General Introduction To IT

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General Introduction To IT - Quiz

It’s so easy to take control of a computer by just clicking a few buttons and opening up whatever you need on a webpage in an instant, but there’s a lot of work that goes into producing and maintaining this incredible device for you. In the following quiz, we’ll be offering you an introduction to the world of Information Technology, with the aim of boosting your knowledge of computers and how they work.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The CPU stands for ...

    • A.

      Control Program Unit

    • B.

      Control Peripheral United

    • C.

      Central Protocol Unit

    • D.

      Central Processing Unit

    Correct Answer
    D. Central Processing Unit
    Explanation
    The CPU stands for Central Processing Unit, which is the main component of a computer system responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It is often referred to as the "brain" of the computer, as it carries out the majority of the processing tasks. The CPU interprets and performs instructions from the computer's memory, controls the flow of data between different components, and performs arithmetic and logical operations.

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  • 2. 

    A CPU is measured in megabytes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A CPU is measured in Hertz (Hz).

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  • 3. 

    Choose from the list below the software that fall under the category of application software.

    • A.

      Operating System

    • B.

      Microsoft Access

    • C.

      Call of Duty

    • D.

      Antivirus Software

    • E.

      Microsoft Paint

    • F.

      Defragmentation

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Microsoft Access
    C. Call of Duty
    E. Microsoft Paint
    Explanation
    The software that falls under the category of application software are Microsoft Access, Call of Duty, and Microsoft Paint. These are all programs that are designed to perform specific tasks or functions for the user. Microsoft Access is a database management system used for creating and managing databases. Call of Duty is a popular video game. Microsoft Paint is a basic graphic editing program. These programs are all examples of application software because they are intended for end-users to accomplish specific tasks or activities.

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  • 4. 

    Choose the correct order how data and information flow in a computer system.

    • A.

      Process -> information -> data

    • B.

      Data -> process -> information

    • C.

      Process -> information -> data

    • D.

      Information -> process -> data

    Correct Answer
    B. Data -> process -> information
    Explanation
    In a computer system, data is the raw input that is processed by the system. The data is then transformed and manipulated through various processes, such as calculations or algorithms. Finally, the processed data is converted into meaningful information that can be understood and used by users or other systems. Therefore, the correct order of data and information flow in a computer system is data -> process -> information.

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  • 5. 

    What stage usually follows the input?

    • A.

      Output

    • B.

      Processing

    • C.

      Saving

    Correct Answer
    B. Processing
    Explanation
    After the input stage, the next stage that usually follows is the processing stage. In this stage, the system or program performs various operations on the input data to produce the desired output. This may involve calculations, manipulations, or transformations of the input data based on predefined algorithms or logic. Once the processing stage is completed, the system moves on to the next stage, which may involve saving or storing the processed data or presenting it as output.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following might be used during the input stage?

    • A.

      Mouse

    • B.

      Printer

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Speakers

    Correct Answer
    A. Mouse
    Explanation
    A mouse is a common input device used to interact with a computer. It allows users to move a cursor on the screen, select items, and perform various actions by clicking buttons. Therefore, a mouse is typically used during the input stage of computer operations. On the other hand, a printer is an output device that produces a hard copy of the information, while a monitor and speakers are also output devices used to display visual and audio output respectively.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is NOT an output device?

    • A.

      Printer

    • B.

      Mouse

    • C.

      Speaker

    Correct Answer
    B. Mouse
    Explanation
    A mouse is not an output device because it is used to input information into a computer rather than displaying or producing output. A printer is an output device because it produces physical copies of documents or images. Similarly, a speaker is an output device because it produces sound. However, a mouse is an input device that allows users to navigate and interact with the computer by moving the cursor on the screen.

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  • 8. 

    I need to buy a computer that is portable, fits in my pocket and has a long battery life.

    • A.

      Laptop

    • B.

      Mainframe

    • C.

      PDA

    Correct Answer
    C. PDA
    Explanation
    A PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) is the correct answer because it is a portable device that can easily fit in a pocket and typically has a long battery life. Laptops are portable but generally too big to fit in a pocket, while mainframes are large, stationary computers that are not portable.

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  • 9. 

    PDA stands for ...

    • A.

      Printer Device Assistance

    • B.

      Personal Digital Assistant

    • C.

      Port Device Assistant

    Correct Answer
    B. Personal Digital Assistant
    Explanation
    PDA stands for Personal Digital Assistant. This term refers to a handheld device that provides various functions such as organizing schedules, managing contacts, and accessing the internet. It is designed to assist individuals in their personal and professional tasks, making it a useful tool for productivity and convenience. Printer Device Assistance and Port Device Assistant are not the correct answers as they do not accurately represent the meaning of PDA.

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  • 10. 

    RAM is non-volatile.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "RAM is non-volatile" is incorrect. RAM (Random Access Memory) is a volatile memory, which means that its data is only stored temporarily and is lost when the power is turned off or when the computer is restarted. Non-volatile memory, on the other hand, retains its data even when the power is turned off. Examples of non-volatile memory include hard drives, solid-state drives, and flash drives.

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  • 11. 

    Data stored in ROM cannot be erased.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    ROM stands for Read-Only Memory, which means that it is designed to store data that cannot be modified or erased. Unlike other types of memory such as RAM, which is volatile and can be written to and erased, the data stored in ROM is permanently written during the manufacturing process and cannot be changed. Therefore, the statement that data stored in ROM cannot be erased is true.

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  • 12. 

    RAM and ROM ...

    • A.

      Read Application Memory and Read Office Management

    • B.

      Read Area Memory and Read Ounce Memory

    • C.

      Random Application Management and Read Office Memory

    • D.

      Random Access Memory and Read Only Memory

    Correct Answer
    D. Random Access Memory and Read Only Memory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Random Access Memory and Read Only Memory". RAM is a type of computer memory that allows data to be read from and written to quickly, making it ideal for running programs and storing temporary data. ROM, on the other hand, is a type of memory that stores permanent data and instructions that cannot be modified or erased. It is used to store firmware and other essential data that is required for the computer to start up.

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  • 13. 

    RAM is considered to be the temporary memory ...

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    RAM (Random Access Memory) is considered to be the temporary memory in a computer system. It is used to store data and instructions that are actively being used by the CPU (Central Processing Unit). Unlike permanent storage devices such as hard drives, RAM is volatile and its contents are lost when the computer is powered off. Therefore, it is commonly referred to as temporary memory. This makes the statement "RAM is considered to be the temporary memory" true.

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  • 14. 

    We save pictures in the ROM.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. We do not save pictures in the ROM (Read-Only Memory). ROM is a type of memory that stores data permanently and cannot be modified or erased. Pictures are typically saved in other types of memory such as the hard drive, solid-state drive, or flash memory. These types of memory allow for the storage and modification of data, unlike ROM.

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  • 15. 

    To calculate weather forecasting, one would need a ....

    • A.

      Laptop

    • B.

      Desktop pc

    • C.

      Tablet

    • D.

      Supercomputer

    Correct Answer
    D. Supercomputer
    Explanation
    To calculate weather forecasting accurately, a supercomputer is needed. This is because weather forecasting involves complex mathematical calculations and simulations that require immense processing power. Supercomputers are specifically designed to handle large amounts of data and perform calculations at incredibly high speeds. Their advanced capabilities allow meteorologists to analyze vast amounts of data, including atmospheric conditions, temperature patterns, and historical weather data, to generate accurate forecasts. Standard laptops, desktop PCs, and tablets do not possess the necessary computational power and capabilities to handle the extensive calculations and data processing required for weather forecasting.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is a type of an Operating System?

    • A.

      Mozilla Firefox

    • B.

      Google Chrome

    • C.

      Microsoft Excel

    • D.

      Windows XP

    Correct Answer
    D. Windows XP
    Explanation
    Windows XP is a type of operating system. It was a popular version of the Windows operating system developed by Microsoft. Operating systems are software that manage computer hardware and software resources, providing services for computer programs. Windows XP was designed for personal computers and introduced various features and improvements compared to its predecessors. It provided a graphical user interface, multitasking capabilities, and support for a wide range of software applications.

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  • 17. 

    RAM is used for storing start-up instructions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. RAM (Random Access Memory) is not used for storing start-up instructions. Instead, the computer's BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) is responsible for storing and executing the start-up instructions when the computer is powered on. RAM is a type of computer memory that is used for temporarily storing data and program instructions that are actively being used by the computer's processor.

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  • 18. 

    Processing is where data is changed into ...

    • A.

      Garbage

    • B.

      Tables

    • C.

      Database

    • D.

      Information

    Correct Answer
    D. Information
    Explanation
    Processing is the step in which data is transformed or manipulated to produce meaningful results. This can involve various operations such as sorting, filtering, aggregating, or calculating. The output of processing is typically information that can be used for decision-making or further analysis. Therefore, the correct answer is "Information" as it accurately describes the outcome of the processing stage.

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  • 19. 

    Which of these is NOT an input device?

    • A.

      Keyboard

    • B.

      Optical Mouse

    • C.

      USB Memory Stick

    • D.

      Laser Mouse

    Correct Answer
    C. USB Memory Stick
    Explanation
    A USB Memory Stick is not an input device because it is used for storing and transferring data, rather than providing input to a computer. Input devices are used to send information or commands to a computer, such as a keyboard or mouse. The USB Memory Stick is an external storage device that allows users to save and access data, but it does not directly interact with the computer to provide input.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following are considered as Hardware.

    • A.

      Graphics Card

    • B.

      Windows 7

    • C.

      Call of Duty

    • D.

      Motherboard

    • E.

      MS Word

    • F.

      CPU

    • G.

      Monitor

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Graphics Card
    D. Motherboard
    F. CPU
    G. Monitor
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes Motherboard, CPU, Monitor, and Graphics Card. These components are all physical devices that are considered hardware. The motherboard is the main circuit board that connects all the other components, the CPU is the central processing unit responsible for executing instructions, the monitor displays visual output, and the graphics card enhances the graphics performance.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 02, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Jacquelinecefai
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