Origin Of Hydrocarbons Trivia Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Taylor
T
Taylor
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 3,794
Questions: 6 | Attempts: 182

SettingsSettingsSettings
Origin Of Hydrocarbons Trivia Quiz - Quiz

In the English grammar, there are many skills, which completely make up the language. How many skills do you know of and well understand? Take up the grammar skills self-assessment quiz below and find out. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following statements best describes how oil and gas are generated in source beds?

    • A.

      Compaction of organic-rich seawater within pore space of shales

    • B.

      Consumption of organic material by bacteria immediately after deposition

    • C.

      Alteration of organic material by bacterial decay which is aided by the effects of pressure and temperature

    • D.

      Deposition of organic material in an oxygen-rich environment

    Correct Answer
    C. Alteration of organic material by bacterial decay which is aided by the effects of pressure and temperature
    Explanation
    Oil and gas are generated in source beds through the alteration of organic material by bacterial decay. This process is aided by the effects of pressure and temperature. As organic material accumulates in the source beds, bacteria break down the organic matter, transforming it into hydrocarbons. The high pressure and temperature conditions within the source beds further aid in the conversion of the organic material into oil and gas.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of the following rock types typically form the best source beds?

    • A.

      Impermeable shales

    • B.

      Porous and permeable dolomites

    • C.

      Evaporites such as gypsum and anhydrite

    • D.

      Organic-rich shales

    Correct Answer
    D. Organic-rich shales
    Explanation
    Organic-rich shales typically form the best source beds because they contain a high amount of organic matter, such as decomposed plant and animal remains. This organic matter can be converted into hydrocarbons, such as oil and gas, through a process called maturation. The impermeable nature of shales also helps trap the hydrocarbons within the rock, making them an ideal source for petroleum and natural gas.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is most likely responsible for newly generated oil and gas being expelled from their source bed?

    • A.

      Oxygen-rich water flowing through the sediments

    • B.

      Compaction of source bed by overburden pressure

    • C.

      Gravity

    • D.

      Organic-rich shales

    Correct Answer
    B. Compaction of source bed by overburden pressure
    Explanation
    Compaction of the source bed by overburden pressure is the most likely responsible for the expulsion of newly generated oil and gas. Overburden pressure refers to the weight of the overlying sediments and rocks, which increases with depth. This pressure can cause the pores in the source bed to close, squeezing out the oil and gas that has been generated. As the source bed becomes more compacted, the trapped hydrocarbons are forced to migrate to areas of lower pressure, such as reservoir rocks where they can accumulate.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Oil and gas migrate from source beds to porous and permeable rock until their flow is stopped by:

    • A.

      Catagenesis

    • B.

      Cementation

    • C.

      Impermeable seal

    • D.

      Kerogen

    Correct Answer
    C. Impermeable seal
    Explanation
    Oil and gas migrate from source beds to porous and permeable rock until their flow is stopped by an impermeable seal. An impermeable seal refers to a layer of rock or sediment that has low permeability, meaning it does not allow the movement of fluids such as oil and gas. This seal acts as a barrier, preventing the further migration of hydrocarbons and trapping them in the reservoir rock. Without an impermeable seal, the oil and gas would continue to flow and eventually escape to the surface, making it difficult for them to accumulate and be economically viable for extraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which of the following factors determines whether oil or gas is generated within a source bed?

    • A.

      Depth of burial

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Overburden pressure

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The factors that determine whether oil or gas is generated within a source bed include the depth of burial, temperature, and overburden pressure. These factors play a crucial role in the process of hydrocarbon generation. As organic matter is buried deeper, subjected to higher temperatures, and compressed under overburden pressure, it undergoes thermal maturation, leading to the formation of either oil or gas. Therefore, all of the mentioned factors contribute to the generation of oil or gas within a source bed.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Catagenesis is defined as:

    • A.

      Process where organic material is converted to hydrocarbons

    • B.

      Pressure exerted on a rock by its overlying rock or sediments

    • C.

      Process where physical and chemical changes in sediment occur after it has been deposited and buried under another layer of sediment

    Correct Answer
    A. Process where organic material is converted to hydrocarbons
    Explanation
    Catagenesis refers to the process where organic material is converted into hydrocarbons. This transformation occurs under high temperatures and pressures, typically in the subsurface over millions of years. Through catagenesis, the organic matter undergoes chemical reactions, such as thermal cracking and polymerization, resulting in the formation of hydrocarbons like oil and gas. This process is an essential step in the formation of fossil fuels and plays a crucial role in the Earth's carbon cycle.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 30, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Taylor
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.