Mtca Chapter 3 Terms - Quiz 2

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 128

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Mtca Chapter 3 Terms - Quiz 2

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Viruses, such as the virus that causes chicken pox and shingles, can become dormant or inactive. In times of stress, these viruses can often become active and cause symptoms. These inactive viruses are called ___.
    • A. 

      Intermediary

    • B. 

      Superinfections

    • C. 

      Latent

    • D. 

      Patent

  • 2. 
    This term has very different meanings depending upon whether the subject is psychology or chemistry.
    • A. 

      Multifocal

    • B. 

      Concentration

    • C. 

      Bifurcate

    • D. 

      Binary

  • 3. 
    Which of the following terms does NOT pertain to the heart and circulatory system?
    • A. 

      Polydactyly

    • B. 

      Decompensation

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Pericardial

  • 4. 
    A disease that produces symptoms in many locations within the body could be refered to as ___.
    • A. 

      Superinfection

    • B. 

      Multifocal

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Regurgitation

  • 5. 
    The pectoral muscles are found on the chest, with the point of origin on the upper side of the sternum. The pectoral muscles could be refered to as ___.
    • A. 

      Hyperactive

    • B. 

      Pericardial

    • C. 

      Hypoplasia

    • D. 

      Parasternal

  • 6. 
    Muscles, such as the sternocleidomastoid, can have two points of insertion. This causes the muscle to be branched or divided. This is referred to as ___.
    • A. 

      Parasternal

    • B. 

      Anicteric

    • C. 

      Bifuracte

    • D. 

      Hypoplasia

  • 7. 
    Which term would BEST refer to a heart attack in which the heart and circulation stops?
    • A. 

      Anicteric

    • B. 

      Arrest

    • C. 

      Pericardial

    • D. 

      Unconscious

  • 8. 
    Which event also commonly occurs during cardiac arrest because the heart is no longer maintaining adequate circulation?
    • A. 

      Occlusion

    • B. 

      Superinfection

    • C. 

      Polydactyly

    • D. 

      Decompensation

  • 9. 
    Any objective evidence of an illness or disordered function of the body is referred to as a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Arrest

    • B. 

      Sign

    • C. 

      Symptom

    • D. 

      Decompensation

  • 10. 
    The muscles outside the eye are refered to as ___.
    • A. 

      Hyperactive

    • B. 

      Extraocular

    • C. 

      Enucleate

    • D. 

      Occlusion

  • 11. 
    Which one of these terms could not be applicable to a male patient?
    • A. 

      Premenstrual

    • B. 

      Polydactyly

    • C. 

      Insomnia

    • D. 

      Anicteric

  • 12. 
    In the kidneys, hepatic ducts separate into two separate branches. Which of the following terms would be MOST applicable to the hepatic ducts?
    • A. 

      Anicteric

    • B. 

      Intermediary

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Binary

  • 13. 
    the phlebotomist has to be proficient at inserting a needle into which of the following?
    • A. 

      Pericardium

    • B. 

      Enucleate

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Occlusion

  • 14. 
    In order to clone stem cells for therapeutic treatments, scientists will enucleate a somatic cell, meaning that they remove the nucleus. Which of the following would also be a correct application of the term enucleate?
    • A. 

      Removing stitches from a healed wound

    • B. 

      Surgical removal of a cataract from the eye

    • C. 

      Surgical repair of a hernia

    • D. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 15. 
    If a nurse is recording a patient’s vitals, this term would most likely be used if the patient had a body temperature within normal ranges. The patient without fever is called ___.
    • A. 

      Afebrile

    • B. 

      Insomnia

    • C. 

      Subacute

    • D. 

      Latent

  • 16. 
    A patient in kidney failure suffers from the inability of the kidneys to purify the blood. This condition is usually accompanied by jaundice, which is a yellowish discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, mucous membranes and body fluids. A patient with healthy kidneys would be described as ___.
    • A. 

      Anicteric

    • B. 

      Hypoplasia

    • C. 

      Subacute

    • D. 

      Enucleate

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