Patterns In Physical Geography Test 1

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Questions: 9 | Attempts: 372

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Physical Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Plate tectonics, landforms


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Continental drift is:

    • A.

      A theory which states that the plates we know now originated from 3 large plates hundreds of years ago.

    • B.

      A theory which states the plates we know now originated from one super plate called Pantheon, thousands of years ago.

    • C.

      A theory which states that the plates on the earth's crust originated from one super continent hundreds of years ago.

    • D.

      A theory which states that the plates on the earth's crust originated from Pangaea, a super plate with began to separate hundreds of millions of years ago.

    Correct Answer
    D. A theory which states that the plates on the earth's crust originated from Pangaea, a super plate with began to separate hundreds of millions of years ago.
    Explanation
    Continental drift is a theory that explains how the plates on the Earth's crust have moved over time. The correct answer states that the plates originated from Pangaea, a supercontinent that began to separate hundreds of millions of years ago. This theory suggests that the continents were once connected and have since drifted apart, forming the continents we see today. Pangaea's separation resulted in the formation of the current continents and the movement of tectonic plates, which continues to shape the Earth's surface.

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  • 2. 

    Plate tectonics is the study of the large-scale motions of the plates on the earth's lithosphere.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Plate tectonics is indeed the study of the large-scale motions of the plates on the earth's lithosphere. This field of study focuses on understanding how the Earth's crust is divided into several large plates that are constantly moving and interacting with each other. These movements are responsible for various geological phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, and the formation of mountains. Therefore, the statement "Plate tectonics is the study of the large-scale motions of the plates on the earth's lithosphere" is true.

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  • 3. 

    A divergent boundary is one in which 2 plates move toward each other.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A divergent boundary is actually one in which two plates move away from each other, not toward each other. This type of boundary is characterized by the formation of new crust as magma rises to fill the gap created by the separating plates. This process is responsible for the creation of mid-ocean ridges and rift valleys.

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  • 4. 

    The mid-atlantic (mid-ocean) ridge is an example of a convergent boundary.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The mid-Atlantic ridge is actually an example of a divergent boundary, not a convergent boundary. Divergent boundaries occur when two tectonic plates move away from each other, creating a gap in the Earth's crust. This is exactly what happens at the mid-Atlantic ridge, where the North American and Eurasian plates are moving apart, causing new oceanic crust to form. Convergent boundaries, on the other hand, occur when two plates collide, causing one plate to be forced beneath the other in a process called subduction.

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  • 5. 

    A transfrom boundary is never associated with earthquakes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a transform boundary is actually associated with earthquakes. Transform boundaries occur when two tectonic plates slide past each other horizontally. The friction between the plates can cause them to become stuck, and when they finally release, it results in an earthquake. Therefore, transform boundaries are indeed associated with earthquakes.

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  • 6. 

    In a collisional boundary, if two land masses collide they will fold and cause a

    • A.

      Oceanic transformation

    • B.

      Mountain

    • C.

      Ridge division

    Correct Answer
    B. Mountain
    Explanation
    When two land masses collide in a collisional boundary, the immense force and pressure generated cause the rocks and sediments to deform and fold. This folding leads to the formation of mountains. The collision between the land masses compresses and uplifts the crust, resulting in the creation of a mountain range. Therefore, the correct answer is "mountain."

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  • 7. 

    Convergent plate boundaries are locations where lithospheric plates are moving away from one another. The plate collisions that occur in these areas can produce earthquakes, volcanic activity and crustal deformation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because convergent plate boundaries are actually locations where lithospheric plates are moving towards one another, not away from one another. The plate collisions that occur at these boundaries can indeed produce earthquakes, volcanic activity, and crustal deformation.

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  • 8. 

    Mountains in Vancouver have been found to be the same type and age as those in northwestern Europe and this has served as proof of continental drift theory.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that mountains in Vancouver are the same type and age as those in northwestern Europe, which is not true. The similarity in the type and age of mountains in these two regions does not serve as proof of the continental drift theory. Continental drift theory is based on the movement of tectonic plates over millions of years, causing the continents to shift and change their positions. The similarity in mountain types and ages could be attributed to different geological processes and formations in each region, rather than continental drift.

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  • 9. 

    Examples of major landforms are:

    • A.

      Mountains, volcanoes and clouds

    • B.

      Volcanoes, plains and grass

    • C.

      Schools, high rise apartments and subways

    • D.

      Mountains, plateaus and plains

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Mountains, plateaus and plains
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mountains, plateaus and plains. These are examples of major landforms found on Earth's surface. Mountains are tall and steep landforms that are formed by tectonic activity and erosion. Plateaus are flat elevated areas that are typically formed by volcanic activity or tectonic uplift. Plains are low-lying areas that are generally flat and characterized by fertile soil. These three landforms are significant features of the Earth's topography and play important roles in shaping the landscape and influencing various natural processes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 10, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Smansour
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