Most are divided into subcommittees.
Their chairmen are usually chosen by seniority within the majority party.
The majority party always holds a majority of the seats.
Each senator and representatives can serve on only one committee.
The federal budget
The Library of Congress
Foreign policy and international relations
A standing committee
A select committee
A joint committee
A conference committee
Ways and Means Committee.
House Administration Committee.
To maintain an ongoing review of bills that fall into one major subject area
To decide on the need for new laws
To determine whether federal agencies are following the laws that have been passed
To focus public attention on a matter of importance
The House Ways and Means Committee
The House Rules Committee
The House Judiciary Committee
The Senate Appropriations Committee
When the issue does not fit into any of the duties of the established committees
When an investigation is required
When committees in both houses pass identical bills
When the two houses pass differing versions of a bill and the first house will not agree to the changes
The Rules Committee
The Ways and Means Committee
The majority leader
Temporary panels set up for a specific purpose.
The most powerful and prestigious committees.
Those composed of members of both houses.
Temporary, joint body committees.