Special Educational Needs (Sen) Advanced - Qp2

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Special Educational Needs (Sen) Advanced - Qp2 - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Learning disability includes the presence of:-  (Select Three) 

    • A.

      A significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills (impaired intelligence).

    • B.

      The ‘disability’ term is often found by disabled people to have a negative and stigmatising meaning.

    • C.

      A reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning).

    • D.

      Which started before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. A significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills (impaired intelligence).
    C. A reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning).
    D. Which started before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development.
    Explanation
    Learning disability is characterized by a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information and to learn new skills, which indicates impaired intelligence. Additionally, individuals with learning disabilities often experience a reduced ability to cope independently, indicating impaired social functioning. It is important to note that these difficulties must have started before adulthood and have a lasting effect on development in order to be considered a learning disability. The term "disability" can be seen as negative and stigmatizing by disabled individuals.

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  • 2. 

    While ‘learning disability’ is considered internationally to refer to a person’s difficulties in global understanding, learning, and communication, there are slight but significant differing ways in which the term is used in different countries.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the term "learning disability" is used internationally to describe a person's difficulties in global understanding, learning, and communication. However, there may be slight variations in the way the term is used in different countries.

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  • 3. 

    The phrase ‘moderate learning difficulty’ has come to be used much more widely than was originally intended, describing children with ______ attainment as well as those with greater and more specific difficulty. 

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      High

    • C.

      Moderate

    Correct Answer
    A. Low
    Explanation
    The phrase 'moderate learning difficulty' is now being used to describe not only children with greater and more specific difficulty in learning, but also those with low attainment. This means that the term is being used more broadly than originally intended, encompassing a wider range of learning abilities and difficulties.

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  • 4. 

    Learning difficulties is therefore seen as a problem within the child, where an individual that attains lower comparable marks than his or her peers might be labelled as ‘slow’ without wider aspects being considered.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that learning difficulties are often attributed solely to the child, without considering other factors. This means that if a child performs worse than their peers, they may be labeled as "slow" without taking into account any external factors that could be contributing to their difficulties. This implies that the statement is true.

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  • 5. 

    Attitudes and __________ of children with moderate learning difficulties and the surrounding academic and social culture within which they sit can be seen from several angles: the child’s point of view, that of their typical peers, and that of their teachers and learning support staff.

    • A.

      Impairments

    • B.

      Perceptions

    • C.

      Shortcomings

    Correct Answer
    B. Perceptions
    Explanation
    The word "perceptions" is the correct answer because the sentence is discussing how attitudes and perceptions of children with moderate learning difficulties can be seen from different perspectives. The sentence mentions the child's point of view, the perspective of their typical peers, and the viewpoint of their teachers and learning support staff. Therefore, "perceptions" is the most suitable word to describe the different ways in which these attitudes and viewpoints can be understood.

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  • 6. 

    There are a number of technical and ethical issues associated with the collection of views from children and pupils with MLD:-   (Select Five)

    • A.

      How competent the child is in articulating his or her views adequately – this includes their linguistic, physical and cognitive capabilities.

    • B.

      How competent the questioner is in obtaining an adequate response.

    • C.

      Obtaining children’s views can be problematic.

    • D.

      How the information is used afterwards.

    • E.

      Any further factors to take into account, such as setting and context – relationships been child and questioner, emotional factors,and where questions may link to an emotional experience.

    • F.

      Human rights and overall ethics considerations.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. How competent the child is in articulating his or her views adequately – this includes their linguistic, physical and cognitive capabilities.
    B. How competent the questioner is in obtaining an adequate response.
    D. How the information is used afterwards.
    E. Any further factors to take into account, such as setting and context – relationships been child and questioner, emotional factors,and where questions may link to an emotional experience.
    F. Human rights and overall ethics considerations.
    Explanation
    The answer includes five factors that are associated with the collection of views from children and pupils with MLD. These factors are: the child's competency in articulating their views adequately, which includes their linguistic, physical, and cognitive capabilities; the questioner's competency in obtaining an adequate response; how the information is used afterwards; other factors to consider such as the setting, context, relationship between the child and questioner, emotional factors, and questions that may link to an emotional experience; and human rights and overall ethics considerations. These factors highlight the technical and ethical challenges involved in collecting views from children with MLD.

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  • 7. 

    Most students felt positive about special schools, their criticisms were that the curriculum held some of them back for the sake of pupils who learned at a slower rate; and that many of them felt they were under-protected in this type of environment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Most students felt positive about special schools, their criticisms were that the curriculum held some of them back for the sake of pupils who learned at a slower rate; and that many of them felt they were under-protected in this type of environment." The correct answer is False because the statement implies that most students had positive feelings about special schools, but they also had criticisms about the curriculum and feeling under-protected.

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  • 8. 

    Personal attitudes of teachers towards their pupils are very much related to the value the teacher places on a child, and one phrase that can be useful to remember is ‘it isn’t the destination that’s important, but the ________’.

    • A.

      Journey

    • B.

      Achievement

    • C.

      Behaviour

    Correct Answer
    A. Journey
    Explanation
    The phrase "it isn't the destination that's important, but the journey" suggests that personal attitudes of teachers towards their pupils should focus on the process of learning and growth rather than solely on the end result or achievement. This means that teachers should value and prioritize the progress, effort, and development of their students throughout their educational journey. By emphasizing the journey, teachers can create a supportive and nurturing learning environment that encourages exploration, resilience, and continuous improvement.

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  • 9. 

    Several studies have shown that bullying in all its natures, whether open and loud, or insidious and quiet, has serious negative effects on the self-esteem and self-perception of children with MLD.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bullying has been extensively studied and it has been consistently found that it has detrimental effects on the self-esteem and self-perception of children with MLD. Whether the bullying is overt and obvious or covert and subtle, it still has serious negative consequences for these children. Therefore, the statement that bullying has serious negative effects on the self-esteem and self-perception of children with MLD is true.

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  • 10. 

    Research has shown that secondary school children identified as having MLD fall into THREE groups: (Please select)

    • A.

      Those with difficulty in areas of understanding concepts, with poor reasoning skills, d low attainment.

    • B.

      Those more likely to suffer victimisation.

    • C.

      Those with only low attainment.

    • D.

      Those showing neither low attainment nor difficulties in understanding concepts.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Those with difficulty in areas of understanding concepts, with poor reasoning skills, d low attainment.
    C. Those with only low attainment.
    D. Those showing neither low attainment nor difficulties in understanding concepts.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Those with difficulty in areas of understanding concepts, with poor reasoning skills, and low attainment," "Those with only low attainment," and "Those showing neither low attainment nor difficulties in understanding concepts." This is because the research has identified three distinct groups of secondary school children with MLD. The first group consists of children who struggle with understanding concepts, have poor reasoning skills, and have low attainment. The second group includes children who only have low attainment. The third group comprises children who do not have low attainment or difficulties in understanding concepts.

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  • 11. 

    Pupils with moderate learning difficulties have much greater difficulty than their peers in acquiring basic literacy and numeracy skills and in understanding concepts. They may also have associated _______ and language delay, low self-esteem, low levels of concentration and under developed social skills.

    • A.

      Speech

    • B.

      Laughing

    • C.

      Talking

    Correct Answer
    A. Speech
    Explanation
    Pupils with moderate learning difficulties may also have associated speech delay. This means that they have difficulty with articulating and producing sounds correctly, which can affect their ability to communicate effectively. This can further hinder their acquisition of basic literacy and numeracy skills, as well as their understanding of concepts. Additionally, speech delay can contribute to low self-esteem, as the students may feel frustrated and isolated due to their difficulties in expressing themselves. It can also impact their concentration and social skills, as they may struggle to engage in conversations and interactions with their peers.

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  • 12. 

    Dynamic, teaching assessments aims to uncover the child’s ______ to understand a concept, and to evaluate how much support or mediation is needed, and what kind is preferred in order to help the child understand. 

    • A.

      Difficulty

    • B.

      Capacity

    • C.

      Enabling

    Correct Answer
    B. Capacity
    Explanation
    Dynamic, teaching assessments aim to uncover the child's capacity to understand a concept. These assessments assess the child's ability to grasp and comprehend information, and evaluate how much support or mediation is required to help the child understand. Capacity refers to the child's potential or ability to learn and understand, and dynamic assessments aim to identify and tap into that capacity.

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  • 13. 

    Helping a child understand why something is a mistake and how to correct it is a useful outcome of using dynamic assessments. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Dynamic assessments involve assessing a child's ability to learn and problem-solve rather than just measuring their current knowledge or skills. By using dynamic assessments, educators can identify a child's specific areas of difficulty and provide targeted instruction and support. Helping a child understand why something is a mistake and how to correct it is an essential aspect of dynamic assessments. This process promotes active learning, critical thinking, and metacognitive skills, enabling the child to develop a deeper understanding and improve their performance over time. Therefore, the statement that helping a child understand and correct their mistakes is a useful outcome of using dynamic assessments is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 07, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Jackson Matthews

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