Ob/GYN Midterm- Ovaries & Fallopian Tubes

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 15

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Ob/GYN Midterm- Ovaries & Fallopian Tubes - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is untrue about the ovaries?
    • A. 

      They are suspended from the anterior aspect of the broad ligament

    • B. 

      They are suspended in a fold of peritoneum called the mesovarium

    • C. 

      They usually lie posterior to the uterus at the level of the cornua

    • D. 

      The location is highly variable as ligaments loosen, especially after pregnancy

  • 2. 
    What are the normal measurements of the ovaries during the reproductive years?
    • A. 

      3 mm L x 2 mm W x 1 mm AP

    • B. 

      5 mm L x 5 mm W x 5 mm AP

    • C. 

      5 cm L x 5 cm W x 5 cm AP

    • D. 

      3 cm L x 2 cm W x 1 cm AP

  • 3. 
    True or false, at birth, the ovaries are relatively large as a result of maternal hormone stimulus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    During which phase is ovarian volume the lowest?
    • A. 

      Proliferative Phase

    • B. 

      Secretory Phase

    • C. 

      Luteal Phase

    • D. 

      Follicular Phase

  • 5. 
    The ovaries produce two hormones: ____ secreted by the follicles, and ____ secreted by the corpus luteum.
    • A. 

      GnRH; FSH

    • B. 

      Estrogen; Progesterone

    • C. 

      FSH; LH

    • D. 

      Progesterone; Estrogen

  • 6. 
    True or false, the uterine arteries branch off of the abdominal aorta?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Which is true of the ovarian blood supply?
    • A. 

      The ovaries have a dual blood supply

    • B. 

      The ovaries are only supplied by the ovarian arteries

    • C. 

      The ovaries are only supplied by the uterine arteries

    • D. 

      The ovaries are only supplied by the IMA

  • 8. 
    True or false, the left ovarian vein drains into the IVC?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Which portion of the broad ligament attaches the ovary to the posterior aspect of the broad ligament?
    • A. 

      Mesosalpinx

    • B. 

      Ligamentum Teres

    • C. 

      Mesovarium

    • D. 

      Coronary Ligament

  • 10. 
    The ovaries usually appear ____ relative to the uterine myometrium
    • A. 

      Isoechoic

    • B. 

      Hypoechoic

    • C. 

      Hyperechoic

    • D. 

      Homogeneous

  • 11. 
    Which of the following are sonographic landmarks that help locate the arteries?
    • A. 

      SMA and celiac trunk

    • B. 

      External iliac and internal iliac vessels

    • C. 

      Uterine artery and renal artery

    • D. 

      Abdominal aorta and common iliac artery

  • 12. 
    Which of the following best describes the sonographic appearance of developing follicles in the ovaries?
    • A. 

      Anechoic

    • B. 

      Posterior enhancement

    • C. 

      Varying in size

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    A mature Graafian follicle measures within the range of ____.
    • A. 

      16 to 28 mm

    • B. 

      16 to 28 cm

    • C. 

      2 to 4 mm

    • D. 

      2 to 4 cm

  • 14. 
    Where is fluid most likely to be found following the rupturing of the graafian follicle?
    • A. 

      Anterior cul-de-sac

    • B. 

      Vesicouterine Pouch

    • C. 

      Posterior cul-de-sac

    • D. 

      Retropubic Space

  • 15. 
    What is the small scar tissue left behind on the ovary following the regression of the corpus luteum called?
    • A. 

      Tunica Albuginea

    • B. 

      Corpus Albicans

    • C. 

      Colpos Albuginea

    • D. 

      Colpos Albicans

  • 16. 
    True or false, after ovulation the corpus luteum appears irregular in shape and contains no internal echoes?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Cysts that form as a result of the menstrual cycle are termed _____.
    • A. 

      Functional Cysts

    • B. 

      Metastatic Cysts

    • C. 

      Anatomical Cysts

    • D. 

      Normal Cysts

  • 18. 
    What is the most common cause of ovarian enlargement in young women?
    • A. 

      Endometriosis

    • B. 

      Pregnancy

    • C. 

      Metastatic Disease

    • D. 

      Functional Ovarian Cysts

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is considered a functional cyst?
    • A. 

      Corpus Luteum cysts

    • B. 

      Hemorrhagic cysts

    • C. 

      Theca-lutein cysts

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    True or false, a follicular cyst forms when a mature follicle fails to ovulate or involute postovulation?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is true about follicular cysts?
    • A. 

      They are generally asymptomatic

    • B. 

      They typically cause pelvic pain and bleeding

    • C. 

      They appear echogenic sonographically 

    • D. 

      They cause posterior shadowing 

  • 22. 
    Corpus luteum cysts 
    • A. 

      Are prone to hemorrhage and rupture

    • B. 

      Often cause pain

    • C. 

      May grow to 10 cm in size

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    True or false, corpus luteum cysts appear as complex masses with a central blood clot and echogenic septations?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is associated with the "ring of fire"?
    • A. 

      Follicular Cysts

    • B. 

      Anechoic Cysts

    • C. 

      Theca-Lutein Cysts

    • D. 

      Corpus Luteum Cysts

  • 25. 
    High levels of the following are associated with Theca-Lutein Cysts
    • A. 

      GnRH

    • B. 

      HCG

    • C. 

      Progesterone

    • D. 

      FSH

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