Chpt. 7 & 8 Multiple Choice Created By Day

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 55

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Bone Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The skeleton does not
    • A. 

      Store calcium and phosphate ions.

    • B. 

      Store red blood cells.

    • C. 

      Provide support for most muscles.

    • D. 

      Protect the brain.

    • E. 

      Protect the spinal cord.

  • 2. 
    Osseous tissue is a(an) ____________ tissue.
    • A. 

      Connective

    • B. 

      Epithelial

    • C. 

      Dense regular

    • D. 

      Dense irregular

    • E. 

      Reticular

  • 3. 
    These are all tissues that are a part of a long bone except 
    • A. 

      Osseous tissue.

    • B. 

      Nervous tissue.

    • C. 

      Adipose tissue.

    • D. 

      Cartilage.

    • E. 

      Transitional epithelium.

  • 4. 
    The expanded head at each end of a long bone is called
    • A. 

      An epiphysis.

    • B. 

      A diaphysis.

    • C. 

      An articular cartilages.

    • D. 

      A periosteum.

    • E. 

      A periosteum.

  • 5. 
    A bone is covered externally with a sheath called ______________, whereas the internal surface is lined with _____________.
    • A. 

      Epiphysis; diaphysis

    • B. 

      Diaphysis; epiphysis

    • C. 

      Compact bone; spongy bone

    • D. 

      Periosteum; endosteum

    • E. 

      Endosteum; periosteum

  • 6. 
    _____________ are bone-forming cells. 
    • A. 

      Osteogenic (osteoprogenitor) cells

    • B. 

      Osteoblasts

    • C. 

      Osteoclasts

    • D. 

      Osteocytes

    • E. 

      Osteons

  • 7. 
    When ____________ become enclosed in lacunae, they become cells called _____________.
    • A. 

      Osteogenic cells; osteoblasts

    • B. 

      Osteoblasts; osteoclasts

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts; osteocytes

    • D. 

      Osteocytes; osteoclasts

    • E. 

      Osteocytes; osteoblasts

  • 8. 
    Which of these is an inorganic component of the bone matrix?
    • A. 

      Proteoglycans

    • B. 

      Glycoproteins

    • C. 

      Collagen

    • D. 

      Hydroxyapatite

    • E. 

      Glycosaminoglycans

  • 9. 
    Spicules and trabeculae are found in
    • A. 

      Compact bone.

    • B. 

      Bone matrix.

    • C. 

      Yellow bone marrow.

    • D. 

      Red bone marrow.

    • E. 

      Spongy bone.

  • 10. 
    Red bone marrow does not contain
    • A. 

      Myeloid tissue.

    • B. 

      Yellow bone marrow.

    • C. 

      Hemopoietic tissue.

    • D. 

      White blood cells.

    • E. 

      Red blood cells.

  • 11. 
    ____________ provide(s) hardness to bones, whereas ____________ provide(s) some degree of flexibility.
    • A. 

      Hydroxyapatite and other minerals; proteins

    • B. 

      Collagen and elastic fibers; minerals

    • C. 

      Glycoproteins; proteoglycans

    • D. 

      Calcium carbonate; calcium phosphate

    • E. 

      Proteins; collagen

  • 12. 
    . ___________ have a ruffled border with many deep infoldings of the plasma membrane, whereas ____________ have long, thin, fingerlike cytoplasmic processes.
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts; osteocytes

    • B. 

      Osteocytes; osteoclasts

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts; osteoclasts

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts; osteocytes

    • E. 

      Osteocytes; osteogenic cells

  • 13. 
    What would you find in the marrow cavity of the diaphysis of an adult humerus (arm bone)?
    • A. 

      Spongy bone

    • B. 

      Hemopoietic tissue

    • C. 

      Red bone marrow

    • D. 

      Yellow bone marrow

    • E. 

      Compact bone

  • 14. 
    Which one of the following bone cells would have the greatest number of lysosomes?
    • A. 

      Osteoblasts

    • B. 

      Osteoclasts

    • C. 

      Osteocytes

    • D. 

      Osteogenic cells

    • E. 

      Stem cells

  • 15. 
    _______________ are common in compact bone but rarely seen in spongy bone.
    • A. 

      Lamellae

    • B. 

      Osteoclasts

    • C. 

      Lacunae

    • D. 

      Central canals

    • E. 

      Osteocytes

  • 16. 
    Intramembranous ossification produces the
    • A. 

      Irregular bones of the vertebrae.

    • B. 

      Flat bones of the skull.

    • C. 

      Long bones of the limbs.

    • D. 

      Short bones of the wrist.

    • E. 

      Short bones of the ankle.

  • 17. 
    In endochondral ossification, the precursor connective tissue is _____________, which is replaced by bone.
    • A. 

      Embryonic mesenchyme

    • B. 

      Fibrous membranes

    • C. 

      Hyaline cartilage

    • D. 

      Transitional epithelium

    • E. 

      Fibrocartilage

  • 18. 
    The _____________ is a marginal zone of the epiphyseal plate where, in children and adolescents, bone can be seen replacing the hyaline cartilage.
    • A. 

      Metaphysis

    • B. 

      Primary ossification center

    • C. 

      Secondary ossification center

    • D. 

      Osteoid tissue

    • E. 

      Epiphyseal line

  • 19. 
    Achondroplastic dwarfism is a hereditary condition in which the long bones of the limbs fail to elongate normally because of reduced hyperplasia and hypertrophy of cartilage in the
    • A. 

      Primary ossification center.

    • B. 

      Secondary ossification center.

    • C. 

      Primary bone marrow.

    • D. 

      Secondary bone marrow.

    • E. 

      Epiphyseal plate.

  • 20. 
    Chondrocytes multiply in this zone of the metaphysis. 
    • A. 

      Zone of reserve cartilage

    • B. 

      Zone of cell proliferation

    • C. 

      Zone of cell hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Zone of calcification

    • E. 

      Zone of bone deposition

  • 21. 
    Mature bones are remodeled throughout life by employing 
    • A. 

      Intramembranous ossification.

    • B. 

      Endochondral ossification.

    • C. 

      Interstitial growth.

    • D. 

      Appositional growth.

    • E. 

      Metaphysical growth.

  • 22. 
    . Bone elongation is a result of 
    • A. 

      Cartilage growth.

    • B. 

      Muscle growth.

    • C. 

      Osseous tissue growth.

    • D. 

      Fibrous membrane addition.

    • E. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue addition.

  • 23. 
    Wolff's law of bone explains the effect of 
    • A. 

      Different diets on bone elongation.

    • B. 

      Mechanical stress on bone remodeling.

    • C. 

      Temperature on bone growth.

    • D. 

      Age on bone thickening.

    • E. 

      Sex on bone widening.

  • 24. 
    A growing long bone in a child has only two areas of cartilage at the epiphysis. These two areas are  
    • A. 

      Elastic cartilage and epiphyseal plate.

    • B. 

      Epiphyseal plate and epiphyseal line.

    • C. 

      Primary and secondary ossification centers

    • D. 

      Fibrocartilage and articular cartilage.

    • E. 

      Articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate.

  • 25. 
    _____________ is the process of dissolving bone and returning its minerals to the bloodstream. 
    • A. 

      Mineralization

    • B. 

      Mineral deposition

    • C. 

      Crystallization

    • D. 

      Resorption

    • E. 

      Ossification

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