"Brain And Behavior" Exam; Are You Ready To Be A Biopsychologist?

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"Brain And Behavior" Exam; Are You Ready To Be A Biopsychologist?

Biopsychology is a branch of psychology that analyzes how the brain, neurotransmitters, and other aspects of our biology influence our behaviors, thoughts, and feelings. This field of psychology is often referred to by a variety of names including biopsychology, physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience, and psychobiology. Take this exam to evaluate your knowledge about Biosychology!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    There are 3 types of sensory areas of cortex, namely (1) primary sensory cortex, (2) secondary sensory cortex, and (3) tertiary cortex
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    (A) The primary sensory cortex receives most of its input directly from the thalamic relay nuclei of a system. (B) The sensory cortex receives most of its input directly from the primary sensor cortex of a system or from other areas of secondary sensory cortex of the same system.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 3. 
    (A) The association cortex receives input from more than one sensory system. (B) Most input to areas of association cortex comes via areas of primary sensory cortex.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 4. 
    (A) The interaction among sensory structures have three major principles that are hierarchical in nature. (B) They are hierarchical on the basis of the specificity and complexity of their function and there is a comparable difference on the damage effects to various levels; meaning, the higher the level of damage, the less specific and complex the deficit.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 5. 
    (A) Perception is the process of detecting the presence of stimuli. (B) Sensation is the higher-order processing of integrating, recognizing, and interpreting complete patterns of perceptions.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 6. 
    (A) The organization of sensory systems are characterized by functional segregation rather than functional homogeneity; in each sensory system, there are functionally distinct areas that specialize in different features. (B) All areas of cortex at any given level of a sensory hierarchy acted together to perform the same function.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 7. 
    (A) Sensory systems are parallel systems in which information flows over multiple pathways. (B) Parallel systems feature parallel processing (simultaneous analysis of a signal in different ways by multiple parallel pathways of a neural network).
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 8. 
    (A) One kind of parallel stream of analysis in our sensory systems is capable of influencing behavior without conscious awareness. (B) One kind of parallel stream of analysis in our sensory systems is capable of influencing behavior by engaging conscious awareness.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 9. 
    (A) Because the brain has multiple pathways, complex stimuli are perceived as combinations of independent attributes. (B) The Claustrum is an area of the brain that is said to be the potential location for binding sensory information.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 10. 
    (A) Sounds are vibrations of air molecules that stimulate the auditory system. (B) Amplitude is linked to perception of loudness; frequency is linked to perception of pitch; complexity of molecular vibration is linked to perception of timbre.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 11. 
    (A) Pure Tones (Sine Wave Vibrations) only exist in laboratories and sound recording studios because sound is actually always associated with simple patterns of vibrations. (B) For any pure tone, there is a close relationship between the frequency of tone and its perceived timbre.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 12. 
    (A) An extremely important characteristic of pitch perception is that the pitch of a complex sound may be directly related to the frequency of any of the sound's components. (B) The important aspect of pitch perception is referred to as the" missing fundamental".
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and  B are wrong

  • 13. 
    This is the mathematical procedure for breaking down complex waves into their component sine waves.
    • A. 

      Theory of Audition

    • B. 

      Fourier Analysis

    • C. 

      Courier Analysis

    • D. 

      Sine Wave Theory

  • 14. 
    (A) Malleus: Hammer ; Incus: Anvil ; Stapes: Stirrup (B) Cochlea: Kokhlos (air snail)
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 15. 
    (A) The cochlea is a long, coiled tube with the Organ of Corti running almost to its tip. (B) The Organ of Corti is the auditory receptor organ and an internal structure of the cochlea.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 16. 
    (A) The auditory receptors and hair cells are mounted in the basilar membrane. (B) The auditory receptors and hair cells are mounted in the tectorial membrane.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 17. 
    (A) Vibrations of the cochlear fluid are dissipated by the round window. (B) Vibrations of the stapes trigger vibrations of the oval window.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 18. 
    (A) A major principle of cochlear coding is that different frequencies produce minimal stimulation of hair cells at different points along the basilar membrane. (B) Higher frequencies produce greater activation closer to the windows and lower frequencies produce greater activation at the tip of the basilar membrane.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 19. 
    (A) Most structures of the auditory system are arrayed according to frequency. (B) The organization of the auditory system is purely tonotopic.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 20. 
    (A) Semicircular canals are the receptive organs of the auditory system. (B) The auditory system carries information about the direction and intensity of head movements, which helps us maintain our balance.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 21. 
    (A) Localization of sounds in space is mediated by the superior and inferior olives. (B) The medial and lateral superior olives project to the superior and inferior colliculus.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 22. 
    (A) The general function of the superior colliculi is locating sources of sensory input in space. (B) The deep layers of the superior colliculi receive auditory input and are laid out according to a map of auditory space.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 23. 
    (A) Primates' primary auditory cortex receives majority of input from the medial geniculate nucleus. (B) The primate primary auditory cortex comprises three adjacent areas which refer to the core region.
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 24. 
    (A) The primary auditory cortex is organized in functional rows (B) All neurons encountered during the vertical microelectrode penetration of primary auditory cortex tend to respond optimally to sounds in different frequency ranges
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

  • 25. 
    (A) Auditory signals are conducted to two large areas of association cortex: prefrontal and posterior parietal cortex. (B) The anterior auditory pathways is involved in locating sounds (where) and the posterior auditory pathway is more involved in identifying sounds (what)
    • A. 

      A is correct and B is wrong

    • B. 

      B is correct and A is wrong

    • C. 

      Both A and B are correct

    • D. 

      Both A and B are wrong

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