What Do You Know About Urogenital Triangle? Trivia Quiz

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 109

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What Do You Know About Urogenital Triangle? Trivia Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The bulbourethral glands are founded adjacent to which segment of the urethra?
    • A. 

      Pre-prostatic

    • B. 

      Prostatic

    • C. 

      Membranous

    • D. 

      Bulbous

    • E. 

      Penile

  • 2. 
    A 35-year-old woman is diagnosed with high-grade cervical dysplasia. She is very indifferent about her recent diagnosis and does not go to the OB/GYN regularly, as she was advised to do so for continuous monitoring. 7 years later, she presents to the OB/GYN once again with a complaint of irregular vaginal bleeding. After a pap screening, colposcopy, and biopsy, she is diagnosed with advanced cervical carcinoma. Which of the following group of lymph nodes will this carcinoma first metastasize to?
    • A. 

      Deep inguinal nodes

    • B. 

      Internal & external iliac nodes

    • C. 

      Superficial inguinal nodes

    • D. 

      Para-Aortic nodes

    • E. 

      Sacral nodes

  • 3. 
    A 34-year-old victim of a rollover motor vehicle accident is taken to emergency surgery for internal bleeding.  The surgeon is forced to ligate the internal iliac artery to control the hemorrhage.  Which correct anastomosis will provide collateral circulation to pelvic structures during the procedure?
    • A. 

      Middle Rectal A./Inferior Rectal A

    • B. 

      Internal Pudendal A./Lumbar Aa.

    • C. 

      Inferior Gluteal A./Deep Artery of the Thigh

    • D. 

      Iliolumbar A./Inferior Gluteal A.

  • 4. 
    A 29-year-old female presents to the clinic with pain during defecation.  Ultrasound reveals a large amount of fluid in the pouch of Douglas, presumably due to an infection.  Which identifies the correct procedure and landmark for this patient's treatment?
    • A. 

      Culdocentesis/Posterior Fornix of the Vagina

    • B. 

      Culdoscopy/Anterior Fornix of the Vagina

    • C. 

      Paracentesis/Pubic Symphysis

    • D. 

      Cystoscopy/Anterior Fornix of the Vagina

  • 5. 
    A 4-year-old male is brought to the pediatrician after biting the lateral, posterior surface of his tongue.  The physician can see a lesion developing but sends the boy home without treatment.  Which will be true of subsequent infection of his injury?
    • A. 

      Will drain unilaterally to submental lymph nodes

    • B. 

      Will drain bilaterally to submandibular lymph nodes

    • C. 

      Will drain first to preauricular lymph nodes

    • D. 

      Will drain eventually to jugulo-digastric lymph nodes

  • 6. 
    The umbilical artery that is obliterated in the adult and is a branch off the Internal iliac artery anterior to the bladder vessels is called?
    • A. 

      Median umbilical artery

    • B. 

      Median umbilical ligament

    • C. 

      Medial umbilical artery

    • D. 

      Medial umbilical ligament

    • E. 

      Median iliac ligament

  • 7. 
    The pouches in the urogenital triangle have significant structures relating to genitalia. In the female urogenital triangle where are the greater vestibular glands located?
    • A. 

      Perineal pouch

    • B. 

      Superficial perineal pouch

    • C. 

      Subcutaneous pouch

    • D. 

      Deep perineal pouch

  • 8. 
    A patient has pain in the lower abdomen, vaginal bleeding and has not had a period for 3 months. Upon examination you suspect an ectopic pregnancy, where might you perform a culdoscopy to confirm your differential diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Cervix

    • B. 

      Uterine tube

    • C. 

      Lateral fornix

    • D. 

      Posterior fornix

  • 9. 
    During the delivery of your first child, there was a tear in the perineal body, to prevent this tear the Doctor should have performed an episiotomy in which direction? 
    • A. 

      Midline

    • B. 

      Posterior lateral

    • C. 

      Anterior

    • D. 

      Anterior lateral

  • 10. 
    A 65-year-old male patient complains of urinary problems. On physical exam, you feel an enlarged prostate, and suspect Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, which part of his urinary urethra could be constricted? 
    • A. 

      Preprostatic

    • B. 

      Prostatic

    • C. 

      Intermediate

    • D. 

      Spongy

    • E. 

      Bulbous

  • 11. 
    During your OBGYN rotation, a patient asks you for a caudal epidural block, which nerves will NOT be blocked?
    • A. 

      Pelvic splanchnics

    • B. 

      Sacral splanchnics

    • C. 

      Pudendal

    • D. 

      S2 dorsal root

    • E. 

      S2 ventral primary ramus

  • 12. 
    Which measurement is taken the female pelvis and used to determine if the opening of the lesser pelvis is compatible with the size of the head of the fetus for birth?
    • A. 

      Obstetric Conjugate

    • B. 

      Anatomical Conjugate

    • C. 

      Diagonal Conjugate

    • D. 

      Transverse Diameter

  • 13. 
    During surgery in the pelvic region, the attending surgeon decides to ligate the internal iliac artery. She turns to the resident intern and asks him for the various collateral circulation patterns of the pelvic neurovascular. Which of the following collateral circulations should the intern eliminate from his responses since it will not work to continue providing blood supply to the pelvic region?
    • A. 

      Superior gluteal and inferior gluteal arteries

    • B. 

      Middle rectal and superior rectal arteries

    • C. 

      Lateral sacral and median sacral arteries

    • D. 

      Inferior gluteal and deep artery of the thigh

    • E. 

      Iliolumbar and lumbar arteries

  • 14. 
    What statement is NOT correct concerning the pelvic pain line?
    • A. 

      Marks the inferior limit of the peritoneum

    • B. 

      Above pain line is innervated by they sympathetic nervous system T12-L2.

    • C. 

      Above the pain line is innervated by PNS S2-S4

    • D. 

      Below the pain line is innervated by PNS S2-S4.

  • 15. 
    In the urogenital triangle, the superficial pouch contains the Corpus spongiosum and Corpus cavernosum erectile tissue as well as the Ischiocavernosus and Bulbospongiosus muscles. Which layers of fascia make up the boundaries for the superficial pouch?
    • A. 

      Perineal fascia (Colles) and the Peritoneum

    • B. 

      Perineal membrane and the Inferior fascia of the Pelvic Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Perineal fascia (Colles) and the perineal membrane

    • D. 

      The Superior fascia of the pelvic diaphragm and the Inferior fascia of the Pelvic Diaphragm

  • 16. 
    The Obturator Artery is normally one of the arteries seen branching off of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery and passes anteriorly and inferiorly towards the lateral wall of the pelvis to the obturator foramen and the obturator canal.  An anatomical variant known as the Aberrant Obturator Artery is found branching off of which artery?
    • A. 

      Femoral Artery

    • B. 

      Superior Epigastric

    • C. 

      External Iliac

    • D. 

      Inferior Epigastric

  • 17. 
    As part of her birthing plan, a 32-year-old woman and her doctor agree that she will have a pudendal nerve block to provide analgesia to her lower vagina during the delivery of her baby. From which of the following segments does the pudendal nerve arise and which of the following is its terminal branch?
    • A. 

      L4, L5, S1; dorsal nerve of the clitoris

    • B. 

      L5, S1, S2; perineal nerve

    • C. 

      S2, S3, S4; dorsal nerve of the clitoris

    • D. 

      S1, S2, S3; posterior labial nerve

    • E. 

      S3, S4, S5; perineal nerve

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