# District Assessment #1 - Science

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• 1.

### 1. Wendy folds four sheets of paper into airplanes. Each plane has a different shape. She throws each plane the same way, and then she measures how far each plane flies after she throws it. Which question is Wendy investigating?

• A.

How does a paper airplane fly?

• B.

How does airplane shape affect flight?

• C.

How does airplane weight affect flight?

B. How does airplane shape affect flight?
Explanation
Wendy is investigating how airplane shape affects flight. She folds four sheets of paper into airplanes with different shapes and throws each plane the same way. By measuring how far each plane flies after she throws it, she can determine the impact of the airplane's shape on its flight. This experiment allows her to study the relationship between airplane shape and flight performance.

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• 2.

### Sarah and Lily are testing their prototype of a paper airplane. It rises up briefly but then crashes to the floor. What should they do next?

• A.

Start over

• B.

Redefine the need

• C.

Keep better records

B. Redefine the need
Explanation
Sarah and Lily should redefine the need for their paper airplane prototype because it rises up briefly but then crashes to the floor. This suggests that there may be a flaw or a missing requirement in their initial design. By redefining the need, they can reassess their goals and requirements, identify any issues or improvements needed, and make necessary adjustments to ensure their paper airplane prototype functions properly.

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• 3.

### Sometimes, people use very exact measurements. At other times, it is not as important to be precise. Which activity requires the least exact measurement?

• A.

Measuring chemicals for a science experiment

• B.

Weighing a package to find the price of postage

• C.

Finding the driving distance between Miami and Tampa

C. Finding the driving distance between Miami and Tampa
Explanation
Finding the driving distance between Miami and Tampa requires the least exact measurement because the distance between two cities can be estimated using approximate values. It does not require precise measurements like measuring chemicals for a science experiment or weighing a package to find the price of postage.

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• 4.

### Before Wendy builds her prototype, she is sketching what it will look like. Which stage of the engineering process is Wendy carrying out?

• A.

Design a solution

• B.

Test the prototype

• C.

Keep good records

C. Keep good records
Explanation
Wendy is not in the stage of designing a solution or testing the prototype. Instead, she is keeping good records by sketching what her prototype will look like. Keeping good records is an important part of the engineering process as it helps in documenting ideas, tracking progress, and making improvements in future iterations.

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• 5.

### Skateboarding is fun, but accidents can cause serious injuries. Engineers have designed helmets and knee and elbow pads to help protect skateboarders. Which term would engineers use to describe these safety features?

• A.

Tools

• B.

Inputs

• C.

Technology products

C. Technology products
Explanation
Engineers would use the term "technology products" to describe the helmets and knee and elbow pads designed to protect skateboarders. These safety features are the result of technological advancements and are specifically designed and manufactured to provide protection and enhance safety while skateboarding.

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• 6.

### A team of students investigated materials that would keep a cup of soup warm. Some of the objects they used were foam wrap, no wrap and paper wrap. Which science skill would help students complete their investigation?

• A.

Ordering

• B.

Comparing

• C.

Hypothesizing

B. Comparing
Explanation
Comparing would help the students complete their investigation because they need to compare the different materials (foam wrap, no wrap, and paper wrap) to determine which one keeps the cup of soup warmest. By comparing the results of each material, the students can make a conclusion about which material is the most effective for keeping the soup warm.

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• 7.

### Mr. Morgan groups his students in pairs and gives each pair a can of juice. The cans are all the same size and brand. He asks each pair to measure their can. Each pair of students has different measurements. Why do their measurements vary?

• A.

The students used metric instead of customary units.

• B.

The juices contain different concentrations of sugar.

• C.

Mr. Morgan does not tell the students how to measure the cans.

C. Mr. Morgan does not tell the students how to measure the cans.
Explanation
The measurements vary because Mr. Morgan does not provide any specific instructions on how to measure the cans. Without clear guidance, the students may use different methods or tools to measure, resulting in different measurements.

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• 8.

### Janelle is making a model of her classroom. She wants people to see what the furniture and other objects look like. Which of the following is the best model to use to help her classmates see what the classroom looks like?

• A.

A three-dimensional model

• B.

A written description of the room

• C.

A scale drawing of the outline of the room

A. A three-dimensional model
Explanation
A three-dimensional model is the best model to use to help Janelle's classmates see what the classroom looks like because it provides a realistic representation of the furniture and other objects in the room. It allows people to visualize the room from different angles and get a sense of the spatial layout. A written description of the room may not be as effective in conveying the visual details, and a scale drawing of the outline of the room would only provide a flat representation without the depth and dimensionality of a three-dimensional model.

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• 9.

### It bothers Meg that water collects in the soap dish and slowly dissolves the soap. She designs a soap dish that water can drain from, and she makes a prototype. When she tests her prototype soap dish, what is the most important result she will watch for?

• A.

How large it is

• B.

How attractive it is

• C.

How quickly water drains from it

C. How quickly water drains from it
Explanation
The most important result that Meg will watch for when testing her prototype soap dish is how quickly water drains from it. This is because her main concern is that water collects in the soap dish and slowly dissolves the soap. By designing a soap dish that allows water to drain effectively, she can prevent the soap from dissolving and prolong its usage. The size and attractiveness of the soap dish may be secondary factors, but the primary focus is on its functionality in draining water quickly.

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• 10.

### Laura and Mia have designed and made two model cars, one green and one yellow. They release both cars at the top of a ramp and measure how far each car travels from the bottom of the ramp until stopping. The chart shows their results.CAR DISTANCE TRAVELED FROM BOTTOM OF RAMPgreen car                                              3.3 metersyellow car                                            2.8 metersWhat is the next step that Laura and Mia should take?

• A.

Redesign the yellow car.

• B.

Communicate their results.

• C.

Test the cars two more times.

C. Test the cars two more times.
Explanation
Laura and Mia should test the cars two more times to ensure the accuracy and reliability of their results. By conducting additional tests, they can gather more data points and determine if their initial measurements were consistent. This will help them validate their findings and make more informed conclusions about the performance of the cars.

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• 11.

### Kim places a cup of water and a cup of cooking oil in the freezer. Every 30 minutes, Kim checks the cups. She records the time when the liquid in each cup freezes. Which question is Kim investigating?

• A.

Which liquid freezes faster, water or cooking oil?

• B.

Which liquid tastes better frozen, water or cooking oil?

• C.

Which item floats better, frozen water or frozen cooking oil?

A. Which liquid freezes faster, water or cooking oil?
Explanation
Kim is investigating which liquid freezes faster, water or cooking oil. She is checking the cups every 30 minutes and recording the time when the liquid in each cup freezes. By comparing the freezing times of water and cooking oil, she can determine which liquid freezes faster.

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• 12.

### Connor and Dylan studied how far two toy pull-back cars travel. Each student pulled a car back and let it go. Then they measured how far each car traveled before it stopped. What part of the inquiry process did the students do?

• A.

Drew a conclusion

• B.

Conducted an investigation

• C.

Communicated their results

B. Conducted an investigation
Explanation
The students conducted an investigation by pulling back the toy cars and measuring how far each car traveled before it stopped. This involved a systematic process of collecting data and observing the outcome of their actions. They were actively engaged in gathering information and exploring the behavior of the toy cars.

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• 13.

### Reina wants to measure the classroom to create a model of it. Which of the following methods will give the most accurate measurement?

• A.

Use a metric tape measure

• B.

Measure the room in foot paces

• C.

Use the same measurements that the class next door used

A. Use a metric tape measure
Explanation
Using a metric tape measure will give the most accurate measurement because it is specifically designed for precise measurements and uses the metric system, which is a standardized system of measurement. This ensures consistency and accuracy in the measurements taken. On the other hand, measuring the room in foot paces or using the same measurements as the class next door may lead to inaccuracies due to differences in individuals' stride lengths or potential errors in the previous measurements.

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• 14.

### A scientist makes an observation about the natural world. She asks a question about what she observes and researches ways to answer the question. Her research leads her to form a hypothesis. What is a hypothesis?

• A.

a collection of evidence

• B.

A prediction of the correct answer to a question

• C.

Telling others about the results of an experiment

B. A prediction of the correct answer to a question
Explanation
A hypothesis is a prediction that the scientist forms based on their research and observation. It is not a collection of evidence, as evidence is used to support or refute a hypothesis. It is also not about telling others about the results of an experiment, as that would be the conclusion or the communication of findings. Instead, a hypothesis is a proposed explanation or prediction that can be tested through further experimentation or investigation.

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• 15.

### Jacob wants to find out which cat food his cat likes best. What variable could he use in his investigation?

• A.

Amount of food

• B.

Type of cat food

• C.

When he feeds his cat

B. Type of cat food
Explanation
Jacob can use the variable "type of cat food" in his investigation to determine which cat food his cat likes best. By offering different types of cat food to his cat and observing its preference, Jacob can gather data and make conclusions about which specific type of cat food his cat prefers.

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• 16.

### A company decides to make a new type of snow sled. The sled should slide easily but stop safely. What should the company do next?

• A.

Test the design

• B.

Make a prototype

• C.

Brainstorm solutions

C. Brainstorm solutions
Explanation
The company should brainstorm solutions because it is the next logical step in the process of making a new type of snow sled. Brainstorming allows the company to generate ideas and potential solutions for creating a sled that slides easily but stops safely. This step will help the company gather different perspectives and creative ideas before moving on to testing the design or making a prototype.

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• 17.

### Michael and Pablo have designed a parachute that is intended to slow the fall of a toy rocket. They have made sketches of their design. What should they do next?

• A.

Test the model

• B.

Construct the model parachute

• C.

Evaluate the design for revision

B. Construct the model parachute
Explanation
After designing the parachute, Michael and Pablo should construct the model parachute. This step is necessary to bring their design into reality and see how it performs in real-life conditions. By constructing the model parachute, they can test its functionality, durability, and effectiveness in slowing down the fall of the toy rocket. This will help them gather practical data and identify any flaws or improvements needed in the design before moving forward.

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• 18.

### Seatbelts are an important part of today's automobile designs, but the earliest automobiles did not have them at all. Why is a seatbelt an example of technology?

• A.

It is used in automobiles.

• B.

It has several different parts.

• C.

It is designed to meet a need.

C. It is designed to meet a need.
Explanation
A seatbelt is an example of technology because it is designed to meet a need. In this case, the need is to ensure the safety of passengers in automobiles. Seatbelts are specifically designed to restrain and protect occupants in the event of a collision or sudden stop, reducing the risk of injury or ejection from the vehicle. The development and implementation of seatbelts in automobiles demonstrate the application of technological advancements to address a specific problem and improve overall safety.

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• 19.

### Erik is building a wooden bookcase. One of his tools is a tape measure. What design goal could this tool help him measure?

• A.

Wood type and color

• B.

Shelf length and width

• C.

Shelf strength and durability

B. Shelf length and width
Explanation
The tape measure is used to measure the length and width of the shelves in the bookcase. This is important to ensure that the shelves fit properly within the bookcase and are of the desired size. By measuring the length and width, Erik can accurately cut the wooden boards to the correct dimensions, resulting in a well-built bookcase.

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• 20.

### Refrigerators, pencil sharpeners, and backpacks are just a few items that engineers designed. What is meant by the word design?

• A.

To take plans and drawings and make a prototype using them

• B.

To brainstorm ideas about how to solve an engineering problem

• C.

To conceive an idea and prepare plans and drawings for it to be built

C. To conceive an idea and prepare plans and drawings for it to be built
Explanation
The word "design" in the context of engineering refers to the process of conceiving an idea and preparing plans and drawings for it to be built. This involves thinking creatively and coming up with ideas to solve an engineering problem, and then translating those ideas into detailed plans and drawings that can be used to construct the final product. Designing is a crucial step in the engineering process as it lays the foundation for the actual construction or production of the item.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Oct 27, 2014
Quiz Created by
Catherine Halcomb

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