Ob/GYN- Methods Of Contraception

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| By Mnathan21
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Mnathan21
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Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 20,476
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 260

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GYN Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Oral contraceptives contain what two hormones?

    Explanation
    Oral contraceptives contain estrogen and progesterone hormones. These hormones work together to prevent pregnancy by suppressing ovulation, thickening the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg, and thinning the lining of the uterus to make it less receptive to implantation. Estrogen and progesterone mimic the natural hormonal changes that occur during a woman's menstrual cycle, helping to regulate and control the reproductive system. By maintaining a consistent level of these hormones, oral contraceptives provide effective contraception when taken correctly.

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  • 2. 

    Oral contraceptives inhibit _____________ and change cervical ______________.

    Explanation
    Oral contraceptives are designed to prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation, the release of an egg from the ovary. By suppressing ovulation, there is no egg available for fertilization by sperm. Additionally, oral contraceptives also change cervical mucus, making it thicker and more difficult for sperm to reach the egg if ovulation does occur. These two mechanisms work together to significantly reduce the chances of pregnancy when using oral contraceptives.

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  • 3. 

    Oral contraceptives keep the endometrial lining...

    • A.

      Thick

    • B.

      Thin

    Correct Answer
    B. Thin
    Explanation
    Oral contraceptives keep the endometrial lining thin. This is because they contain hormones that prevent ovulation and alter the hormonal balance in the body. When ovulation does not occur, the levels of estrogen and progesterone remain low, causing the endometrial lining to become thin and less receptive to implantation. This helps to prevent pregnancy by making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant and grow in the uterus.

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  • 4. 

    An injection of DMPA is injected every ____(#) months, inhibits ovulation and thickens cervical mucus. One example of a DMPA is _______________.

    Correct Answer
    3, depo-provera
    Explanation
    Depo-Provera is a form of contraceptive injection that contains the hormone DMPA (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate). It is administered every 3 months to prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation and thickening the cervical mucus.

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  • 5. 

    Thin capsules (rods) inserted under the skin of the upper arm and release tiny amounts of progesterone into blood stream that last 5 years and inhibits ovulation and thickens cervical mucus are called ________________ implants.

    Correct Answer
    Levonorgesterl
    Explanation
    Thin capsules inserted under the skin of the upper arm that release progesterone into the bloodstream for a period of 5 years and prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus are known as Levonorgestrel implants.

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  • 6. 

    Post-coital hormone contraception is more commonly known as the _______________ _______________ ________________, and should be administered within _______(#) hours after sex.

    Correct Answer
    morning after pill, 72
    Explanation
    Post-coital hormone contraception is commonly known as the morning after pill. It should be administered within 72 hours after sex.

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  • 7. 

    RU486/Mifeprex is also known as the ______________ pill.

    Correct Answer
    abortion
    Explanation
    RU486/Mifeprex is also known as the abortion pill because it is a medication used to induce a medical abortion. It is a combination of two drugs, mifepristone and misoprostol, that work together to terminate a pregnancy. Mifepristone blocks the hormone progesterone, which is needed for the pregnancy to continue, while misoprostol causes the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy. This pill is commonly used as an alternative to surgical abortion in the early stages of pregnancy.

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  • 8. 

    The abortion pill can be used up to ____(#) weeks of pregnancy and causes a miscarriage.

    Correct Answer
    9
    Explanation
    The abortion pill can be used up to 9 weeks of pregnancy and causes a miscarriage. This means that within the first 9 weeks of pregnancy, a woman can take the abortion pill to terminate the pregnancy. The pill works by blocking the hormone progesterone, which is necessary for maintaining the pregnancy. As a result, the lining of the uterus breaks down, leading to a miscarriage. It is important for women considering this option to consult with a healthcare provider to ensure it is done safely and effectively.

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  • 9. 

    The diaphragm, condom, sponge and cervical cap are all examples of the _____________ method.

    Correct Answer
    barrier
    Explanation
    The diaphragm, condom, sponge, and cervical cap are all examples of barrier methods of contraception. These methods work by physically blocking the sperm from reaching the egg, thus preventing fertilization. They create a barrier between the sperm and the cervix, either by covering the cervix or by inserting a physical barrier into the vagina. These methods are effective in preventing pregnancy and are relatively easy to use.

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  • 10. 

    A foreign body placed in endometrial cavity providing a hostile environment thus discouraging implantation is known as a...

    Correct Answer
    IUD
    intra-uterine contraceptive device
    Explanation
    An IUD, or intra-uterine contraceptive device, is a foreign body that is placed in the endometrial cavity. It creates a hostile environment in the uterus, making it difficult for implantation to occur. This device is used as a form of contraception and is effective in preventing pregnancy.

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  • 11. 

    The two types of IUD's are ________________ and _______________

    Correct Answer
    mirena, paragard
    paragard, mirena
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mirena, paragard". This means that there are two types of IUDs: Mirena and Paragard.

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  • 12. 

    A t-shaped, copper wrapped IUD that can be kept in for up to 10 years is called...

    Correct Answer
    Paragard
    Explanation
    Paragard is a t-shaped, copper wrapped IUD that can be kept in the uterus for up to 10 years. It is a long-acting reversible contraceptive method that works by releasing copper ions, which create an inhospitable environment for sperm, preventing fertilization. Paragard is a highly effective form of contraception and does not contain hormones, making it a suitable option for individuals who cannot or do not want to use hormonal methods.

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  • 13. 

    This type of IUD releases a small amount of progesterone and may be kept in for up to 5 years.

    Correct Answer
    Mirena
    Explanation
    Mirena is an intrauterine device (IUD) that releases a small amount of progesterone. It is designed to be left in place for up to 5 years. The progesterone released by Mirena helps to prevent pregnancy by thickening the cervical mucus, which makes it difficult for sperm to reach the egg. Additionally, it thins the lining of the uterus, making it less receptive to implantation. Mirena is a long-acting reversible contraceptive method that provides effective birth control for an extended period of time.

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  • 14. 

    There is no single explanation for how IUD's work, which of the following might make a IUD work

    • A.

      Thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering the uterus

    • B.

      Inhibits sperm from reaching or fertilizing the egg

    • C.

      Makes uterine lining thin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering the uterus
    B. Inhibits sperm from reaching or fertilizing the egg
    C. Makes uterine lining thin
    Explanation
    IUDs (intrauterine devices) work through a combination of mechanisms. They thicken the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. Additionally, they inhibit sperm from reaching or fertilizing the egg by affecting their motility or viability. Lastly, IUDs can also make the uterine lining thin, which may prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. These three mechanisms work together to provide effective contraception.

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  • 15. 

    An IUD is inserted in the _______________ of the uterus in the _______________ _____________ segment and corpus

    Correct Answer(s)
    fundus, upper uterine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fundus, upper uterine." The fundus is the top portion of the uterus, and it is the ideal location for inserting an IUD. This is because it provides the most stability and allows for proper placement and effectiveness of the device. The upper uterine segment and corpus refer to the upper part of the uterus, where the fundus is located.

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  • 16. 

    Improper insertion of an IUD can cause uterine ___________________ and _________________

    Correct Answer(s)
    cramping, bleeding
    Explanation
    Improper insertion of an IUD can cause uterine cramping and bleeding. This is because the IUD may irritate the lining of the uterus, leading to increased uterine contractions and discomfort. Additionally, the IUD may cause small injuries or tears in the uterine lining during insertion, resulting in bleeding. These symptoms are usually temporary and may subside over time as the body adjusts to the presence of the IUD.

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  • 17. 

    The removal of an IUD if there is a pregnancy may initiate an ___________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    abortion
    Explanation
    If an IUD (intrauterine device) is removed when a pregnancy is already present, it may trigger an abortion. This is because the IUD prevents implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus, and removing it could disrupt the pregnancy and lead to its termination.

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  • 18. 

    IUD usage increases the risk for ________________ ________________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    ectopic pregnancy
    Explanation
    The use of an intrauterine device (IUD) has been associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, typically in the fallopian tubes. This can be a dangerous condition as the fallopian tubes are not designed to support the growth of a pregnancy, leading to potential complications and the need for medical intervention. Therefore, it is important for individuals using an IUD to be aware of this potential risk and seek medical attention if they experience any symptoms of ectopic pregnancy.

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  • 19. 

    A risk associated with IUD is the IUD may become embedded in the _________________ or the superficial layers of the _________________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    endometrium, myometrium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is endometrium, myometrium. An IUD (intrauterine device) is a contraceptive method that is inserted into the uterus. One potential risk is that the IUD may become embedded in the endometrium, which is the inner lining of the uterus. Another risk is that it may become embedded in the myometrium, which is the muscular layer of the uterus. These complications can cause pain, discomfort, and may require medical intervention to remove the IUD.

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  • 20. 

    A risk associated with an IUD is an ________________ formation.

    Correct Answer(s)
    abscess
    Explanation
    An abscess formation is a potential risk associated with an IUD. This refers to the development of a localized collection of pus, typically caused by a bacterial infection. The presence of an IUD can increase the risk of bacterial colonization in the uterus, which can lead to an abscess formation. This can cause symptoms such as pain, fever, and inflammation. Prompt medical attention and treatment are necessary to prevent complications.

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  • 21. 

    Perforation of the uterus is at its highest risk during _____________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    insertion
    Explanation
    During the insertion of medical instruments or devices into the uterus, there is a higher risk of perforation. This can occur when the instruments accidentally puncture or tear the uterine wall, leading to potential complications. It is crucial to exercise caution and skill during the insertion process to minimize the risk of uterine perforation.

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  • 22. 

    When the IUD perforates through the uterus, it migrates into the _______________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    peritoneum
    Explanation
    When an IUD perforates through the uterus, it can migrate into the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a thin membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it. If the IUD perforates through the uterus, it can pass through the uterine wall and enter the peritoneal cavity. This can potentially cause complications and may require surgical intervention to remove the IUD from the peritoneum.

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  • 23. 

    Partial perforation of the uterus associated with an IUD is when a portion of the IUD remains in the ______________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    myometrium
    Explanation
    Partial perforation of the uterus associated with an IUD occurs when a portion of the IUD becomes embedded in the myometrium, which is the middle layer of the uterine wall. This can happen if the IUD is inserted too deeply or if there is improper placement. The myometrium is a thick, muscular layer of the uterus, and if the IUD becomes lodged in it, it can cause pain, bleeding, and potentially lead to complications if not addressed.

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  • 24. 

    Check off any sono appearance associated with IUD

    • A.

      Highly reflective

    • B.

      Posterior shadowing

    • C.

      Enhancement

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Highly reflective
    B. Posterior shadowing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is highly reflective and posterior shadowing. When an IUD is present on a sonogram, it appears highly reflective due to its metallic composition. This high reflectivity causes posterior shadowing, where there is a dark region behind the IUD on the sonogram. Enhancement, on the other hand, refers to increased brightness or clarity of an area on the sonogram, which is not typically associated with an IUD.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 02, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
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