Tests Your Basic Knowledge Of This Important Organ Of Heart

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| By Nathaniel
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Nathaniel
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Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 5,484
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 133

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Tests Your Basic Knowledge Of This Important Organ Of Heart - Quiz


The heart is one small organ in living organisms that helps to pump blood to the differed parts of the body. It never stops. The heart quiz below tests your basic knowledge of this important organ.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The normal heart is the size of a

    • A.

      Foot.

    • B.

      Cherry.

    • C.

      Man’s fist.

    • D.

      Watermelon.

    Correct Answer
    C. Man’s fist.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Man's fist" because the average size of a normal heart is approximately the same as the size of a person's closed fist. This comparison helps to give a visual representation of the size of the heart and is commonly used to describe its dimensions.

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  • 2. 

    The top of the heart where the great vessels emerge is the

    • A.

      Apex.

    • B.

      Base.

    • C.

      Chordae tendonae.

    • D.

      Tricuspid valve.

    Correct Answer
    B. Base.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Base." The base of the heart refers to the top part where the great vessels emerge, including the aorta, pulmonary artery, superior vena cava, and inferior vena cava. It is the opposite end of the heart from the apex, which is the pointed bottom part. The base is where the major blood vessels enter and exit the heart, while the apex is where the heart is more pointed and rests against the diaphragm.

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  • 3. 

    The fibrous tissue that divides the heart into right and left sides is the 

    • A.

      Chordae tendonae

    • B.

      Papillary muscle.

    • C.

      Septum.

    • D.

      Pulmonic valve.

    Correct Answer
    C. Septum.
    Explanation
    The fibrous tissue that divides the heart into right and left sides is called the septum. The septum separates the two ventricles, ensuring that oxygenated and deoxygenated blood do not mix. It is a crucial structure in maintaining the proper functioning of the heart and ensuring efficient blood circulation throughout the body.

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  • 4. 

    The apex of the heart is located at the            

    • A.

      Top of the heart, where the great vessels emerge.

    • B.

      Right side of the heart.

    • C.

      Bottom of the heart, at the leftmost tip.

    • D.

      The back wall of the heart.

    Correct Answer
    C. Bottom of the heart, at the leftmost tip.
    Explanation
    The apex of the heart is located at the bottom of the heart, at the leftmost tip. This is the pointy end of the heart that is formed by the left ventricle. It is positioned towards the left side of the chest and is the lowest and most inferior part of the heart.

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  • 5. 

    Pericardial fluid            

    • A.

      Decreases friction of the pericardial layers as they rub against each other.

    • B.

      Prevents backflow of blood from one chamber to the other.

    • C.

      Circulates through the heart’s chambers.

    • D.

      Lubricates the electrical system of the heart.

    Correct Answer
    A. Decreases friction of the pericardial layers as they rub against each other.
    Explanation
    Pericardial fluid decreases friction between the pericardial layers as they rub against each other. This fluid acts as a lubricant, allowing the layers to move smoothly without causing damage or discomfort. It helps reduce the friction and wear that would occur if the layers were to rub against each other without any lubrication. This is important for the proper functioning of the heart and to prevent any complications or discomfort that may arise from excessive friction.

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  • 6. 

    The innermost layer of the heart is the              

    • A.

      Epicardium.

    • B.

      Pericardium.

    • C.

      Endocardium.

    • D.

      Myocardium.

    Correct Answer
    C. Endocardium.
    Explanation
    The innermost layer of the heart is called the endocardium. It is a thin, smooth membrane that lines the chambers of the heart and covers the heart valves. The endocardium helps to prevent blood clots from forming and provides a smooth surface for blood to flow through the heart. It is made up of endothelial cells and connective tissue.

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  • 7. 

    The layer of the heart that is damaged during a heart attack is the            

    • A.

      Epicardium.

    • B.

      Pericardium.

    • C.

      Endocardium.

    • D.

      Myocardium.

    Correct Answer
    D. Myocardium.
    Explanation
    During a heart attack, the layer of the heart that is damaged is the myocardium. The myocardium is the middle layer of the heart wall and is responsible for the contraction and pumping of blood. When a heart attack occurs, there is a blockage in the coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the myocardium. Without sufficient blood flow, the myocardium becomes deprived of oxygen and nutrients, leading to tissue damage and cell death. Therefore, the myocardium is the correct answer as it is the layer directly affected during a heart attack.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these statements about the pericardium is NOT TRUE?            

    • A.

      It anchors the heart to the diaphragm and great vessels

    • B.

      It is a two-layer sac enclosing the heart.

    • C.

      It serves as protection for the heart.

    • D.

      It is the wall of the heart that is damaged in a heart attack.

    Correct Answer
    D. It is the wall of the heart that is damaged in a heart attack.
    Explanation
    The pericardium is a two-layer sac that encloses and protects the heart. It anchors the heart to the diaphragm and great vessels, providing stability and preventing excessive movement. However, it is not the wall of the heart that is damaged in a heart attack. A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when there is a blockage in the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. The damage in a heart attack occurs in the heart muscle itself, not in the pericardium.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements about the right atrium is true?            

    • A.

      It is a receiving chamber for oxygenated blood returning from the lungs.

    • B.

      It is the major pumping chamber of the heart.

    • C.

      It is about 100% saturated with oxygen.

    • D.

      It is the receiving chamber for deoxygenated blood coming from the vena cava.

    Correct Answer
    D. It is the receiving chamber for deoxygenated blood coming from the vena cava.
    Explanation
    The right atrium is the receiving chamber for deoxygenated blood coming from the vena cava.

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  • 10. 

    Which heart chamber delivers oxygenated blood to the entire body?            

    • A.

      Right atrium

    • B.

      Right ventricle

    • C.

      Left atrium

    • D.

      Left ventricle

    Correct Answer
    D. Left ventricle
    Explanation
    The left ventricle is the heart chamber that delivers oxygenated blood to the entire body. It receives oxygen-rich blood from the left atrium and pumps it out through the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body. The left ventricle has a thick muscular wall that allows it to generate enough force to propel the blood throughout the body's systemic circulation. This chamber is responsible for supplying oxygen and nutrients to all the organs and tissues in the body.

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  • 11. 

    The heart’s valves open and close in response to changes in              

    • A.

      Oxygenation.

    • B.

      Sodium and potassium concentration.

    • C.

      Pressure.

    • D.

      The heart’s pacemaker.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pressure.
    Explanation
    The heart's valves open and close in response to changes in pressure. When the pressure in the heart chambers exceeds the pressure in the blood vessels, the valves open to allow blood to flow through. When the pressure in the blood vessels exceeds the pressure in the heart chambers, the valves close to prevent backflow of blood. This mechanism ensures that blood flows in one direction and maintains proper circulation throughout the body. Oxygenation, sodium and potassium concentration, and the heart's pacemaker do not directly influence the opening and closing of the heart's valves.

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  • 12. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      They prevent blood from flowing forward.

    • B.

      They prevent oxygenated blood from flowing through the coronary arteries.

    • C.

      They prevent backflow of blood.

    • D.

      They control the heart’s electrical signals.

    Correct Answer
    C. They prevent backflow of blood.
    Explanation
    Heart valves serve the purpose of preventing backflow of blood. When the heart contracts, the valves open to allow blood to flow forward, and when the heart relaxes, the valves close to prevent blood from flowing back into the chambers. This ensures that blood flows in one direction, allowing for efficient circulation throughout the body.

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  • 13. 

    The valve that separates the right atrium and right ventricle is the              

    • A.

      Mitral valve.

    • B.

      Pulmonic valve.

    • C.

      Aortic valve.

    • D.

      Tricuspid valve.

    Correct Answer
    D. Tricuspid valve.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the tricuspid valve. The tricuspid valve is located between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart. It consists of three leaflets or cusps that open and close to regulate blood flow. When the right atrium contracts, the tricuspid valve opens, allowing blood to flow into the right ventricle. When the right ventricle contracts, the tricuspid valve closes to prevent backflow of blood into the atrium.

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  • 14. 

    The heart valve found at the opening of the pulmonary artery is the            

    • A.

      Aortic valve.

    • B.

      Tricuspid valve.

    • C.

      Mitral valve.

    • D.

      Pulmonic valve.

    Correct Answer
    D. Pulmonic valve.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pulmonic valve. The pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs. The pulmonic valve is located at the opening of the pulmonary artery and prevents the backflow of blood into the right ventricle. It opens when the right ventricle contracts, allowing blood to be pumped into the pulmonary artery and then to the lungs for oxygenation.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following are both AV valves?            

    • A.

      Tricuspid and mitral valves

    • B.

      Aortic and mitral valves

    • C.

      Mitral and pulmonic valves

    • D.

      Aortic and pulmonic valves

    Correct Answer
    A. Tricuspid and mitral valves
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tricuspid and mitral valves. The tricuspid valve is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle, while the mitral valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle. Both valves are atrioventricular (AV) valves, meaning they control the flow of blood between the atria and ventricles.

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  • 16. 

    The first heart sound (S1) is associated with closure of which heart valves?              

    • A.

      Mitral and aortic

    • B.

      Tricuspid and pulmonic

    • C.

      Tricuspid and mitral

    • D.

      Aortic and pulmonic

    Correct Answer
    C. Tricuspid and mitral
    Explanation
    The first heart sound (S1) is associated with the closure of the tricuspid and mitral valves. These valves close at the beginning of ventricular systole, when the ventricles contract and blood is pumped out of the heart. The closure of these valves produces the "lub" sound that is heard during a normal heartbeat.

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  • 17. 

    The second heart sound (S2) is associated with closure of which heart valves?              

    • A.

      Mitral and aortic

    • B.

      Tricuspid and pulmonic

    • C.

      Tricuspid and mitral

    • D.

      Aortic and pulmonic

    Correct Answer
    D. Aortic and pulmonic
    Explanation
    The second heart sound (S2) is associated with the closure of the aortic and pulmonic valves.

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  • 18. 

    The structure that prevents backflow of blood is the            

    • A.

      Trebeculae carnae.

    • B.

      Superior vena cava.

    • C.

      Papillary muscle.

    • D.

      Valve.

    Correct Answer
    D. Valve.
    Explanation
    The structure that prevents backflow of blood is the valve. Valves are found in various parts of the cardiovascular system, such as the heart and veins, and their main function is to ensure that blood flows in one direction and does not flow backward. They open and close to allow blood to pass through and then prevent it from flowing back. This helps maintain the proper circulation of blood throughout the body and prevents any backflow or regurgitation.

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  • 19. 

    What causes heart sounds?              

    • A.

      Blood traveling through the heart

    • B.

      Opening of the heart valves

    • C.

      Closing of the heart valves

    • D.

      Blood hitting an obstruction in the peripheral circulation

    Correct Answer
    C. Closing of the heart valves
    Explanation
    Heart sounds are caused by the closing of the heart valves. When the heart valves close, they create vibrations that can be heard as sounds. These sounds are known as the "lub-dub" sounds of the heartbeat. The first sound, "lub," is caused by the closing of the atrioventricular valves (mitral and tricuspid valves) at the beginning of ventricular systole. The second sound, "dub," is caused by the closing of the semilunar valves (aortic and pulmonary valves) at the end of ventricular systole. These sounds can be heard using a stethoscope and are an important diagnostic tool for assessing the health of the heart.

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  • 20. 

    Through which structure must the blood travel in order to leave the right ventricle?              

    • A.

      Right atrium

    • B.

      Tricuspid valve

    • C.

      Left ventricle

    • D.

      Pulmonic valve

    Correct Answer
    D. Pulmonic valve
    Explanation
    The blood must travel through the pulmonic valve in order to leave the right ventricle. The pulmonic valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. When the right ventricle contracts, the pulmonic valve opens, allowing the blood to be pumped into the pulmonary artery and then to the lungs for oxygenation. Once the blood is oxygenated, it returns to the heart through the pulmonary veins and enters the left atrium.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 27, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 27, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Nathaniel
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