Pembahasan Ulangan Harian 1 Sejarah Wajib Kelas X Iis

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Pembahasan Ulangan Harian 1 Sejarah Wajib Kelas X Iis - Quiz

PETUNJUK UMUMPilihlah salah satu jawaban yang benar.Jawablah terlebih dahulu soal-soal yang menurut Saudara mudah, kemudian lanjutkan dengan menjawab soal-soal yang lebih sukar sehingga semua soal terjawab.Selama ujian Saudara tidak diperkenankan bertanya atau meminta penjelasan mengenai soal-soal yang diujikan kepada siapapun, termasuk guru/pengawas ujian. Apabila melanggar akan diberikan sangsi berupa diskualifikasi, dan tidak diijinkan melanjutkan ulangan.Peserta hanya diperbolehkan mengerjakan soal Pre Test sebanyak 1 (Satu) kali.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Istilah sejarah berasal dari bahasa Arab, yaitu syajaratun yang artinya ….

    • A.

      Tumbuhan

    • B.

      Bunga

    • C.

      Pohon

    • D.

      Rantai

    • E.

      Tanaman

    Correct Answer
    C. Pohon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pohon." The explanation for this answer is that the term "sejarah" originates from the Arabic word "syajaratun," which means "tree." Therefore, the correct answer is "Pohon."

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  • 2. 

    Secara praktis, kata sejarah sering dipahami dalam empat pengertian ruang lingkup, yaitu sebagai....

    • A.

      Mitos, dongeng, kisah, dan kronik

    • B.

      Cerita, legenda, dongeng, dan babad

    • C.

      Kisah, ilmu, cerita rakyat, dan kronik

    • D.

      Kenang-kenangan, kisah, ilmu dan seni

    • E.

      Peristiwa, kisah, ilmu dan seni

    Correct Answer
    E. Peristiwa, kisah, ilmu dan seni
    Explanation
    The word "sejarah" in the question refers to history. The options provided describe different aspects or components of history. The correct answer, "Peristiwa, kisah, ilmu dan seni" translates to "Events, stories, knowledge, and art." This answer suggests that history encompasses events, narratives or stories about those events, the study or knowledge of history, and the artistic representation or interpretation of historical events.

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  • 3. 

    Perhatikan informasi berikut :
    1. Penafsiran ilmu sejarah bersifat objektif dalam arti dapat dibuktikan kebenarannya
    2. Sejarah menceritakan peristiwa yang benar-benar terjadi
    3. Sejarah menceritakan peristiwa-peristiwa masa lampau
    4. Sejarah bertujuan memberi legitimasi kekuasaan kepada para pejabat
    5. Semua peristiwa sejarah dapat menjadi panutan serta pedoman bagi pembacanya
    Berdasarkan informasi tersebut, ciri-ciri sejarah sebagai ilmu adalah ….

    • A.

      1, 2, dan 3

    • B.

      1, 2, dan 4

    • C.

      2, 3, dan 4

    • D.

      3, 4, dan 5

    • E.

      2, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 2, dan 3
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the characteristics of history as a science are that it is objective and can be proven true, it tells about events that actually happened, and it tells about events in the past. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 2, and 3.

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  • 4. 

    Maksud dari sejarah dapat dipandang sebagai karya seni adalah….

    • A.

      Mirip sekali dengan dongeng

    • B.

      Tak berbeda dengan cerita fiksi

    • C.

      Merupakan karya seniman

    • D.

      Pengisahan sejarah bukan hal yang fiktif

    • E.

      Penyimpulan dan penulisan suatu peristiwa sejarah erat dengan kaidah dan keindahan bahasa

    Correct Answer
    E. Penyimpulan dan penulisan suatu peristiwa sejarah erat dengan kaidah dan keindahan bahasa
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that the interpretation and writing of historical events involve the use of rules and the beauty of language, implying that history can be seen as a form of art.

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  • 5. 

     Ilmu yang mempelajari benda-benda peninggalan sejarah disebut ….

    • A.

      Arkeologi

    • B.

      Geologi

    • C.

      Tipologi

    • D.

      Epigrafi

    • E.

      Filologi

    Correct Answer
    A. Arkeologi
    Explanation
    Arkeologi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari benda-benda peninggalan sejarah. Melalui penelitian dan penggalian, arkeologi membantu memahami kehidupan dan budaya manusia di masa lampau melalui artefak, bangunan, dan sisa-sisa arkeologis lainnya. Dengan demikian, jawaban yang tepat untuk pertanyaan ini adalah "Arkeologi".

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  • 6. 

    Sejarah memberikan pelajaran bagaimana hari ini dikelola dan bagaimana hari esok dirancang agar tidak mengulangi kesalahan-kesalahan masa lalu. Dengan begitu sejarah memiliki nilai guna ….

    • A.

      Edukatif

    • B.

      Inspiratif

    • C.

      Rekreatif

    • D.

      Manipulatif

    • E.

      Persuasive

    Correct Answer
    A. Edukatif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Edukatif" because history provides lessons on how to manage the present and design the future in order to avoid repeating past mistakes. It educates individuals about past events, cultures, and societies, allowing them to gain a deeper understanding of the world and make informed decisions.

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  • 7. 

    Membaca buku sejarah, melihat berbagai peninggalan sejarah yang unik dan menarik dapat menggugah rasa estetika, kekaguman, dan keanehan terhadap kemampuan manusia masa lampau beserta peradabannya. Sehubungan dengan itu sejarah memiliki nilai....

    • A.

      Edukatif

    • B.

      Inspiratif

    • C.

      Rekreatif

    • D.

      Manipulatif

    • E.

      Persuasive

    Correct Answer
    C. Rekreatif
    Explanation
    Reading history books, seeing various unique and interesting historical artifacts can evoke a sense of aesthetics, admiration, and curiosity towards the abilities of past humans and their civilizations. In relation to that, history has recreational value, as it provides entertainment and leisure by allowing individuals to explore and learn about the past in an enjoyable and engaging way.

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  • 8. 

    Berikut ini tidak termasuk kegunaan sejarah adalah ….

    • A.

      Memberi nilai edukatif

    • B.

      Memberi inspirasi

    • C.

      Memberi kesenangan

    • D.

      Menghafalkan tahun-tahun dalam sejarah diluar kepala

    • E.

      Memberi pendidikan politik

    Correct Answer
    D. Menghafalkan tahun-tahun dalam sejarah diluar kepala
    Explanation
    The given options are all potential benefits or uses of history. However, the option "Menghafalkan tahun-tahun dalam sejarah diluar kepala" (Memorizing years in history off the top of one's head) does not contribute to the understanding, analysis, or interpretation of historical events. It focuses solely on memorizing factual information, which is not the primary purpose of studying history.

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  • 9. 

    Jenis manusia purba di Indonesia terdiri dari ...

    • A.

      Pithecantropus, Megantropus

    • B.

      Pithecantropus, Pekingnensis,Megantropus

    • C.

      Pithecantropus, Pekingnensis, Homo

    • D.

      Pithecantropus, Megantropus, Homo

    • E.

      Pithecantropus, Nederlaneasio, Homo

    Correct Answer
    D. Pithecantropus, Megantropus, Homo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pithecantropus, Megantropus, Homo. This is because Pithecantropus and Megantropus are both ancient human species that lived in Indonesia, while Homo refers to modern humans. Therefore, the correct sequence represents the evolutionary progression of human species in Indonesia, starting with Pithecantropus, then Megantropus, and finally Homo.

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  • 10. 

    Upaya yang dilakukan oleh para sejarawan untuk menyusun peristiwasejarah yang telah terjadi sesuai dengan urutan waktu, sehinggaperistiwa sejarah tidak terjadi secara melompat-lompat urutan waktunya,sering disebut ...

    • A.

      Periodesasi

    • B.

      Kronologi

    • C.

      Rekreasi

    • D.

      Edukasi

    • E.

      Inspirasi

    Correct Answer
    B. Kronologi
    Explanation
    Sejarawan melakukan upaya untuk menyusun peristiwa sejarah sesuai dengan urutan waktu agar tidak terjadi loncatan-loncatan dalam urutan kronologisnya. Dengan menyusun peristiwa sejarah secara kronologis, kita dapat memahami perkembangan dan hubungan antara peristiwa-peristiwa tersebut secara lebih baik.

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  • 11. 

    Di bumi belum ada tanda – tanda kehidupan adalah ciri – ciri zaman ... .

    • A.

      Pakozoikum

    • B.

      Azoicum

    • C.

      Palaezoicum

    • D.

      Mesozoikum

    • E.

      Homosapien

    Correct Answer
    B. Azoicum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Azoicum. The question is asking for the time period when there were no signs of life on Earth. The term "Azoicum" refers to the earliest eon in Earth's history, also known as the "Hadean Eon," which occurred from the formation of the Earth around 4.6 billion years ago until about 4 billion years ago. During this time, the conditions on Earth were extremely harsh and inhospitable, with high temperatures, volcanic activity, and no signs of life. Therefore, Azoicum is the correct answer as it represents the period when there were no signs of life on Earth.

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  • 12. 

    Jenis manusia purba yang ditemukan Eugene Dubois tahun 1889 di Trinil Jawa Timur yaitu … .

    • A.

      Megantropus paleojavanikus

    • B.

      Pithecantropus erectus

    • C.

      Homo sapiens

    • D.

      Homo wajakensis

    • E.

      Pithecantropus soloensis

    Correct Answer
    B. Pithecantropus erectus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pithecantropus erectus because Eugene Dubois discovered this ancient human species in Trinil, East Java in 1889.

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  • 13. 

    Fosil Meganthropus Paleojavanicus ditemukan di daerah … .

    • A.

      Sangiran Sragen

    • B.

      Wajak

    • C.

      Ngandong Boyolali

    • D.

      Mojokerto

    • E.

      Trinil Ngawi

    Correct Answer
    A. Sangiran Sragen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sangiran Sragen. Fosil Meganthropus Paleojavanicus, an extinct hominin species, was found in the Sangiran area in Sragen, Indonesia. The Sangiran site is known for its rich collection of fossils, including those of early humans and other prehistoric animals. The discovery of Meganthropus Paleojavanicus in this area has provided valuable insights into the evolution and diversity of hominins in Southeast Asia.

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  • 14. 

    Makhluk berikut ini yang paling tinggi tingkatannya adalah … .

    • A.

      Meganthropus paleojavanicus

    • B.

      Pithecanthropus

    • C.

      Pithecanthropus erectus

    • D.

      Homo sapiens

    • E.

      Pithecantrhopus robustus

    Correct Answer
    D. Homo sapiens
    Explanation
    Homo sapiens is the correct answer because it is the species that represents modern humans. Meganthropus paleojavanicus, Pithecanthropus, Pithecanthropus erectus, and Pithecantrhopus robustus are all extinct species of hominids that existed in the past, but Homo sapiens is the only species that is still alive today.

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  • 15. 

    Fungsi Menhir yang merupakan hasil kebudayaan pada zaman Megalitikum adalah tempat …

    • A.

      Menyimpan keranda

    • B.

      Penguburan mayat orang cina

    • C.

      Pemujaan pada roh nenek moyang

    • D.

      Menyimpan peti kubur batu

    • E.

      Meletakkan sajian di peti mayat

    Correct Answer
    C. Pemujaan pada roh nenek moyang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pemujaan pada roh nenek moyang. This is because Menhir is a type of megalithic monument that is believed to have been used for ancestral worship during the Megalithic era. Menhirs were often erected in honor of deceased ancestors and were considered sacred objects used for religious rituals and ceremonies. They served as a focal point for the worship and veneration of ancestral spirits.

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  • 16. 

    Pembuatan alat – alat dari yang masih kasar para ahli menduga bahwa kebudayaan tersebut peninggalan manusia jenis ... 

    • A.

      Pethecanthropus

    • B.

      Meganthropus

    • C.

      Homo sapiens

    • D.

      Homo soloensis

    • E.

      Manusia purba

    Correct Answer
    A. Pethecanthropus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pethecanthropus. The question is asking about the possible human species that the culture in question could be attributed to based on the creation of rough tools. The term "Pethecanthropus" refers to Homo erectus, an early human species known for their use of simple tools. Therefore, it is likely that the culture in question is associated with Homo erectus.

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  • 17. 

    Peralatan atau perlengkapan kehidupan manusia purba disebut…

    • A.

      Artefak

    • B.

      Gerabah

    • C.

      Nekara

    • D.

      Arkeologis

    • E.

      Fosil

    Correct Answer
    A. Artefak
    Explanation
    Artefak adalah peralatan atau perlengkapan kehidupan manusia purba. Artefak mencakup berbagai benda buatan manusia seperti alat-alat, senjata, perhiasan, dan benda-benda lain yang digunakan oleh manusia pada masa lampau.

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  • 18. 

    Pada zaman batu tua, msyarakatnya hidup dengan pola…

    • A.

      Berburu

    • B.

      Bercocok tanam

    • C.

      Bertani

    • D.

      Nomaden

    • E.

      Berkelompok

    Correct Answer
    D. Nomaden
    Explanation
    During the old Stone Age, the society lived a nomadic lifestyle, which means they constantly moved from one place to another in search of food and resources. This lifestyle was necessary because they relied on hunting and gathering for survival, and the availability of food and resources would vary from one location to another. Therefore, they had to constantly migrate to different areas to ensure their survival.

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  • 19. 

    Manusia purba pertama yang dilaporkan ditemukan di Indonesia oleh Van Reitschotten pada tahun 1989 yang kemudian diteliti oleh Engene Dubois adalah. . .

    • A.

      Meganthropus Palaeojavanicus

    • B.

      Pihtecanthropus Erectus

    • C.

      Homo Wajakensis

    • D.

      Homo Soloensis

    • E.

      Pithecanthropus Mojokertensis

    Correct Answer
    B. Pihtecanthropus Erectus
  • 20. 

    Pada gambar diatas, letak situs Manusia Purba Sangiran terletak pada point...

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A because it is the location where the Sangiran ancient human site is situated.

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  • 21. 

    Pada gambar diatas, letak situs Manusia Purba Trinil terletak pada point...

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B because it is the only option that is mentioned in the question. The question states that the location of the Trinil Ancient Human site is indicated on the image, and the only option provided in the question is B. Therefore, B must be the correct answer.

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  • 22. 

    Pithecantropus memiliki pengertian....

    • A.

      Kera yang berjalan tegak

    • B.

      Manusia yang merangkak seperti kera

    • C.

      Kera setengah manusia

    • D.

      Manusia kera

    • E.

      Manusia purba

    Correct Answer
    D. Manusia kera
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Manusia kera". This term refers to the concept of a creature that is part human and part ape, suggesting a transitional form between humans and apes. It implies that Pithecantropus, also known as Homo erectus, had characteristics that resemble both humans and apes.

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  • 23. 

    Jenis manusia purba yang fosilnya ditemukan di Indonesia adalah...

    • A.

      Zinjantropus, Neanderthal dan Cromagnon

    • B.

      Megantropus Palaeojavanicus, Homo Chou Kou Tien dan Asselar

    • C.

      Pithecantropus, Homo dan Megantropus Palaeojavanicus

    • D.

      Homo Wajakensis, Pithecantropus Pekinensis dan Cromagnon

    • E.

      Homo Cromagnon, Pithecantropus Erectus dan Wajakensis

    Correct Answer
    C. Pithecantropus, Homo dan Megantropus Palaeojavanicus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pithecantropus, Homo, and Megantropus Palaeojavanicus. These are the three ancient human species whose fossils have been found in Indonesia. Pithecantropus refers to Homo erectus, an early human ancestor that lived around 1.8 million years ago. Homo refers to the genus that includes modern humans, while Megantropus Palaeojavanicus is an extinct species of early human that lived in Java. Together, these three species represent the ancient human presence in Indonesia.

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  • 24. 

    Megantropus Palaeojavanicus ditemukan oleh von Koenigswald di daerah...

    • A.

      Sangiran

    • B.

      Trinil

    • C.

      Wajak

    • D.

      Mojokerto

    • E.

      Solo

    Correct Answer
    A. Sangiran
    Explanation
    Megantropus Palaeojavanicus was discovered by von Koenigswald in the Sangiran region.

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  • 25. 

    Berikut ini yang bukan ciri-ciri dari Homo Sapiens adalah...

    • A.

      Tinggi badan antara 130 – 210 CM

    • B.

      Otot tengkuk mengalami penyusutan

    • C.

      Muka tidak menonjol ke depan

    • D.

      Berdiri tegak dan berjalan lebih sempurna

    • E.

      Volume otak kira-kira 900 CC, diantara kera dan manusia

    Correct Answer
    E. Volume otak kira-kira 900 CC, diantara kera dan manusia
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the volume of the brain is approximately 900 CC, which is between that of apes and humans. This means that it is not a characteristic of Homo sapiens, as humans have a larger brain volume compared to apes.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Sep 05, 2016
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