Physical Geography- Landforms Test

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 344

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Physical Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Mr. Swenson's Landforms Test :/


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following landforms are found in the floodplains of humid areas?
    • A. 

      Natural levees, oxbow-shaped lakes

    • B. 

      Mesas, buttes

    • C. 

      Dunes, arroyos

    • D. 

      Natural levees, washes

  • 2. 
    Oxidation, hydrolysis and carbonation are typically associated with _______
    • A. 

      Chemical weathering.

    • B. 

      Diastrophism.

    • C. 

      Mechanical weathering.

    • D. 

      Volcanism.

  • 3. 
    What feature results from deposition of alluvium as a stream leaves a mountainous area to flow across a lowland?
    • A. 

      Alluvial fan

    • B. 

      Delta

    • C. 

      Tombolo

    • D. 

      Spit

  • 4. 
    A hilly depositional feature formed when a glacier melts is a 
    • A. 

      Cirque.

    • B. 

      Col.

    • C. 

      Moraine.

    • D. 

      Tarn.

  • 5. 
    The breakup of rock into smaller fragments of the same material is called
    • A. 

      Chemical weathering.

    • B. 

      Carbonation.

    • C. 

      Decomposition.

    • D. 

      Physical weathering.

  • 6. 
    Fine-grained, windblown silt deposits are known as
    • A. 

      Drift.

    • B. 

      Talus.

    • C. 

      Loess.

    • D. 

      Till.

  • 7. 
    Granite, basalt, pumice, and obsidian are all _______ rocks.
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Diastrophic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Metamorphic

  • 8. 
    Which of the following processes was responsible for the Ridge and Valley region of the eastern United States?
    • A. 

      Jointing

    • B. 

      Faulting

    • C. 

      Folding

    • D. 

      Earthquakes

  • 9. 
    A zone of subduction is associated with the occurence of
    • A. 

      Transform faults and earthquakes.

    • B. 

      Mid-ocean ridges and volcanoes.

    • C. 

      Relatively flat terrain on the ocean floor.

    • D. 

      Deep-sea trenches and mountain ranges.

  • 10. 
    Earthquakes result from movement associated with
    • A. 

      Glacial activity.

    • B. 

      Carbonation.

    • C. 

      Faulting.

    • D. 

      Mechanical weathering.

  • 11. 
    Which one of the following is NOT a landform created by glaciers?
    • A. 

      Oxbow lake

    • B. 

      Cirque

    • C. 

      Kame

    • D. 

      Outwash plain

  • 12. 
    The scientist who first proposed the idea of the existence of one super continent prior to its breakup millions of years ago was
    • A. 

      Darwin.

    • B. 

      Wegener.

    • C. 

      Strabo.

    • D. 

      Ptolemy.

  • 13. 
    The theory of continental drift was formulated because
    • A. 

      The landforms moved over faults.

    • B. 

      Of the mountain ranges on the fringes of the Pacific Ocean.

    • C. 

      Of the remarkable fit of the continents.

    • D. 

      Scientists observed that the Atlantic Ocean was widening.

  • 14. 
    For millions of years the, Atlantic Ocean has been widening at the rate of about 
    • A. 

      1 yard (.9 m) per year.

    • B. 

      1 inch (2.5 cm) per year.

    • C. 

      1 foot (.3 m) per year.

    • D. 

      1 mile (1.6 km) per year.

  • 15. 
    Alfred Wegener is best known for his
    • A. 

      Discovery of subduction.

    • B. 

      Numerical scale of earthquake magnitude.

    • C. 

      Invention of the seismograph.

    • D. 

      Theory of continental drift.

  • 16. 
    A volcanic eruption without explosions produces a 
    • A. 

      Shield volcano.

    • B. 

      Cinder cone.

    • C. 

      Composite volcano.

    • D. 

      Strato volcano.

  • 17. 
    Which one of the following groups contain only sedimentary rocks?
    • A. 

      Marble, basalt, conglomerate

    • B. 

      Conglomerate, limestone, shale

    • C. 

      Slate, gneiss, marble

    • D. 

      Limestone, sandstone, granite

  • 18. 
    The breaking up of rock by freezing and thawing is the result of 
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering.

    • B. 

      Mass weathering.

    • C. 

      Erosion.

    • D. 

      Chemical weathering.

  • 19. 
    What physical feature gets its name from a region on the Adriatic Sea near Italy?
    • A. 

      Sandbars

    • B. 

      Karst topography

    • C. 

      Terminal moraines

    • D. 

      Salt marshes

  • 20. 
    What are the three processes in which diastrophism is involved?
    • A. 

      Subduction, seafloor spreading, transform movement

    • B. 

      Broad warping, folding, faulting

    • C. 

      Weathering, mass wasting, erosion

    • D. 

      Oxidation, hydrolysis, carbonation

  • 21. 
    A tsunami can occur due to all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Underwater landslide

    • B. 

      Moment magnitude

    • C. 

      Volcanic eruption

    • D. 

      Earthquake

  • 22. 
    ________________ is the great pressure acting on the plates that deforms them by folding, twisting, warping, breaking, or compressing rock.
    • A. 

      Volcanism

    • B. 

      Subduction

    • C. 

      Diastrophism

    • D. 

      Mass Movement

  • 23. 
    A large destructive sea wave resulting from an earthquake is called a 
    • A. 

      Pangaea.

    • B. 

      Subduction.

    • C. 

      Tidal wave.

    • D. 

      Tsunami.

  • 24. 
    Longshore currents are responsible for the creation of
    • A. 

      Salt marshes.

    • B. 

      Lagoons or inlets.

    • C. 

      Spits.

    • D. 

      Moraines.

  • 25. 
    The Richter scale is a well-known measure of the magnitude of
    • A. 

      Tsunamis.

    • B. 

      Tectonic forces.

    • C. 

      Seismic waves.

    • D. 

      Epicenters.