Earth,Moon And The Solar System Eagles

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Earth,Moon And The Solar System Eagles - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The pereodic rise and fall of the oceans's surface is the ____________________.

    • A.

      Wave

    • B.

      Ocean

    • C.

      Tide

    • D.

      Storm

    Correct Answer
    C. Tide
    Explanation
    The periodic rise and fall of the ocean's surface is known as a tide. Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun on Earth's oceans. As the moon orbits around the Earth, it creates a gravitational force that causes the water to bulge towards it, creating a high tide. When the moon is on the opposite side of the Earth, it creates a low tide. Tides are predictable and occur twice a day, making them different from waves, which are caused by wind and storms.

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  • 2. 

    The appearance and shape of the moon as you see it from Earth is called a ______________________.

    • A.

      Ball

    • B.

      Sun shine

    • C.

      Light

    • D.

      Phase

    Correct Answer
    D. Phase
    Explanation
    The appearance and shape of the moon as seen from Earth is called a phase. The moon goes through different phases as it orbits the Earth, which is caused by the changing positions of the Earth, moon, and sun. These phases include the new moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, third quarter, and waning crescent. Each phase represents a different amount of the moon's illuminated surface that is visible from Earth.

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  • 3. 

    When the Moon moves into the Earth's shadow,a _____________________ occurs.

    • A.

      Solar eclipse

    • B.

      Lunar eclipse

    • C.

      Full moon eclipse

    • D.

      Shadow

    Correct Answer
    B. Lunar eclipse
    Explanation
    A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon moves into the Earth's shadow. During this celestial event, the Earth blocks the Sun's light from reaching the Moon, causing it to darken and appear reddish in color. This happens when the Moon is in its full moon phase, aligning with the Sun and Earth in a straight line. Unlike a solar eclipse, which occurs when the Moon blocks the Sun's light from reaching the Earth, a lunar eclipse is visible from anywhere on the night side of the Earth.

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  • 4. 

    When the Moon passes directly between the sun and Earth,a _________________heppens.

    • A.

      Lunar eclipse

    • B.

      Solar eclipse

    • C.

      Earth eclipse

    • D.

      Eclipse

    Correct Answer
    B. Solar eclipse
    Explanation
    When the Moon passes directly between the sun and Earth, a solar eclipse happens. During a solar eclipse, the Moon blocks the sunlight from reaching certain parts of the Earth, casting a shadow on the Earth's surface. This phenomenon occurs when the Moon is in its new moon phase and aligns perfectly with the Sun and Earth. The Moon's shadow then falls on the Earth, resulting in a temporary darkening of the sky as the Moon obscures the Sun.

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  • 5. 

    The time from one phase of the Moon until the next time the Moon reaches the same phase is _______________ .

    • A.

      1 month

    • B.

      24 hours

    • C.

      48 hours

    • D.

      3 months

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 month
    Explanation
    The time from one phase of the Moon until the next time the Moon reaches the same phase is 1 month. This is because the lunar cycle, which is the time it takes for the Moon to complete one orbit around the Earth and return to the same phase, is approximately 29.5 days. This cycle includes all the phases of the Moon, such as new moon, first quarter, full moon, and last quarter. Therefore, it takes about 1 month for the Moon to go through all its phases and return to the same phase again.

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  • 6. 

    As _______________ rotates,the tides move around the planet.

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Moon

    • C.

      Sun

    • D.

      Sky

    Correct Answer
    A. Earth
    Explanation
    As the Earth rotates, the gravitational pull it exerts on the oceans causes the tides to move around the planet. The rotation of the Earth creates a centrifugal force that causes the water to bulge outwards, creating high tides. As the Earth continues to rotate, different parts of the planet experience high and low tides, resulting in the movement of tides around the Earth.

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  • 7. 

    The phases of the moon are caused by the revolution of the Moon and the Earth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The phases of the moon are caused by the revolution of the Moon and the Earth. As the Moon orbits around the Earth, different portions of the Moon are illuminated by the Sun, resulting in the different phases that we observe from Earth. When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun, we see the New Moon phase. As the Moon moves in its orbit, more of its illuminated side becomes visible to us, leading to the Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Third Quarter, and Waning Crescent phases. This cycle is repeated every 29.5 days.

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  • 8. 

    What causes the light that shines from the Moon come from?

    • A.

      Light from the Sun that reflects off the Moon's surface

    • B.

      Light from the Sun that reflects off the Earth

    • C.

      Light from the sun that reflects off mars

    • D.

      Light from the earth that shines on the Moon

    Correct Answer
    A. Light from the Sun that reflects off the Moon's surface
    Explanation
    The light that shines from the Moon comes from the Sun. The Moon does not produce its own light, but rather reflects the sunlight that falls on its surface. This is why the Moon appears bright in the night sky.

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  • 9. 

    This galaxy includes the _____________________, which has the Sun at its center.

    • A.

      Space

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Solar system

    • D.

      Planets

    Correct Answer
    C. Solar system
    Explanation
    This galaxy includes the solar system, which has the Sun at its center. The solar system consists of the Sun, eight planets, and various other celestial bodies such as moons, asteroids, and comets. The Sun is the central star of the solar system, around which all the planets orbit.

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  • 10. 

    The solar system also has rocky asteroids and icy ______________________that orbit the Sun.  

    • A.

      Comets

    • B.

      Rocks

    • C.

      Planets

    • D.

      Space

    Correct Answer
    A. Comets
    Explanation
    The solar system consists of various celestial bodies that orbit the Sun, including rocky asteroids and icy comets. Comets are composed of ice, dust, and rocky material, and they have a distinct tail that is formed when the heat from the Sun causes the ice to vaporize and create a glowing coma. Therefore, the correct answer is comets.

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  • 11. 

    The force of attraction between any two objects is ______________.

    • A.

      Inertia

    • B.

      Gravity

    • C.

      Space

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    B. Gravity
    Explanation
    Gravity is the force of attraction between any two objects. It is a fundamental force in nature that causes objects with mass to be drawn towards each other. This force is responsible for keeping planets in orbit around the sun, objects falling to the ground, and the formation of galaxies. Gravity is a universal force that affects all objects, regardless of their size or mass.

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  • 12. 

    The strength of gravity increases as the _______________  of objects increases and decreases as the distance between objects increases.  

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Weight

    • C.

      Size

    • D.

      Mass

    Correct Answer
    D. Mass
    Explanation
    Gravity is the force of attraction between two objects. The strength of gravity depends on the mass of the objects involved. The greater the mass of an object, the stronger its gravitational pull. Conversely, as the distance between objects increases, the strength of gravity decreases. Therefore, the correct answer is "mass" because the strength of gravity increases as the mass of objects increases and decreases as the distance between objects increases.

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  • 13. 

    A path that one object takes as it moves around another object is its ___________________________.

    • A.

      Orbit

    • B.

      Atmosphere

    • C.

      Revolution

    • D.

      Spin

    Correct Answer
    A. Orbit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "orbit". An orbit refers to the path that one object takes as it moves around another object. This term is commonly used in the context of celestial bodies, such as planets orbiting around the sun.

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  • 14. 

    Moving objects have the tendency to keep moving in a straight line; this is called __________________.  

    • A.

      Straight lining

    • B.

      Gravity

    • C.

      Inertia

    • D.

      Space

    Correct Answer
    C. Inertia
    Explanation
    Inertia is the tendency of moving objects to keep moving in a straight line. It is a property of matter that resists changes in motion. This means that an object in motion will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force. Inertia is responsible for keeping objects moving in a straight line and also for resisting changes in direction or speed.

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  • 15. 

    Every year, Earth makes one complete trip, or ______________, around the Sun.

    • A.

      Circle

    • B.

      Revolution

    • C.

      365 days

    • D.

      Flight

    Correct Answer
    B. Revolution
    Explanation
    The word "revolution" is the correct answer because it accurately describes the Earth's movement around the Sun. A revolution refers to a complete trip or orbit around a central point, in this case, the Sun. It takes approximately 365 days for the Earth to complete one revolution around the Sun, resulting in the change of seasons and the passage of a year.

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  • 16. 

    Sunlight strikes Earth differently at different times of year because Earth’s axis is _____________.

    • A.

      Bright

    • B.

      Curved

    • C.

      Straight

    • D.

      Tilted

    Correct Answer
    D. Tilted
    Explanation
    Sunlight strikes Earth differently at different times of year because Earth's axis is tilted. This means that as Earth orbits around the sun, different parts of the planet receive varying amounts of sunlight. When the axis is tilted towards the sun, it is summer in that hemisphere, resulting in longer days and more direct sunlight. Conversely, when the axis is tilted away from the sun, it is winter in that hemisphere, leading to shorter days and less direct sunlight. The tilt of Earth's axis is the reason for the changing seasons.

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  • 17. 

    The changes in the angle of sunlight on Earth’s surface cause the _________________.  

    • A.

      Months

    • B.

      Seasons

    • C.

      Years

    • D.

      Sunlight

    Correct Answer
    B. Seasons
    Explanation
    The changes in the angle of sunlight on Earth's surface cause the seasons. As the Earth orbits around the Sun, the tilt of its axis causes different parts of the planet to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year. When a particular hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, it experiences summer, while the opposite hemisphere experiences winter. As the Earth continues its orbit, the angle of sunlight changes, leading to the transition between seasons.

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  • 18. 

    Rocks striking the Moon over billions of years have formed many _________________.

    • A.

      Craters

    • B.

      Caves

    • C.

      Mountains

    • D.

      Asteroids

    Correct Answer
    A. Craters
    Explanation
    Over billions of years, rocks striking the Moon have caused the formation of many craters. These impacts have left behind circular depressions on the Moon's surface, known as craters. The force of these impacts causes the rocks to excavate the surface, creating these distinctive features.

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  • 19. 

    When the Moon moves into Earth’s shadow, a ___________________occurs.  

    • A.

      Lunar eclipse

    • B.

      Solar eclipse

    • C.

      Moon eclipse

    • D.

      Circle eclipse

    Correct Answer
    A. Lunar eclipse
    Explanation
    When the Moon moves into Earth's shadow, a lunar eclipse occurs. During a lunar eclipse, the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon, causing the Moon to pass through the Earth's shadow. This results in the Moon appearing darkened or reddish in color. This phenomenon can only happen during a full moon when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned in a straight line.

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  • 20. 

    The orbiting Hubble Space Telescope “sees” objects more clearly than Earth-based telescopes because Earth’s _____________ does not change Hubble’s view.

    • A.

      Mountains

    • B.

      Atmosphere

    • C.

      Clouds

    • D.

      Winds

    Correct Answer
    B. Atmosphere
    Explanation
    The atmosphere on Earth causes distortion and blurring of the images seen through telescopes. The Hubble Space Telescope, being located outside of Earth's atmosphere, is not affected by this distortion and is able to capture clearer and sharper images of celestial objects.

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  • 21. 

    Radio telescopes are giant dishes on Earth’s surface that gather __________________waves from objects in space.  

    • A.

      Gravity

    • B.

      Friction

    • C.

      Violent

    • D.

      Radio

    Correct Answer
    D. Radio
    Explanation
    Radio telescopes are giant dishes on Earth's surface that gather radio waves from objects in space. These telescopes are specifically designed to detect and amplify radio waves, which are a form of electromagnetic radiation. By collecting and analyzing these radio waves, scientists can study various phenomena in space, such as distant galaxies, pulsars, and cosmic microwave background radiation.

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  • 22. 

    The solar system’s moons are natural ____________________,but artificial satellites orbit Earth to gather weather data and help people communicate.  

    • A.

      Stars

    • B.

      Satellites

    • C.

      Rocks

    • D.

      Stars

    Correct Answer
    B. Satellites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "satellites". The explanation is that the solar system's moons are natural satellites, meaning they are objects that orbit around a planet. On the other hand, artificial satellites are man-made objects that are launched into space to perform various tasks, such as gathering weather data and facilitating communication.

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  • 23. 

    Most of the solar system’s  _______________________orbit the Sun in a belt between Mars and Jupiter. asteroids  

    • A.

      Meteors

    • B.

      Asteroids

    • C.

      Planets

    • D.

      Stars

    Correct Answer
    B. Asteroids
    Explanation
    Most of the solar system's asteroids orbit the Sun in a belt between Mars and Jupiter.

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  • 24. 

    Balls of ice, dust, and rock in elongated elliptical orbits comets around the Sun are __________________

    • A.

      Comets

    • B.

      Asteroids

    • C.

      Cold

    • D.

      Moving

    Correct Answer
    A. Comets
    Explanation
    Comets are balls of ice, dust, and rock that orbit the Sun in elongated elliptical orbits. They are different from asteroids, which are primarily made of rock and metal. Comets are known for their icy composition and long tails that form when they approach the Sun and the heat causes the ice to vaporize. They are also characterized by their unpredictable and often highly elliptical orbits. Therefore, the correct answer is comets.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 05, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 29, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Profezor1
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