Police Role In Society

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Police Role In Society - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    crime control is an approach that is consistent with the following except

    • A.

      Criminals are the enemy

    • B.

      Police officers are soldiers in a war

    • C.

      Police officers serve all the people

    • D.

      Efficiency is a top priority

    Correct Answer
    C. Police officers serve all the people
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "police officers serve all the people." This answer is inconsistent with the crime control approach because it suggests that police officers should serve everyone equally, whereas the crime control approach focuses on targeting and apprehending criminals. In the crime control approach, criminals are seen as the enemy, police officers are viewed as soldiers in a war, and efficiency is prioritized to effectively combat crime.

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  • 2. 

    The crime control and due process models were developed by

    • A.

      Carl Klockars

    • B.

      Herbert Packer

    • C.

      Lawrence Sherman

    • D.

      John Crank

    Correct Answer
    B. Herbert Packer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Herbert Packer because he is the one who developed the crime control and due process models. Packer was a prominent American legal scholar and his work on these models has had a significant impact on the field of criminal justice. The crime control model emphasizes the importance of maintaining social order and preventing crime through swift and efficient law enforcement, while the due process model emphasizes the protection of individual rights and ensuring fair and just legal proceedings. Packer's models have been influential in shaping the debate and understanding of criminal justice policies and practices.

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  • 3. 

    According to Packer, which of the following is one of the principles under which the crime control model operates

    • A.

      Efficiency is a top priority

    • B.

      Protection of process is as important as protection of innocents

    • C.

      A conveyor belt is the model for the system

    • D.

      The coervice power of the state is always subject to abuse

    Correct Answer
    C. A conveyor belt is the model for the system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a conveyor belt is the model for the system." This principle refers to the idea that the criminal justice system should operate efficiently and swiftly, moving cases through the system like a conveyor belt. This means that cases should be processed quickly and efficiently to ensure timely resolution and reduce backlog. The focus is on streamlining the process and ensuring that cases are handled in a timely manner, rather than prioritizing individual rights or protections.

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  • 4. 

    According to Packer, which of the following is one of the princples under which the due process model operates

    • A.

      Efficiency is a top priority

    • B.

      There is a presumtion of guilt

    • C.

      Protection of process is as important as protection of innocents

    • D.

      Emphasis is on speed and finality

    Correct Answer
    C. Protection of process is as important as protection of innocents
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "protection of process is as important as protection of innocents." According to Packer, the due process model operates under the principle that protecting the fairness and integrity of the legal process is just as important as protecting the rights and innocence of individuals. This means that ensuring procedural safeguards, such as the right to a fair trial and the presumption of innocence, is crucial in the criminal justice system. The emphasis is on upholding the rule of law and ensuring that the process is conducted in a just and equitable manner.

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  • 5. 

    the public servant model of policing invludes all of the following except

    • A.

      Criminals are not a distinct group

    • B.

      Police have a limited ability to control crime

    • C.

      Protection of the process of justice is as important as crime control

    • D.

      Police are not public servants of those who commit crime

    Correct Answer
    D. Police are not public servants of those who commit crime
    Explanation
    The public servant model of policing emphasizes that police officers are public servants who serve and protect the entire community, not just those who commit crimes. This model recognizes that the police have a responsibility to uphold the process of justice and ensure the fair treatment of all individuals, regardless of their involvement in criminal activities. It also acknowledges that the police have a limited ability to control crime and that the protection of the process of justice is just as important as crime control. However, it does not suggest that criminals are not a distinct group, as they are indeed a distinct group that the police are tasked with addressing.

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  • 6. 

    The first era of polce professionalism began in the

    • A.

      1920s

    • B.

      1930s

    • C.

      1960s

    • D.

      1980s

    Correct Answer
    A. 1920s
    Explanation
    The first era of police professionalism began in the 1920s. During this time, there was a shift towards more organized and professional police departments. Police officers started receiving formal training, departments adopted standardized procedures and policies, and efforts were made to improve the public image of the police. This era marked a significant change in the way policing was conducted and laid the foundation for modern policing practices.

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  • 7. 

    In relation to community policing and ethics, all of the following is true except

    • A.

      Community policing ethical issues arise from the closer relationship formes with community members

    • B.

      There is evidence that there is more corruption in community policing models than with traditional law enforcement

    • C.

      Community policing reduces cynicism and burnout which may reduce corruption

    • D.

      Community policing may increase the potential for gratuities

    Correct Answer
    B. There is evidence that there is more corruption in community policing models than with traditional law enforcement
    Explanation
    Community policing is a philosophy that emphasizes collaboration and partnership between law enforcement and the community to address crime and disorder. It is based on the belief that the police and community members should work together to identify and solve problems. The given answer states that there is evidence of more corruption in community policing models compared to traditional law enforcement. However, this statement is incorrect. In fact, community policing has been shown to reduce cynicism and burnout among officers, which can ultimately reduce corruption. Therefore, the correct answer is that there is no evidence of more corruption in community policing models than with traditional law enforcement.

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  • 8. 

    A model of law enforcement that creates partnerships witht the community and addresses underlying problems rather than simply enforcing then law is referred to as

    • A.

      Crime control policing

    • B.

      Proactive policing

    • C.

      Traditional policing

    • D.

      Community policing

    Correct Answer
    D. Community policing
    Explanation
    Community policing is a model of law enforcement that focuses on building partnerships with the community and addressing the root causes of crime, rather than solely enforcing the law. It involves collaboration between law enforcement agencies and community members to identify and solve problems together. This approach aims to improve trust and communication between the police and the community, leading to a safer and more secure environment.

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  • 9. 

    Harris "preventive policing" model includes

    • A.

      The concepts of community policing, problem-oriented policing, and accountability mechanisms

    • B.

      The concepts of community policy and the practices of crim control policing

    • C.

      The concepts of problem-oriented policing, and counter-terrorism efforts

    • D.

      The concpets of accountability mechanisms and counter-terrorism efforts

    Correct Answer
    A. The concepts of community policing, problem-oriented policing, and accountability mechanisms
    Explanation
    Harris' "preventive policing" model includes the concepts of community policing, problem-oriented policing, and accountability mechanisms. Community policing involves building strong relationships between law enforcement and the community to address and prevent crime. Problem-oriented policing focuses on identifying and addressing the underlying issues that contribute to crime. Accountability mechanisms ensure that law enforcement agencies are held responsible for their actions and maintain transparency. These three concepts together form the basis of Harris' preventive policing model, aiming to proactively prevent crime and maintain a safe community.

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  • 10. 

    Authority is defined as

    • A.

      The right to inherent a role to use any means to overcome resistance

    • B.

      The use of signs and symbols to induce compliance

    • C.

      The use of words and arguments ro induce compliance

    • D.

      The unquestionable entitlement to be obeyed that comes from fulfilling a specific role

    Correct Answer
    D. The unquestionable entitlement to be obeyed that comes from fulfilling a specific role
    Explanation
    This answer correctly defines authority as the unquestionable entitlement to be obeyed that comes from fulfilling a specific role. Authority is the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. It is derived from a person's position or role in a hierarchy, and it implies that others are obligated to follow their instructions or commands. This definition emphasizes the idea that authority is unquestionable and carries with it an inherent expectation of obedience.

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  • 11. 

    Power is defined as

    • A.

      The right to inherent in a role to use any means to overcome resistance

    • B.

      The use of signs and symbols to induce compliance

    • C.

      The use of words and arguements to induce compliance

    • D.

      The unquestionable entitlement to be obeyes that come from fulfilling a specific role

    Correct Answer
    A. The right to inherent in a role to use any means to overcome resistance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the right to inherent in a role to use any means to overcome resistance." This definition of power suggests that individuals in a particular role have the authority to use any necessary means to overcome resistance or opposition. It implies that power is derived from the position or role one holds, granting them the right to exert influence and enforce compliance. This definition emphasizes the ability to overcome resistance rather than the specific methods used to achieve compliance.

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  • 12. 

    Persuasion is defined as

    • A.

      The right to inherent in a role to use any means to overcome resistance

    • B.

      The use of signs, symbols, words, and arguments to induce compliance

    • C.

      The use of force and coercion to get one's way

    • D.

      The unquestionable entitlements to be obeyed that come from fulfilling a specific role

    Correct Answer
    B. The use of signs, symbols, words, and arguments to induce compliance
    Explanation
    Persuasion is the act of influencing or convincing someone to adopt a certain belief, opinion, or behavior. It involves the use of signs, symbols, words, and arguments to induce compliance from others. Through persuasive communication, individuals try to present their ideas in a compelling and convincing manner, appealing to logic, emotions, and reasoning. The goal is to sway others towards a particular viewpoint or action without resorting to force or coercion.

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  • 13. 

    Force is defined as

    • A.

      The right to inherent in a role to use any means to overcome resistance

    • B.

      The use of signs, symbols, words, and arguments to induce compliance

    • C.

      The use of physical coercion to overcome the will of the individual

    • D.

      The unquestionable entitlements to be obeyed that come from fulfilling a specific role

    Correct Answer
    C. The use of physical coercion to overcome the will of the individual
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the use of physical coercion to overcome the will of the individual." This is because force refers to the act of using physical power or violence to make someone do something against their will. It involves overpowering the resistance or opposition of an individual through physical means, such as through physical force or violence.

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  • 14. 

    According to Klockars, what are the four elements of police power

    • A.

      Power, persuasion, threat, and force

    • B.

      Power, persuasion, force, and authority

    • C.

      Authority, threat, force, persuasion

    • D.

      Force, coercion, persuasion, and authority

    Correct Answer
    B. Power, persuasion, force, and authority
    Explanation
    According to Klockars, the four elements of police power are power, persuasion, force, and authority. These elements encompass the various tools and tactics that police officers utilize in their role. Power refers to the ability to influence and control individuals and situations. Persuasion involves using communication and negotiation skills to gain compliance. Force is the physical or violent action that may be necessary in certain situations. Authority relates to the legal and legitimate power that police officers possess to enforce laws and maintain order.

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  • 15. 

    Cohen and felbert include all the following as ethical standards derived from the social contract except

    • A.

      Safety and sercurity

    • B.

      Intergrity

    • C.

      Fair access

    • D.

      Teamwork

    Correct Answer
    B. Intergrity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is integrity. Cohen and Felbert include safety and security, integrity, fair access, and teamwork as ethical standards derived from the social contract. However, integrity is not included as an ethical standard in their framework.

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  • 16. 

    Cohen and felberg proposed five ethical standards that can be derived from the social contract between society and the individuals. which of the following is not one of these standards

    • A.

      Teamwork

    • B.

      Objectivity

    • C.

      Equality

    • D.

      Fair access

    Correct Answer
    C. Equality
    Explanation
    Cohen and Felberg proposed five ethical standards derived from the social contract between society and individuals. These standards include teamwork, objectivity, fair access, and equality. However, equality is not one of these standards.

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  • 17. 

    cohen and feldberg propose five ethical standards that can be derived from the social contract, which of the following is not one of these five principles

    • A.

      Fair access

    • B.

      Punishment

    • C.

      Teamwork

    • D.

      Decentralization

    Correct Answer
    D. Decentralization
    Explanation
    Cohen and Feldberg propose five ethical standards that can be derived from the social contract. These principles include fair access, punishment, teamwork, and decentralization. However, decentralization is not one of these five principles.

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  • 18. 

    Wilson described types of police as including all except

    • A.

      Legalistic

    • B.

      Service

    • C.

      Watchman

    • D.

      Caretaker

    Correct Answer
    B. Service
    Explanation
    Wilson described types of police as including legalistic, watchman, and caretaker. However, he did not include the type of police referred to as "service." This suggests that Wilson's categorization of police did not include a specific type that focuses primarily on providing service to the community.

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  • 19. 

    Wilsons typology of police styles includes all of the following except

    • A.

      The caretaker

    • B.

      The old-style crime fighter

    • C.

      The clean-beat officer

    • D.

      The server

    Correct Answer
    A. The caretaker
    Explanation
    Wilson's typology of police styles categorizes different approaches to policing. The caretaker style is not included in Wilson's typology. The other three styles mentioned - the old-style crime fighter, the clean-beat officer, and the server - are all part of Wilson's typology. The caretaker style may refer to a different approach to policing that is not included in Wilson's framework.

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  • 20. 

    Muir's typology of police styles includes

    • A.

      The caretaker

    • B.

      The old-style fighter

    • C.

      The enforcer

    • D.

      The watchman

    Correct Answer
    C. The enforcer
    Explanation
    Muir's typology of police styles includes the enforcer. This style refers to police officers who prioritize law enforcement and maintaining order above all else. They are often seen as strict and authoritarian in their approach, focusing on strict enforcement of laws and regulations. The enforcer style is characterized by a strong adherence to rules and a tendency to use force when necessary to maintain control.

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  • 21. 

    In Muir's typology of police styles, the professional

    • A.

      Used coercion exclusively

    • B.

      Avoided situations where they might be challenged

    • C.

      Blanaced coercion with compassion

    • D.

      Has citizens solve problems and made deals to keep the peace

    Correct Answer
    C. Blanaced coercion with compassion
    Explanation
    Muir's typology of police styles categorizes the professional style as one that balances coercion with compassion. This means that professionals in this style understand the necessity of using force when required, but also recognize the importance of empathy and understanding in their interactions with the community. They strive to maintain a delicate equilibrium between enforcing the law and showing compassion towards individuals, ultimately aiming to create a peaceful and harmonious environment.

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  • 22. 

    in Brown's typology of police styles, the old-style crime fighters

    • A.

      Are concerned only with action that might be considered crime control

    • B.

      Avoided situations where they might be challenged

    • C.

      Balanced coercion with compassion

    • D.

      Had citizens solve problems and made deals to keep the peace

    Correct Answer
    A. Are concerned only with action that might be considered crime control
    Explanation
    In Brown's typology of police styles, the old-style crime fighters are focused solely on taking actions that are related to crime control. They prioritize activities aimed at preventing and addressing criminal behavior. They tend to avoid situations where they might face challenges or resistance. They believe in maintaining a balance between using coercion and showing compassion in their approach. Additionally, they rely on citizens to help solve problems and may make deals or agreements to maintain peace and order.

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  • 23. 

    In Muir's typology of policing styles, the reciprocator

    • A.

      Used coercion exclusively

    • B.

      Avoided situations where they might be challenged

    • C.

      Balanced coercion with compassion

    • D.

      Had citizens solve problems and made deal to keep the peace

    Correct Answer
    D. Had citizens solve problems and made deal to keep the peace
    Explanation
    In Muir's typology of policing styles, the reciprocator is characterized by having citizens solve problems and making deals to maintain peace. This style of policing emphasizes community involvement and collaboration, where citizens are actively engaged in addressing issues and finding solutions. The reciprocator aims to maintain order and harmony by fostering a sense of responsibility and cooperation among community members. This approach balances the use of coercion with compassion, recognizing the importance of both maintaining law and order and building positive relationships with the community.

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  • 24. 

    in Brown's typology of police styles, which type of officer emphasizes public order and peace officer tasks

    • A.

      The professional-style officer

    • B.

      The service-style officer

    • C.

      The clean-beat officer

    • D.

      The old-style crime fighter

    Correct Answer
    B. The service-style officer
    Explanation
    In Brown's typology of police styles, the service-style officer emphasizes public order and peace officer tasks. This type of officer focuses on providing assistance and support to the community, maintaining public safety, and resolving conflicts peacefully. They prioritize building positive relationships with the community and aim to address their needs effectively. This style of policing emphasizes the importance of community engagement and collaboration in maintaining public order.

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  • 25. 

    The four major themes of formal ethical codes for law enforcement include all except

    • A.

      Fairness

    • B.

      Personal conduct

    • C.

      Service

    • D.

      Integrity

    Correct Answer
    D. Integrity
    Explanation
    The four major themes of formal ethical codes for law enforcement include fairness, personal conduct, service, and integrity. Integrity refers to the adherence to moral and ethical principles, honesty, and consistency in actions and decisions. It is an essential aspect of law enforcement ethics as it ensures that officers act with honesty and maintain the public's trust. Therefore, integrity is not excluded from the major themes of formal ethical codes for law enforcement.

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  • 26. 

    The informal values of police have been said to include which of the following

    • A.

      Cynicism

    • B.

      Loyalty

    • C.

      Force

    • D.

      All of these are informal values of police

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these are informal values of police
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of these are informal values of police." This means that cynicism, loyalty, and force are all considered informal values within the police force. Cynicism may refer to a skeptical or pessimistic attitude that some police officers may develop due to their experiences. Loyalty can be seen as a value that promotes trust and solidarity among fellow officers. Force, on the other hand, may refer to the use of physical or authoritative power when necessary in law enforcement situations.

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  • 27. 

    Another name for the code of silence or the practice of police officer to remain silent when fellow officers commit unethical actions is

    • A.

      The blue wall

    • B.

      The blue curtain of secrecy

    • C.

      The green wall of scilence

    • D.

      The blue code

    Correct Answer
    B. The blue curtain of secrecy
    Explanation
    The term "the blue curtain of secrecy" is another name for the code of silence or the practice of police officers remaining silent when their fellow officers commit unethical actions. This term suggests that there is a hidden barrier or curtain that prevents the truth from being revealed, creating an atmosphere of secrecy within the police force. It highlights the idea that officers prioritize loyalty to their colleagues over holding them accountable for their actions, further perpetuating unethical behavior within the law enforcement community.

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  • 28. 

    Souryal argued that there are different kinds of loyalty to superiors or to fellow officers, including all of the following except

    • A.

      Integrated loyalty

    • B.

      Personal loyalty

    • C.

      Institutional loyalty

    • D.

      Fragmented loyalty

    Correct Answer
    D. Fragmented loyalty
    Explanation
    Souryal argued that there are different kinds of loyalty to superiors or fellow officers, including integrated loyalty, personal loyalty, and institutional loyalty. However, Souryal did not mention fragmented loyalty as one of the types of loyalty.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following statements about police subculture is false

    • A.

      Increasing diversity of police recruits has eliminated the social homegeneity of the workforce

    • B.

      Civil litigation has increased the risk of covering for another officer

    • C.

      Decreasing crime rates have prevented new hires

    • D.

      Police unions have contributed to the weakening of the police subculture

    Correct Answer
    C. Decreasing crime rates have prevented new hires
    Explanation
    The statement "decreasing crime rates have prevented new hires" is false because decreasing crime rates would not prevent new hires in the police force. In fact, decreasing crime rates may lead to a decrease in workload for the existing police force, which could potentially create a need for fewer new hires. However, it does not prevent the hiring of new officers altogether.

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  • 30. 

    The law enforcement approach first implemented when Willian Bratton was police chief in the New York City in the 1990s is called

    • A.

      Community policing

    • B.

      "safe for tourists" zones

    • C.

      Zero-tolerance policy

    • D.

      Blue wall of integrity

    Correct Answer
    C. Zero-tolerance policy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is zero-tolerance policy. This law enforcement approach, implemented by Willian Bratton when he was police chief in New York City in the 1990s, focused on cracking down on even minor offenses to create a sense of order and deter more serious crimes. It involved strict enforcement of all laws, regardless of the severity of the offense, with the belief that cracking down on minor offenses would prevent more serious crimes from occurring. This approach was controversial and faced criticism for disproportionately targeting marginalized communities, but it was credited with helping to reduce crime rates in New York City during that time.

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  • May 24, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Swarren
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