Anatomy Test Chapter Six && Seven! Bio 210

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 19

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is not a function of the skeletal structure?
    • A. 

      Support

    • B. 

      Movement

    • C. 

      Storage

    • D. 

      Protection

  • 2. 
    Support, storage, blood cell production, protection, and leverage are functions of the skeletal structure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Blood cell formation occurs in
    • A. 

      Yellow bone marrow

    • B. 

      Red bone marrow

    • C. 

      The matrix of bone tissue

    • D. 

      The ground substance of bones

  • 4. 
    Two-thirds of the weight of bone is accounted for by
    • A. 

      Crystals of calcium phosphate

    • B. 

      Collagen fibers

    • C. 

      Osteocytes

    • D. 

      Calcium carbonate

  • 5. 
    The membrane found wrapping the bones, except at the joint cavity, is the
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Endosteum

    • C. 

      Perforating fibers

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    The basic functional unit of compact bone is the Haversian system or
    • A. 

      Osteocyte

    • B. 

      Osteoclast

    • C. 

      Osteon

    • D. 

      Osseous matrix

    • E. 

      Osseous lamellae

  • 7. 
    The vitamins essential for normal adult bone maintenance and repair are
    • A. 

      A and E

    • B. 

      C and D

    • C. 

      B and E

    • D. 

      B complex and K

  • 8. 
    The hormones that coordinate the storage absorption, and excretion of calcium ions are
    • A. 

      Growth hormone and thyroxine

    • B. 

      Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone

    • C. 

      Calcitriol and cholecalciferol

    • D. 

      Estrogens and androgens

  • 9. 
    There are five ways to classify bones
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The six ways to classify bones are: 1. long bones 2. short bones 3. flat bones 4. irregular bones 5. seamoid bones 6. sutural bones
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The presence of an epiphyseal line indicates
    • A. 

      Epiphyseal growth has ended

    • B. 

      Epiphyseal growth is just beginning

    • C. 

      Growth of bone diameter is just beginning

    • D. 

      The bone is fractured at the location

    • E. 

      No particular event

  • 12. 
    The primary reason that osteoporosis accelerates after menopause in women is
    • A. 

      Reduced levels of circulating estrogens

    • B. 

      Reduced levels of vitamin C

    • C. 

      Diminished osteoclast activity

    • D. 

      Increased osteoblast activity

  • 13. 
    The nonpathologic loss of bone that occurs with again is called
    • A. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Osteopenia

    • D. 

      Osteiitis

    • E. 

      Osteomalacia

  • 14. 
    The process of bone  growth at the epiphyseal cartilage is similar to
    • A. 

      Intramembranous ossification

    • B. 

      Endochondral ossification

    • C. 

      The process of osteopenia

    • D. 

      The process of healing a fracture

    • E. 

      The process of calcification

  • 15. 
    Which of the following conditions would you possibly observe in a child who is suffering from rickets?
    • A. 

      Abnormally short limbs

    • B. 

      Abnormally long limbs

    • C. 

      Oversized facial bones

    • D. 

      Bowed legs

    • E. 

      Weal, brittle bones

  • 16. 
    Frank doe not being puberty until he is 16, what effect would you predict this will have on his stature?
    • A. 

      Frank will probably be taller than if he had started puberty earlier

    • B. 

      Frank will probably be shorter than if he had started puberty earlier

    • C. 

      Frank will probably be a dwarf

    • D. 

      Frank will have bones that are heavier that normal

    • E. 

      The late onset of puberty will have no effect on frank's stature

  • 17. 
    An adult skeleton has 206 major bones
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    You can find long bones in what area of the body?
    • A. 

      Skull

    • B. 

      Forearm

    • C. 

      Knees

    • D. 

      Answer option 4

  • 19. 
    The forearm is the largest and heaviest bone in the body
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The femur is the largest and heaviest bone in the body
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The osseous tissue is made of
    • A. 

      Dense and compact

    • B. 

      Compact and spongy

    • C. 

      Dense and spongy

    • D. 

      Answer option 4

  • 22. 
    Three parts of the long bone is the diaphysis, epiphysis, and the metaphysis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The building cells or the 'supervisor' of a bone cell is called
    • A. 

      Osteoblast

    • B. 

      Osteogenesis

    • C. 

      Osteocytes

    • D. 

      Osteoprogenitor

  • 24. 
    The 'worker' of the bone cell is called
    • A. 

      Osteoblast

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Osteogenesis

    • D. 

      Osteoprogenitor

  • 25. 
    Which two are major functions of the osteocytes
    • A. 

      Make and release the proteins

    • B. 

      Maintain and monitor the protein and mineral content

    • C. 

      Participate in the repair f damaged bone

    • D. 

      Divide to produce osteoblasts

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