Chpt 5 & 6 Multiple Choice VI Created By Day

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 86

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Skin Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except 
    • A. 

      Connective.

    • B. 

      Fibrous.

    • C. 

      Nervous.

    • D. 

      Epithelial.

    • E. 

      Muscular.

  • 2. 
    The _______________ gives rise to the _______________. 
    • A. 

      Mesoderm; digestive glands

    • B. 

      Endoderm; muscular system and skeletal system

    • C. 

      Ectoderm; nervous system and epidermis

    • D. 

      Endoderm; mesoderm

    • E. 

      Mesoderm; endoderm

  • 3. 
    _______________ lines body cavities, covers the body surface, and forms the lining of many organs. 
    • A. 

      Interstitial tissue

    • B. 

      Muscle tissue

    • C. 

      Adipose tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • E. 

      Nervous tissue

  • 4. 
    An epithelium with all cells tall and narrow and with every cell touching the basement membrane is called ________________
    • A. 

      Stratified squamous.

    • B. 

      Stratified cuboidal.

    • C. 

      Simple cuboidal.

    • D. 

      Simple columnar.

    • E. 

      Pseudostratified columnar.

  • 5. 
    The basement membrane is found between 
    • A. 

      Epithelium and connective tissue.

    • B. 

      Epithelium and extracellular material.

    • C. 

      Epithelium and intracellular material.

    • D. 

      Extracellular material and intracellular material.

    • E. 

      Interstitial fluid and extracellular fluid.

  • 6. 
    ________________ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas _______________ epithelium is rare. 
    • A. 

      Simple columnar; stratified columnar

    • B. 

      Stratified squamous; stratified columnar

    • C. 

      Pseudostratified; stratified squamous

    • D. 

      Simple cuboidal; stratified squamous

    • E. 

      Stratified squamous; simple squamous

  • 7. 
    _____________ cells in simple columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes. 
    • A. 

      Basement membrane

    • B. 

      Simple

    • C. 

      Basal

    • D. 

      Keratinized

    • E. 

      Goblet

  • 8. 
    All cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia. 
    • A. 

      Pseudostratified columnar

    • B. 

      Simple columnar

    • C. 

      Stratified columnar

    • D. 

      Stratified cuboidal

    • E. 

      Stratified squamous

  • 9. 
    __________________ epithelium found in the bladder resembles ______________ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened.
    • A. 

      Transitional; stratified squamous

    • B. 

      Stratified squamous; pseudostratified

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous; stratified columnar

    • D. 

      Simple columnar; pseudostratified

    • E. 

      Transitional; simple cuboidal

  • 10. 
    _______________ epithelium provides a moist and slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress, as in the ________________.
    • A. 

      Transitional; tongue

    • B. 

      Keratinized; tongue

    • C. 

      Nonkeratinized; skin

    • D. 

      Keratinized; skin

    • E. 

      Nonkeratinized; vagina

  • 11. 
    __________________ epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances through a membrane, whereas __________________ epithelium is associated with resistance to abrasion. 
    • A. 

      Simple columnar; transitional

    • B. 

      Simple squamous; stratified squamous

    • C. 

      Simple cuboidal; pseudostratified

    • D. 

      Pseudostratified; simple squamous

    • E. 

      Pseudostratified; simple cuboidal

  • 12. 
    The shape of a person's external ear is given by  
    • A. 

      Dense regular connective tissue.

    • B. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue.

    • C. 

      Elastic cartilage.

    • D. 

      Fibrocartilage.

    • E. 

      Ligaments.

  • 13. 
    These are all types of fibrous connective tissues except 
    • A. 

      Reticular tissue.

    • B. 

      Hyaline cartilage.

    • C. 

      Dense regular connective tissue.

    • D. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue.

    • E. 

      Areolar tissue.

  • 14. 
    New triglycerides are constantly synthesized and stored and others are hydrolyzed and released into circulation mostly from cells in
    • A. 

      Blood.

    • B. 

      Fibrous connective tissue.

    • C. 

      Adipose tissue.

    • D. 

      Reticular tissue.

    • E. 

      Transitional tissue.

  • 15. 
    Collagenous fibers are very abundant in  
    • A. 

      Blood and hyaline cartilage.

    • B. 

      Blood, adipose tissue, and osseous tissue.

    • C. 

      Ligaments, bones, and the most superficial portion of the skin.

    • D. 

      Tendons, ligaments, and the deeper portion of the skin.

    • E. 

      Areolar tissue, tongue, and bones.

  • 16. 
    Fibroblasts and protein fibers are associated with both  
    • A. 

      Dense regular and dense irregular connective tissues.

    • B. 

      Plasma and formed elements.

    • C. 

      Elastic cartilage and hyaline cartilage.

    • D. 

      Spongy bone and compact (dense) bone.

    • E. 

      Adipose tissue and reticular tissue.

  • 17. 
    __________________ is found in the heart, and one of its functions is to __________________.
    • A. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue; allow for heart contraction and relaxation

    • B. 

      Adipose tissue; store energy for the heart

    • C. 

      Reticular tissue; provide support to the heart

    • D. 

      Simple cuboidal epithelium; line the heart chambers

    • E. 

      Blood; transport nutrients to the tissues

  • 18. 
    Nervous tissue consists predominantly of two cell types, neurons and 
    • A. 

      Fibroblasts.

    • B. 

      Chondrocytes.

    • C. 

      Neuroglia.

    • D. 

      Myocytes.

    • E. 

      Osteocytes.

  • 19. 
    Skeletal muscle is described as 
    • A. 

      Striated and voluntary.

    • B. 

      Striated and involuntary.

    • C. 

      Nonstriated and voluntary.

    • D. 

      Nonstriated and involuntary

    • E. 

      Fibrous and contracting.

  • 20. 
    A connective tissue fiber refers to a(n) __________________, a nerve fiber refers to a(n) ____________________, and a muscle fiber refers to a(n) _______. 
    • A. 

      Entire cell; organelle; tissue

    • B. 

      Organelle; entire cell; part of a cell

    • C. 

      Organelle; entire cell; complex of macromolecules

    • D. 

      Complex of macromolecules; entire cell; part of a cell

    • E. 

      Complex of macromolecules; part of a cell; entire cell

  • 21. 
    The membrane that lines digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts consists of  
    • A. 

      Simple squamous epithelium and dense irregular connective tissue.

    • B. 

      Areolar and dense irregular connective tissue.

    • C. 

      Epithelium and lamina propria.

    • D. 

      Areolar tissue and lamina propria.

    • E. 

      Simple squamous epithelium and areolar tissue.

  • 22. 
    After six months of lifting weights at the gym you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size. This increase in size is due to _______ of muscle cells.
    • A. 

      Hyperplasia

    • B. 

      Neoplasia

    • C. 

      Hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Atrophy

  • 23. 
    This primary germ layer is the middle layer, called ______, and gives rise to a gelatinous material called ________________, which gives rise to different types of connective tissue such as bone, muscle, and blood.
    • A. 

      Ectoderm; stem cells

    • B. 

      Mesoderm; mesenchyme

    • C. 

      Endoderm; mesenchyme

    • D. 

      Mesoderm; fibroblasts

    • E. 

      Ectoderm; mesenchyme

  • 24. 
    Macrophages __________________ in the healing of a skin wound. 
    • A. 

      Release histamine to increase blood flow to the area

    • B. 

      Produce and secrete collagenous fibers

    • C. 

      Phagocytize and digest tissue debris

    • D. 

      Stimulate epithelial cells to multiply

    • E. 

      Make capillaries more permeable allowing white blood cells to migrate into the area

  • 25. 
    The replacement of damaged tissue with scar tissue is called
    • A. 

      Necrosis.

    • B. 

      Apoptosis.

    • C. 

      Gangrene.

    • D. 

      Regeneration.

    • E. 

      Fibrosis.

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