Physical Geography- Landforms Test

50 Questions

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Physical Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Mr. Swenson's Landforms Test :/


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following landforms are found in the floodplains of humid areas?
    • A. 

      Natural levees, oxbow-shaped lakes

    • B. 

      Mesas, buttes

    • C. 

      Dunes, arroyos

    • D. 

      Natural levees, washes

  • 2. 
    Oxidation, hydrolysis and carbonation are typically associated with _______
    • A. 

      Chemical weathering.

    • B. 

      Diastrophism.

    • C. 

      Mechanical weathering.

    • D. 

      Volcanism.

  • 3. 
    What feature results from deposition of alluvium as a stream leaves a mountainous area to flow across a lowland?
    • A. 

      Alluvial fan

    • B. 

      Delta

    • C. 

      Tombolo

    • D. 

      Spit

  • 4. 
    A hilly depositional feature formed when a glacier melts is a 
    • A. 

      Cirque.

    • B. 

      Col.

    • C. 

      Moraine.

    • D. 

      Tarn.

  • 5. 
    The breakup of rock into smaller fragments of the same material is called
    • A. 

      Chemical weathering.

    • B. 

      Carbonation.

    • C. 

      Decomposition.

    • D. 

      Physical weathering.

  • 6. 
    Fine-grained, windblown silt deposits are known as
    • A. 

      Drift.

    • B. 

      Talus.

    • C. 

      Loess.

    • D. 

      Till.

  • 7. 
    Granite, basalt, pumice, and obsidian are all _______ rocks.
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Diastrophic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Metamorphic

  • 8. 
    Which of the following processes was responsible for the Ridge and Valley region of the eastern United States?
    • A. 

      Jointing

    • B. 

      Faulting

    • C. 

      Folding

    • D. 

      Earthquakes

  • 9. 
    A zone of subduction is associated with the occurence of
    • A. 

      Transform faults and earthquakes.

    • B. 

      Mid-ocean ridges and volcanoes.

    • C. 

      Relatively flat terrain on the ocean floor.

    • D. 

      Deep-sea trenches and mountain ranges.

  • 10. 
    Earthquakes result from movement associated with
    • A. 

      Glacial activity.

    • B. 

      Carbonation.

    • C. 

      Faulting.

    • D. 

      Mechanical weathering.

  • 11. 
    Which one of the following is NOT a landform created by glaciers?
    • A. 

      Oxbow lake

    • B. 

      Cirque

    • C. 

      Kame

    • D. 

      Outwash plain

  • 12. 
    The scientist who first proposed the idea of the existence of one super continent prior to its breakup millions of years ago was
    • A. 

      Darwin.

    • B. 

      Wegener.

    • C. 

      Strabo.

    • D. 

      Ptolemy.

  • 13. 
    The theory of continental drift was formulated because
    • A. 

      The landforms moved over faults.

    • B. 

      Of the mountain ranges on the fringes of the Pacific Ocean.

    • C. 

      Of the remarkable fit of the continents.

    • D. 

      Scientists observed that the Atlantic Ocean was widening.

  • 14. 
    For millions of years the, Atlantic Ocean has been widening at the rate of about 
    • A. 

      1 yard (.9 m) per year.

    • B. 

      1 inch (2.5 cm) per year.

    • C. 

      1 foot (.3 m) per year.

    • D. 

      1 mile (1.6 km) per year.

  • 15. 
    Alfred Wegener is best known for his
    • A. 

      Discovery of subduction.

    • B. 

      Numerical scale of earthquake magnitude.

    • C. 

      Invention of the seismograph.

    • D. 

      Theory of continental drift.

  • 16. 
    A volcanic eruption without explosions produces a 
    • A. 

      Shield volcano.

    • B. 

      Cinder cone.

    • C. 

      Composite volcano.

    • D. 

      Strato volcano.

  • 17. 
    Which one of the following groups contain only sedimentary rocks?
    • A. 

      Marble, basalt, conglomerate

    • B. 

      Conglomerate, limestone, shale

    • C. 

      Slate, gneiss, marble

    • D. 

      Limestone, sandstone, granite

  • 18. 
    The breaking up of rock by freezing and thawing is the result of 
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering.

    • B. 

      Mass weathering.

    • C. 

      Erosion.

    • D. 

      Chemical weathering.

  • 19. 
    What physical feature gets its name from a region on the Adriatic Sea near Italy?
    • A. 

      Sandbars

    • B. 

      Karst topography

    • C. 

      Terminal moraines

    • D. 

      Salt marshes

  • 20. 
    What are the three processes in which diastrophism is involved?
    • A. 

      Subduction, seafloor spreading, transform movement

    • B. 

      Broad warping, folding, faulting

    • C. 

      Weathering, mass wasting, erosion

    • D. 

      Oxidation, hydrolysis, carbonation

  • 21. 
    A tsunami can occur due to all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Underwater landslide

    • B. 

      Moment magnitude

    • C. 

      Volcanic eruption

    • D. 

      Earthquake

  • 22. 
    ________________ is the great pressure acting on the plates that deforms them by folding, twisting, warping, breaking, or compressing rock.
    • A. 

      Volcanism

    • B. 

      Subduction

    • C. 

      Diastrophism

    • D. 

      Mass Movement

  • 23. 
    A large destructive sea wave resulting from an earthquake is called a 
    • A. 

      Pangaea.

    • B. 

      Subduction.

    • C. 

      Tidal wave.

    • D. 

      Tsunami.

  • 24. 
    Longshore currents are responsible for the creation of
    • A. 

      Salt marshes.

    • B. 

      Lagoons or inlets.

    • C. 

      Spits.

    • D. 

      Moraines.

  • 25. 
    The Richter scale is a well-known measure of the magnitude of
    • A. 

      Tsunamis.

    • B. 

      Tectonic forces.

    • C. 

      Seismic waves.

    • D. 

      Epicenters.

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is a wind-deposited material?
    • A. 

      Barchan

    • B. 

      Karst

    • C. 

      Loess

    • D. 

      Richter

  • 27. 
    The huge sections of the earth's crust that move slowly over partially molten material are called 
    • A. 

      Massive megaliths.

    • B. 

      Central massifs.

    • C. 

      Terminal moraines.

    • D. 

      Lithospheric plates.

  • 28. 
    The largest areas of continental-size glaciers in the world today are in
    • A. 

      Siberia, Canada, and Alaska

    • B. 

      The Himalayan Mountains and the Andes Mountains.

    • C. 

      The Rocky Mountains and the Himalayan Mountains.

    • D. 

      Antarctica and Greenland.

  • 29. 
    A tsunami is a huge destructive sea wave that occurs after
    • A. 

      An increase in gravitational pull of the moon.

    • B. 

      An abrupt change of temperature.

    • C. 

      A hurricane or typhoon.

    • D. 

      An earthquake.

  • 30. 
    Which of the following groups contains processes caused only by mechanical weathering?
    • A. 

      Frost action, root action, development of salt crystals

    • B. 

      Frost action, carbonation, root action

    • C. 

      Hydrolysis, oxidation, carbonation

    • D. 

      Development of salt crystals, oxidation, carbonation

  • 31. 
    The term subduction refers to dense
    • A. 

      Continental crust forced upwards into the asthenosphere.

    • B. 

      Oceanic crust forced upwards into the lithosphere.

    • C. 

      Oceanic crust forced downward into the asthenosphere.

    • D. 

      Continental crust forced downward into the mid-Atlantic ridge.

  • 32. 
    Which of the following groups contain only landforms produced by glacial deposition?
    • A. 

      Lateral moraines, fiords, permafrost

    • B. 

      Lateral moraines, terminal moraines, outwash plain

    • C. 

      Fiords, outwash plains, terminal moraines

    • D. 

      Outwash plain, lateral moraines, fiords

  • 33. 
    Earthquakes result from
    • A. 

      The buildup of tension as tectonic forces are applied.

    • B. 

      Seismic waves.

    • C. 

      Vibrations caused by seismic waves.

    • D. 

      The reduction in surface tension following a buildup of tectonic forces.

  • 34. 
    Which of the following landforms results mainly from the effect of mass wasting or mass movement?
    • A. 

      Talus

    • B. 

      Delta

    • C. 

      Mesa

    • D. 

      Alluvial fan

  • 35. 
    Theories of the evolution of glaciers include, as possible causes, all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The drifting of continental plates over tropical regions.

    • B. 

      Changes in the shape, the tilt, and the seasonal positions of the earth's orbit around the sun.

    • C. 

      Periods of excessive dust in the atmosphere.

    • D. 

      The periodic changes in the amount of solar energy received on the earth's surface.

  • 36. 
    An intrusive igneous rock is formed from
    • A. 

      Lava that cools rapidly on the earth's surface.

    • B. 

      Magma that cools slowly beneath the earth's surface.

    • C. 

      Magma that cools slowly on the earth's surface.

    • D. 

      Lava that cools rapidly beneath the earth's surface.

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the three classes of rock? 
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Tectonic

  • 38. 
    Glaciers move because
    • A. 

      The gravitational pull on steep slopes causes avalanches that dislodge the snow accumulations.

    • B. 

      Tectonic forces from within the earth dislodge loose materials, such as great slabs of snow and ice.

    • C. 

      The rotation of the earth holds the snowfields back, thereby forcing them to move.

    • D. 

      The weight of snow causes compaction at the base and the formation of ice, which becomes plastic-like.

  • 39. 
    Terrain created by an underground solution limestone is known as 
    • A. 

      Knob and kettle topography .

    • B. 

      Karst topography.

    • C. 

      Belted topography.

    • D. 

      Gradational topography.

  • 40. 
    The ability of running water to erode a surface does NOT depend on the 
    • A. 

      Strength of the wind.

    • B. 

      Steepness of the slope.

    • C. 

      Amount of precipitation.

    • D. 

      Type of vegetation.

  • 41. 
    An accumulation of rock particles at the base of hills and mountains is called __________.
    • A. 

      Mass wastes

    • B. 

      Talus

    • C. 

      Rock fall

    • D. 

      Mass debris

  • 42. 
    If a land surface where a mountain once stood is now a low, flat, plain, ___________ have been at work.
    • A. 

      Volcanoes

    • B. 

      Earthquakes

    • C. 

      Gradational processes

    • D. 

      Tectonic forces

  • 43. 
    The sand grains that make up beaches originated mainly from
    • A. 

      Coastal erosion and streams.

    • B. 

      Windblown materials from desert environments.

    • C. 

      The great rivers of the world.

    • D. 

      Melting icebergs.

  • 44. 
    Which of the following statements about karst topography is NOT true?
    • A. 

      It results from the action of water.

    • B. 

      It is found in limestone regions.

    • C. 

      It is found in arid regions.

    • D. 

      It often results in potholes and sinks.

  • 45. 
    Coal and petroleum occur in the group of rocks classified as 
    • A. 

      Plutonic.

    • B. 

      Metamorphic.

    • C. 

      Sedimentary.

    • D. 

      Igneous.

  • 46. 
    Continental glaciers exist today in
    • A. 

      The Northern Hemisphere only.

    • B. 

      No part of the world.

    • C. 

      The Southern Hemisphere only.

    • D. 

      The Northern and the Southern Hemispheres.

  • 47. 
    The landform often formed at the mouth of a heavily silted stream is called
    • A. 

      A spit.

    • B. 

      An offshore bar.

    • C. 

      A lateral moraine.

    • D. 

      A delta.

  • 48. 
    Sharp ridges and U-shaped valleys are characteristic features of mountains that have undergone
    • A. 

      Diastrophism.

    • B. 

      Stream erosion.

    • C. 

      Wind erosion.

    • D. 

      Glaciation.

  • 49. 
    Which group of coastal features exists as the result of erosion by sea waves?
    • A. 

      Sea cliffs, headlands, embayments

    • B. 

      Sandbars, talus slopes, sandspits

    • C. 

      Fringing reefs, barrier reefs, atolls

    • D. 

      Deltas, cuspate bars, capes

  • 50. 
    The earth is approximately ________ billion years old.
    • A. 

      10 to 12

    • B. 

      4.7

    • C. 

      3.5

    • D. 

      6.0