Introduction To The Korean Language: Part I

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| By Averagebear
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Averagebear
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 307
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 308

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Korean Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is a companion to the document I created and posted on the group's Facebook page! Make sure you know the material really well and then take the quiz! Try not to cheat!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the following sentence, which is the subject?스티븐이 갑니다.

    • A.

    • B.

      스티븐

    • C.

      갑니다

    Correct Answer
    B. 스티븐
    Explanation
    The subject in the given sentence is "스티븐" because it is the noun that is performing the action of "갑니다" (goes).

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  • 2. 

    In the following sentence, which is the subject?고양이가 의자 밑에 잡니다.

    • A.

      의자

    • B.

      잡니다

    • C.

    • D.

      에서

    • E.

      고양이

    • F.

    Correct Answer
    E. 고양이
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "고양이" because it is the noun that is performing the action of "잡니다" (sitting) in the sentence. The other options are either verbs or prepositions, which do not function as the subject of the sentence.

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  • 3. 

    In the following sentence, which is the (direct) object?균호가 선물을 삽니다.

    • A.

      선물

    • B.

      균호

    • C.

      삽니다

    • D.

    • E.

    Correct Answer
    A. 선물
    Explanation
    In the given sentence, "균호가 선물을 삽니다" (Gyunho buys a gift), the direct object is "선물" (gift). The subject of the sentence is "균호" (Gyunho), and the verb is "삽니다" (buys). The direct object is the noun that receives the action of the verb, in this case, the gift that Gyunho is buying.

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  • 4. 

    In the following sentence, which is the (direct) object?수아가 소주를 마십니다.

    • A.

      수아

    • B.

      소주

    • C.

    • D.

    • E.

      마십니다

    • F.

      마십니다

    Correct Answer
    B. 소주
    Explanation
    In the given sentence, the direct object is "소주." This is because "소주" is the noun that receives the action of the verb "마십니다" (to drink). The particle "를" indicates that "소주" is the direct object of the sentence.

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  • 5. 

    In the following sentence, which is the verb?수아가 삼겹살을 먹습니다.

    • A.

      삼겹살

    • B.

      먹습니다

    • C.

    • D.

      수아

    • E.

    Correct Answer
    B. 먹습니다
    Explanation
    The verb in the sentence is "먹습니다" which means "eat". It is the action being performed by the subject "수아가" which means "Suah". The other options are not verbs but rather a noun (삼겹살) meaning "pork belly", a particle (을) indicating the direct object, and a subject particle (가) indicating the subject of the sentence.

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  • 6. 

    In the following sentence, which is the verb?태희가 만화책을 읽습니다.

    • A.

      만화책

    • B.

    • C.

      읽습니다

    • D.

      태희

    • E.

    Correct Answer
    C. 읽습니다
    Explanation
    The verb in the given sentence is "읽습니다" which means "reads" in English. It is the action that is being performed in the sentence. The subject of the sentence is "태희가" which means "Taehui" and the object is "만화책을" which means "comic book". The particle "을" indicates that the comic book is the direct object of the verb.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following are particles (조사) used to identify the subject?

    • A.

    • B.

    • C.

    • D.

    • E.

    • F.

      에서

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. 이
    D. 가
    Explanation
    The particles "이" and "가" are used to identify the subject in Korean. "이" is used after a consonant-ending noun, while "가" is used after a vowel-ending noun. These particles indicate that the noun is the subject of the sentence. For example, in the sentence "나는 학생이다" (I am a student), "나는" (I) is the subject and is marked by the particle "는" (이). Similarly, in the sentence "고양이가 집에 있다" (The cat is at home), "고양이" (cat) is the subject and is marked by the particle "가".

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following particles (조사) are used to identify the direct object?

    • A.

    • B.

    • C.

      에서

    • D.

    • E.

    • F.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 을
    D. 를
    Explanation
    Particles "을" and "를" are used to identify the direct object in Korean. These particles are attached to the noun that is receiving the action of the verb. The choice of using "을" or "를" depends on the final consonant sound of the noun. If the noun ends in a vowel or a consonant other than "ㄹ", "을" is used. If the noun ends in a consonant "ㄹ", "를" is used. Therefore, the correct answer is "을,를" as these particles are specifically used to mark the direct object in a sentence.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following particles is used to show the location of the action and has English meanings of "at" and "in"?

    • A.

    • B.

    • C.

      에서

    • D.

    • E.

    • F.

    Correct Answer
    C. 에서
    Explanation
    The particle "에서" is used to show the location of the action and has English meanings of "at" and "in".

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  • 10. 

    To which language category does Korean belong?

    • A.

      Isolating

    • B.

      Analytic

    • C.

      Agglutinative

    Correct Answer
    C. Agglutinative
    Explanation
    Korean belongs to the agglutinative language category. In agglutinative languages, words are formed by adding affixes to a root, which allows for the creation of complex words with multiple meanings. In Korean, grammatical relationships are expressed through the addition of suffixes to the root words, indicating tense, mood, and other grammatical features. This characteristic of agglutination sets Korean apart from isolating languages, where words are not typically modified, and analytic languages, where grammatical relationships are expressed through word order and function words.

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  • 11. 

    Is [your statement here] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given answer is "True." This means that the statement mentioned in the question is true. However, without the specific statement mentioned in the question, it is not possible to provide a more detailed explanation.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following AVs and DVs are in their dictionary form?

    • A.

      자다

    • B.

      먹습니다

    • C.

      마셔요

    • D.

      죄송합니다

    • E.

      예쁘다

    • F.

      고마워

    • G.

      가다

    • H.

      앉아요

    • I.

      하얗다

    • J.

    • K.

      없습니다

    • L.

      있다

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 자다
    E. 예쁘다
    G. 가다
    I. 하얗다
    L. 있다
    Explanation
    Dictionary form always consists of the verb stem + -다. Although -ㅂ니다 / -습니다 also ends in -다, it has already conjugated the stem, so it is not dictionary form.

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  • 13. 

    The following sentence is in the deferential style:준명이가 학교에 가요.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This sentence is written in the polite style, which we haven't covered yet.

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  • 14. 

    The following sentence is written in the deferential style:선물을 어디서 샀습니까?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The sentence "선물을 어디서 샀습니까?" is written in the deferential style because it includes the honorific verb ending "-습니까" which is used to show respect and politeness towards the listener. In Korean, the deferential style is commonly used when speaking to someone of higher social status, older age, or in a formal setting.

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  • 15. 

    The following sentence is written in the deferential style:균호가 돈을 좋아합니다.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The sentence "균호가 돈을 좋아합니다." is written in the deferential style because it uses the honorific form of the verb "좋아합니다" to show respect towards the subject, "균호". In deferential style, the speaker uses polite language and honorifics to show respect or politeness towards the listener or the subject being talked about.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following are the correct conjugations for a declarative statement in the deferential style?

    • A.

      -습니다

    • B.

      -습니까

    • C.

      -ㅂ니까

    • D.

      -ㅂ니다

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. -습니다
    D. -ㅂ니다
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "-습니다" and "-ㅂ니다". These are the correct conjugations for a declarative statement in the deferential style. These endings are used to show respect and politeness when speaking to someone of higher social status or age.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following are the correct conjugations for an interrogative (question) in the deferential style?

    • A.

      -ㅂ니까

    • B.

      -습니까

    • C.

      -ㅂ니다

    • D.

      -습니다

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. -ㅂ니까
    B. -습니까
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "-ㅂ니까" and "-습니까". These are the correct conjugations for an interrogative (question) in the deferential style. The "-ㅂ니까" ending is used for verbs ending in a consonant, while "-습니까" is used for verbs ending in a vowel. Both endings indicate politeness and are commonly used in formal situations when asking questions.

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  • 18. 

    Among the following, which are used when the AV/DV stem ends in a vowel?

    • A.

      -습니다

    • B.

      -ㅂ니다

    • C.

      -습니까

    • D.

      -ㅂ니까

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. -ㅂ니다
    D. -ㅂ니까
    Explanation
    The correct answer is -ㅂ니다 and -ㅂ니까. These endings are used when the AV/DV stem ends in a vowel. The -습니다 ending is used for formal declarative sentences, while the -ㅂ니다 ending is used for formal interrogative sentences. The -습니까 ending is used for formal polite questions, and the -ㅂ니까 ending is used for informal polite questions.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are used when the AV/DV stem ends in a consonant?

    • A.

      -ㅂ니까

    • B.

      -습니다

    • C.

      -습니까

    • D.

      -ㅂ니까

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. -습니다
    C. -습니까
    Explanation
    The endings -습니다 and -습니까 are used when the AV/DV stem ends in a consonant. These endings are used to form polite speech in Korean. The ending -습니다 is used to form declarative sentences, while the ending -습니까 is used to form interrogative sentences. Both endings are commonly used in formal and polite situations.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 05, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Averagebear

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