Oral Histology 2

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Oral Histology 2 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Indifferent fibres are

    • A.

      Elastic fibres

    • B.

      Oxytalan fibres

    • C.

      Collagen fibres

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Collagen fibres
    Explanation
    Collagen fibers are the correct answer because they are a type of connective tissue fiber that provides strength and support to various parts of the body. They are found in the skin, tendons, ligaments, and other tissues. Collagen fibers are not elastic like elastic fibers, and they are not oxytalan fibers. Therefore, the correct answer is collagen fibers.

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  • 2. 

    Radiographically the level of normal interproximal alveolar crest corresponds to

    • A.

      Epithelial attachment

    • B.

      CEJ of adjacent teeth

    • C.

      DEJ

    • D.

      Gingival margin

    Correct Answer
    B. CEJ of adjacent teeth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is CEJ of adjacent teeth because the level of the normal interproximal alveolar crest is typically located at or just below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) of the adjacent teeth. This is a common reference point used in radiographic analysis to determine the health and position of the alveolar crest.

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  • 3. 

    The marrow found in the mandible is

    • A.

      All fatty marrow

    • B.

      All red marrow

    • C.

      All fibrous marrow

    • D.

      A combination of fatty and fibrous marrow

    Correct Answer
    D. A combination of fatty and fibrous marrow
    Explanation
    The marrow found in the mandible is a combination of fatty and fibrous marrow. Marrow is the soft, spongy tissue found inside bones, and it is responsible for producing blood cells. In the mandible, which is the lower jawbone, both fatty and fibrous marrow can be present. Fatty marrow consists mainly of fat cells and is responsible for storing energy, while fibrous marrow contains connective tissue and is involved in blood cell production. Therefore, the marrow in the mandible is a combination of these two types.

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  • 4. 

    Odland bodies are seen in

    • A.

      Stratum granulosum

    • B.

      Stratum spinosum

    • C.

      Stratum corneum

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Odland bodies are specialized structures found in the stratum granulosum and stratum spinosum layers of the epidermis. These bodies are involved in the synthesis and secretion of lipids, which play a crucial role in maintaining the skin's barrier function. Therefore, odland bodies are present in both the stratum granulosum and stratum spinosum layers of the skin.

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  • 5. 

    As the osteoclasts move through bone,the leading edge of resorption is known as

    • A.

      Reversal line

    • B.

      Cement line

    • C.

      Cutting cone

    • D.

      Filling cone

    Correct Answer
    C. Cutting cone
    Explanation
    The leading edge of resorption as osteoclasts move through bone is known as the cutting cone. The cutting cone is responsible for breaking down and removing old or damaged bone tissue. It consists of a group of osteoclasts that create a tunnel-like structure as they resorb bone, allowing new bone to be formed in its place. This process is essential for bone remodeling and repair. The other options, reversal line, cement line, and filling cone, are not terms used to describe the leading edge of resorption.

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  • 6. 

    Saliva which is formed in salivary gland when passes from salivary acini to duct orifices , it undergoes ion exchanges and as result saliva become

    • A.

      Hypertonic some times

    • B.

      Hypertonic always

    • C.

      Hypotonic

    • D.

      Isotonic

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypotonic
    Explanation
    Saliva is produced in the salivary glands and passes from the salivary acini to the duct orifices. During this passage, ion exchanges occur, resulting in changes in the composition of saliva. In this case, the correct answer is hypotonic, which means that the concentration of solutes in the saliva is lower compared to the surrounding fluids.

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  • 7. 

    Direction of eruption inside bone is seen 

    • A.

      Bodily axial

    • B.

      Lingually continuous

    • C.

      Bodily eccentric

    • D.

      Lingually eccentric

    Correct Answer
    C. Bodily eccentric
    Explanation
    The direction of eruption inside the bone is described as "bodily eccentric." This means that the eruption is not occurring in a straight line or directly towards the surface of the bone. Instead, it is deviating from the central axis of the bone, indicating a more irregular or off-center path of eruption.

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  • 8. 

    Crown angulation when emerging from dental lamina of permanent mandibular 1st molar 

    • A.

      Distally

    • B.

      Buccal

    • C.

      Lingual

    • D.

      Mesial

    Correct Answer
    D. Mesial
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "mesial," refers to the crown angulation when the permanent mandibular first molar emerges from the dental lamina. This means that the crown of the tooth is tilted or angled towards the mesial side, which is the side closer to the midline of the mouth.

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  • 9. 

    Aminopeptidase in ameloblast is seen in

    • A.

      Stratum reticulum

    • B.

      Stratum intermedium

    • C.

      Reduced enamel

    • D.

      Stellate reticulum

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratum intermedium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "stratum intermedium." Aminopeptidase is an enzyme that helps in the breakdown of proteins. In the context of ameloblasts, which are cells responsible for enamel formation in teeth, aminopeptidase is found in the stratum intermedium. This layer of cells is located between the ameloblasts and the stellate reticulum, and it plays a role in supporting the ameloblasts during enamel formation. Therefore, aminopeptidase in ameloblasts is seen in the stratum intermedium.

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  • 10. 

    Cytokeratin associated with stratification is

    • A.

      K1 and K2

    • B.

      K6 and K16

    • C.

      K5 and K14

    • D.

      K19

    Correct Answer
    C. K5 and K14
    Explanation
    Cytokeratin associated with stratification refers to the specific types of cytokeratin proteins that are expressed in stratified epithelial tissues. K5 and K14 are known to be expressed in stratified epithelia, particularly in the basal layer. These cytokeratins play a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity and strength of the epithelial tissue. They are also involved in cell adhesion and provide support to the overlying layers of cells. Therefore, K5 and K14 are the correct answer options for cytokeratin associated with stratification.

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  • 11. 

    Tongue begin to develop

    • A.

      4th week IU life

    • B.

      6th week IU life

    • C.

      8th week IU life

    • D.

      14th week IU life

    Correct Answer
    A. 4th week IU life
    Explanation
    During the 4th week of intrauterine life, the tongue begins to develop. This is an important milestone in the development of the fetus. The formation of the tongue involves the fusion of multiple structures, including the first and second pharyngeal arches. By the end of the 4th week, the tongue starts to take shape and differentiate into different regions. It is during this time that the basic structures and muscles of the tongue begin to form, setting the foundation for its functionality in the future.

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  • 12. 

    The blood vessels looped around enamel organ is seen in

    • A.

      Bud stage

    • B.

      Advanced bell stage

    • C.

      Cap stage

    • D.

      Early bell stage

    Correct Answer
    C. Cap stage
    Explanation
    In the cap stage of tooth development, the enamel organ starts to form the shape of the future tooth. At this stage, the blood vessels can be seen looping around the enamel organ. This is important for the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the developing tooth. The blood vessels play a crucial role in providing the necessary resources for the growth and development of the tooth during this stage.

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  • 13. 

    First hard tissue forms in

    • A.

      5-8 weeks in utero

    • B.

      9-11 weeks in utero

    • C.

      12-16 weeks in utero

    • D.

      18-24 weeks in utero

    Correct Answer
    C. 12-16 weeks in utero
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12-16 weeks in utero. This is the time period during which the first hard tissue forms in the developing fetus. Before this time, the skeletal system is primarily composed of cartilage. However, between 12-16 weeks, the cartilage begins to ossify, or harden, into bone, leading to the formation of the first hard tissue in the fetus.

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  • 14. 

    Taste sensation in tongue is due to which membrane bound protein 

    • A.

      Gustin

    • B.

      Enamelin

    • C.

      Statherin

    • D.

      Amelogenin

    Correct Answer
    A. Gustin
    Explanation
    Gustin is the correct answer because it is a membrane-bound protein that is responsible for taste sensation in the tongue. It is specifically involved in the perception of the taste of bitter substances. Gustin is found in the taste buds on the tongue and plays a crucial role in the detection and transmission of taste signals to the brain.

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  • 15. 

    Formation of reparative dentin with inclusion of odontoblast

    • A.

      Osteodentin

    • B.

      Predentin

    • C.

      Sclerotic dentin

    • D.

      Regular dentin

    Correct Answer
    A. Osteodentin
    Explanation
    Osteodentin is a type of dentin that is formed in response to injury or trauma to the tooth. It is characterized by the inclusion of odontoblasts, which are cells responsible for dentin formation. Osteodentin is often seen in cases where the pulp has been exposed or damaged, and it serves as a reparative material to protect the underlying pulp tissue. Unlike regular dentin, osteodentin has a more irregular structure and may contain areas of calcification. Therefore, the formation of reparative dentin with the inclusion of odontoblasts is best described as osteodentin.

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  • 16. 

    Melanocytes contacts adjacent

    • A.

      1-10 keratinocytes

    • B.

      21-30 keratinocytes

    • C.

      31-40 keratinocytes

    • D.

      41-50 keratinocytes

    Correct Answer
    C. 31-40 keratinocytes
    Explanation
    Melanocytes are specialized cells that produce melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. They are found in the basal layer of the epidermis, where they form connections with neighboring keratinocytes. These connections allow for the transfer of melanin to the keratinocytes, which then distribute it throughout the upper layers of the epidermis. The given answer, "31-40 keratinocytes," suggests that melanocytes make contact with a range of 31 to 40 adjacent keratinocytes. This contact is crucial for the proper distribution and dispersion of melanin, resulting in the pigmentation of the skin.

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  • 17. 

    Histopathological staining of melanocytes is done with

    • A.

      Tyrosine -DOPA method

    • B.

      Oil red

    • C.

      Sudan B

    • D.

      PAS

    Correct Answer
    A. Tyrosine -DOPA method
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tyrosine-DOPA method. This method is used for histopathological staining of melanocytes. Tyrosine-DOPA method involves the use of tyrosine and DOPA (dihydroxyphenylalanine) to stain melanin granules in the cells. It is commonly used to identify and study melanocytes in tissues. Other options like oil red, Sudan B, and PAS are not specifically used for staining melanocytes.

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  • 18. 

    Intimate lining  B cells of synovial membrane of TMJ  are

    • A.

      Plasma cells

    • B.

      Macrophages

    • C.

      Endothelial cells

    • D.

      Merkel cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Macrophages
    Explanation
    Macrophages are the correct answer because they are immune cells that play a crucial role in the synovial membrane of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The synovial membrane is responsible for producing synovial fluid, which lubricates the joint and nourishes the cartilage. Macrophages are involved in the immune response within the synovial membrane, helping to remove debris and pathogens, and regulate inflammation. They are not plasma cells, endothelial cells, or Merkel cells, which have different functions and are not typically found in high numbers in the synovial membrane of the TMJ.

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  • 19. 

    Pre eruptive movement of tooth

    • A.

      Axial-eccentric

    • B.

      Bodily- eccentric

    • C.

      Axial-bodily

    • D.

      Lingual-eccentric

    Correct Answer
    B. Bodily- eccentric
    Explanation
    The term "pre eruptive movement of tooth" refers to the movement of a tooth before it fully erupts into the oral cavity. In this context, "bodily" refers to movement in a straight line, while "eccentric" refers to movement away from the center or axis. Therefore, the correct answer "bodily-eccentric" suggests that the tooth is moving in a straight line away from the center or axis during its pre eruptive stage.

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  • 20. 

    Blood vessels appear in the dental pappilla

    • A.

      Before formation of cervical loop

    • B.

      Beginning of bud stage

    • C.

      Bell stage

    • D.

      Cap stage

    Correct Answer
    D. Cap stage
    Explanation
    During the cap stage of tooth development, the dental papilla undergoes significant changes. It differentiates into two layers - the inner layer forms the pulp while the outer layer becomes the dentin. The blood vessels start to appear in the dental papilla during this stage, supplying nutrients and oxygen to the developing tooth. This is an important step in tooth development as it ensures the proper growth and maturation of the tooth structure. Therefore, the blood vessels appearing in the dental papilla is a characteristic of the cap stage.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 27, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 03, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Safeeravly
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