History Of English Language - Quiz 1

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History Of English Language - Quiz 1 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The total percentage of English words of Latin and French origin is estimated to be:

    • A.

      45%

    • B.

      17%

    • C.

      32%

    • D.

      None of these

    • E.

      62%

    Correct Answer
    E. 62%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 62% because English has borrowed extensively from both Latin and French throughout its history. Many English words have Latin origins, especially those related to science, medicine, law, and religion. Additionally, French has had a significant influence on English vocabulary due to the Norman Conquest in 1066. This resulted in the adoption of numerous French words in areas such as cuisine, fashion, and art. Therefore, it is estimated that the total percentage of English words of Latin and French origin is 62%.

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  • 2. 

    Varieties typical for social groups are called:

    • A.

      Sociolects

    • B.

      None of these

    • C.

      Jargons

    • D.

      Slang

    • E.

      Dialects

    Correct Answer
    A. Sociolects
    Explanation
    Sociolects are varieties of language that are specific to certain social groups. They are characterized by unique vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation, which are used to establish and maintain social identity within the group. Unlike dialects, which are regional variations of a language, sociolects are associated with specific social factors such as age, gender, occupation, or ethnicity. Therefore, the term "sociolects" accurately describes the varieties typical for social groups.

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  • 3. 

    In Old English grammatical relations were predominantly signaled by endings on nouns and verbs. This means that this language was:

    • A.

      Analogical

    • B.

      Synthetic

    • C.

      Analytic

    • D.

      Isolating

    • E.

      Agglutinating

    Correct Answer
    B. Synthetic
    Explanation
    In Old English, grammatical relations were mainly indicated by endings on nouns and verbs. This suggests that the language was synthetic. In synthetic languages, words are inflected to indicate their grammatical function, such as case, number, and tense. This is in contrast to analytic languages, where grammatical relations are expressed through word order and function words. Therefore, the use of endings in Old English points to a synthetic grammatical structure.

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  • 4. 

    A register typical for an occupation is called:

    • A.

      None of these

    • B.

      Sociolect

    • C.

      Jargon

    • D.

      Slang

    • E.

      Dialect

    Correct Answer
    C. Jargon
    Explanation
    A register typical for an occupation is called jargon. Jargon refers to specialized vocabulary or language used by people in a particular profession or field. It includes technical terms, abbreviations, and specific phrases that are understood by individuals within that occupation. Jargon helps facilitate effective communication among professionals in a specific domain as it allows them to convey complex ideas and concepts efficiently.

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  • 5. 

    Language contact is a type of

    • A.

      Retroactive change

    • B.

      External change

    • C.

      Lateral change

    • D.

      None of these

    • E.

      Internal change

    Correct Answer
    B. External change
    Explanation
    Language contact refers to the interaction between different languages, often due to the contact between different speech communities. This interaction can result in changes in the languages involved. In this case, the correct answer is "external change" because language contact involves the influence of external factors, such as borrowing words or grammatical structures from another language, which can lead to changes in a language. It is called "external" because it is influenced by factors outside of the language itself.

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  • 6. 

    The last entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle dates from AD:

    • A.

      874

    • B.

      None of these

    • C.

      1066

    • D.

      1350

    • E.

      1154

    Correct Answer
    E. 1154
    Explanation
    The last entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle dates from 1154. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals that provides a historical account of events in England from the 9th to the 12th century. The fact that the last entry is in 1154 indicates that this is the year when the Chronicle ends, suggesting that it was no longer updated after this point. This is significant as it marks the transition from the Anglo-Saxon period to the Norman period in English history, with the ascension of Henry II to the throne in 1154.

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  • 7. 

    Regional varieties within a language are called:

    • A.

      Dialects

    • B.

      Jargons

    • C.

      Slang

    • D.

      None of these

    • E.

      Sociolects

    Correct Answer
    A. Dialects
    Explanation
    Regional varieties within a language are called dialects. Dialects are variations of a language that are specific to a particular region or group of people. They can differ in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. Dialects often develop due to geographical isolation or social factors, and they contribute to the rich diversity of languages around the world. Jargons, slang, and sociolects are not specifically related to regional varieties, making them incorrect options.

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  • 8. 

    External change is largely

    • A.

      Unpredictable

    • B.

      Underdetermined

    • C.

      None of these

    • D.

      Predictable

    • E.

      Uniform

    Correct Answer
    A. Unpredictable
    Explanation
    External change refers to any change that occurs outside of a system or organization. It can include factors such as changes in the market, technology advancements, political events, or social trends. The term "largely unpredictable" suggests that external change is mostly difficult to forecast or anticipate accurately. This is because external factors are influenced by various complex and interconnected variables, making it challenging to predict their outcomes with certainty. Therefore, the correct answer is "unpredictable."

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  • 9. 

    Traditionally, Germanic tribes are said to have reached the British Isles in AD:

    • A.

      1262

    • B.

      566

    • C.

      1066

    • D.

      449

    • E.

      380

    Correct Answer
    D. 449
    Explanation
    In AD 449, Germanic tribes, specifically the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, invaded and settled in the British Isles. This event is known as the Anglo-Saxon invasion and marked the beginning of the Anglo-Saxon period in Britain's history. The invasion had a significant impact on the culture, language, and society of the British Isles, ultimately shaping the development of England.

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  • 10. 

    In Modern English grammatical relations are signaled by word order and prepositions. This means that this language is:

    • A.

      Isolating

    • B.

      Agglutinating

    • C.

      Synthetic

    • D.

      Analytic

    • E.

      Analogical

    Correct Answer
    D. Analytic
    Explanation
    In Modern English, grammatical relations are primarily indicated by word order and prepositions. This suggests that the language is analytic. In analytic languages, the meaning of a sentence is conveyed through the arrangement of words rather than through inflections or word endings. English relies heavily on word order and the use of prepositions to convey relationships between words and to express grammatical functions. This distinguishes it from synthetic languages, which use inflections and affixes to indicate grammatical relations.

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