# I.E.D. Unit 6 Vocabulary Quiz (Spring 2014)

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• 1.

### Which of the following is not an element of design?

• A.

Balance

• B.

Shape

• C.

Form

• D.

Texture

A. Balance
Explanation
Balance is not an element of design. In design, balance refers to the distribution of visual weight in a composition. It is achieved by arranging elements in a way that creates a sense of stability and equilibrium. Balance can be symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial. Shape, form, and texture are all elements of design. Shape refers to the two-dimensional outline or silhouette of an object, form refers to the three-dimensional aspect of an object, and texture refers to the surface quality or feel of an object.

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• 2.

### Which of the following is not an element of design?

• A.

Rhythm

• B.

Point

• C.

Color

• D.

Value

A. Rhythm
Explanation
Rhythm is the correct answer because it is not an element of design. In design, rhythm refers to the repetition or pattern of visual elements to create a sense of movement and flow. On the other hand, point, color, and value are all recognized as elements of design. A point is a small, precise mark, color refers to the visual property of objects that can be seen by the way they reflect or emit light, and value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color.

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• 3.

### Which of the following is not a principle of design?

• A.

Line

• B.

Unity

• C.

Contrast

• D.

Rhythm

A. Line
Explanation
The principle of design refers to the fundamental concepts and guidelines that are used to create aesthetically pleasing and visually balanced compositions. Line, unity, contrast, and rhythm are all principles of design. Therefore, the correct answer is line, as it is not a principle of design.

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• 4.

### Which of the following is not a principle of design?

• A.

Space

• B.

Proportion

• C.

Economy

• D.

Emphasis

A. Space
Explanation
The principle of space is a fundamental element in design that refers to the arrangement of elements within a given area. It involves the use of positive and negative space to create balance, harmony, and visual interest. Therefore, space is indeed a principle of design.

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• 5.

### ___ is concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty.

• A.

Aesthetic

• B.

Gestalt

• C.

Reverse engineering

• D.

Typography

A. Aesthetic
Explanation
Aesthetic refers to the study or appreciation of beauty. It involves understanding and evaluating the visual or sensory qualities that make something visually pleasing or appealing. It encompasses various forms of art, design, and sensory experiences, and is often subjective in nature, as different individuals may have different preferences and interpretations of what is considered beautiful.

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• 6.

### ___ is   the principle that maintains that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts.

• A.

Aesthetic

• B.

Gestalt

• C.

Reverse engineering

• D.

Typography

B. Gestalt
Explanation
Gestalt is the correct answer because it refers to the principle that the human eye sees objects as a whole rather than focusing on individual parts. This principle suggests that our perception is influenced by the overall structure, organization, and patterns of an object or scene. It emphasizes the importance of the whole being greater than the sum of its parts in visual perception.

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• 7.

### -_

• A.

Aesthetic

• B.

Gestalt

• C.

Reverse engineering

• D.

Typography

D. Typography
Explanation
Typography refers to the art and technique of arranging type in a visually appealing manner. It involves selecting and arranging fonts, sizes, spacing, and other elements to enhance the readability and aesthetic appeal of written language. The other options, aesthetic, Gestalt, and reverse engineering, do not specifically refer to the design and arrangement of type. Therefore, typography is the most appropriate answer.

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• 8.

### A thing which differs in some way from others of the same general class is called a ___.

• A.

Variety

• B.

Shape

• C.

Form

• D.

Contrast

A. Variety
Explanation
When something differs from others of the same general class, it is referred to as a variety. This term is used to describe the differences or variations within a group or category. It implies that there are multiple options or choices available within the same class or category, highlighting the diversity or range of options.

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• 9.

### The two-dimensional contour that characterizes an object or area, in contrast to three-dimensional form is called a ____.

• A.

Variety

• B.

Shape

• C.

Form

• D.

Contrast

B. Shape
Explanation
The correct answer is "shape". In this question, the term "two-dimensional contour" suggests that we are looking for a term that describes the outline or silhouette of an object or area, without considering its depth or volume. The term "shape" specifically refers to the overall form or outline of something, making it the most suitable answer in this context.

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• 10.

### A ___ has the three dimensions of length, width, and depth, and is also referred to as a solid.

• A.

Variety

• B.

Shape

• C.

Form

• D.

Contrast

C. Form
Explanation
A form is a solid object that has the three dimensions of length, width, and depth. It is also referred to as a solid because it occupies space and has a physical presence. In contrast, a variety refers to a range of different things, shape refers to the external appearance of an object, and contrast refers to the difference between two or more elements.

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• 11.

### The feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface, substance, or fabric is known as ___.

• A.

Texture

• B.

Value

• C.

Proportion

• D.

Contrast

A. Texture
Explanation
Texture refers to the feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface, substance, or fabric. It describes the tactile quality of an object, such as whether it is rough, smooth, soft, or hard. Texture can also be visual, referring to the way a surface looks, such as whether it is bumpy, grainy, or patterned. In the context of this question, texture is the correct answer as it best describes the quality being referred to.

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• 12.

### The state of being noticeably different from something else when put or considered together is called ___.

• A.

Texture

• B.

Value

• C.

Proportion

• D.

Contrast

D. Contrast
Explanation
Contrast refers to the state of being noticeably different from something else when put or considered together. It involves comparing two or more elements and highlighting their differences. In art and design, contrast is often used to create visual interest and make certain elements stand out. It can be achieved through variations in color, texture, size, shape, or any other visual element.

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• 13.

### The ___ is the lightness or darkness of a color in relation to a scale ranging from white to black.

• A.

Texture

• B.

Value

• C.

Proportion

• D.

Contrast

B. Value
Explanation
Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color in relation to a scale ranging from white to black. It is a measure of how light or dark a color appears and is an important element in creating contrast and depth in a composition. Value can be used to create emphasis and focal points in a design, as well as to establish a sense of volume and form.

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• 14.

### The correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts on opposite sides of a median line or about a central axis is known as ___.

• A.

Symmetry

• B.

Asymmetry

• C.

Unity

• D.

Formality

A. Symmetry
Explanation
Symmetry refers to the correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts on opposite sides of a median line or about a central axis. It is the quality of being symmetrical, where both sides of an object or figure are identical or nearly identical. This concept is commonly observed in nature, art, and design, and is often associated with beauty, balance, and harmony.

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• 15.

### The state of being united or forming a whole is known as ___.

• A.

Symmetry

• B.

Asymmetry

• C.

Unity

• D.

Formality

C. Unity
Explanation
Unity refers to the state of being united or forming a whole. It implies a sense of cohesion, harmony, and oneness. In the context of this question, symmetry and asymmetry do not accurately convey the idea of being united or forming a whole. Formality, on the other hand, refers to a specific type of behavior or procedure and does not capture the broader concept of unity. Therefore, unity is the correct answer as it best describes the state of being united or forming a whole.

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• 16.

### Symmetry in which both halves of a composition are not identical is called ___.

• A.

Symmetry

• B.

Asymmetry

• C.

Unity

• D.

Formality

B. Asymmetry
Explanation
Asymmetry refers to a type of symmetry in which the two halves of a composition are not identical. In other words, there is a lack of balance and symmetry in the design. This can create a sense of movement, dynamism, and visual interest in the composition. Asymmetry allows for more creativity and flexibility in design, as it breaks away from the traditional idea of perfect symmetry. It is often used to create a sense of uniqueness and individuality in art, architecture, and other forms of design.

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• 17.

### A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract is called a(n) ___.

• A.

Symbol

• B.

Element

• C.

Color

• D.

Pictograph

A. Symbol
Explanation
A symbol is a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract. It is a visual or physical representation that carries a deeper meaning or represents an idea, concept, or quality. Symbols are commonly used in various fields such as language, literature, art, and religion to convey messages or evoke emotions. They help in simplifying complex ideas and communicating them effectively.

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• 18.

### A ___ is a pictorial symbol for a word or phrase.

• A.

Symbol

• B.

Element

• C.

Color

• D.

Pictograph

D. Pictograph
Explanation
A pictograph is a type of symbol that represents a word or phrase through a visual image. It is a form of communication that uses pictures or icons to convey meaning. Pictographs are commonly used in various contexts, such as signage, instructional materials, and infographics, to provide a visual representation of information or concepts.

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• 19.

### A basic constituent part of a design is called a(n) ___.

• A.

Symbol

• B.

Element

• C.

Color

• D.

Pictograph

B. Element
Explanation
In design, an element refers to a fundamental component or building block that is used to create a design. It can be a shape, line, texture, form, or any other visual element that contributes to the overall composition. Elements are combined and arranged in various ways to create a cohesive and aesthetically pleasing design. Therefore, "element" is the correct answer as it accurately describes a basic constituent part of a design.

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• 20.

### ___ is A condition in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions. The three types are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

• A.

Balance

• B.

Emphasis

• C.

Pattern

• D.

Graphic design

A. Balance
Explanation
Balance is a condition in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions. It refers to the distribution of visual weight in a design. In graphic design, balance can be achieved through different techniques such as symmetrical balance, where elements are evenly distributed on either side of a central axis, asymmetrical balance, where elements of varying size and weight are balanced through careful placement, and radial balance, where elements radiate from a central point. Achieving balance in a design helps create a sense of harmony and stability.

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• 21.

### Special importance, value, or prominence given to something is known as ___.

• A.

Balance

• B.

Emphasis

• C.

Pattern

• D.

Graphic design

B. Emphasis
Explanation
Emphasis refers to the special importance, value, or prominence given to something. It is a technique used in various fields, such as design, art, and writing, to draw attention to specific elements or ideas. Emphasis can be created through the use of color, size, contrast, or placement, among other visual or textual techniques. It helps to guide the viewer's or reader's focus and enhance the overall impact and effectiveness of the subject or message.

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• 22.

### The art of combining text and pictures in advertisements, magazines, books, etc. is called ___.

• A.

Balance

• B.

Emphasis

• C.

Pattern

• D.

Graphic design

D. Graphic design
Explanation
Graphic design refers to the practice of combining text and images to create visual communication materials such as advertisements, magazines, books, etc. This field involves the use of typography, color, layout, and other visual elements to convey a message or evoke a specific response from the audience. It is a creative process that requires a strong understanding of aesthetics, composition, and visual storytelling. Graphic designers use their skills to create visually appealing and effective designs that effectively communicate the intended message.

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• 23.

### A ___ is a repeated decorative design.

• A.

Balance

• B.

Emphasis

• C.

Pattern

• D.

Graphic design

C. Pattern
Explanation
A pattern is a repeated decorative design that can be found in various forms such as in textiles, architecture, or artwork. It is characterized by the repetition of elements or motifs, creating a sense of rhythm and visual interest. Patterns can be simple or complex, and they can be created using different shapes, colors, or textures. They are often used to enhance the visual appeal of a design and create a cohesive and harmonious look.

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• 24.

### The process of deciding what information needs to go into the graphic design, as well as how to effectively use the design elements and principles to present the information is known as ___.

• A.

Message analysis

• B.

Reverse engineering

• C.

Graphic design

• D.

Typography

A. Message analysis
Explanation
Message analysis refers to the process of determining what information needs to be included in a graphic design and how to effectively present it using design elements and principles. It involves analyzing the intended message, target audience, and desired communication objectives to create a visually appealing and impactful design. This process helps ensure that the design effectively conveys the intended message and achieves its communication goals.

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• 25.

### The process of taking something apart and analyzing its workings in detail is known as ___.

• A.

Message analysis

• B.

Reverse engineering

• C.

Graphic design

• D.

Typography

B. Reverse engineering
Explanation
Reverse engineering is the process of dismantling and studying the inner workings of a product or system in order to understand its design, functionality, and operation. This can involve disassembling, analyzing, and reconstructing the components and code of a product to gain insights into its design principles and implementation. It is commonly used in fields such as engineering, software development, and manufacturing to understand and replicate existing products or systems.

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• 26.

### ___ is the relationship of one thing to another in size, amount, etc.

• A.

Proportion

• B.

Value

• C.

Contrast

• D.

Element

A. Proportion
Explanation
Proportion refers to the relationship between one thing and another in terms of size, amount, or quantity. It is a measure of how one element or component relates to another within a given context. In other words, proportion is the comparative scale or ratio between different elements or parts of a whole. It helps to establish balance, harmony, and visual appeal in various fields such as art, design, mathematics, and statistics.

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• 27.

### The method of formation, operation, or procedure exhibited in a given instance is known as a ___.

• A.

Principle

• B.

Reverse engineering method

• C.

Graphical analysis

• D.

Symbolism

A. Principle
Explanation
The given answer "principle" is correct because a principle refers to a fundamental truth or law that serves as the foundation for a specific method, operation, or procedure. In this context, it implies that the method, operation, or procedure exhibited in a given instance is based on a fundamental truth or law. The other options, such as reverse engineering method, graphical analysis, and symbolism, do not accurately capture the concept of a fundamental truth or law that guides the formation, operation, or procedure.

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• 28.

### The property possessed by an object of producing different sensations on the eye as a result of the way it reflects or emits light is known as ___.

• A.

Color

• B.

Contrast

• C.

Balance

• D.

Symmetry

A. Color
Explanation
The property possessed by an object of producing different sensations on the eye as a result of the way it reflects or emits light is known as color. Color refers to the visual perception of different wavelengths of light and is determined by the reflection, absorption, and transmission of light by an object. Different colors can evoke different emotions and have various psychological and cultural associations.

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• 29.

### The quality of forming a pleasing and consistent whole is called ___.

• A.

Harmony

• B.

Symmetry

• C.

Balance

• D.

Rhythm

A. Harmony
Explanation
Harmony refers to the quality of forming a pleasing and consistent whole. It implies a sense of unity, coherence, and agreement among various elements. In the context of aesthetics, harmony is often associated with the arrangement and combination of colors, shapes, textures, and other visual elements to create a visually pleasing composition. It can also be applied to other domains such as music, where harmony refers to the combination of different tones and chords to create a pleasing and balanced sound. Overall, harmony is about achieving a sense of balance and coherence in a composition or arrangement.

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• 30.

### ___ is ymmetry about a central axis.

• A.

• B.

Asymmetry

• C.

Bilateral symmetry

• D.

Orbital symmetry

Explanation
Radial symmetry is the correct answer because it refers to the arrangement of body parts around a central axis, where multiple planes of symmetry can be drawn through the axis. This means that the organism can be divided into equal halves from any point on the central axis. Asymmetry, bilateral symmetry, and orbital symmetry do not involve a central axis and do not exhibit the same pattern of symmetry as radial symmetry.

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• 31.

### A regularly recurring sequence of events or actions is called a ___.

• A.

Rhythm

• B.

Balance

• C.

Pattern

• D.

Contrast

A. Rhythm
Explanation
A regularly recurring sequence of events or actions is called a rhythm. Rhythm refers to the pattern or flow created by the repetition of certain elements in a sequence. It can be found in various aspects of life, such as music, dance, poetry, and even daily routines. Rhythm provides a sense of structure and predictability, creating a harmonious and cohesive experience. It helps to establish a tempo or pace, allowing for a smooth and consistent progression of events or actions.

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• 32.

### The dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move is known as ___.

• A.

Space

• B.

Shape

• C.

Form

• D.

Harmony

A. Space
Explanation
The dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move is known as space. Space refers to the physical extent or area in which objects and events occur. It is the fundamental concept that defines the boundaries and distances between objects and allows for movement and interaction within the physical world.

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• 33.

### The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities is called ___.

• A.

Symbolism

• B.

Typography

• C.

Graphic design

• D.

Reverse engineering

A. Symbolism
Explanation
Symbolism refers to the use of symbols to convey ideas or qualities. It is a literary or artistic device where objects, actions, or characters represent abstract concepts or deeper meanings. Symbolism allows writers or artists to communicate complex ideas or emotions in a more indirect and impactful way. It adds depth and layers of meaning to a work, allowing the audience to interpret and engage with the material on a deeper level.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• May 01, 2014
Quiz Created by
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