Ujian Praktikum Fartok 2

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Ujian Praktikum Fartok 2 - Quiz

Petunjuk Pengisian:Waktu mengerjakan soal adalah 15 menit (keterangan waktu dan sisa waktu dapat dilihat di sebelah kanan atas)Ketikkan nama depan dan nama belakang (bagi yang tidak memiliki nama belakang, ketikkan kembali nama depan pada kolom nama belakang).Tuliskan Nomor induk mahasiswa (NIM) tanpa spasi dan biodata lain pada Kolom yang telah disediakan.Soal terdiri dari pilihan ganda, soal ompong, dan soal menjodohkanUntuk  Pilihan ganda, pilih salah satu jawaban yang paling tepat atau beberapa jawaban, bergantung pada petunjuk soal.untuk soal menjodohkan, pilihlah pasangan jawaban pada bagian kanan soal.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Pada praktikum antiinflamasi, bahan yang digunakan untuk menginduksi inflamasi pada hewan uji adalah

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Karagen 1% b/v. Karagen is used to induce inflammation in laboratory animals during anti-inflammatory experiments.

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  • 2. 

    Dalam praktikum antipiretik, bahan yang digunakan untuk menginduksi demam pada hewan uji kelinci adalah

    Explanation
    Pepton adalah bahan yang digunakan untuk menginduksi demam pada hewan uji kelinci dalam praktikum antipiretik. Demam dapat diinduksi pada hewan ini dengan memberikan pepton, yang akan menyebabkan kenaikan suhu tubuh. Dalam praktikum ini, pepton digunakan sebagai agen yang memicu respons demam pada kelinci untuk mempelajari efek antipiretik dari bahan-bahan lainnya.

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  • 3. 

    Di bawah ini merupakan obat AINS derivat asam propionat, kecuali

    • A.

      Indometasin

    • B.

      Ibuprofen

    • C.

      Naproksen

    • D.

      Ketoprofen

    Correct Answer
    A. Indometasin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Indometasin because it is not a derivative of propionic acid. Ibuprofen, Naproxen, and Ketoprofen are all derivatives of propionic acid and belong to the class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) known as propionic acid derivatives. Indometasin, on the other hand, belongs to a different class of NSAIDs known as indole derivatives.

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  • 4. 

    Salah satu contoh obat AINS golongan fenamat yang digunakan dalam praktikum analgetik adalah 

    Correct Answer
    Asam Mefenamat
    Explanation
    Asam mefenamat merupakan salah satu contoh obat AINS golongan fenamat yang digunakan dalam praktikum analgetik. AINS (Anti-Inflammatory Non-Steroidal) adalah kelompok obat yang digunakan untuk mengurangi peradangan, nyeri, dan demam. Obat golongan fenamat seperti asam mefenamat bekerja dengan menghambat produksi prostaglandin, zat yang bertanggung jawab atas rasa sakit dan peradangan dalam tubuh. Dengan demikian, asam mefenamat dapat digunakan sebagai obat analgesik atau pereda nyeri dalam praktikum analgetik.

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  • 5. 

    Di bawah ini merupakan obat AINS derivat oksikam adalah

    • A.

      Piroksikam

    • B.

      Ibuprofen

    • C.

      Parasetamol

    • D.

      Natrium diklofenak

    Correct Answer
    A. Piroksikam
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Piroksikam. Piroksikam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (AINS) that belongs to the oxicam derivative class. It is commonly used to relieve pain, inflammation, and stiffness caused by conditions such as arthritis. Ibuprofen and Natrium diklofenak are also AINS drugs, but they do not belong to the oxicam derivative class. Parasetamol, on the other hand, is not an AINS drug.

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  • 6. 

    Di bawah ini merupakan obat AINS derivat asam propionat adalah

    • A.

      Ibuprofen

    • B.

      Parasetamol

    • C.

      Piroksikam

    • D.

      Natrium diklofenak

    Correct Answer
    A. Ibuprofen
    Explanation
    Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that belongs to the propionic acid derivatives. It is commonly used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and lower fever. Therefore, it is the correct answer in this case as it is an AINS (anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal) derivative of propionic acid.

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  • 7. 

    Obat antipiretik yang digunakan pada praktikum adalah

    • A.

      Paracetamol

    • B.

      Metil prednisolon

    • C.

      Asam mefenamat

    • D.

      Natrium diklofenak

    Correct Answer
    A. Paracetamol
    Explanation
    Paracetamol is the correct answer because it is an antipyretic drug commonly used to reduce fever. It works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins in the brain, which are responsible for regulating body temperature. Paracetamol is a safe and effective medication for reducing fever and relieving mild to moderate pain. It is widely available over-the-counter and is commonly used for treating fever in both children and adults.

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  • 8. 

    Furosemid merupakan golongan obat diuretik .........

    Correct Answer
    Loop, Kuat
    Explanation
    Furosemid is a type of diuretic medication that belongs to the loop diuretic class. Loop diuretics are known for their strong diuretic effect, meaning they are very effective in promoting the excretion of water and electrolytes from the body. Furosemid specifically works by inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium and chloride ions in the loop of Henle in the kidneys, leading to increased urine production and fluid loss. Therefore, the statement "Loop, Kuat" accurately describes the classification and potency of Furosemid as a loop diuretic with strong diuretic properties.

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  • 9. 

    Torsemid merupakan obat golongan.........

    Correct Answer
    Diuretik Kuat, Loop Diuretik, Diuretik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Diuretik Kuat, Loop Diuretik, Diuretik." This means that Torsemid is a type of diuretic medication that is strong and belongs to the loop diuretic class. Diuretics are drugs that increase the production of urine, helping to remove excess fluid from the body. Loop diuretics are a specific type of diuretic that work by blocking the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys, leading to increased urine production. Therefore, Torsemid is a powerful diuretic that belongs to the loop diuretic class.

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  • 10. 

    Pada Praktikum, metil prednisolon digunakan sebagai obat.......

    Correct Answer
    Antiinflamasi
    Explanation
    Methylprednisolone is a medication commonly used as an anti-inflammatory drug in laboratory experiments or practical sessions. It helps reduce inflammation in the body by suppressing the immune system's response to inflammation-causing agents. By inhibiting the production of certain chemicals in the body that trigger inflammation, methylprednisolone can effectively alleviate symptoms of inflammation, such as pain, swelling, and redness. Therefore, it is a suitable choice for treating inflammatory conditions in a laboratory setting.

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  • 11. 

    Pada praktikum, ibuprofen digunakan sebagai obat.......

    Correct Answer
    Antipiretik
    Explanation
    Ibuprofen is commonly used as an antipyretic in laboratory experiments. Antipyretics are medications that help reduce fever by lowering the body temperature. Ibuprofen works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are responsible for the fever response in the body. Therefore, it is an appropriate choice for the given answer.

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  • 12. 

    Spironolakton merupakan golongan obat diuretik........

    • A.

      Hemat Kalium

    • B.

      Osmotik

    • C.

      Tiazid

    • D.

      Loop

    Correct Answer
    A. Hemat Kalium
    Explanation
    Spironolakton adalah obat diuretik yang termasuk dalam golongan hemat kalium. Artinya, obat ini bekerja dengan mengurangi kehilangan kalium dalam tubuh, sehingga membantu menjaga keseimbangan elektrolit. Spironolakton sering digunakan untuk mengobati kondisi seperti hipertensi dan edema yang terkait dengan gagal jantung, sirosis hati, atau sindrom pramenstruasi.

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  • 13. 

    Asetazolamid merupakan golongan obat diuretik

    • A.

      Penghambat karbonik anhidrase

    • B.

      Osmotik

    • C.

      Kuat

    • D.

      Tiazid

    Correct Answer
    A. Penghambat karbonik anhidrase
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Penghambat karbonik anhidrase". Asetazolamid is a type of diuretic medication that belongs to the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor class. Carbonic anhydrase is an enzyme involved in the production of bicarbonate ions in the kidneys. By inhibiting this enzyme, asetazolamide reduces the reabsorption of bicarbonate ions, leading to increased urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, and water. This diuretic effect helps to decrease fluid retention and lower blood pressure.

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  • 14. 

    Hidroklortiazid merupakan golongan obat diuretik

    • A.

      Penghambat karbonik anhidrase

    • B.

      Osmotik

    • C.

      Tiazid

    • D.

      Hemat kalium

    Correct Answer
    C. Tiazid
    Explanation
    The given statement states that Hidroklortiazid is a type of diuretic medication. Diuretics are drugs that increase the production of urine and help remove excess water and salt from the body. Tiazid is a specific type of diuretic that works by inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys, leading to increased urine production. Therefore, the correct answer is Tiazid.

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  • 15. 

    Amilorid merupakan golongan diuretik......

    Correct Answer
    Hemat kalium
    Explanation
    Amiloride is a type of diuretic medication that belongs to the potassium-sparing diuretic class. This means that it helps the body get rid of excess fluid while also preventing the loss of potassium. By sparing potassium, amiloride helps maintain the balance of electrolytes in the body, preventing low potassium levels (known as hypokalemia). Therefore, the correct answer "Hemat kalium" means that amiloride helps to conserve or save potassium in the body.

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  • 16. 

    Asam etakrinat merupakan obat diuretik....

    Correct Answer
    Loop, Kuat
    Explanation
    Asam etakrinat adalah obat diuretik yang termasuk dalam golongan loop diuretik. Loop diuretik memiliki efek yang kuat dalam meningkatkan produksi urine dengan menghambat reabsorpsi natrium dan air di tubulus ginjal. Dengan demikian, asam etakrinat dapat digunakan untuk mengatasi kondisi yang membutuhkan peningkatan produksi urine, seperti edema atau tekanan darah tinggi.

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  • 17. 

    Dibawah ini merupakan obat diuretik kuat kecuali.....

    • A.

      Hidroklortiazid

    • B.

      Furosemid

    • C.

      Bumetamid

    • D.

      Asam etakrinat

    Correct Answer
    A. Hidroklortiazid
    Explanation
    The given question is in Indonesian language and it asks for a diuretic drug that is not strong. The correct answer is "Hidroklortiazid" as it is a mild diuretic drug compared to the other options mentioned (Furosemid, Bumetamid, and Asam etakrinat) which are all strong diuretic drugs.

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  • 18. 

    Metil prednisolon yang digunakan sebagai obat antiinflamasi pada parktikum merupakan obat antiinflamasi golongan.......

    Correct Answer
    Kortikosteroid
    Explanation
    Metil prednisolon digunakan sebagai obat antiinflamasi pada parktikum, yang menunjukkan bahwa obat ini memiliki sifat antiinflamasi. Kortikosteroid adalah golongan obat yang memiliki efek antiinflamasi dan digunakan untuk mengurangi peradangan dalam tubuh. Oleh karena itu, metil prednisolon termasuk dalam golongan obat kortikosteroid.

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  • 19. 

    Dibawah ini merupakan obat analgetik narkotik, kecuali......

    • A.

      Asam mefenamat

    • B.

      Morfin

    • C.

      Fentanil

    • D.

      Codein

    Correct Answer
    A. Asam mefenamat
    Explanation
    Asam mefenamat is not a narcotic analgesic. It is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used to relieve pain and inflammation. Unlike narcotic analgesics such as morphine, fentanyl, and codeine, asam mefenamat does not have the same potential for abuse or dependence. It works by reducing the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals that cause pain and inflammation in the body. Therefore, it is the correct answer as it does not belong to the category of narcotic analgesics.

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  • 20. 

    Mannitol dan urea merupakan obat golongan..........

    Correct Answer
    Diuretik osmotik
    Explanation
    Mannitol and urea are classified as osmotic diuretics. Osmotic diuretics work by increasing the osmolarity of the filtrate in the renal tubules, thereby inhibiting water reabsorption and promoting diuresis. They are commonly used to treat conditions such as cerebral edema, acute renal failure, and glaucoma.

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  • 21. 

    Furosemid dan spironolakton merupakan obat diuretik golongan tiazid

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. Furosemide and spironolactone are not classified as thiazide diuretics. Furosemide is a loop diuretic, while spironolactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic. Thiazide diuretics, such as hydrochlorothiazide, are a different class of drugs that work by increasing the excretion of sodium and water from the body.

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  • 22. 

    Amilorid dan triamteren merupakan obat diuretik hemat kaliuam

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    A. Benar
    Explanation
    Amiloride dan triamterene adalah obat diuretik yang digunakan untuk meningkatkan produksi urine dan mengurangi retensi cairan dalam tubuh. Mereka termasuk dalam kelas obat yang disebut diuretik hemat kalium, yang berarti mereka membantu mengurangi kehilangan kalium yang berlebihan melalui urine. Ini adalah informasi yang benar dan menjelaskan bahwa amiloride dan triamterene adalah obat diuretik hemat kalium.

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  • 23. 

    Metyl prednisolon merupakan obat AINS

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. Methylprednisolone is not a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (AINS). It is a corticosteroid medication that is used to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system.

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  • 24. 

    Ibuprofen dan asam mefenamat merupakan obat golongan kortikosteroid

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. Ibuprofen and asam mefenamat are not corticosteroids. They belong to a class of drugs known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are used to reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. Corticosteroids, on the other hand, are a different class of drugs that have potent anti-inflammatory effects and are used to treat a variety of conditions such as allergies, asthma, and autoimmune disorders.

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  • 25. 

    Paracetamol dan Ibuprofen merupakan obat yang digunakan pada praktikum antipiretik

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    A. Benar
    Explanation
    Paracetamol dan Ibuprofen digunakan sebagai obat antipiretik, yang berarti mereka digunakan untuk menurunkan demam. Kedua obat ini bekerja dengan mengurangi produksi prostaglandin dalam tubuh, yang bertanggung jawab untuk meningkatkan suhu tubuh saat demam. Oleh karena itu, karena Paracetamol dan Ibuprofen digunakan sebagai obat antipiretik, jawaban yang benar adalah "Benar".

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  • 26. 

    Dibawah ini merupakan obat golongan OAINS, kecuali

    • A.

      Metyl prednisolon

    • B.

      Ibuprofen

    • C.

      Asam mefenamat

    • D.

      Natrium diklofenak

    Correct Answer
    A. Metyl prednisolon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Metyl prednisolon. Metyl prednisolon is not a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), unlike the other three options listed. NSAIDs are commonly used to reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. Metyl prednisolon, on the other hand, belongs to the corticosteroid class of drugs and is used to treat various conditions, including allergic reactions, asthma, and autoimmune disorders.

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