecules. Basically, the molar mass of a compound represents the mass of one mole of that substance. If your concepts are clear and you can easily solve the numerical, then no one can stop you from securing a good score on this quiz. Shall we begin it then? All the best! Don't forget to share the quiz with your friends so that they, too, can test their knowledge about these important concepts in a Read morefun way.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Find the molar mass of AlCl3.

    • A.

      97g/mol

    • B.

      97g

    • C.

      133.5g/mol

    • D.

      133.5g

    Correct Answer
    C. 133.5g/mol
    Explanation
    The molar mass of a compound is the mass of one mole of that compound. In this case, AlCl3 is composed of one aluminum atom (Al) and three chlorine atoms (Cl). The atomic mass of aluminum is 26.98 g/mol, and the atomic mass of chlorine is 35.45 g/mol. Therefore, the molar mass of AlCl3 can be calculated as follows:

    (1 × 26.98 g/mol) + (3 × 35.45 g/mol) = 133.5 g/mol

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  • 2. 

    Calculate the molar mass of CaCOH.

    • A.

      72 g/mol

    • B.

      68.09 g/mol

    • C.

      69.29 g/mol

    • D.

      68.09 g/mol

    Correct Answer
    D. 68.09 g/mol
    Explanation
    To calculate the molar mass of CaCOH (calcium formate hydrate), we need to add up the atomic masses of each element in the compound. The molecular formula of calcium formate hydrate is Ca(HCOO)2\*H2O.
    Break down the compound into its constituent elements:
    Calcium (Ca): 1 atom \* 40.08 g/mol (atomic mass) = 40.08 g/mol
    Formate ion (HCOO): 2 ions \* 1 atom of carbon (12.01 g/mol), 2 atoms of oxygen (2 \* 16.00 g/mol), and 1 atom of hydrogen (1.01 g/mol) = 45.02 g/mol
    Water (H2O): 1 molecule \* 2 atoms of hydrogen (2 \* 1.01 g/mol) and 1 atom of oxygen (16.00 g/mol) = 18.02 g/mol
    Now, add the masses of each component together:
    40.08 g/mol (Ca) + 45.02 g/mol (2 HCOO) + 18.02 g/mol (H2O) = 103.12 g/mol
    However, the given answer choices do not include 103.12 g/mol, which is the molar mass of Ca(HCOO)2\*H2O. Among the given answer choices, 68.09 g/mol is the closest to the correct value, but it does not correspond to the actual molar mass of CaCOH.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following would have more atoms?

    • A.

      1 mole of Au

    • B.

      1 mole of Si

    • C.

      1 mole of Li

    • D.

      None, all are equal

    Correct Answer
    D. None, all are equal
    Explanation
    The number of atoms in 1 mole of any substance is determined by Avogadro's number, which is approximately 6.022 x 10^23. Since 1 mole of any substance contains the same number of atoms, regardless of the element or compound, all the options listed would have the same number of atoms. Therefore, the correct answer is that none of the options have more atoms; they are all equal.

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  • 4. 

    What is the mass in grams of 0.172 moles of NaHCO3?

    • A.

      14.8 grams

    • B.

      14.4 grams

    • C.

      18 grams

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. 14.4 grams
    Explanation
    The molar mass of NaHCO3 is calculated by adding up the atomic masses of each element in the compound: Na (22.99 g/mol) + H (1.01 g/mol) + C (12.01 g/mol) + O (16.00 g/mol) + O (16.00 g/mol) + O (16.00 g/mol) = 84.01 g/mol. To find the mass in grams of 0.172 moles of NaHCO3, we multiply the number of moles by the molar mass: 0.172 moles x 84.01 g/mol = 14.4 grams. Therefore, the correct answer is 14.4 grams.

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  • 5. 

    How many moles of hydrogen are in 1 mole of elemental Hydrogen H2?

    • A.

      0.01 moles

    • B.

      0.1 moles

    • C.

      1 mole

    • D.

      2 moles

    Correct Answer
    D. 2 moles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 moles because the chemical formula for hydrogen gas is H2, which means that each molecule of hydrogen gas contains 2 atoms of hydrogen. Therefore, if we have 1 mole of H2, we have 2 moles of hydrogen atoms.

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  • 6. 

    Calculate the molar mass of Cr4(P2O7)3.

    • A.

      728.8 g/mol

    • B.

      727.9 g/mol

    • C.

      729.8 g/mol

    • D.

      726.8 g/mol

    Correct Answer
    C. 729.8 g/mol
    Explanation
    The molar mass of Cr4(P2O7)3 can be calculated by adding up the atomic masses of all the atoms in the compound. Chromium (Cr) has an atomic mass of approximately 52 g/mol, phosphorus (P) has an atomic mass of approximately 31 g/mol, and oxygen (O) has an atomic mass of approximately 16 g/mol. The compound has 4 chromium atoms, 6 phosphorus atoms, and 21 oxygen atoms. Therefore, the molar mass is calculated as follows: (4 * 52) + (6 * 2 * 31) + (21 * 7 * 16) = 729.8 g/mol.

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  • 7. 

    Calculate the number of moles of H2 in 10 grams of H2.

    • A.

      3 moles

    • B.

      5 moles

    • C.

      0.5 moles

    • D.

      5.5 moles

    Correct Answer
    B. 5 moles
    Explanation
    To calculate the number of moles of a substance, we need to use the formula: moles = mass / molar mass. The molar mass of H2 is 2 g/mol. Therefore, the number of moles of H2 in 10 grams can be calculated as 10 g / 2 g/mol = 5 moles.

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  • 8. 

    Find the amount of mole in 0.1g of hydrogen gas (H2).

    • A.

      0.1 mol

    • B.

      0.13 mol

    • C.

      0.05 mol

    • D.

      0.00005 mol

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.05 mol
    Explanation
    The molar mass of hydrogen gas (H2) is 2 g/mol. To find the amount of moles in 0.1 g of hydrogen gas, we divide the given mass by the molar mass. Therefore, 0.1 g / 2 g/mol = 0.05 mol.

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  • 9. 

    Find the number of particles in 0.01 moles of sodium.

    • A.

      0.01 x 6.02 x 1023 particles

    • B.

      0.02 x 6.02 x 1023 particles

    • C.

      23 x 6.02 x 1023 particles

    • D.

      0.01 particles

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.01 x 6.02 x 1023 particles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 0.01 x 6.02 x 10^23 particles. This is because 0.01 moles of sodium is equal to 0.01 times Avogadro's number (6.02 x 10^23), which represents the number of particles in one mole of a substance. Therefore, multiplying 0.01 by 6.02 x 10^23 gives the number of particles in 0.01 moles of sodium.

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  • 10. 

    Find the mass of 0.01mol of hydrogen gas (H2).

    • A.

      0.01 g/mol

    • B.

      0.01g

    • C.

      0.02 g/mol

    • D.

      0.02g

    Correct Answer
    D. 0.02g
    Explanation
    The mass of 0.01 mol of hydrogen gas (H2) is 0.02g. This is because the molar mass of H2 is 2 g/mol (1 g/mol for each hydrogen atom), so multiplying the molar mass by the number of moles gives the mass. In this case, 0.01 mol multiplied by 2 g/mol equals 0.02g. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.02g.

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Zohra Sattar |PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.

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  • Mar 14, 2024
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