Remidi Uh-4 (Fungi) Kls X 2013-2014

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Danik_margowati
D
Danik_margowati
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 8,736
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 1,267

SettingsSettingsSettings
Remidi Uh-4 (Fungi) Kls X 2013-2014 - Quiz

Silahkan kerjakan soal-soal di bawah ini,jangan lupa menuliskan nama dan kelas,Contoh Nanda X2 Selamat mengerjakan


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Jamur bersifat eukariotik, artinya…

    • A.

      Mempunyai inti sel yang terbungkus membrane inti

    • B.

      Mempunyai inti sel tanpa membrane inti

    • C.

      Mempunyai membrane inti tanpa bahan inti

    • D.

      Tidak mempunyai inti

    • E.

      Mempunyai inti banyak

    Correct Answer
    A. Mempunyai inti sel yang terbungkus membrane inti
    Explanation
    Jamur bersifat eukariotik karena mempunyai inti sel yang terbungkus oleh membrane inti.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Ciri-ciri jamur sebagai berikut! 1)     Hifanya bersekat dan dinding selnya dari zat kitin 2)     Memiliki tubuh buah 3)     Reprduksi seksualnya belum diketahui 4)     Reproduksi aseksualnya dengan cara menghasilkan konidia,blastophora, dan arthrospora 5)     Memiliki spora istirahat yang berdinding tebal yang disebut zigospora Ciri-ciri jamur Deuteromycotina ditunjukkan oleh nomor....

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      1,3,4

    • C.

      2,3,4

    • D.

      2,4,5

    • E.

      3,4,5

    Correct Answer
    B. 1,3,4
    Explanation
    The characteristics of Deuteromycotina fungi are indicated by numbers 1, 3, and 4. These include having septate hyphae with cell walls made of chitin, having a fruiting body, and reproducing asexually by producing conidia, blastophores, and arthrospores. The other options do not include all of these characteristics.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a difference between plants and fungi?

    • A.

      Plants have diploid and haploid phases, and fungi only have haploid stages

    • B.

      Fungi have cell walls

    • C.

      Fungi are heterotrophic and plants are autotrophic.

    • D.

      Plants produce spores

    • E.

      Fungi are strictly asexual and plants undergo sexual reproduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Fungi are heterotrophic and plants are autotrophic.
    Explanation
    Plants and fungi differ in their mode of obtaining nutrients. Plants are autotrophic, meaning they can produce their own food through photosynthesis. They have chloroplasts and can convert sunlight into energy. On the other hand, fungi are heterotrophic, meaning they cannot produce their own food and rely on external sources for nutrition. They obtain nutrients by decomposing organic matter or by forming mutualistic relationships with other organisms. This fundamental difference in their nutritional strategies sets plants and fungi apart from each other.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Seorang siswa bernama Ahya menemukan makhluk hidup tidak berklorofil, hifa bersekat, reproduksi aseksual   dengan  membentuk konidium, sedangkan reproduksi seksualnya belum diketahui. Berdasarkan ciri-ciri tersebut, Ahya menyimpulkan bahwa makhluk hidup tersebut termasuk dalam filum ....

    • A.

      Oomycota

    • B.

      Zygomycota

    • C.

      Ascomycota

    • D.

      Basidiomycota

    • E.

      Deuteromycota

    Correct Answer
    E. Deuteromycota
    Explanation
    Based on the given characteristics, Ahya concluded that the organism belongs to the phylum Deuteromycota. Deuteromycota, also known as fungi imperfecti, are characterized by their lack of chlorophyll, presence of septate hyphae, and asexual reproduction through the formation of conidia. The question mentions that the organism's sexual reproduction is unknown, which aligns with the reproductive characteristics of Deuteromycota, as they are known for their lack of known sexual reproductive structures. Therefore, Deuteromycota is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Habitat jamur adalah lingkungan yang…

    • A.

      Lembab, kurang cahaya dan kaya zat organic

    • B.

      Lembab, cukup cahaya, dan kaya zat organic

    • C.

      Kering, kurang cahaya dan kaya zat organic

    • D.

      Berair, kaya zat organic dan kurang cahaya

    • E.

      Lembab, pH rendah dan cukup cahaya

    Correct Answer
    E. Lembab, pH rendah dan cukup cahaya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lembab, pH rendah dan cukup cahaya." This is because fungi thrive in moist environments, so the habitat needs to be lembab. Additionally, fungi prefer acidic conditions, so the pH needs to be rendah. Finally, fungi also require some amount of light for growth, so the habitat should have cukup cahaya.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Dinding sel jamur sebagian besar tersusun atas…

    • A.

      Kitin

    • B.

      Lipid

    • C.

      Ion organik

    • D.

      Fosfat

    • E.

      Peptidoglikan

    Correct Answer
    A. Kitin
    Explanation
    The cell wall of fungi is primarily composed of a substance called chitin. Chitin is a tough and rigid polysaccharide that provides structural support to the fungal cell. It is made up of repeating units of N-acetylglucosamine, which are linked together by glycosidic bonds. Chitin is resistant to degradation by enzymes, making it a durable material for the fungal cell wall.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Haustorium berfungsi untuk....  

    • A.

      Menyebar spora

    • B.

      Menyerap nutrisi dari sel inang

    • C.

      Reproduksi seksual

    • D.

      Membentuk tubuh buah

    • E.

      Menyerap udara

    Correct Answer
    B. Menyerap nutrisi dari sel inang
    Explanation
    Haustorium adalah struktur yang ditemukan pada beberapa organisme seperti fungi dan tumbuhan parasit. Fungsinya adalah untuk menyerap nutrisi dari sel inang yang menjadi inangnya. Dengan menggunakan haustorium, organisme parasit dapat mengambil nutrisi yang diperlukan untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangannya dari inangnya.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Spora seksual yang dihasilkan oleh divisi zygomicotina adalah…

    • A.

      Soprangiospora

    • B.

      Konidiospora

    • C.

      Zygospora

    • D.

      Askospora

    • E.

      Basidiospora

    Correct Answer
    C. Zygospora
    Explanation
    Zygomicotina is a division of fungi that reproduce sexually. The sexual spore produced by this division is called zygospora. Therefore, the correct answer is zygospora.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Di bawah ini adalah jenis spora pada jamur 1.    Sporangiospora 2.    Askospora 3.    Zigospora 4.    Basidiospora 5.    Konidiospora Spora yang terbentuk secara aseksual adalah…

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      2 dan 3

    • C.

      3 dan 4

    • D.

      1 dan 5

    • E.

      2, 3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    D. 1 dan 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 and 5. This is because sporangiospora and konidiospora are both types of spores that are formed asexually.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Perhatikan tabel berikut.                                                               No Ciri-ciri Jenis Jamur A B C 1. Hifa tidak bersekat + - - 2. Hifa bersekat - + + 3. Spora dibentuk di dalam askus - + - 4. Spora dibentuk di dalam basidium - - +  Berdasarkan tabel tersebut, jenis jamur A, B dan C berturut-turut termasuk…

    • A.

      Ascomycota – Basidiomycota – Zygomycota

    • B.

      Zygomycota – Ascomycota – Basidiomycota

    • C.

      Ascomycota – Deuteromycota – Basidiomycota

    • D.

      Basidiomycota – Zygomycota – Deuteromycota

    • E.

      Zygomycota – Deuteromycota – Ascomycota

    Correct Answer
    B. Zygomycota – Ascomycota – Basidiomycota
    Explanation
    Based on the given table, jamur A is characterized by non-septate hyphae and does not form spores inside asci or basidia. This matches the characteristics of Zygomycota. Jamur B has septate hyphae and forms spores inside asci, which is characteristic of Ascomycota. Jamur C has septate hyphae and forms spores inside basidia, which is characteristic of Basidiomycota. Therefore, the correct order is Zygomycota – Ascomycota – Basidiomycota.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Kotak spora pada fungi disebut....

    • A.

      Sporangiofor

    • B.

      Sporangiospor

    • C.

      Sporangium

    • D.

      Rhizoid

    • E.

      Sporangium-rhizoid-hifa-sporangiofor-sporangiospor

    Correct Answer
    C. Sporangium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sporangium. In fungi, the spores are produced and contained within structures called sporangia. These sporangia are responsible for the dispersal of spores and are commonly found in fungi such as molds and mildews. Sporangia can be seen as sac-like structures that release spores when mature.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut ! Fase plasmogami dan kariogami,berturut-turut adalah....

    • A.

      2 dan 3

    • B.

      2 dan 4

    • C.

      3 dan 4

    • D.

      3 dan 5

    • E.

      5 dan 2

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 dan 4. This is because plasmogamy is the fusion of cytoplasm between two cells, which occurs in step 2. Karyogamy, on the other hand, is the fusion of nuclei, which occurs in step 4. Therefore, the correct sequence is 2 and 4.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Spora aseksual yang dihasilkan oleh divisi zygomicotina adalah…

    • A.

      Sporangiospora

    • B.

      Konidiospora

    • C.

      Zygospora

    • D.

      Askospora

    • E.

      Basidiospora

    Correct Answer
    A. Sporangiospora
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sporangiospora. Sporangiospora is the asexual spore produced by the division Zygomycota. This division includes fungi that reproduce sexually by forming zygospores, but also produce asexual spores called sporangiospores. These sporangiospores are contained within a structure called a sporangium and are released when the sporangium ruptures.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut ! Jamur yang berperan dalam pembuatan makanan ini adalah....

    • A.

      Rhyzopus stolonifer

    • B.

      Rhyzopus oryzae

    • C.

      Rhyzopus nigricans

    • D.

      Rhyzopus oligosporus

    • E.

      Mucor mucedo

    Correct Answer
    B. Rhyzopus oryzae
    Explanation
    Rhyzopus oryzae is the correct answer because it is a type of fungus commonly used in food production, particularly in the fermentation process. It is used in the production of various food items such as tempeh, soy sauce, and certain types of alcoholic beverages. Rhyzopus oryzae has the ability to break down complex carbohydrates into simpler forms, which contributes to the flavor and texture of the final product. Its use in food production has been practiced for centuries and is considered safe for consumption.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Jamur yang berperan dalam pembuatan makanan di atas termasuk divisi....

    • A.

      Oomycotina

    • B.

      Ascomycotina

    • C.

      Deuteromycotina

    • D.

      Basidiomycotina

    • E.

      Zygomycotina

    Correct Answer
    E. Zygomycotina
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Zygomycotina. Zygomycotina is a division of fungi that includes species commonly used in food production. These fungi play a role in the fermentation and production of various foods, such as tempeh and certain types of cheeses. They are known for their ability to break down complex carbohydrates and produce enzymes that contribute to the flavor and texture of these foods.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Jamur yang mempunyai kotak spora seperti gambar di bawah ini adalah....

    • A.

      Tricoderma reseii

    • B.

      Aspergillus flavus

    • C.

      Neurospora crassa

    • D.

      Volvariella volvacea

    • E.

      Penicillium requiforti

    Correct Answer
    D. Volvariella volvacea
    Explanation
    The given image shows a mushroom with a volva, which is a cup-like structure at the base of the mushroom. Volvariella volvacea, also known as the straw mushroom, is the only option among the given choices that has a volva. Therefore, Volvariella volvacea is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Aflatoksin adalah racun yang dihasilkan oleh jamur yang tumbuh di kacang tanah.  Aflatoksin dihasilkan oleh jamur ….

    • A.

      Aspergillus flavus

    • B.

      Tricoderma

    • C.

      Fusarium

    • D.

      Aspergillus wentii

    • E.

      Penicillium requiforti

    Correct Answer
    A. Aspergillus flavus
    Explanation
    Aflatoksin is a toxin produced by a fungus that grows on peanuts. Aspergillus flavus is a specific type of fungus that is known to produce aflatoksin. Therefore, the correct answer is Aspergillus flavus.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Perhatikan table di bawah ini! Jenis Ascomycotina Peranan dalam kehidupan manusia   1.  Aspergillus wentii 2.  Penicillium chrysogenum 3.  Saccharomyces cereviceae 4.  Neurospora crassa   a.    Membuat adonan kue/roti b.    Penghasil antibiotika c.    Pembuatan oncom d.    Pembuatan kecap Yang menunjukkan hubungan jenis jamur dan peranannya yang benar adalah ….

    • A.

      1 dengan b

    • B.

      2 dengan a

    • C.

      3 dengan d

    • D.

      4 dengan c

    • E.

      1 dengan c

    Correct Answer
    D. 4 dengan c
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4 dengan c. This is because Neurospora crassa is involved in the production of oncom, which is a traditional Indonesian food made from fermented soybeans.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Jamur yang berperan sebagai pengharum mentega adalah....

    • A.

      Aspergillus flavus

    • B.

      Tricoderma

    • C.

      Fusarium

    • D.

      Aspergillus wentii

    • E.

      Penicillium requiforti

    Correct Answer
    E. Penicillium requiforti
    Explanation
    Penicillium requiforti is the correct answer because it is a type of fungus that is known for its ability to produce a compound called geosmin, which gives off a buttery aroma. This makes it suitable for use as a flavoring agent in butter products. Aspergillus flavus, Tricoderma, Fusarium, and Aspergillus wentii are not specifically known for their role in imparting a buttery scent and flavor.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut ! Secara berurutan bagian-bagian dari basidiomycotina adalah....

    • A.

      Lamella-pilleus-annulus-stipe-miselium

    • B.

      Annulus-lamella-pilleus -stipe-miselium

    • C.

      Pilleus-lamella -annulus-stipe-miselium

    • D.

      Lamella-pilleus-annulus-miselium-stipe

    • E.

      Pilleus-lamella- annulus-miselium-stipe

    Correct Answer
    C. Pilleus-lamella -annulus-stipe-miselium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pilleus-lamella-annulus-stipe-miselium". This is the correct order of the parts of a basidiomycotina. The pilleus refers to the cap of the mushroom, followed by the lamella which are the gills underneath the cap. The annulus is the ring that can be found on some mushrooms, followed by the stipe which is the stem of the mushroom. Finally, the miselium refers to the network of fungal hyphae that is responsible for absorbing nutrients.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Berikut ciri-ciri jamur berikut: 1.    Hifa senositik 2.    Hifa bersekat 3.    Inti haploid atau inti dikariotik 4.    Reproduksi aseksual dengan sporangiospora 5.    Reproduksi seksual dengan basidiospora Dari ciri-ciri jamur di atas, yang merupakan ciri-ciri jamur divisi Basidiomycota adalah…

    • A.

      2, 3 dan 5

    • B.

      1, 4 dan 5

    • C.

      1, 2dan 3

    • D.

      1, 3 dan 4

    • E.

      2, 3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    A. 2, 3 dan 5
    Explanation
    The characteristics of the fungus in the given options are as follows:
    1. Hifa bersekat (septate hyphae) - This means that the hyphae of the fungus have cross-walls or septa dividing them into compartments.
    2. Inti haploid atau inti dikariotik (haploid or dikaryotic nuclei) - This means that the fungus has either haploid nuclei (containing one set of chromosomes) or dikaryotic nuclei (containing two genetically distinct nuclei within a single cell).
    3. Reproduksi seksual dengan basidiospora (sexual reproduction with basidiospores) - This means that the fungus reproduces sexually by producing basidiospores, which are formed on specialized structures called basidia.

    Based on these characteristics, the correct answer is 2, 3, and 5.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Sterigma ditunjukkan nomor...

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. Unfortunately, without any context or additional information provided in the question, it is not possible to generate an explanation for why B is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Nama ilmiah jamur  tiram adalah…

    • A.

      Pleurotus sp

    • B.

      Volvariella volvacea

    • C.

      Amanita muscaria

    • D.

      Auricularia polytrica

    • E.

      Lentinulla edodes

    Correct Answer
    D. Auricularia polytrica
    Explanation
    Auricularia polytrica is the scientific name for the mushroom known as "jamur tiram".

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Jamur Divisi Deuteromicotina disebut juga sebagai fungi imperfecti atau jamur yang tidak sempurna karena…

    • A.

      Belum memiliki spora aseksual

    • B.

      Bagian tubuhnya tidak sempurna dibanding jamur divisi lainnya

    • C.

      Alat dan siklus reproduksi seksualnya belum diketahui dengan jelas dan pasti

    • D.

      Jamur divisi ini belum mengalami pertumbuhan yang sempurna pada konidiumnya

    • E.

      Spora aseksualnya dihasilkan oleh konidium

    Correct Answer
    C. Alat dan siklus reproduksi seksualnya belum diketahui dengan jelas dan pasti
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the Deuteromycota division of fungi, also known as imperfect fungi, is called so because the tools and cycle of sexual reproduction are not clearly and certainly known. This means that the division lacks a well-defined sexual reproductive process, which is a characteristic of other divisions of fungi.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Perhatikan ciri-ciri jamur berikut! 1.   Hifa bersekat 2.   Reproduksi seksual dengan zygospora 3.   Disebut sebagai fungi imperfecti 4.   Menyebabkan penyakit kaki atlet 5.   Dapat dikonsumsi Ciri-ciri Deuteromycota adalah… A.  1, 2 dan 3 B.  1, 3 dan 4 C.  1, 4 dan 5 D.  3, 3 dan 4 E.  3, 4 dan 5

    • A.

      1, 2 dan 3

    • B.

      1, 3 dan 4

    • C.

      1, 4 dan 5

    • D.

      3, 3 dan 4

    • E.

      3, 4 dan 5

    Correct Answer
    B. 1, 3 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 3, and 4. This is because the characteristics listed in the question match the characteristics of Deuteromycota. Deuteromycota is a group of fungi that have septate hyphae (characteristic 1), reproduce sexually with zygosporangia (characteristic 2), and are also known as fungi imperfecti (characteristic 3). Additionally, Deuteromycota includes fungi that can cause athlete's foot (characteristic 4). Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 3, and 4.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Jamur yang menyebabkan penyakit panu adalah....

    • A.

      Microsporum audodini

    • B.

      Helmintrosporium oryzae

    • C.

      Epidermophyton floccosum

    • D.

      Fusarium

    • E.

      Malassezia furfur

    Correct Answer
    E. Malassezia furfur
    Explanation
    Malassezia furfur is the correct answer because it is a type of fungus that is known to cause the skin condition known as tinea versicolor or pityriasis versicolor, which is commonly referred to as panu in Indonesian. This fungus is naturally found on the skin, but under certain conditions, such as a weakened immune system or excessive oil production, it can overgrow and cause an infection.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Jamur ascomycota yang dapat digunakan sebagai protein sel tunggal adalah....

    • A.

      Tricoderma

    • B.

      Aspergillus flavus

    • C.

      Neurospora crassa

    • D.

      Volvariella volvacea

    • E.

      Penicillium requiforti

    Correct Answer
    A. Tricoderma
    Explanation
    Tricoderma is a type of fungi from the Ascomycota phylum that can be used as a single-cell protein. It is commonly used in biotechnology and food industries as a source of protein due to its high protein content and nutritional value. Tricoderma has the ability to produce enzymes that can break down complex organic materials into simpler forms, making it an ideal candidate for protein production. Additionally, Tricoderma is easy to cultivate and has a fast growth rate, making it a cost-effective option for protein production.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Lichen yang mempunyai bentuk lembaran adalah…

    • A.

      Hifa

    • B.

      Krustose

    • C.

      Feliose

    • D.

      Frutikose

    • E.

      Rhizoid

    Correct Answer
    C. Feliose
    Explanation
    Feliose is the correct answer because lichens that have a leaf-like shape are called foliose lichens. Foliose lichens have a thallus that is flat and leaf-like, with distinct upper and lower surfaces. They are attached to the substrate by rhizines, which are root-like structures. Hifa refers to the thread-like structures in fungi, krustose refers to crust-like lichens, frutikose refers to shrub-like lichens, and rhizoid refers to root-like structures in plants.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Liken yang dapat digunakan sebagai obat TBC adalah...

    • A.

      Parmelia acetabulum

    • B.

      Graphis

    • C.

      Usnea

    • D.

      Roselia tinctoria

    • E.

      Centraria islandica

    Correct Answer
    C. Usnea
    Explanation
    Usnea dapat digunakan sebagai obat TBC karena mengandung senyawa usnic acid yang memiliki sifat antimikroba dan antiinflamasi. Senyawa ini dapat membantu menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri Mycobacterium tuberculosis yang menyebabkan TBC. Selain itu, Usnea juga memiliki sifat imunomodulator yang dapat meningkatkan sistem kekebalan tubuh dalam melawan infeksi TBC.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Jamur deuteromycota yang menyerang tanaman kentang adalah....

    • A.

      Microsporum audodini

    • B.

      Helmintrosporium oryzae

    • C.

      Epidermophyton floccosum

    • D.

      Fusarium

    • E.

      Malassezia furfur

    Correct Answer
    D. Fusarium
    Explanation
    Fusarium is a type of fungus that commonly attacks potato plants. It can cause diseases such as Fusarium wilt and Fusarium dry rot, which can lead to significant damage to the crops. Therefore, Fusarium is the correct answer for the given question.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 01, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Danik_margowati
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.