PDG Choice For Ncos Ch. 1

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Chapter 1 Studying Effectively


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    To study most effectively, remember

    • A.

      Low intellectual ability is the factor that will most hinder studies..

    • B.

      The specific study strategy listed in the Professional Development Guide (PDG) always produces the best results.

    • C.

      Success has more to do with good study skills than intellect.

    • D.

      Improving your reading skills has little impact on your day-to-day work.

    Correct Answer
    C. Success has more to do with good study skills than intellect.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that success in studying is more dependent on having good study skills rather than having high intellectual ability. This implies that even individuals with lower intellectual ability can still achieve success in their studies if they employ effective study strategies and techniques. This answer highlights the importance of developing and utilizing study skills to maximize learning outcomes, regardless of one's innate intellectual capacity.

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  • 2. 

    What is the foundation of your study skills?

    • A.

      Research ability

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Reading

    • D.

      Test-taking techniques

    Correct Answer
    C. Reading
    Explanation
    Reading is the foundation of study skills because it is through reading that we gather information and gain knowledge. Reading allows us to understand and comprehend the material we are studying, which is essential for effective learning. It helps improve our vocabulary, critical thinking skills, and overall comprehension abilities. Additionally, reading enhances our ability to concentrate and focus, which are crucial for successful studying. Therefore, reading is the key foundation for developing strong study skills.

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  • 3. 

    To overcome barriers to efficient and effective reading, you should

    • A.

      Vocalize

    • B.

      Carefully read one word at a time

    • C.

      Re-read passages

    • D.

      Adjust your reading speed according to the text's difficulty and you purpose for reading.

    Correct Answer
    D. Adjust your reading speed according to the text's difficulty and you purpose for reading.
    Explanation
    To overcome barriers to efficient and effective reading, it is important to adjust your reading speed according to the text's difficulty and your purpose for reading. This means that you should read slower for complex or challenging texts, allowing yourself enough time to comprehend the information. On the other hand, for simpler texts or when you are looking for specific information, you can read faster. By adapting your reading speed to the text and your goals, you can enhance your reading efficiency and effectiveness.

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  • 4. 

    Which technique will help prevent vocalizing while reading?

    • A.

      Think about key words, ideas or images so you picture what is happening.

    • B.

      Focus on columns or groups of words, letting your peripheral vision pick up the remaining words.

    • C.

      Usse your hand or another object as a pacing aid.

    • D.

      Cover material you've already read with an index card.

    Correct Answer
    A. Think about key words, ideas or images so you picture what is happening.
    Explanation
    Thinking about key words, ideas, or images while reading can help prevent vocalizing because it engages the visual and conceptual parts of the brain, rather than relying on the auditory processing of words. By picturing what is happening in the text, the reader can understand and comprehend the content without the need to vocalize it. This technique allows for faster reading and improved reading comprehension.

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  • 5. 

    What does the "S" stand for in the SQR3 research reading method?

    • A.

      Skim

    • B.

      Survey

    • C.

      Simplify

    • D.

      Substantiate

    Correct Answer
    B. Survey
    Explanation
    The "S" in the SQR3 research reading method stands for "Survey". This means that before reading a text, one should quickly look over the material to get an overview of the main ideas, headings, and subheadings. This helps the reader to understand the structure of the text and to identify key points that they should focus on while reading. Surveying the material also helps to activate prior knowledge and make connections to existing information, making the reading process more effective and efficient.

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  • 6. 

    What do you focus on during the first step of the SQR# research method?

    • A.

      What you already know about the topic

    • B.

      Composing questions you need to answer

    • C.

      Finding answers to the questions you composed

    • D.

      The main ideas, as well as identifying sections that you need to read more carefully

    Correct Answer
    D. The main ideas, as well as identifying sections that you need to read more carefully
    Explanation
    During the first step of the SQR# research method, the focus is on identifying the main ideas and sections that need to be read more carefully. This step involves skimming through the material to get an overview of the content and determining which parts require more in-depth reading. It helps in understanding the structure and key points of the research material before delving deeper into the details.

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  • 7. 

    During the second step of the SQR# research reading method, what should you ask youself first?

    • A.

      "What do I already know about the topic?"

    • B.

      "What is my purpose?"

    • C.

      "Which references should I study first?"

    • D.

      "What are the key points I need to cover?"

    Correct Answer
    A. "What do I already know about the topic?"
    Explanation
    During the second step of the SQR# research reading method, the first question you should ask yourself is "What do I already know about the topic?" This question helps to activate prior knowledge and understanding of the subject, allowing you to build upon existing information and make connections with new material. By assessing your existing knowledge, you can better determine what information you need to focus on and what gaps you need to fill in your understanding. This question also helps to set the foundation for further exploration and analysis of the topic.

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  • 8. 

    In the SQR3 research reading method, you

    • A.

      Search for questions you want to answer during the read step.

    • B.

      Immediately re-read the material thoroughly during the review step.

    • C.

      Recite important points silently or out loud to improve your concentration during the recall step.

    • D.

      Wait to summarize the information until you've finished reading each document during the recall step.

    Correct Answer
    C. Recite important points silently or out loud to improve your concentration during the recall step.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to recite important points silently or out loud to improve concentration during the recall step. This step involves actively recalling and summarizing the information from memory. By reciting the important points, it helps to reinforce the understanding and retention of the material. Reciting the information silently or out loud also aids in improving concentration and focus during the recall process.

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  • 9. 

    To improve your ability to retain information you've read,

    • A.

      Practice concentrationg while distractions are present.

    • B.

      Use all your senses to learn actively.

    • C.

      Organize the information into larger groups.

    • D.

      Engage your short-term memory by reviewing several times, changing the order of the information

    Correct Answer
    B. Use all your senses to learn actively.
    Explanation
    Using all your senses to learn actively is a effective way to improve your ability to retain information. When you engage multiple senses such as sight, hearing, touch, and even smell or taste, you create more connections in your brain, making the information more memorable. This approach allows you to form a richer and more diverse set of associations with the information, increasing the likelihood of remembering it later. By actively involving all your senses, you can enhance your learning experience and improve your retention of the material.

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  • 10. 

    How can you stay motivated while studying?

    • A.

      Avoid considering your ultimate goals.

    • B.

      Imagine the satisfaction of studying well.

    • C.

      Welcome distractions as mini-breaks from studying

    • D.

      Strive for perfection.

    Correct Answer
    B. Imagine the satisfaction of studying well.
    Explanation
    Imagining the satisfaction of studying well can help to stay motivated while studying. By visualizing the positive outcomes of studying, such as achieving good grades or gaining knowledge, it can create a sense of purpose and drive to continue studying. This technique can provide a sense of motivation and reward, making the studying process more enjoyable and encouraging persistence.

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  • 11. 

    While studying, how long should you commit to staying in your distraction-free study environment?

    • A.

      No more than 30 minutes

    • B.

      No more than 50 minutes

    • C.

      At least one to two hours

    • D.

      At least three hours

    Correct Answer
    C. At least one to two hours
    Explanation
    The suggested answer of "At least one to two hours" is based on the understanding that it takes time for the brain to fully engage and focus on the task at hand. It is believed that spending at least one to two hours in a distraction-free study environment allows for better concentration, absorption of information, and retention of knowledge. This duration also allows for a deeper dive into the material and the ability to cover a significant amount of content. Spending less time may not be sufficient for effective learning, while spending more time may lead to mental fatigue and decreased productivity.

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  • 12. 

    Which tip(s) will help you use study time wisely?

    • A.

      Prioritize, use a daily "To Do" list and avoid procrastination.

    • B.

      Work on your favorite task first.

    • C.

      Only reward yourself when you complete the entire study session.

    • D.

      Try to do all your studying at once rather than breaking it into chunks.

    Correct Answer
    A. Prioritize, use a daily "To Do" list and avoid procrastination.
    Explanation
    Prioritizing tasks, using a daily "To Do" list, and avoiding procrastination are effective strategies for using study time wisely. By prioritizing tasks, one can focus on the most important and urgent tasks first, ensuring that time is allocated efficiently. Using a daily "To Do" list helps in organizing and planning study sessions, allowing for better time management. Avoiding procrastination helps in staying disciplined and avoiding unnecessary delays, ensuring that study time is utilized effectively. These tips promote productivity and ensure that study time is utilized wisely.

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  • 13. 

    You should ensure your study environment matches your

    • A.

      Home living ambience

    • B.

      Workplace environment

    • C.

      Classroom atmosphere

    • D.

      Dominant learning style

    Correct Answer
    D. Dominant learning style
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "dominant learning style." This means that when studying, it is important to create an environment that suits your preferred way of learning. For example, if you are a visual learner, you may benefit from having visual aids or studying in a visually stimulating environment. If you are an auditory learner, you may prefer studying in a quiet space or using audio recordings. Adapting your study environment to match your dominant learning style can enhance your learning experience and improve retention of information.

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  • 14. 

    Which type of music is most compatible with studying and learning?

    • A.

      Any instrumental music

    • B.

      Baroque classical music

    • C.

      Gregoran chants

    • D.

      Your personal favorite songs

    Correct Answer
    B. Baroque classical music
    Explanation
    Baroque classical music is most compatible with studying and learning because it has a calming effect on the brain, helping to improve focus and concentration. The complex and structured compositions of Baroque music stimulate the mind without being distracting, allowing for better information retention and cognitive processing. Additionally, the steady rhythm and repetitive patterns in Baroque music can help create a soothing and relaxing atmosphere, reducing stress and promoting a conducive learning environment.

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  • 15. 

    At what time of day should you schedule your most challenging courses or most intense study session?

    • A.

      Early morning

    • B.

      Midday

    • C.

      Evening

    • D.

      Whenever you are most alert

    Correct Answer
    D. Whenever you are most alert
    Explanation
    The best time to schedule your most challenging courses or intense study sessions is whenever you are most alert. This is because being alert and focused will allow you to absorb and retain information more effectively. Different individuals have different peak periods of alertness, so it is important to identify your own optimal time of day for studying. Some people may feel most alert in the early morning, while others may be more alert in the evening. By scheduling your challenging tasks during your peak alertness, you can optimize your learning and productivity.

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  • 16. 

    When planning your study environment, consider your posture preferences.  Sitting at a desk is an example of _____ posture; lying on a couch is _____ posture.

    • A.

      Proper; improper

    • B.

      Suitable; unsuitable

    • C.

      Formal; informal

    • D.

      Official; unofficial

    Correct Answer
    C. Formal; informal
    Explanation
    When planning your study environment, it is important to consider your posture preferences. Sitting at a desk is considered a formal posture as it promotes proper alignment of the body and helps maintain focus and concentration. On the other hand, lying on a couch is an informal posture as it may lead to slouching or a more relaxed position, which can be less conducive to studying effectively. Therefore, the correct answer is formal; informal.

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  • 17. 

    Sitting and studying for long periods of time is high persistence, while taking frequent breaks is low.  These are examples of _____ needs, an important factor in a study environment.

    • A.

      Mobility

    • B.

      Endurance

    • C.

      Stamina

    • D.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Mobility
    Explanation
    The question states that sitting and studying for long periods of time is high persistence, while taking frequent breaks is low. This suggests that the concept being described is related to the ability to move or be mobile. Therefore, the correct answer is "Mobility."

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  • 18. 

    Which is the lowest contrast and is easiest on your eyes while studying?

    • A.

      Black print on white paper

    • B.

      Blue print on white paper

    • C.

      Black print on blue paper

    • D.

      White print on black paper

    Correct Answer
    C. Black print on blue paper
    Explanation
    Black print on blue paper is the lowest contrast and is easiest on the eyes while studying because blue is a cool color that is less harsh on the eyes compared to black or white. The contrast between the black print and blue paper is lower than the other options, reducing eye strain and making it easier to read for longer periods of time.

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  • 19. 

    Set S.M.A.R.T. goals for studying.  What does S.M.A.R.T. stand for?

    • A.

      Specific, Motivating, Act, Review, and Today

    • B.

      Specific, Measurable, Action, Realistic and Timeline

    • C.

      Start, Motivating, Appropriate, Realistic and Timely

    • D.

      Scan, Measure, Act Review and Test

    Correct Answer
    B. Specific, Measurable, Action, Realistic and Timeline
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Specific, Measurable, Action, Realistic, and Timeline." S.M.A.R.T. goals are a framework for setting effective and achievable goals. "Specific" means the goal should be clear and well-defined. "Measurable" means the goal should have a way to track progress and determine when it has been achieved. "Action" means the goal should require specific actions to be taken. "Realistic" means the goal should be achievable and within reach. "Timeline" means the goal should have a specific timeframe or deadline.

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  • 20. 

    "I want to improve my reading speed by 10 words a minute" demonstrates which part of a S.M.A.R.T. study goal?

    • A.

      Specific

    • B.

      Measurable

    • C.

      Action

    • D.

      Realistic

    Correct Answer
    B. Measurable
    Explanation
    The statement "I want to improve my reading speed by 10 words a minute" demonstrates the Measurable aspect of a S.M.A.R.T. study goal. This is because the goal is specific and quantifiable, as it clearly states the desired improvement of 10 words per minute. By setting a measurable goal, it allows for tracking progress and determining whether the goal has been achieved or not.

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  • 21. 

    What two words should start the Actioin part of a  S.M.A.R.T. study goal?

    • A.

      "I will"

    • B.

      "I want"

    • C.

      "I try"

    • D.

      "I should"

    Correct Answer
    A. "I will"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "I will" because it demonstrates a strong commitment and determination to take action towards achieving the study goal. Using "I will" implies a proactive and decisive approach, indicating that the individual is fully committed to putting in the necessary effort and taking the necessary steps to accomplish the goal.

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  • 22. 

    The MKTS Survey results are not

    • A.

      Used by enlisted members as part of their study strategy.

    • B.

      Used by the Air Force Occupational Measurement Squadron (AFOMS) to revise and update the PDG.

    • C.

      Used by AFOMS to develop enlisted promotion tests

    • D.

      Generated by AB through CMSgts who volunteer to complete the survey electronically every two years.

    Correct Answer
    D. Generated by AB through CMSgts who volunteer to complete the survey electronically every two years.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the MKTS Survey results are generated by AB through CMSgts who volunteer to complete the survey electronically every two years. This means that Air Force Chief Master Sergeants (CMSgts) who are part of the AB (Air Base) volunteer to complete the survey, which is done electronically every two years. The results of this survey are then used for various purposes such as revising and updating the PDG (Professional Development Guide) and developing enlisted promotion tests.

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  • 23. 

    The MKTS Survey asks selected enlisted members to rate each topic on a(n) _____-point scale, ranging from extremely low need to extremely high need.

    • A.

      5-point

    • B.

      7-point

    • C.

      9-point

    • D.

      11-point

    Correct Answer
    A. 5-point
    Explanation
    The MKTS Survey asks selected enlisted members to rate each topic on a 5-point scale, ranging from extremely low need to extremely high need. This means that respondents have five options to choose from when rating the topics, with one being the lowest need and five being the highest need.

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  • 24. 

    The MKTS Survey results

    • A.

      Are provided to the PDG managers and the subject matter experts who write promotion tests.

    • B.

      Identify important information for the top two enlisted grades only.

    • C.

      Must be requested through the Freedom of Information Act

    • D.

      Identify needs emphasis starting with those with the lowest needs up to those with the highest.

    Correct Answer
    A. Are provided to the PDG managers and the subject matter experts who write promotion tests.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "are provided to the PDG managers and the subject matter experts who write promotion tests." This is the only statement that directly relates to the given information about the MKTS Survey results being provided to specific individuals. The other statements either provide additional information (such as identifying important information for the top two enlisted grades only) or make assumptions (such as needing to request the results through the Freedom of Information Act or identifying needs emphasis starting with the lowest needs up to the highest).

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  • 25. 

    What can you view at https://www.omsq.af.mil/PD/MKTS.htm?

    • A.

      The MKTS survey results

    • B.

      The active duty training extracts for each Air Force specialty code (AFSC) that guide development of Specialty Knowledge Tests (SKTs)

    • C.

      The electronic MKTS Survey and the opportunity to volunteer to complete it

    • D.

      Past promotion fitness exams (PFEs)

    Correct Answer
    A. The MKTS survey results
    Explanation
    At the website https://www.omsq.af.mil/PD/MKTS.htm, you can view the MKTS survey results.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 05, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Wetbabiesareslip
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