Ob/GYN Class- Ligaments Of The Female Pelvis & Pelvic Spaces

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| By Mnathan21
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Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 19,958
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GYN Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The broad ligament is a ___________ suspensory ligament for the uterus.

    • A.

      Minor

    • B.

      Major

    • C.

      Small

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Major
    Explanation
    The broad ligament is a major suspensory ligament for the uterus. It is a large and wide fold of peritoneum that attaches the sides of the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis. It provides support and stability to the uterus, helping to maintain its position within the pelvic cavity. The broad ligament also contains important blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that supply and innervate the uterus. Therefore, it plays a significant role in the overall function and health of the uterus.

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  • 2. 

    The broad ligament is a wing-like structure from the lateral ____________ wall to the ___________ wall

    Correct Answer
    uterine, pelvic
    Explanation
    The broad ligament is a broad, wing-like structure that extends from the lateral uterine wall to the pelvic wall. It provides support and stability to the uterus and other pelvic organs.

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  • 3. 

     The broad ligament may be visualized sonographically if _________ __________ is present

    Correct Answer
    free fluid
    Explanation
    The broad ligament may be visualized sonographically if free fluid is present. This is because free fluid in the pelvic area can create a clear space between the layers of the broad ligament, allowing it to be visualized on a sonogram. The presence of free fluid can be an indication of certain conditions such as ovarian cyst rupture or pelvic inflammatory disease.

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  • 4. 

    True or false- The broad ligament is a true ligament and is not a double fold of the peritoneum

    Correct Answer
    false
    Explanation
    The broad ligament is NOT a true ligament and IS a double fold of the peritoneum

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  • 5. 

    The broad ligament divides the ________ _________ into anterior and posterior compartments.

    Correct Answer
    true pelvis
    Explanation
    The broad ligament, a double-layered fold of peritoneum, divides the true pelvis into anterior and posterior compartments. This ligament provides support and stability to the pelvic organs, including the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. It helps to maintain their position within the pelvis and allows for proper functioning. The anterior compartment contains the bladder, while the posterior compartment contains the rectum and the reproductive organs.

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  • 6. 

    The ovaries attach to the ___________ surface of the broad ligament.

    Correct Answer
    posterior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "posterior." The ovaries attach to the posterior surface of the broad ligament.

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  • 7. 

    The broad ligament is divided into three regions; the _______________ (fallopian tubes), ______________ (ovaries), and the ______________ refers to everything else

    Correct Answer
    mesosalpinx, mesovarium, mesometrium
    Explanation
    The broad ligament, which supports the uterus, is divided into three regions: the mesosalpinx (which surrounds the fallopian tubes), the mesovarium (which surrounds the ovaries), and the mesometrium (which refers to the remaining structures within the broad ligament).

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  • 8. 

    The broad ligaments attach the uterus to either side of the __________ __________

    Correct Answer
    pelvic cavity
    Explanation
    The broad ligaments attach the uterus to either side of the pelvic cavity. The pelvic cavity is a hollow space located in the lower part of the abdomen, surrounded by the pelvic bones. The broad ligaments provide support and stability to the uterus, helping to maintain its position within the pelvic cavity. They also contain blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that supply the uterus and other pelvic organs.

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  • 9. 

    The round ligament extends _____________ and _____________ from the uterine wall in or around the area of the _____________ ______________ to the ________________ canal

    Correct Answer
    anteriorly, laterally, fallopian tubes, inguinal
    Explanation
    The round ligament extends anteriorly and laterally from the uterine wall in or around the area of the fallopian tubes to the inguinal canal.

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  • 10. 

    Round ligaments serve to tether the uterine ___________ and tilt it forward in the pelvis, aiding in the normal anteflexion of the uterus

    Correct Answer
    fundus
    Explanation
    The round ligaments are responsible for anchoring the uterus and helping to tilt it forward in the pelvis. This action assists in the normal forward bending of the uterus, known as anteflexion. The fundus, which is the upper part of the uterus, is specifically mentioned in the question as the structure that the round ligaments support. Therefore, the correct answer is fundus.

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  • 11. 

    Round ligaments __________ during pregnancy and may cause _________

    Correct Answer
    stretch, pain
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, the round ligaments in the abdomen stretch as the uterus expands to accommodate the growing baby. This stretching can cause discomfort and pain in the lower abdomen and groin area. This is a common symptom experienced by many pregnant women due to the increased pressure on the ligaments.

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  • 12. 

    The two ligaments that anchor the cervix and provide rigid support for the cervix are the...

    Correct Answer
    cardinal, uterosacral
    Explanation
    The two ligaments that anchor the cervix and provide rigid support for the cervix are the cardinal and uterosacral ligaments. These ligaments play a crucial role in maintaining the position and stability of the cervix within the pelvic cavity. The cardinal ligaments attach the cervix to the lateral pelvic walls, while the uterosacral ligaments connect the cervix to the sacrum. Together, these ligaments help prevent excessive movement or displacement of the cervix, ensuring proper functioning of the reproductive system.

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  • 13. 

    What is another name for the cardinal ligament?

    Correct Answer
    transverse cervical ligament
    Explanation
    The transverse cervical ligament is another name for the cardinal ligament. This ligament is located in the pelvis and provides support to the cervix and uterus. It connects the cervix to the side walls of the pelvis and helps to maintain the position and stability of the uterus. The transverse cervical ligament is an important structure in gynecology and is involved in various surgical procedures and treatments related to the reproductive system.

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  • 14. 

    The ligament that extends from the lateral region of the cervix and along the lateral margin of the uterine corpus is the...

    Correct Answer
    cardinal ligament, transverse cervical ligament
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cardinal ligament, transverse cervical ligament. The cardinal ligament is a strong fibrous band that extends from the lateral region of the cervix to the lateral pelvic wall. It provides support to the cervix and helps maintain its position. The transverse cervical ligament, also known as the Mackenrodt ligament, is a part of the cardinal ligament that extends laterally along the margin of the uterine corpus. It helps to anchor the cervix and uterus in place and provides stability to the reproductive organs.

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  • 15. 

    The ligament that extends from the cervix to the sacrum is the...

    Correct Answer
    uterosacral ligament
    Explanation
    The uterosacral ligament is a ligament that extends from the cervix to the sacrum. It provides support and stability to the uterus, helping to keep it in its proper position within the pelvis. This ligament plays an important role in maintaining the structural integrity of the reproductive organs and is involved in various gynecological conditions such as pelvic organ prolapse and endometriosis.

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  • 16. 

    The ___________ ligament extends from the uterine cornua to the medial or uterine pole of the ovary.

    Correct Answer
    ovarian
    Explanation
    The ligament described in the question is the ovarian ligament. It extends from the uterine cornua to the medial or uterine pole of the ovary.

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  • 17. 

    The ovaries are anchored to the uterus by the ___________ ligament.

    Correct Answer
    ovarian
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ovarian" because the ovaries are attached to the uterus by the ovarian ligament. This ligament helps to support and stabilize the ovaries in their position within the pelvic cavity.

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  • 18. 

    The ____________ ligament suspends the lateral or pelvic pole of the ovary to the lateral pelvic wall.

    Correct Answer
    suspensory
    Explanation
    The suspensory ligament is responsible for suspending the lateral or pelvic pole of the ovary to the lateral pelvic wall.

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  • 19. 

    Another name for the suspensory ligament is the _____________ ligament

    Correct Answer
    infundibulopelvic
    Explanation
    The suspensory ligament is also known as the infundibulopelvic ligament. This ligament is located in the female reproductive system and helps to support the ovaries. It connects the ovary to the pelvic wall and contains blood vessels that supply the ovary. The term "infundibulopelvic" refers to the anatomical structures that the ligament connects, which are the infundibulum of the fallopian tube and the pelvic wall. Therefore, infundibulopelvic is another name for the suspensory ligament.

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  • 20. 

    The suspensory ligament consists of fibromuscular strands intertwined with __________ vessels and lymphatics.

    Correct Answer
    ovarian
    Explanation
    The suspensory ligament consists of fibromuscular strands intertwined with ovarian vessels and lymphatics. This means that the ligament contains structures related to the ovaries, such as blood vessels and lymphatic vessels. These structures are important for the function and support of the ovaries.

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  • 21. 

    The ovaries are attached to the pelvic side wall by the ______________ ligament

    Correct Answer
    suspensory
    Explanation
    The suspensory ligament is responsible for attaching the ovaries to the pelvic side wall. This ligament provides support and stability to the ovaries, allowing them to maintain their position within the pelvic cavity. It also contains blood vessels that supply the ovaries with oxygen and nutrients. The suspensory ligament plays a crucial role in maintaining the proper functioning of the ovaries and ensuring their proper placement in the pelvic region.

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  • 22. 

    The short, suspensory ligament which anchors the ovary to the posterior surface of the broad ligament is called the _____________ ligament.

    Correct Answer
    mesovarium
    Explanation
    The short, suspensory ligament that attaches the ovary to the posterior surface of the broad ligament is known as the mesovarium. This ligament provides support and stability to the ovary, allowing it to maintain its position within the pelvic cavity. The mesovarium also contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that supply the ovary, ensuring its proper functioning.

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  • 23. 

    The ____________ are attached to the broad ligament by the mesovarium ligament

    Correct Answer
    ovaries
    Explanation
    The ovaries are attached to the broad ligament by the mesovarium ligament. The mesovarium is a fold of the broad ligament that supports and suspends the ovaries within the pelvic cavity. It provides stability and allows for movement of the ovaries during the menstrual cycle and during pregnancy. The mesovarium also contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that supply the ovaries with nutrients and remove waste products.

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  • 24. 

    The peritoneum's function is ____________ and ____________ the surfaces of organs.

    Correct Answer
    isolating, lubricating
    Explanation
    The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it. Its function is to isolate and protect the organs by creating a barrier between them and the surrounding structures. Additionally, the peritoneum secretes a lubricating fluid that helps reduce friction between the organs, allowing them to move and function smoothly.

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  • 25. 

    The peritoneum is responsible for the formation of certain ____________ in relationship to the uterus and other organs of the pelvis.

    Correct Answer
    spaces
    Explanation
    The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it. It forms certain spaces in relation to the uterus and other pelvic organs. These spaces, known as peritoneal spaces, are important for providing support and mobility to the pelvic organs. They also allow for the movement of fluid and provide a pathway for blood vessels and nerves. The peritoneum plays a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity and function of the pelvic organs.

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  • 26. 

    Folds in the peritoneum create potential spaces for ___________ collections

    Correct Answer
    fluid
    Explanation
    The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it. Folds in the peritoneum, such as the omentum and mesentery, create potential spaces where fluid can accumulate. These spaces are known as peritoneal recesses or peritoneal cavities. Fluid collections in these spaces can occur due to various reasons, such as infection, inflammation, or trauma. These collections can be seen on imaging studies and may require further evaluation and management.

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  • 27. 

    The ___________ ____________ space is the region between the symphysis pubis and the urinary bladder.

    Correct Answer
    retro pubic
    Explanation
    The term "retro pubic" refers to the space between the symphysis pubis and the urinary bladder. This space is located behind the pubic bone and is commonly used in medical terminology to describe anatomical structures or regions in this area.

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  • 28. 

    Another name for the retro pubic space is the...

    Correct Answer
    space of retzius
    Explanation
    The retro pubic space is also known as the space of Retzius. This space is located between the pubic bone and the bladder, and it is a potential space filled with loose connective tissue and fat. The space of Retzius is important in surgical procedures, particularly in urology, as it provides access to the bladder and other pelvic organs.

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  • 29. 

    The ___________ _________ - _______ - ___________ lies between the anterior surface of the uterus and the bladder.

    Correct Answer
    Anterior cul de sac
    Explanation
    The anterior cul de sac is the space that lies between the anterior surface of the uterus and the bladder. It is a potential space in the female pelvis that can be accessed during certain medical procedures, such as a pelvic examination or during surgery. This space is important for understanding the anatomy and relationships of the pelvic organs.

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  • 30. 

    Another name for the Anterior cul-de-sac is the ___________ - ____________ ____________

    Correct Answer
    vesico uterine pouch
    Explanation
    The anterior cul-de-sac is also known as the vesico uterine pouch. This term refers to the space or pouch located between the bladder (vesico) and the uterus (uterine). It is a small cavity in the pelvic region and is an important anatomical landmark in gynecology.

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  • 31. 

    The __________ _______ - _____ - ________ lies between the posterior wall of the pelvis and the posterior wall of the uterus.

    Correct Answer
    posterior cul de sac
    Explanation
    The posterior cul de sac is a space located between the posterior wall of the pelvis and the posterior wall of the uterus. It is also known as the pouch of Douglas or rectouterine pouch. This space is important in gynecology as it is a common site for the accumulation of fluid or blood, which can indicate certain medical conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease.

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  • 32. 

    Another name for the posterior cul-de-sac is the ___________ ______ _____________

    Correct Answer
    pouch of douglas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pouch of douglas." The posterior cul-de-sac is commonly referred to as the pouch of douglas. This is a small space located between the rectum and the back wall of the uterus in females. It is named after James Douglas, a Scottish anatomist who first described it in the 18th century. The pouch of douglas is an important anatomical landmark and can be involved in various gynecological conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease.

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  • 33. 

    Fluid originating anywhere in the peritoneal sac tends to drain into the ____________ _______-______-_________

    Correct Answer
    posterior cul de sac
    Explanation
    Fluid originating anywhere in the peritoneal sac tends to drain into the posterior cul de sac. This is because the posterior cul de sac, also known as the pouch of Douglas, is the lowest point in the peritoneal cavity in females. Gravity causes the fluid to accumulate in this area, making it the most common site for fluid collection. The posterior cul de sac is located between the uterus and rectum, allowing easy drainage of fluid from various parts of the peritoneal sac.

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  • 34. 

    Select all causes of free fluid in the posterior cul-de-sac-

    • A.

      Cyst rupture

    • B.

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • C.

      Hernia

    • D.

      Malignancy

    • E.

      PID

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cyst rupture
    B. Ectopic pregnancy
    D. Malignancy
    E. PID
    Explanation
    Free fluid in the posterior cul-de-sac can be caused by various conditions. Cyst rupture can lead to the release of fluid into the cul-de-sac. Ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, can also cause free fluid in this area. Malignancy, such as ovarian or uterine cancer, can result in the accumulation of fluid in the cul-de-sac. Additionally, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of the reproductive organs, can cause inflammation and fluid buildup. Therefore, cyst rupture, ectopic pregnancy, malignancy, and PID are all possible causes of free fluid in the posterior cul-de-sac.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
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