Our Sun Chapter Quiz And Stars Quiz

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| By Wyattjordansteve
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 241
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Sun Quizzes & Trivia

The solar system is the combination of the sun, moon, stars and planets. The quiz below tests your knowledge on the sun and the stars. How well do you know these two components of the solar system? Find out below!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How hot is the core of our sun?

    • A.

      14 million

    • B.

      15,600,000

    • C.

      13 million

    • D.

      5 million

    • E.

      -15

    Correct Answer
    B. 15,600,000
    Explanation
    The core of our sun is incredibly hot, with temperatures reaching approximately 15,600,000 degrees. This extreme heat is generated by the process of nuclear fusion, where hydrogen atoms fuse together to form helium and release a tremendous amount of energy. These high temperatures and energy production are what sustain the sun's brightness and heat, allowing it to provide light and warmth to our solar system.

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  • 2. 

    How hot is the radiative zone?

    • A.

      8 million degrees celcius

    • B.

      8 billion degrees celcius

    • C.

      6.5 million degrees celcius

    • D.

      2 million degrees celcius

    • E.

      2 billion degrees celcius

    Correct Answer
    A. 8 million degrees celcius
    Explanation
    The radiative zone is a layer in the Sun's interior where energy is transported by radiation. It is located between the core and the convective zone. The temperature in the radiative zone is estimated to be around 8 million degrees Celsius. This high temperature is necessary for the nuclear fusion reactions that occur in the core to generate the Sun's energy.

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  • 3. 

    What does E=mc2 predict?

    • A.

      Mass conversion

    • B.

      The amount of fusion that is made

    Correct Answer
    A. Mass conversion
    Explanation
    E=mc2 predicts mass conversion. This equation, derived by Albert Einstein, states that energy (E) is equal to mass (m) multiplied by the speed of light (c) squared. It suggests that mass can be converted into energy and vice versa. This concept has been proven in various scientific experiments and is the basis for nuclear reactions and the understanding of the relationship between mass and energy.

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  • 4. 

                              light has the longest wave length

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Violet

    Correct Answer
    A. Red
    Explanation
    Red light has the longest wavelength among the visible colors. This means that the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs of the red light wave is greater compared to violet light. Wavelength is inversely proportional to the energy of the light, so red light has lower energy compared to violet light. This is why red light is seen as less intense or brighter compared to violet light.

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  • 5. 

    What color has the longest wavelength

    • A.

      Orange

    • B.

      Violet

    Correct Answer
    B. Violet
    Explanation
    Violet has the shortest wavelength among the visible colors, not the longest. The longer the wavelength, the closer it is to the red end of the visible light spectrum. Orange is closer to red and has a longer wavelength compared to violet, which is closer to blue and has a shorter wavelength.

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  • 6. 

                      is used to seperate starlight into colors

    • A.

      Telescope

    • B.

      Starlight separater 2000

    • C.

      Spectroscope

    Correct Answer
    C. Spectroscope
    Explanation
    A spectroscope is a device used to separate starlight into colors. It works by passing the starlight through a prism or diffraction grating, which disperses the light into its component wavelengths. This allows astronomers to analyze the different colors present in the starlight and study the chemical composition, temperature, and other properties of celestial objects. The Starlight Separator 2000 mentioned in the question is most likely a fictional or made-up term, as there is no such widely recognized instrument in astronomy.

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  • 7. 

    A                      spectrumis an unbroken band of colors, which shows that it's source is emitting light off all visible wavelength's.

    Correct Answer
    continuous
    Explanation
    The given statement mentions that a spectrum is an unbroken band of colors, indicating that it is continuous. This means that all the colors in the spectrum blend seamlessly together without any gaps or interruptions. The explanation aligns with the term "continuous" as it describes something that is uninterrupted or unbroken.

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  • 8. 

    An               spectrum is a series of unevenly spaced lines of different colors and brightness

    Correct Answer
    emission
    Explanation
    An emission spectrum refers to a series of unevenly spaced lines of different colors and brightness. This spectrum is produced when an element or a substance emits light or electromagnetic radiation. Each line in the spectrum corresponds to a specific wavelength or energy level of the emitted light. The pattern and arrangement of these lines are unique to each element or substance, allowing scientists to identify and analyze the composition of a sample based on its emission spectrum.

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  • 9. 

                     spectrum is a continuous spectrum crossed by dark lines.

    Correct Answer
    absorption
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "absorption," explains that the spectrum mentioned in the question is a continuous spectrum crossed by dark lines. This suggests that certain wavelengths of light are being absorbed by a substance, causing the dark lines to appear. Absorption occurs when atoms or molecules in a material absorb specific wavelengths of light, resulting in the dark lines observed in the spectrum.

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  • 10. 

    What is the dopplor effect?

  • 11. 

    What spectra can be used to determine the composition of a planet's atmoshere?

    • A.

      Continuous

    • B.

      Absorption

    • C.

      Emission

    Correct Answer
    B. Absorption
    Explanation
    Absorption spectra can be used to determine the composition of a planet's atmosphere. When light passes through the atmosphere, certain wavelengths are absorbed by the gases present. By analyzing the absorption lines in the spectrum, scientists can identify the specific gases and their concentrations in the atmosphere. This method is commonly used in spectroscopy to study the chemical composition of various substances, including planetary atmospheres.

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  • 12. 

    What does a spectroscope do?

    • A.

      What stars are made of

    • B.

      Redshift of a planet

    • C.

      Blueshift of a planet

    Correct Answer
    A. What stars are made of
    Explanation
    A spectroscope is a scientific instrument used to analyze the light emitted or absorbed by an object. It breaks down the light into its component wavelengths, allowing scientists to study the specific colors present in the light spectrum. By observing the unique patterns of colors, scientists can determine the chemical composition of the object. In the case of stars, a spectroscope can reveal the elements present in their atmospheres, providing valuable information about what stars are made of.

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  • 13. 

    How does electromagnetic radiation travel?

    • A.

      In the Form of waves

    • B.

      Through the visible light section

    Correct Answer
    A. In the Form of waves
    Explanation
    Electromagnetic radiation travels in the form of waves. This means that it propagates through space in a wave-like pattern, similar to how ripples move across the surface of water. These waves can vary in frequency and wavelength, giving rise to different types of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays. The wave nature of electromagnetic radiation allows it to travel through vacuum, as well as through different mediums like air, water, and solids.

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  • 14. 

    All stars get their energy from what?

    • A.

      Fision

    • B.

      Fusion

    • C.

      Compression

    • D.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    B. Fusion
    Explanation
    Stars get their energy from fusion, a process where hydrogen atoms combine to form helium. This fusion reaction releases a tremendous amount of energy in the form of light and heat, which is what makes stars shine. Fission, on the other hand, involves the splitting of heavy atoms and is not the primary source of energy for stars. Compression and plasma are not energy sources but rather states of matter that can exist within stars.

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  • 15. 

    How many earth's can fit inside our sun?

    • A.

      1 billion

    • B.

      1 trillion

    • C.

      1 thousand

    • D.

      1 million

    Correct Answer
    D. 1 million
    Explanation
    The answer is 1 million because the sun is much larger than the Earth. The diameter of the sun is about 1.4 million kilometers, while the Earth's diameter is only about 12,742 kilometers. If we calculate the volume of the sun and divide it by the volume of the Earth, we find that approximately 1 million Earths could fit inside the sun.

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  • 16. 

    When nuclei fuse they create what?

    • A.

      Plasma

    • B.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Energy
    Explanation
    When nuclei fuse, they release a tremendous amount of energy. This is due to the conversion of mass into energy, as described by Einstein's famous equation E=mc^2. This energy release is the driving force behind nuclear reactions, such as those that occur in the sun and in nuclear power plants. Therefore, the correct answer is energy.

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  • 17. 

    What is the largest star?

    • A.

      Epsilon Aurigae

    • B.

      Goliath

    • C.

      Glademir Putin

    Correct Answer
    A. Epsilon Aurigae
    Explanation
    Epsilon Aurigae is the correct answer because it is a binary star system consisting of a massive star and a companion that periodically eclipses it. The primary star in this system is one of the largest known stars, with a diameter estimated to be over 200 times that of the Sun. It is located in the constellation Auriga and its size makes it one of the largest stars known to astronomers.

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  • 18. 

    The suns core consists of what?

    • A.

      Hydrogen

    • B.

      Helium

    • C.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hydrogen
    B. Helium
    Explanation
    The sun's core consists of hydrogen and helium. These elements undergo nuclear fusion, where hydrogen atoms combine to form helium atoms, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the process. This fusion reaction is what powers the sun and allows it to emit light and heat.

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  • 19. 

    How far away is the sun from our earth

    • A.

      100 million

    • B.

      150 million

    • C.

      200 million

    • D.

      751 million

    Correct Answer
    B. 150 million
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 150 million. This is the approximate distance in kilometers between the Earth and the Sun. The Earth's average distance from the Sun is about 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers. This distance is known as an astronomical unit (AU) and is used as a standard measurement for distances within our solar system.

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  • 20. 

    Sunspots happen on hich of our planets

    • A.

      Venus

    • B.

      Sun

    • C.

      Earth

    • D.

      Pluto

    Correct Answer
    B. Sun
    Explanation
    Sunspots occur on the Sun, not on any of the planets listed. Sunspots are temporary dark spots on the Sun's surface that appear cooler than the surrounding areas. They are caused by intense magnetic activity and are often accompanied by solar flares and other solar phenomena. Although Venus, Earth, and Pluto are all celestial bodies in our solar system, sunspots are specific to the Sun.

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  • 21. 

    Electronically charged particles given off by the corona are called what?

    • A.

      Province wind

    • B.

      Strong wind

    • C.

      Aurora

    • D.

      Solar winds

    Correct Answer
    D. Solar winds
    Explanation
    Solar winds are electronically charged particles that are given off by the corona, the outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere. These charged particles, mainly consisting of protons and electrons, are constantly streaming out from the Sun at high speeds. They are responsible for various phenomena in space, including the creation of the aurora (also known as the Northern or Southern Lights) when they interact with the Earth's magnetic field. Therefore, the correct answer is solar winds.

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  • 22. 

    His gas different from plasma?

    • A.

      Plasma has charged particles

    • B.

      Gas is heavier

    • C.

      Plasma is heavier

    Correct Answer
    A. Plasma has charged particles
    Explanation
    Plasma is different from gas because it contains charged particles. Unlike gas, which consists of neutral particles, plasma is made up of ions and free electrons. These charged particles in plasma allow it to conduct electricity and respond to magnetic fields. Therefore, the presence of charged particles distinguishes plasma from ordinary gas.

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  • 23. 

    Where does earth get it's energy?

    • A.

      Nuclear Fusion

    • B.

      Diesel

    • C.

      Heat already built up

    Correct Answer
    A. Nuclear Fusion
    Explanation
    Earth gets its energy from nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is the process in which the nuclei of atoms combine to form larger nuclei, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the process. This energy is what powers the sun and provides heat and light to the Earth. Through the process of nuclear fusion, hydrogen atoms combine to form helium, releasing a huge amount of energy in the form of heat and light. This energy is then transferred to the Earth through radiation, allowing life to exist and thrive on our planet.

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  • 24. 

    Is the frequency of sunspots predictable?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The frequency of sunspots is predictable because scientists have observed a cyclical pattern in the occurrence of sunspots. These sunspots follow an 11-year solar cycle, where the number of sunspots increases and decreases in a regular pattern. This predictability allows scientists to forecast periods of high and low sunspot activity. Additionally, the study of historical sunspot records has provided evidence for the regularity and predictability of sunspot occurrence.

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  • 25. 

    What year cycle is the frequency of sunspots predictable?

    • A.

      1 year

    • B.

      5 years

    • C.

      6 years

    • D.

      11 years

    Correct Answer
    D. 11 years
    Explanation
    The frequency of sunspots is predictable in an 11-year cycle. Sunspots are dark spots on the surface of the sun that appear and disappear over time. Scientists have observed that the number of sunspots goes through a cycle of increasing and decreasing activity over approximately 11 years. This cycle, known as the solar cycle, is caused by the sun's magnetic field. During periods of high activity, there are more sunspots, while during periods of low activity, there are fewer sunspots. This 11-year cycle has been consistently observed and is used to predict the frequency of sunspots.

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  • 26. 

    If all the planets in our solar system where combined how many of those would fit inside the sun?

    • A.

      11 thousand

    • B.

      10 thousand

    • C.

      1,300

    Correct Answer
    A. 11 thousand
    Explanation
    If all the planets in our solar system were combined, they would still be much smaller than the sun. The sun is incredibly massive, with a diameter of about 1.4 million kilometers. Comparatively, the largest planet in our solar system, Jupiter, has a diameter of about 143,000 kilometers. Therefore, it would take many thousands of planets to match the size of the sun. The answer of 11 thousand is the closest estimate to the actual number.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 08, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Wyattjordansteve
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