Respiratory Distress: Pulmonary Edema/Chf

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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 6,324
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Respiratory Quizzes & Trivia

The Pulmonary Edema is both a heart and breathing condition. It is caused by pneumonia and the consequences include chest pains and as a result respiratory distress. Find out more below and all the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are some of the signs and symptoms of pulmonary edema/CHF?

    • A.

      Dyspnea

    • B.

      Edema in the legs and feet

    • C.

      Elevated blood pressure

    • D.

      Shortness of breath

    • E.

      Chest pain

    • F.

      Jugular venous distension JVD

    • G.

      A Fib on a cardiac monitor

    • H.

      Orthopnea (use of additional pillows to prop the head up during sleep)

    • I.

      ALOC

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Dyspnea
    B. Edema in the legs and feet
    C. Elevated blood pressure
    D. Shortness of breath
    E. Chest pain
    F. Jugular venous distension JVD
    G. A Fib on a cardiac monitor
    H. Orthopnea (use of additional pillows to prop the head up during sleep)
    I. ALOC
    Explanation
    The signs and symptoms of pulmonary edema/CHF include dyspnea, edema in the legs and feet, elevated blood pressure, shortness of breath, chest pain, jugular venous distension (JVD), A Fib on a cardiac monitor, orthopnea (use of additional pillows to prop the head up during sleep), and altered level of consciousness (ALOC). These symptoms indicate fluid accumulation in the lungs and impaired heart function, leading to difficulty in breathing, swelling in the extremities, increased blood pressure, chest discomfort, visible distension of the jugular veins, abnormal heart rhythm, difficulty lying flat, and changes in consciousness.

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  • 2. 

    CPAP is the preferred therapy for CHF.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) is a highly effective therapy for CHF (Congestive Heart Failure). It helps to improve oxygenation and reduce the workload on the heart by delivering a constant flow of air pressure to keep the airways open during sleep. This prevents the collapse of the airways and allows for better breathing. CPAP has been shown to improve symptoms, quality of life, and overall survival in patients with CHF. Therefore, it is considered the preferred therapy for CHF.

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  • 3. 

    A high dose nitroglycerin treatment for CHF consist of?

    • A.

      1 dose of 0.4 mg NTG with 1 inch of NTG paste.

    • B.

      1 dose of 0.8 mg NTG

    • C.

      Followed by 1 dose of 0.8 mg NTG to achieve a 20% reduction in BP

    • D.

      All of the above in order

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above in order
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above in order." This means that a high dose nitroglycerin treatment for CHF consists of all the options mentioned in the question, and they should be administered in the given order. This includes a dose of 0.4 mg NTG with 1 inch of NTG paste, followed by a dose of 0.8 mg NTG, and then another dose of 0.8 mg NTG to achieve a 20% reduction in blood pressure.

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  • 4. 

    If BP is low, a provider can consider a fluid bolus of 250 -500 mL or get a medical consulate for dopamine 2-20 mcg/kg/min.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a patient's blood pressure is low, a healthcare provider can consider giving them a fluid bolus of 250-500 mL or consult a medical professional for the administration of dopamine at a dose of 2-20 mcg/kg/min. This statement is true because both options are commonly used interventions to increase blood pressure in patients with hypotension. A fluid bolus helps to increase blood volume, while dopamine is a medication that can improve blood pressure by increasing the strength of the heart's contractions and constricting blood vessels.

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  • 5. 

    Medical consultation is required if a pediatric patient has congenital heart or chronic lung disease.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a pediatric patient has congenital heart or chronic lung disease, it is necessary to seek medical consultation. These conditions can have serious implications for a child's health and require specialized care. Consulting a medical professional will ensure that the patient receives appropriate treatment and management of their condition.

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  • 6. 

    What is the treatment for a pediatric patient with CHF?

    • A.

      Medical consultation for Albuterol patients less than 2 years 1.25 mg; patients over 2 years 2.5 mg

    • B.

      Medical consultation for Morphine 0.1 mg/kg slow IVP/IO/IM for a max dose of 5 mg

    • C.

      Medical consultation for Dopamine 2-20mcg/kg/min

    • D.

      Atrovent 500 mcg

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Medical consultation for Albuterol patients less than 2 years 1.25 mg; patients over 2 years 2.5 mg
    B. Medical consultation for Morphine 0.1 mg/kg slow IVP/IO/IM for a max dose of 5 mg
    C. Medical consultation for Dopamine 2-20mcg/kg/min
    Explanation
    The treatment for a pediatric patient with CHF includes medical consultation for Albuterol, Morphine, and Dopamine. Albuterol is administered at a dosage of 1.25 mg for patients less than 2 years old and 2.5 mg for patients over 2 years old. Morphine is given at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg slow IVP/IO/IM, with a maximum dose of 5 mg. Dopamine is administered at a dosage of 2-20 mcg/kg/min. These medications help manage the symptoms and improve the cardiac function in pediatric patients with CHF.

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