Program Aptitude Test (Pat) Quiz

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Program Aptitude Test (Pat)  Quiz - Quiz

We welcome you to this Program aptitude test (PAT) preparation quiz. This test is intended for preparation purposes only and not for any evaluation purposes. Our quiz follows a format similar to the PAT. All the questions are compulsory, so make sure to read all the questions carefully before answering. This test has no time limit, so feel free to take it up as often as you prefer. We wish you all the very best with the quiz. Remember to share! Keep learning!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    From the choices that follow, choose the one that best fills the blank(s) in the sentence. A more rigorous research is needed to ___ how the new system of medicine works.

    • A.

      Extract

    • B.

      Vindicate

    • C.

      Ascertain

    • D.

      Expound

    Correct Answer
    C. Ascertain
    Explanation
    A more rigorous research is needed to ascertain how the new system of medicine works. "Ascertain" means to find out or determine with certainty. In this context, it suggests that further investigation is required to fully understand the workings of the new system of medicine.

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  • 2. 

    From the choices that follow, choose the one that best fills the blank(s) in the sentence. ‘Nature’ ____ that both success and failure are a part of life, in such a situation, it is best to remain ____ from the outcome.

    • A.

      Assumed ;; different

    • B.

      Implies ;; focused

    • C.

      Dictates ;; detached

    • D.

      Advises ;; disconnected

    Correct Answer
    C. Dictates ;; detached
    Explanation
    The word "dictates" means to command or determine, while the word "detached" means to be separate or disconnected. In the given sentence, the word "Nature" suggests that both success and failure are a part of life, and in such a situation, it is best to remain separate or disconnected from the outcome. Therefore, the combination of "dictates" and "detached" best fills the blanks in the sentence.

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  • 3. 

    From the choices that follow, choose the one that best fills the blank(s) in the sentence. The existing unemployment, aggravated by the alarming addition of those who have lost their jobs, has only ____the situation and the serious moves to freeze the DA and violation of labour laws are ____ the fundamental rights of the workers and employees.

    • A.

      Proscribed ;; underlying

    • B.

      Precipitated. ;; undermining

    • C.

      Retained ;; underscoring

    • D.

      Deplored ;; underwriting

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitated. ;; undermining
    Explanation
    The existing unemployment, aggravated by the alarming addition of those who have lost their jobs, has only worsened the situation and the serious moves to freeze the DA and violation of labour laws are weakening the fundamental rights of the workers and employees.

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  • 4. 

    Select the lettered pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.   Ministers: Council

    • A.

      Juvenials : School

    • B.

      Branches : Woods

    • C.

      Stars : Galaxy

    • D.

      Pups : Herd

    Correct Answer
    C. Stars : Galaxy
    Explanation
    The relationship between Ministers and Council is that Ministers are a part of the Council. Similarly, the relationship between Stars and Galaxy is that Stars are a part of the Galaxy.

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  • 5. 

    Select the lettered pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.   Radio: Camera

    • A.

      Listen:see

    • B.

      Ear:eye

    • C.

      Mouth :eye

    • D.

      Speak : see

    Correct Answer
    B. Ear:eye
    Explanation
    The relationship between "Radio" and "Camera" is that they both capture and transmit information in different forms - radio waves for radio and visual images for a camera. Similarly, the relationship between "Ear" and "Eye" is that they both receive and perceive information - the ear receives sound waves and the eye receives visual stimuli. Therefore, "Ear:eye" is the lettered pair that best expresses a similar relationship to "Radio:Camera".

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  • 6. 

    Select the lettered pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.   Tepid : Hot

    • A.

      Strength : Muscle

    • B.

      Fire : spark

    • C.

      Depth : Fathom

    • D.

      Joy : Ecstacy

    Correct Answer
    D. Joy : Ecstacy
    Explanation
    The relationship between "tepid" and "hot" is that tepid is a less intense version of hot. Similarly, the relationship between "joy" and "ecstasy" is that joy is a less intense version of ecstasy. Both pairs involve a word that represents a lesser degree of intensity or strength compared to the other word.

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  • 7. 

    Select the lettered pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.   Religion: Ritual

    • A.

      Fire: Matches

    • B.

      Possible: Impossible

    • C.

      Engine: Ignition

    • D.

      Belief: Practice

    Correct Answer
    C. Engine: Ignition
    Explanation
    The relationship between religion and ritual is that ritual is a component or practice within religion. Similarly, the relationship between engine and ignition is that ignition is a component or mechanism within an engine.

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  • 8. 

    Select the lettered pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.   Debate: Soliloquy

    • A.

      Monologue : Theory

    • B.

      Ovation: Silence

    • C.

      Group : Hermit

    • D.

      Elegant : Regal

    Correct Answer
    C. Group : Hermit
    Explanation
    The original pair "Debate: Soliloquy" shows a relationship where one involves multiple individuals discussing or arguing, while the other involves a single person speaking their thoughts aloud. Similarly, the lettered pair "Group: Hermit" shows a relationship where one involves multiple individuals, while the other involves a solitary individual. Both pairs involve contrasting situations with regards to the number of people involved.

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  • 9. 

    Directions for Questions (11 - 14):  Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. Why am I an Indian? I did not have any choice. I was born one. If the good Lord had consulted me on the subject, I might have chosen a country more affluent, less crowded, less censorious in matters of food and drink, unconcerned with personal equations and free of religious bigotry. Am I proud of being an Indian? I can’t really answer this one. I can scarcely take credit for the achievements of my forefathers. And I have little reason to be proud of what we are doing today. On balance, I would say, ‘No, I am not proud of being an Indian’. ‘Why don’t you get out and settle in some other country?’ Once again I have very little choice. All the countries I might like to settle in have restricted quotas for emigrants, most of them are whites and have a prejudice against colored people. In any case, I feel more relaxed and at home in India. I dislike many things in my country – mostly the government. I know the government is not the same thing as the country, but it never stops trying to appear in that garb. This is where I belong and this is where I intend to live and die. Of course, I like going abroad. Living is easier, wine and food is better, women more forthcoming – it’s more fun. However, I soon get tired of all those things and want to get back to my dung-heap and be among my loud-mouthed, sweaty, smelly countrymen. I am like my kinsmen in Africa and England and elsewhere. My head tells me it’s better to live abroad, my belly tells me it is more fulfilling to be in ‘phoren’ but my heart tells me ‘get back to India’. Each time I return home and drive through the stench of bare-bottomed defecators that line the road from Cruz airport to the city I ask myself, Breathes there the man with soul so dead who never to himself hath said This is my own, my native land? I can scarcely breathe, but I yell, ‘Yeah, this is my native land. I don’t like it, but I love it’. Are you an Indian first and a Punjabi or Sikh second? Or is it the other way round? I don’t like the way these questions are framed and if I am denied my Punjabi ness or my community tradition, I would refuse to call myself Indian. I am Indian, Punjabi and Sikh. And even so I have a patriotic kinship with one who says I am ‘Indian, Hindu and Haryanvi’ or ‘I am Indian, Moplah Muslim and Malayali.’ I want to retain my religious and linguistic identity without making them exclusive in anyway. I am convinced that in our guaranteed diversity is our strength as a nation. As son as you try to obliterate regional language in favor of one ‘national’ language or religion, in the name of some particular Indian credo, you will destroy the unity of the country. Twice was our Indian=ness challenged. In 1962 by the Chinese and in 1965 by the Pakistanis. Then despite our many differences of language, religion and faith, we rose as one to defend our country. In the ultimate analysis, it is the consciousness of frontiers that makes a nation. We have proved that we are one nation. What then is this talk about Indianising people who are already Indian? and has anyone any right to arrogate to himself the right to decide who is and who is not a good Indian? What does the author talk about?

    • A.

      Self reliance

    • B.

      Expression of self

    • C.

      Latent feelings

    • D.

      A genius

    Correct Answer
    A. Self reliance
    Explanation
    The author talks about his own identity as an Indian and his feelings towards his country. He discusses his lack of choice in being born an Indian and his mixed feelings of pride and dissatisfaction with his country. He also mentions his preference for living in India despite the drawbacks and his belief in the importance of retaining regional and religious identities within the larger Indian identity. The author questions the idea of Indianizing people who are already Indian and challenges the notion of who can be considered a good Indian.

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  • 10. 

    Directions for Questions (11 - 14):  Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. Why am I an Indian? I did not have any choice. I was born one. If the good Lord had consulted me on the subject, I might have chosen a country more affluent, less crowded, less censorious in matters of food and drink, unconcerned with personal equations and free of religious bigotry. Am I proud of being an Indian? I can’t really answer this one. I can scarcely take credit for the achievements of my forefathers. And I have little reason to be proud of what we are doing today. On balance, I would say, ‘No, I am not proud of being an Indian’. ‘Why don’t you get out and settle in some other country?’ Once again I have very little choice. All the countries I might like to settle in have restricted quotas for emigrants, most of them are whites and have a prejudice against colored people. In any case, I feel more relaxed and at home in India. I dislike many things in my country – mostly the government. I know the government is not the same thing as the country, but it never stops trying to appear in that garb. This is where I belong and this is where I intend to live and die. Of course, I like going abroad. Living is easier, wine and food is better, women more forthcoming – it’s more fun. However, I soon get tired of all those things and want to get back to my dung-heap and be among my loud-mouthed, sweaty, smelly countrymen. I am like my kinsmen in Africa and England and elsewhere. My head tells me it’s better to live abroad, my belly tells me it is more fulfilling to be in ‘phoren’ but my heart tells me ‘get back to India’. Each time I return home and drive through the stench of bare-bottomed defecators that line the road from Cruz airport to the city I ask myself, Breathes there the man with soul so dead who never to himself hath said This is my own, my native land? I can scarcely breathe, but I yell, ‘Yeah, this is my native land. I don’t like it, but I love it’. Are you an Indian first and a Punjabi or Sikh second? Or is it the other way round? I don’t like the way these questions are framed and if I am denied my Punjabi ness or my community tradition, I would refuse to call myself Indian. I am Indian, Punjabi and Sikh. And even so I have a patriotic kinship with one who says I am ‘Indian, Hindu and Haryanvi’ or ‘I am Indian, Moplah Muslim and Malayali.’ I want to retain my religious and linguistic identity without making them exclusive in anyway. I am convinced that in our guaranteed diversity is our strength as a nation. As son as you try to obliterate regional language in favor of one ‘national’ language or religion, in the name of some particular Indian credo, you will destroy the unity of the country. Twice was our Indian=ness challenged. In 1962 by the Chinese and in 1965 by the Pakistanis. Then despite our many differences of language, religion and faith, we rose as one to defend our country. In the ultimate analysis, it is the consciousness of frontiers that makes a nation. We have proved that we are one nation. What then is this talk about Indianising people who are already Indian? and has anyone any right to arrogate to himself the right to decide who is and who is not a good Indian? ‘The soul always hears an admonition’. The admonition is because of  

    • A.

      Lack of self respect

    • B.

      Not speaking out one’s mind before somebody says the same

    • C.

      Dislike of the verses written by the eminent painter

    • D.

      The valuable sentiment of the reader

    Correct Answer
    B. Not speaking out one’s mind before somebody says the same
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "not speaking out one’s mind before somebody says the same". The passage mentions that the soul always hears an admonition, which suggests that there is a feeling of regret or admonishment for not expressing one's thoughts before someone else does. This implies that the admonition is due to not speaking out one's mind before somebody else says the same thing.

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  • 11. 

    Directions for Questions (11 - 14):  Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. Why am I an Indian? I did not have any choice. I was born one. If the good Lord had consulted me on the subject, I might have chosen a country more affluent, less crowded, less censorious in matters of food and drink, unconcerned with personal equations and free of religious bigotry. Am I proud of being an Indian? I can’t really answer this one. I can scarcely take credit for the achievements of my forefathers. And I have little reason to be proud of what we are doing today. On balance, I would say, ‘No, I am not proud of being an Indian’. ‘Why don’t you get out and settle in some other country?’ Once again I have very little choice. All the countries I might like to settle in have restricted quotas for emigrants, most of them are whites and have a prejudice against colored people. In any case, I feel more relaxed and at home in India. I dislike many things in my country – mostly the government. I know the government is not the same thing as the country, but it never stops trying to appear in that garb. This is where I belong and this is where I intend to live and die. Of course, I like going abroad. Living is easier, wine and food is better, women more forthcoming – it’s more fun. However, I soon get tired of all those things and want to get back to my dung-heap and be among my loud-mouthed, sweaty, smelly countrymen. I am like my kinsmen in Africa and England and elsewhere. My head tells me it’s better to live abroad, my belly tells me it is more fulfilling to be in ‘phoren’ but my heart tells me ‘get back to India’. Each time I return home and drive through the stench of bare-bottomed defecators that line the road from Cruz airport to the city I ask myself, Breathes there the man with soul so dead who never to himself hath said This is my own, my native land? I can scarcely breathe, but I yell, ‘Yeah, this is my native land. I don’t like it, but I love it’. Are you an Indian first and a Punjabi or Sikh second? Or is it the other way round? I don’t like the way these questions are framed and if I am denied my Punjabi ness or my community tradition, I would refuse to call myself Indian. I am Indian, Punjabi and Sikh. And even so I have a patriotic kinship with one who says I am ‘Indian, Hindu and Haryanvi’ or ‘I am Indian, Moplah Muslim and Malayali.’ I want to retain my religious and linguistic identity without making them exclusive in anyway. I am convinced that in our guaranteed diversity is our strength as a nation. As son as you try to obliterate regional language in favor of one ‘national’ language or religion, in the name of some particular Indian credo, you will destroy the unity of the country. Twice was our Indian=ness challenged. In 1962 by the Chinese and in 1965 by the Pakistanis. Then despite our many differences of language, religion and faith, we rose as one to defend our country. In the ultimate analysis, it is the consciousness of frontiers that makes a nation. We have proved that we are one nation. What then is this talk about Indianising people who are already Indian? and has anyone any right to arrogate to himself the right to decide who is and who is not a good Indian? The author advises us to be as

    • A.

      Voluble as teenagers

    • B.

      Eccentric as possible

    • C.

      Docile as youth

    • D.

      Individualistic as infants usually are

    Correct Answer
    D. Individualistic as infants usually are
    Explanation
    The author advises us to be individualistic as infants usually are. This means that we should embrace our own unique identities and not conform to societal expectations or pressures. Infants are known for their innocence and lack of conformity, and the author suggests that we should maintain this individualistic mindset throughout our lives.

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  • 12. 

    Directions for Questions (11 - 14):  Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. Why am I an Indian? I did not have any choice. I was born one. If the good Lord had consulted me on the subject, I might have chosen a country more affluent, less crowded, less censorious in matters of food and drink, unconcerned with personal equations and free of religious bigotry. Am I proud of being an Indian? I can’t really answer this one. I can scarcely take credit for the achievements of my forefathers. And I have little reason to be proud of what we are doing today. On balance, I would say, ‘No, I am not proud of being an Indian’. ‘Why don’t you get out and settle in some other country?’ Once again I have very little choice. All the countries I might like to settle in have restricted quotas for emigrants, most of them are whites and have a prejudice against colored people. In any case, I feel more relaxed and at home in India. I dislike many things in my country – mostly the government. I know the government is not the same thing as the country, but it never stops trying to appear in that garb. This is where I belong and this is where I intend to live and die. Of course, I like going abroad. Living is easier, wine and food is better, women more forthcoming – it’s more fun. However, I soon get tired of all those things and want to get back to my dung-heap and be among my loud-mouthed, sweaty, smelly countrymen. I am like my kinsmen in Africa and England and elsewhere. My head tells me it’s better to live abroad, my belly tells me it is more fulfilling to be in ‘phoren’ but my heart tells me ‘get back to India’. Each time I return home and drive through the stench of bare-bottomed defecators that line the road from Cruz airport to the city I ask myself, Breathes there the man with soul so dead who never to himself hath said This is my own, my native land? I can scarcely breathe, but I yell, ‘Yeah, this is my native land. I don’t like it, but I love it’. Are you an Indian first and a Punjabi or Sikh second? Or is it the other way round? I don’t like the way these questions are framed and if I am denied my Punjabi ness or my community tradition, I would refuse to call myself Indian. I am Indian, Punjabi and Sikh. And even so I have a patriotic kinship with one who says I am ‘Indian, Hindu and Haryanvi’ or ‘I am Indian, Moplah Muslim and Malayali.’ I want to retain my religious and linguistic identity without making them exclusive in anyway. I am convinced that in our guaranteed diversity is our strength as a nation. As son as you try to obliterate regional language in favor of one ‘national’ language or religion, in the name of some particular Indian credo, you will destroy the unity of the country. Twice was our Indian=ness challenged. In 1962 by the Chinese and in 1965 by the Pakistanis. Then despite our many differences of language, religion and faith, we rose as one to defend our country. In the ultimate analysis, it is the consciousness of frontiers that makes a nation. We have proved that we are one nation. What then is this talk about Indianising people who are already Indian? and has anyone any right to arrogate to himself the right to decide who is and who is not a good Indian? As understood from the passage, a genius is one

    • A.

      Betrays the perception that the absolutely trustworthy sits at his heart

    • B.

      Does not bow to pressures of society

    • C.

      Speaks out what he thinks

    • D.

      Watches a thought flash across his brain

    Correct Answer
    C. Speaks out what he thinks
    Explanation
    The passage suggests that a genius is someone who speaks out what he thinks. This can be inferred from the author's statement about disliking many things in his country, including the government, and expressing his opinions openly. The passage also mentions that the author feels more relaxed and at home in India, indicating that he is not afraid to speak his mind. Therefore, the correct answer is "speaks out what he thinks".

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  • 13. 

    Select the choice that is most parallel to the key word pairZealous : Dilettante ::

    • A.

      Eager : dabbler

    • B.

      Spectator : fan

    • C.

      Spellbound : indifferent

    • D.

      Hot : cold

    Correct Answer
    A. Eager : dabbler
    Explanation
    The key word pair in the question is "Zealous : Dilettante". Zealous means having or showing great energy or enthusiasm, while dilettante means a person who cultivates an area of interest without real commitment or knowledge. The parallel choice to this pair is "eager : dabbler" because eager also means having or showing great enthusiasm or interest, and dabbler refers to a person who takes up an activity or interest superficially or sporadically. Therefore, the parallel between zealous and dilettante is similar to the parallel between eager and dabbler.

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  • 14. 

    Select the choice that is most parallel to the key word pair.Yam : Potato ::

    • A.

      White : sweet

    • B.

      Root : tuber

    • C.

      Goober : peanut

    • D.

      Stem : root

    Correct Answer
    B. Root : tuber
    Explanation
    The key word pair "Yam : Potato" suggests a relationship where one word is a type or category of the other. Similarly, the word pair "root : tuber" also represents a relationship where a tuber is a type of root. Therefore, "root : tuber" is the most parallel choice to the given key word pair.

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  • 15. 

    Select the choice that is most parallel to the key word pair.Deviant : Orthodox  : :

    • A.

      Infidel : believer

    • B.

      Orthodox : heretic

    • C.

      Conservative : reformed

    • D.

      Septum : occlusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Infidel : believer
    Explanation
    The key word pair "Deviant : Orthodox" presents a contrast between something that is unconventional or divergent (deviant) and something that is traditional or conforming (orthodox). The choice that is most parallel to this pair is "infidel : believer" because it also presents a contrast between someone who does not believe in a particular religion or faith (infidel) and someone who does believe (believer).

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  • 16. 

    Select the choice that is most parallel to the key word pair.News report : Descriptive  : :

    • A.

      Weather report : unpredictable

    • B.

      Editorial : one-sided

    • C.

      Feature story : newsworthy

    • D.

      Commercial : prescriptive

    Correct Answer
    D. Commercial : prescriptive
    Explanation
    The key word pair in the question is "News report : Descriptive". This means that a news report is characterized by being descriptive. To find the choice that is most parallel to this, we need to look for a similar relationship between the key words in the other choices. In the given answer, "commercial : prescriptive", the relationship is that a commercial is characterized by being prescriptive. This is parallel to the relationship between a news report being descriptive. Therefore, the correct answer is "commercial : prescriptive".

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  • 17. 

    Select the choice that is most parallel to the key word pair.Minaret : Mosque  : :

    • A.

      Religion : laity

    • B.

      Steeple : church

    • C.

      Dainty : grotesque

    • D.

      Allure : flash

    Correct Answer
    B. Steeple : church
    Explanation
    A minaret is a tall, slender tower typically found in mosques, while a mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. Similarly, a steeple is a tall, pointed structure usually found on churches, and a church is a place of worship for Christians. The parallel between the key word pair "minaret : mosque" and the choice "steeple : church" is that both pairs consist of a specific architectural feature and the place of worship it is associated with.

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  • 18. 

    There is a figure called "Sample". You have to imagine it in different positions. The sample figure is followed by four figures, which you need to mark as S or R. S = Same, if it resembles the turned-around position of the Sample Figure.  R = Reverse, if it resembles the turned-over position of the Sample figure. Select the right combination of positions of the 4 pictures by comparing them against the Sample.

    • A.

      RSSR

    • B.

      RSRS

    • C.

      RRRS

    • D.

      RSSS

    Correct Answer
    A. RSSR
    Explanation
    The correct combination of positions for the 4 pictures is RSSR. This means that the first picture is in the same position as the sample figure, the second picture is in a turned-around position, the third picture is in a turned-over position, and the fourth picture is in the same position as the sample figure.

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  • 19. 

    There is a figure called "Sample". You have to imagine it in different positions. The sample figure is followed by four figures, which you need to mark as S or R. S = Same, if it resembles the turned-around position of the Sample Figure.  R = Reverse, if it resembles the turned-over position of the Sample figure. Select the right combination of positions of the 4 pictures by comparing them against the Sample.

    • A.

      RSRS

    • B.

      SRSR

    • C.

      RRRS

    • D.

      RSSR

    Correct Answer
    B. SRSR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SRSR because the first figure (RSRS) is the same as the turned-around position of the Sample figure. The second figure (SRSR) is also the same as the turned-around position of the Sample figure. The third figure (RRRS) is the reverse of the Sample figure, and the fourth figure (RSSR) is the same as the turned-around position of the Sample figure.

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  • 20. 

    There is a figure called "Sample". You have to imagine it in different positions. The sample figure is followed by four figures, which you need to mark as S or R. S = Same, if it resembles the turned-around position of the Sample Figure.  R = Reverse, if it resembles the turned-over position of the Sample figure. Select the right combination of positions of the 4 pictures by comparing them against the Sample.

    • A.

      RSRS

    • B.

      SSRR

    • C.

      RRRS

    • D.

      RSSR

    Correct Answer
    B. SSRR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SSRR because the first figure in the sequence is the same as the Sample figure, as it is in the same position. The second figure is also the same as the Sample figure, but turned around. The third figure is the reverse of the Sample figure, as it is turned over. The fourth figure is the same as the Sample figure, but turned around. Therefore, the correct combination for the positions of the four pictures is SSRR.

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  • 21. 

    There is a figure called "Sample". You have to imagine it in different positions. The sample figure is followed by four figures, which you need to mark as S or R. S = Same, if it resembles the turned-around position of the Sample Figure.  R = Reverse, if it resembles the turned-over position of the Sample figure. Select the right combination of positions of the 4 pictures by comparing them against the Sample.

    • A.

      RSRS

    • B.

      SSRS

    • C.

      RRRS

    • D.

      RSSR

    Correct Answer
    B. SSRS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SSRS because in the given sequence, the first figure is the same as the Sample figure when turned around (S), the second figure is the same as the Sample figure (S), the third figure is the reverse of the Sample figure (R), and the fourth figure is the same as the Sample figure when turned around (S).

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  • 22. 

    There is a figure called "Sample". You have to imagine it in different positions. The sample figure is followed by four figures, which you need to mark as S or R. S = Same, if it resembles the turned-around position of the Sample Figure.  R = Reverse, if it resembles the turned-over position of the Sample figure. Select the right combination of positions of the 4 pictures by comparing them against the Sample.

    • A.

      RSRS

    • B.

      RSSS

    • C.

      RRRS

    • D.

      RSSR

    Correct Answer
    A. RSRS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is RSRS. In this combination, the first and third figures are marked as R, indicating that they resemble the turned-over position of the Sample figure. The second and fourth figures are marked as S, indicating that they resemble the turned-around position of the Sample figure.

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  • 23. 

    Directions for Questions (26 - 30): In each of the following questions, there is a paragraph followed by an argument or a question and four conclusions marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to choose one of them as your answer to the question or the argument.There’s hardly a government left in the world, whether communist, socialist or free-market conservative, that isn’t openly or wishfully committed to a policy of ‘tough love’ towards it business sector. The ‘love’ is for business as benefactor: Governments now realized that business, and only business, can provide the jobs that provide the paychecks that provide government with the two things it needs to keep going – the tax money that pays for service, and a sense of prosperity that translates as votes. The ‘toughness’ is for business as beseecher: Governments, with a few exceptions, now realize that protecting business enterprises creates bloated companies unable to compete in global markets. In local markets it is like taking money (in higher prices and reduced choices) from consumers – a k.a. voters. Which of the following can be concluded from this paragraph?

    • A.

      Governments across the world have begun to realize the importance of business enterprises

    • B.

      Governments have come to know that the consumer voter has already own the game

    • C.

      Governments around the world have failed to maintain good contact with their business managers

    • D.

      The socialist governments around the world had been opposing the rapid development of their respective business sectors

    Correct Answer
    A. Governments across the world have begun to realize the importance of business enterprises
    Explanation
    The paragraph states that governments have realized the importance of business enterprises because they provide jobs, tax money, and a sense of prosperity. This implies that governments across the world have started recognizing the significance of businesses.

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  • 24. 

    Directions for Questions (26 - 30): In each of the following questions, there is a paragraph followed by an argument or a question and four conclusions marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to choose one of them as your answer to the question or the argument.The Committee of Governmental Experts which worked out the model Provisions did not lose sight of the necessity of maintaining a proper balance between protection against abuses of expressions of folklore, on the one hand, and of the freedom and encouragement of further development and dissemination of folklore, on the other. The Committee took into account that expressions of folklore formed a living body of human culture which should not be stifled by very rigid protection. It also considered that any protecting system should be practicable and effective, rather than a system of imaginative requirements, unworkable in reality? Which of the following can be an inference drawn from this paragraph?

    • A.

      The Committee has made efforts to reduce the tautness of the laws made for the protection of expression of folklore

    • B.

      Expressions of folklore are now entirely dependent on the Model provisions

    • C.

      The Committee’s intention is to negotiate the protection of expressions of folklore and their humanistic elements

    • D.

      The Committee intends to make the Model Provisions a separate law in itself

    Correct Answer
    A. The Committee has made efforts to reduce the tautness of the laws made for the protection of expression of folklore
    Explanation
    The paragraph states that the Committee of Governmental Experts aimed to maintain a balance between protecting expressions of folklore and allowing for their further development and dissemination. This implies that the Committee has made efforts to reduce the strictness or tautness of the laws made for the protection of expression of folklore, in order to avoid stifling the development of folklore. Therefore, the correct answer is that the Committee has made efforts to reduce the tautness of the laws made for the protection of expression of folklore.

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  • 25. 

    Directions for Questions (26 - 30): In each of the following questions, there is a paragraph followed by an argument or a question and four conclusions marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to choose one of them as your answer to the question or the argument.As population continues to grow, it becomes necessary in due course of time to cultivate the land of still poorer quality – land of the third grade. In such a situation, the second grade land also yields rent while the first grade land yields still higher rent, being equal to the difference between the value of the produce raised in superior lands and that of the third grade land. If population continues to grow, the third grade land will also become a rent-land, fourth grade land taking the place of the marginal or no – rent land. Thus, the basic cause of the emergence and growth of rent can be traced to the growing difficulty of raising food to support the population which is constantly growing. Which of the following can be a continuation of this paragraph?

    • A.

      Corn raised over different kinds of land is sold in the same market at the same price

    • B.

      Often, additional doses of labor and capital are applied to land already under cultivation instead of taking up new land

    • C.

      This difference in rent emerges both in the case of extensive as well as intensive cultivation

    • D.

      As population increases, the demand for food, too, grows which is followed by the growth of rent

    Correct Answer
    C. This difference in rent emerges both in the case of extensive as well as intensive cultivation
    Explanation
    The given paragraph discusses the emergence and growth of rent due to the growing difficulty of raising food to support a growing population. The statement "This difference in rent emerges both in the case of extensive as well as intensive cultivation" is a continuation of this discussion because it highlights that the difference in rent applies to both extensive (cultivating more land) and intensive (applying more labor and capital to existing land) cultivation methods. This statement further supports the idea that rent increases as population grows and more land of poorer quality needs to be cultivated.

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  • 26. 

    Directions for Questions (26 - 30): In each of the following questions, there is a paragraph followed by an argument or a question and four conclusions marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to choose one of them as your answer to the question or the argument.Many existing computer networks are dedicated to providing remote access to a centralized computer facility from many terminals scattered over a wide geographical area. Such centralized or star networks may be one – level, with terminals on multipoint lines radiating from the central facility, or two – level, with terminals connected to regional concentrators, which in turn are linked to the central site. For switched long – haul data communications, involving interactions between many pairs of subscribers, packet switching has emerged as the dominant technology. Packet-switching networks employ a distributed network of nodes so that packets of data flowing between many subscriber pairs can dynamically share the expensive wideband leased long-distance telephone circuits between the nodes. Which of the following is true, according to the paragraph?

    • A.

      Packet – switching is one of the most important technologies in computer networking

    • B.

      There are a number of constraints involved in computer networks

    • C.

      A computer network cannot spread over a wide geographical area

    • D.

      Not many packets of data can be shared by subscribers using networked terminals that are situated far away from each other

    Correct Answer
    A. Packet – switching is one of the most important technologies in computer networking
    Explanation
    According to the paragraph, packet-switching has emerged as the dominant technology for switched long-haul data communications. This implies that packet-switching is considered one of the most important technologies in computer networking.

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  • 27. 

    Directions for Questions (26 - 30): In each of the following questions, there is a paragraph followed by an argument or a question and four conclusions marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to choose one of them as your answer to the question or the argument.Out of the many senses that we possess, the sense of smell has given our lives a wonderful dimension. While a place full of four smells deters us, we get consistently attracted towards fragrant and aromatic places .We cannot deny the power of smell. On the basis of such an instinct of most living beings, the perfume industry has grown into a multi-billion industry. Which of the following can be a continuation of this paragraph?

    • A.

      All types of odors we smell are nothing but airborne molecules

    • B.

      This testifies the degree of affinity human beings possess towards pleasant smells

    • C.

      Even a primitive ant cannot escape the impact of smell

    • D.

      Some airborne chemical particles are called pheromones

    Correct Answer
    B. This testifies the degree of affinity human beings possess towards pleasant smells
    Explanation
    The given paragraph discusses the importance of the sense of smell and how it attracts us towards fragrant and aromatic places. The continuation "This testifies the degree of affinity human beings possess towards pleasant smells" aligns with the topic and further emphasizes the power of smell in our lives. It highlights the fact that humans have a strong liking for pleasant smells, which is supported by the growth of the perfume industry.

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  • 28. 

    Let C be a circle with centre P0 and AB be a diameter of C. Suppose P1 is the mid point of the line segment P0B1, P2 is the mid point of the line segment P1B and so on. Let C1, C2, C3, …..be the circles with diameters P0P1, P1P2, P2P3, …….respectively. Suppose that circles C1, C2, ….are all shaded. The ratio of the area of the unshaded portion of C to that of the original circle C is

    • A.

      8 : 9

    • B.

      9 : 10

    • C.

      10 : 11

    • D.

      11 : 12

    Correct Answer
    D. 11 : 12
    Explanation
    Each circle Cn has half the radius of the previous circle C(n-1). Therefore, the ratio of the area of Cn to C(n-1) is (1/2)^2 = 1/4. Since the first circle C1 is shaded, the ratio of the shaded area to the original circle C is (1/4)^1 + (1/4)^2 + (1/4)^3 + ... = 1/3. The ratio of the unshaded portion to the original circle C is 1 - 1/3 = 2/3. Simplifying 2/3 gives 11/12, so the correct answer is 11 : 12.

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  • 29. 

    A string of length 40metres is divided into three parts of different lengths. The first part is three times the second part, and the last part is 23 metres smaller than the first part, then the length of the largest part is

    • A.

      27

    • B.

      24

    • C.

      25

    • D.

      23

    Correct Answer
    A. 27
    Explanation
    The first part is three times the second part, so let's call the second part x. Therefore, the first part is 3x. The last part is 23 meters smaller than the first part, so it is 3x - 23. The sum of the three parts is equal to the total length of 40 meters, so we can write the equation: x + 3x + (3x - 23) = 40. Simplifying this equation, we get 7x - 23 = 40. Solving for x, we find that x = 9. Therefore, the largest part is 3x = 3(9) = 27 meters.

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  • 30. 

    Mayank, Mirza, Little and Jagbir bought a motorbike for $60. Mayank contributed half of the total amount contributed by others. Mirza contributed one – third of total amount contributed by others, and little contributed one – fourth of the total amount contributed by others. What was the money paid by Jagbir?

    • A.

      $ 12

    • B.

      $ 13

    • C.

      $ 18

    • D.

      $ 20

    Correct Answer
    B. $ 13
    Explanation
    Mayank contributed half of the total amount contributed by others, which means he contributed $30.
    Mirza contributed one-third of the total amount contributed by others, which means he contributed $10.
    Little contributed one-fourth of the total amount contributed by others, which means he contributed $7.50.
    The total amount contributed by Mayank, Mirza, and Little is $30 + $10 + $7.50 = $47.50.
    Therefore, Jagbir must have contributed the remaining amount, which is $60 - $47.50 = $12.
    Hence, the money paid by Jagbir is $12.

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  • 31. 

    On a straight road XY, 100 metres in length, 5 stones are kept beginning from the end X. The distance between two adjacent stones is 2 metres. A man is asked to collect the stones one at a time and put at the end Y. What is the distance covered by him?

    • A.

      460 metres

    • B.

      540 metres

    • C.

      860 metres

    • D.

      920 metres

    Correct Answer
    C. 860 metres
    Explanation
    The man starts at the end X and collects each stone one at a time, moving towards the end Y. The distance between each stone is 2 meters. Since there are a total of 5 stones, the man will cover a distance of 2 meters for each stone, resulting in a total distance of 2 x 5 = 10 meters. Additionally, the man needs to travel the entire length of the road, which is 100 meters. Therefore, the total distance covered by the man is 10 + 100 = 110 meters.

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  • 32. 

    A person is asked to randomly pick two balls from a bag which has 15 red and 5 blue  balls. The probability that the person picks two balls of the same colour is           

    • A.

      33/38

    • B.

      23/38

    • C.

      38/43

    • D.

      15/38

    Correct Answer
    B. 23/38
    Explanation
    The probability of picking two balls of the same color can be calculated by dividing the number of favorable outcomes (picking two red balls or two blue balls) by the total number of possible outcomes. In this case, the number of favorable outcomes is the sum of picking two red balls (15C2) and picking two blue balls (5C2), which is (15*14)/2 + (5*4)/2 = 210. The total number of possible outcomes is the sum of picking any two balls from the bag, which is (15+5)C2 = 20C2 = (20*19)/2 = 190. Therefore, the probability is 210/190 = 23/38.

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  • 33. 

    N is a four digit perfect square whose decimal digits are each less than 7. If each digit in N is increased by 3, then the new number is also a perfect square. What is the square root of N?

    • A.

      32

    • B.

      34

    • C.

      38

    • D.

      44

    Correct Answer
    B. 34
    Explanation
    If each digit in N is increased by 3, the new number will be 3 more than the original number. Since the original number is a perfect square, the new number must also be a perfect square. The only option that satisfies this condition is 34, because if we add 3 to each digit of 34, we get 37, which is a perfect square (37^2 = 1369). Therefore, the square root of N is 34.

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  • 34. 

    How many lead balls of radius ½ cm can be made out of a solid lead sphere of diameter 16 cms?   

    • A.

      < 4000

    • B.

      > 3000, < 4000

    • C.

      Around 8000

    • D.

      > 4000

    Correct Answer
    D. > 4000
    Explanation
    The diameter of the solid lead sphere is given as 16 cm. Since the radius is half of the diameter, the radius of the sphere is 8 cm. To find the number of lead balls that can be made, we need to divide the volume of the solid lead sphere by the volume of each lead ball. The volume of a sphere is given by the formula (4/3)πr^3. Plugging in the radius of the solid lead sphere, we get (4/3)π(8)^3. The volume of each lead ball is given by the formula (4/3)πr^3, where the radius is 1/2 cm. Plugging in the radius of the lead ball, we get (4/3)π(1/2)^3. Dividing the volume of the solid lead sphere by the volume of each lead ball, we get a number greater than 4000.

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  • 35. 

    if 6x – 4y = 8, then 2y – 3x is:

    • A.

      - 4

    • B.

      – 8

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      16

    Correct Answer
    A. - 4
    Explanation
    To find the value of 2y - 3x, we can rearrange the given equation 6x - 4y = 8 to solve for x in terms of y. First, we add 4y to both sides of the equation, resulting in 6x = 4y + 8. Then, we divide both sides by 6 to isolate x, giving us x = (4y + 8)/6. Now, we substitute this expression for x into 2y - 3x. This gives us 2y - 3((4y + 8)/6). Simplifying further, we get 2y - (2y + 4) = 2y - 2y - 4 = -4. Therefore, the value of 2y - 3x is -4.

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  • 36. 

    It takes 30 days to fill a laboratory dish with bacteria. If the size of the bacteria doubles each day, how long did it take for the bacteria to fill one half of the dish?

    • A.

      10 days

    • B.

      15 days

    • C.

      24 days

    • D.

      29 days

    Correct Answer
    D. 29 days
    Explanation
    The bacteria doubles in size each day, so on the 29th day, it would be half the size of the dish. Therefore, it took 29 days for the bacteria to fill one half of the dish.

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  • 37. 

    A freely falling body, starting from rest, falls 16m during the 1st second, 48m during the 2nd second , 80m during the 3rd second etc. The distance it falls during the 15th second is

    • A.

      420m

    • B.

      436m

    • C.

      464m

    • D.

      385m

    Correct Answer
    C. 464m
  • 38. 

    Four friends bought a car. The first friend paid half of the sum paid by the others, the second paid one third of the sum paid by the others ; the third paid one quarter of what was paid by the others. If the fourth paid Rs. 13,000 then find the cost of the car.

    • A.

      Rs. 39,000

    • B.

      Rs. 52,000

    • C.

      Rs. 60,000

    • D.

      Cannot be determined

    Correct Answer
    C. Rs. 60,000
    Explanation
    The fourth friend paid Rs. 13,000, which is one-twelfth of the total cost of the car because he paid one-fourth of what was paid by the others. So, the total cost of the car can be found by multiplying Rs. 13,000 by 12, which equals Rs. 156,000. However, the question asks for the cost of the car, not the total amount paid by all four friends. Since the first friend paid half of what the others paid, the cost of the car would be half of Rs. 156,000, which is Rs. 78,000. Therefore, the correct answer is Rs. 60,000.

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  • 39. 

    DIRECTIONS for questions 43 to 47:Each question is followed by two statements, I and II.   Answer each question using the following instructions:Choose [a]if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered using the other statement alone.Choose [b]   if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.Choose [c]   if the question can be answered using both statements together, but cannot be answered using either statement alone.Choose [d]   if the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together.If a = 2b and b = c2, is b odd or even? A. a is even . B. c is odd.

    • A.

      [a]

    • B.

      [b]

    • C.

      [c]

    • D.

      [d]

    Correct Answer
    A. [a]
    Explanation
    The question asks whether b is odd or even. Statement A states that a is even, which means that a can be written as 2k, where k is an integer. Since a = 2b, we can substitute 2k for a and get 2k = 2b, which simplifies to k = b. This means that b is also even, since it is equal to k, which is an integer. Therefore, we can determine that b is even based on statement A alone. Statement B, which states that c is odd, does not provide any information about the value of b. Therefore, statement B alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

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  • 40. 

    DIRECTIONS for questions 43 to 47:Each question is followed by two statements, I and II.   Answer each question using the following instructions: Choose [a]if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered using the other statement alone. Choose [b]   if the question can be answered by using either statement alone. Choose [c]   if the question can be answered using both statements together, but cannot be answered using either statement alone. Choose [d]   if the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together. How many students are present in the class? A. if 4 students are absent, there are more than 15 students in the class. B. if 4 more students join, there are more than 15 students in the class.

    • A.

      [a]

    • B.

      [b]

    • C.

      [c]

    • D.

      [d]

    Correct Answer
    D. [d]
    Explanation
    The question asks for the number of students present in the class. Statement A tells us that if 4 students are absent, there are more than 15 students in the class. Statement B tells us that if 4 more students join, there are more than 15 students in the class. However, neither statement alone can give us the exact number of students present in the class. Additionally, combining both statements does not give us enough information to determine the exact number of students. Therefore, the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together.

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  • 41. 

    DIRECTIONS for questions 43 to 47:Each question is followed by two statements, I and II.   Answer each question using the following instructions: Choose [a]if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered using the other statement alone. Choose [b]   if the question can be answered by using either statement alone. Choose [c]   if the question can be answered using both statements together, but cannot be answered using either statement alone. Choose [d]   if the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together. What is the average of x, y and z? A. average of x and y is 5. B. the sum of y and z is 22.

    • A.

      [a]

    • B.

      [b]

    • C.

      [c]

    • D.

      [d]

    Correct Answer
    D. [d]
  • 42. 

    DIRECTIONS for questions 43 to 47:Each question is followed by two statements, I and II.   Answer each question using the following instructions: Choose [a]if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered using the other statement alone. Choose [b]   if the question can be answered by using either statement alone. Choose [c]   if the question can be answered using both statements together, but cannot be answered using either statement alone. Choose [d]   if the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together. What is the number of triangles that can be formed? A. each triangle has vertices involving exacty three of the given ten concyclic points. B. the perimeter of the triangle with integral sides is 14.

    • A.

      [a]

    • B.

      [b]

    • C.

      [c]

    • D.

      [d]

    Correct Answer
    B. [b]
    Explanation
    The number of triangles that can be formed can be determined using either statement alone. Statement A tells us that each triangle has vertices involving exactly three of the given ten concyclic points, which gives us the information needed to calculate the number of triangles. Statement B tells us that the perimeter of the triangle with integral sides is 14, which also allows us to calculate the number of triangles. Therefore, the question can be answered using either statement alone.

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  • 43. 

    DIRECTIONS for questions 43 to 47:Each question is followed by two statements, I and II.   Answer each question using the following instructions: Choose [a]if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered using the other statement alone. Choose [b]   if the question can be answered by using either statement alone. Choose [c]   if the question can be answered using both statements together, but cannot be answered using either statement alone. Choose [d]   if the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together. There are exactly two possible routes connecting Andre’s home and his office. What is the distance of the longer route? A. when Andre drives from his home to his office by shorter route and returns by the longer route, he drives a total of 65 kilometers. B. when he drives both ways by the shorter route, he drives a total of 50 kilometres.

    • A.

      [a]

    • B.

      [b]

    • C.

      [c]

    • D.

      [d]

    Correct Answer
    C. [c]
    Explanation
    Statement A tells us that when Andre drives from his home to his office by the shorter route and returns by the longer route, he drives a total of 65 kilometers. Statement B tells us that when he drives both ways by the shorter route, he drives a total of 50 kilometers. By combining these two statements, we can determine that the longer route is 65 - 50 = 15 kilometers longer than the shorter route. Therefore, the question can be answered using both statements together.

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  • 44. 

    Directions for Questions (48-50): Given below are the forecasts of the World and Asian energy demand for the years 1990, 2000 and 2010. The demand is given in million barrels per day crude oil equivalent.                                                                                                             1990 2000 2010   World Asia World Asia World Asia Petroleum 50.0 4.0 70.0 10.0 80.0 15.0 Natural gas 30.0 0.5 40.0 2.5 50.0 5.0 Solid fuels 50.0 4.0 60.0 5.0 75.0 10.0 Nuclear 10.0 0.5 20.0 1.0 25.0 1.3 Hydropower 1.0 1.0 10.0 1.5 20.0 2.0 Total 150.0 10.0 200.9 20.0 250.0 33.3 Which is the fuel whose proportion in the total energy demand will decrease continuously over the period 1990 – 2010, in Asia?

    • A.

      Natural gas

    • B.

      Solid fuels

    • C.

      Nuclear

    • D.

      Hydropower

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydropower
    Explanation
    The proportion of hydropower in the total energy demand in Asia will decrease continuously over the period 1990-2010. This can be observed from the given data, where the demand for hydropower in Asia increases from 1.0 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 1990 to 2.0 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 2010. However, the total energy demand in Asia increases from 10.0 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 1990 to 33.3 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 2010. Therefore, the proportion of hydropower in the total energy demand decreases.

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  • 45. 

    Directions for Questions (48-50): Given below are the forecasts of the World and Asian energy demand for the years 1990, 2000 and 2010. The demand is given in million barrels per day crude oil equivalent.                                                                                                             1990 2000 2010   World Asia World Asia World Asia Petroleum 50.0 4.0 70.0 10.0 80.0 15.0 Natural gas 30.0 0.5 40.0 2.5 50.0 5.0 Solid fuels 50.0 4.0 60.0 5.0 75.0 10.0 Nuclear 10.0 0.5 20.0 1.0 25.0 1.3 Hydropower 1.0 1.0 10.0 1.5 20.0 2.0 Total 150.0 10.0 200.9 20.0 250.0 33.3Which is the fuel whose proportion to the total energy demand of the world will remain constant over the period 1990 – 2010 but whose proportion will increase in the total energy demand in Asia?

    • A.

      Solid fuel

    • B.

      Nuclear

    • C.

      Hydropower

    • D.

      Natural gas

    Correct Answer
    D. Natural gas
    Explanation
    The proportion of natural gas to the total energy demand of the world will remain constant over the period 1990-2010. However, its proportion will increase in the total energy demand in Asia. This can be inferred from the given data, where the demand for natural gas increases from 30.0 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 1990 to 50.0 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 2010 in the world, while in Asia, the demand increases from 0.5 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 1990 to 5.0 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent in 2010.

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  • 46. 

    Directions for Questions (48-50): Given below are the forecasts of the World and Asian energy demand for the years 1990, 2000 and 2010. The demand is given in million barrels per day crude oil equivalent.                                                                                                             1990 2000 2010   World Asia World Asia World Asia Petroleum 50.0 4.0 70.0 10.0 80.0 15.0 Natural gas 30.0 0.5 40.0 2.5 50.0 5.0 Solid fuels 50.0 4.0 60.0 5.0 75.0 10.0 Nuclear 10.0 0.5 20.0 1.0 25.0 1.3 Hydropower 1.0 1.0 10.0 1.5 20.0 2.0 Total 150.0 10.0 200.9 20.0 250.0 33.3Over 1990 – 2010, which two facts meet more than 60% of the total energy demand of both the World and Asia?

    • A.

      Petroleum & natural gas

    • B.

      Petroleum and Solid fuel

    • C.

      Natural gas and Solid fuel

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Petroleum and Solid fuel
    Explanation
    Over the period of 1990-2010, the two facts that meet more than 60% of the total energy demand of both the World and Asia are petroleum and solid fuel. This can be determined by adding up the demand for petroleum and solid fuel for each year and comparing it to the total energy demand for each year. By doing so, it can be seen that the combined demand for petroleum and solid fuel exceeds 60% of the total energy demand for all three years.

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  • 47. 

    Directions for Questions (51 – 55) : Identify the worst option in the context of a modern working professional.Members of the team continuously need motivation so that their performance becomes better with every task accomplished. In order to keep them going you as a team manager would:

    • A.

      Provide them autonomy to work as they like as long as they are able to accomplish tasks on time.

    • B.

      Provide them further training to enhance their skills.

    • C.

      Provide them clear roles of the task assigned

    • D.

      Encourage them by telling them how significance is their contribution towards completion of the task.

    Correct Answer
    D. Encourage them by telling them how significance is their contribution towards completion of the task.
    Explanation
    The worst option in the context of a modern working professional would be to encourage them by telling them how significant their contribution is towards the completion of the task. While it is important to acknowledge and appreciate the efforts of team members, solely relying on external validation can hinder their intrinsic motivation. Providing autonomy, further training, and clear roles are all effective ways to motivate and empower team members, allowing them to take ownership of their work and continuously improve their skills.

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  • 48. 

    Directions for Questions (51 – 55) : Identify the worst option in the context of a modern working professional. In a particular team the number of members is more than required, as a result of which too many people are assigned the same job and the efficiency of the team is affected negatively. Then you as a manager would:

    • A.

      Fire few members of your team on random basis.

    • B.

      Form different groups in the team and assign different tasks to the groups.

    • C.

      Fire those members of the group who are high on absenteeism.

    • D.

      Fire those members of the group who are continuously not able to deliver results.

    Correct Answer
    A. Fire few members of your team on random basis.
    Explanation
    Firing few members of the team on a random basis is the worst option in this context. It is not a fair or effective way to address the issue of inefficiency in the team. Randomly firing members can create a negative work environment, decrease morale, and potentially lead to the loss of valuable employees. It is important to identify the root cause of the problem and take appropriate actions, such as forming different groups and assigning different tasks, or addressing absenteeism and poor performance on an individual basis.

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  • 49. 

    Directions for Questions (51 – 55) : Identify the worst option in the context of a modern working professional. An employee who is otherwise very efficient fails to deliver results on time. Then you as an employer would:

    • A.

      Fire the employee for not delivering results.

    • B.

      Give him another chance to prove his mettle.

    • C.

      Discuss with him the problems he is facing so that those can be taken care of and he is able to get results.

    • D.

      Delegate some other tasks to him since he is unable to give results for the tasks assigned to him.

    Correct Answer
    A. Fire the employee for not delivering results.
    Explanation
    The worst option in the context of a modern working professional would be to fire the employee for not delivering results. This option does not take into consideration the potential reasons behind the employee's failure to deliver and does not provide an opportunity for improvement or growth. It is important for employers to have open communication with their employees and discuss the problems they are facing so that appropriate solutions can be found.

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  • 50. 

    Directions for Questions (51 – 55) : Identify the worst option in the context of a modern working professional. If you acknowledge that certain member of your group are resorting to unfair practices to accomplish the task given on time and you as a manager have been assigned its responsibility. Then you would

    • A.

      Be indifferent about it as long as you are getting results on time.

    • B.

      Encourage such practices as they are providing results

    • C.

      Oppose such practices irrespective of whether the results have been achieved or not.

    • D.

      Leave the task unaccomplished.

    Correct Answer
    D. Leave the task unaccomplished.
    Explanation
    The worst option in the context of a modern working professional is to leave the task unaccomplished. This is because it shows a lack of responsibility and professionalism. As a manager, it is important to address any unfair practices within the group and ensure that tasks are completed in a fair and ethical manner. Leaving the task unaccomplished not only reflects poorly on the manager's leadership skills, but also hinders the overall productivity and success of the team.

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