Effective Speaking Chapter 1

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Effective Speaking Chapter 1 - Quiz

Getting to know your audience and situation.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Susannah didn’t pay attention to Madison’s speech because she assumed it didn’t relate to her. This is an example of 

    • A.

      Audience analysis.

    • B.

      Bias.

    • C.

      Egocentrism.

    • D.

      Identity knowledge.

    Correct Answer
    C. Egocentrism.
    Explanation
    This scenario exemplifies egocentrism because Susannah disregarded Madison's speech assuming it was not relevant to her. Egocentrism refers to the tendency to view the world from one's own perspective and to believe that one's own experiences and opinions are more important or relevant than others. In this case, Susannah's assumption that the speech did not pertain to her demonstrates her self-centeredness and lack of consideration for others' perspectives.

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  • 2. 

    Being audience centered begins 

    • A.

      With the research process.

    • B.

      With writing the speech body.

    • C.

      With the selection of visual aids.

    • D.

      With topic selection.

    Correct Answer
    D. With topic selection.
    Explanation
    Being audience centered means that the speaker focuses on the needs, interests, and preferences of the audience. This approach ensures that the speech is tailored to the audience, making it more engaging and effective. The topic selection is the first step in the research process, where the speaker considers the audience's background, knowledge, and interests to choose a topic that will resonate with them. Therefore, being audience centered begins with topic selection.

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  • 3. 

    Audience analysis helps a speaker predict all of the following EXCEPT 

    • A.

      The obstacles that may affect the speech.

    • B.

      How much information the audience will need.

    • C.

      The general purpose of the speech.

    • D.

      The expectations and reactions of the audience.​

    Correct Answer
    C. The general purpose of the speech.
    Explanation
    Audience analysis is a crucial step in preparing a speech as it helps the speaker understand the expectations, reactions, and information needs of the audience. By analyzing the audience, the speaker can anticipate and address potential obstacles that may affect the speech, as well as determine how much information the audience will require. However, the general purpose of the speech is not directly related to audience analysis. The general purpose typically refers to the overall goal or intention of the speech, which may not necessarily be influenced by audience analysis.

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  • 4. 

    Juan paid attention to the characteristics of his audience members and took care to keep them in mind during the whole speech-making process.  This is an example of 

    • A.

      negotiation skill.

    • B.

      Mindfulness.

    • C.

      Selective attention.

    • D.

      Identity knowledge.​

    Correct Answer
    B. Mindfulness.
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes Juan's ability to pay attention to the characteristics of his audience members and keep them in mind throughout the speech-making process. This demonstrates mindfulness, which involves being fully present and aware of one's surroundings, thoughts, and emotions. By being mindful, Juan is able to adapt his speech to suit the needs and interests of his audience, ensuring effective communication and engagement.

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  • 5. 

    “Smoking marijuana leads to the use of other drugs.” This is an example of a(n) 

    • A.

      Belief.

    • B.

      value.

    • C.

      Attitude

    • D.

      Policy.​

    Correct Answer
    A. Belief.
    Explanation
    The statement "Smoking marijuana leads to the use of other drugs" is an example of a belief. A belief is a conviction or acceptance that something is true or exists. In this case, it represents a personal conviction or acceptance that smoking marijuana can lead to the use of other drugs.

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  • 6. 

    Ben’s family places a lot of importance on gaining a quality education. This is an example of a(n) 

    • A.

      Belief.

    • B.

      Opinion

    • C.

      Value.

    • D.

      Attitude.

    Correct Answer
    C. Value.
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Ben's family places a high level of importance on gaining a quality education. This indicates that they hold this as a fundamental principle or standard of behavior, which aligns with the concept of a value. A belief refers to a conviction or acceptance of something as true, while an opinion is a personal view or judgment. An attitude refers to a person's feelings or opinions about something. Therefore, value is the most appropriate term to describe the given statement.

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  • 7. 

    “I love classic rock!”  This is an example of a(n) 

    • A.

      Value.

    • B.

      Attitude.

    • C.

      Belief.

    • D.

      Policy.​

    Correct Answer
    B. Attitude.
    Explanation
    The statement "I love classic rock!" expresses a personal preference or liking towards a specific genre of music, which falls under the category of attitudes. Attitudes refer to the evaluations, feelings, and opinions that individuals hold towards certain objects, people, or ideas. In this case, the individual's positive sentiment towards classic rock demonstrates their attitude towards it.

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  • 8. 

    An audience’s _____ is made up of values, attitudes, and beliefs. 

    • A.

      Personality

    • B.

      Demographic

    • C.

      Profile

    • D.

      identity​

    Correct Answer
    D. identity​
    Explanation
    The audience's identity is made up of their values, attitudes, and beliefs. This refers to the unique characteristics and qualities that define who they are as individuals or as a group. These aspects shape their perspectives, opinions, and behaviors, ultimately influencing how they perceive and respond to various messages or content. Understanding the audience's identity is crucial for effective communication and tailoring messages that resonate with their specific values and beliefs.

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  • 9. 

    Shalonda noted that most of her audience members were employed in the medical field. This is an example of paying attention to 

    • A.

      Psychological traits.

    • B.

      social traits.

    • C.

      Personal traits.

    • D.

      Cultural traits.

    Correct Answer
    C. Personal traits.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is personal traits. Shalonda's observation that most of her audience members were employed in the medical field suggests that she noticed a characteristic or attribute specific to those individuals. This observation relates to their personal traits, such as their profession or occupation, rather than psychological, social, or cultural traits.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is NOT a guideline for constructing an effective survey? 

    • A.

      Use more open-ended questions than closed-ended question

    • B.

      Make no assumptions about your respondents

    • C.

      Avoid biased or leading questions

    • D.

      Use a clean, consistent structure for the overall questionnaire​

    Correct Answer
    A. Use more open-ended questions than closed-ended question
    Explanation
    The given answer, "use more open-ended questions than closed-ended questions," is not a guideline for constructing an effective survey. In fact, it is generally recommended to use a mix of both open-ended and closed-ended questions in a survey. Open-ended questions allow respondents to provide detailed and personalized answers, while closed-ended questions provide specific response options and make data analysis easier. Therefore, using more open-ended questions than closed-ended questions may result in a lack of structure and difficulty in data analysis.

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