A significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills (impaired intelligence).
The ‘disability’ term is often found by disabled people to have a negative and stigmatising meaning.
A reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning).
Which started before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development.
How competent the child is in articulating his or her views adequately – this includes their linguistic, physical and cognitive capabilities.
How competent the questioner is in obtaining an adequate response.
Obtaining children’s views can be problematic.
How the information is used afterwards.
Any further factors to take into account, such as setting and context – relationships been child and questioner, emotional factors,and where questions may link to an emotional experience.
Human rights and overall ethics considerations.
Those with difficulty in areas of understanding concepts, with poor reasoning skills, d low attainment.
Those more likely to suffer victimisation.
Those with only low attainment.
Those showing neither low attainment nor difficulties in understanding concepts.