Non-verbal Communications Final Exam

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Non-verbal Communications Final Exam - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In therapeutic touch, the practitioner gently places his or her hands on key areas of the body.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In therapeutic touch, the practitioner does not actually touch the body. Instead, they use their hands to hover or move slightly above the body, without making physical contact. This technique is believed to promote healing and relaxation by balancing the body's energy. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 2. 

    One cultural group was noted to kiss both the lips and the chin at the same time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that there is a cultural group that practices a specific type of kissing where they kiss both the lips and the chin simultaneously. This implies that in this particular culture, this type of kissing is considered a normal or customary gesture. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 3. 

    Sociopetality is back to back.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Sociopetality is back to back" is not a valid or meaningful statement. Sociopetality refers to the tendency of individuals to come together and form social groups. "Back to back" does not have any relevance or connection to sociopetality. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 4. 

    In Morris' 12 steps of animal courtship, hand to head comes before mouth to mouth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to Morris' 12 steps of animal courtship, mouth to mouth comes before hand to head.

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  • 5. 

    The body buffer zone is flexible.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "The body buffer zone is flexible" is true. The body buffer zone refers to the personal space or distance that individuals prefer to keep between themselves and others. This distance can vary depending on cultural norms, personal preferences, and the relationship between individuals. Some people may prefer a larger buffer zone, while others may be comfortable with a smaller one. Therefore, the body buffer zone is indeed flexible and can differ from person to person.

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  • 6. 

     According to the text, men sway their bodies when they walk just as much as women do.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The text states that men sway their bodies when they walk just as much as women do. This implies that both men and women have a similar amount of body movement while walking, suggesting that there is no significant difference between the two genders in terms of body swaying during walking. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 7. 

     Across 37 cultures women rated attractiveness needs lower than the men did.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a study conducted across 37 different cultures, it was found that women consistently rated attractiveness needs lower than men did. This suggests that women, on average, place less importance on physical attractiveness compared to men. The study's findings provide evidence for a cross-cultural trend in gender differences when it comes to valuing attractiveness.

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  • 8. 

     According to Stacks, Moore, and Hickman, women more openly displayed negative emotions than men did.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to Stacks, Moore, and Hickman, there is no evidence to support the claim that women more openly displayed negative emotions than men did. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 9. 

     According to Birdwhistell's six principles, kinesic communication varies between black Americans and white Americans.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Birdwhistell's six principles of kinesic communication suggest that nonverbal communication, including body language and facial expressions, can vary between different cultural groups. It is possible that kinesic communication may vary between black Americans and white Americans due to cultural differences, socialization, and historical experiences. Therefore, the statement that kinesic communication varies between black Americans and white Americans is true according to Birdwhistell's principles.

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  • 10. 

    According to dialectics theory:

    • A.

      Relationships are kept together by opposing tensions.

    • B.

      Relationships are challenged by opposing tensions.

    • C.

      We seek to resolve opposing tensions in relationships.

    • D.

      Opposing tensions can tear relationships apart.

    Correct Answer
    A. Relationships are kept together by opposing tensions.
    Explanation
    According to dialectics theory, relationships are kept together by opposing tensions. This means that the presence of opposing forces or conflicts in a relationship actually helps to maintain and strengthen it. These tensions create a dynamic and evolving nature in relationships, where individuals have different needs, desires, and perspectives. By acknowledging and addressing these opposing tensions, individuals can work together to find balance and harmony, leading to a healthier and more fulfilling relationship.

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  • 11. 

     In the recent chapter on proxemics, the two studies cited were related to what animals?

    • A.

      Deer and

    • B.

      Rats and Birds

    • C.

      Rats and

    • D.

      Rats and Deer

    Correct Answer
    D. Rats and Deer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rats and Deer. The question asks about the two studies cited in the recent chapter on proxemics, specifically relating to what animals. The correct answer is Rats and Deer, indicating that these two animals were the subjects of the studies mentioned in the chapter.

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  • 12. 

    Finish this phrase: "One of the key architectural concepts mentioned in the class on proxemics is shelter and __________ .

    • A.

      Usefulness

    • B.

      Perspective

    • C.

      Solidity

    • D.

      Commodity

    Correct Answer
    B. Perspective
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Perspective". In the class on proxemics, the key architectural concept of shelter is discussed in relation to perspective. This suggests that the class explores how the design and arrangement of physical spaces can impact the way individuals perceive and interact with their surroundings. By considering the perspective of the people using the space, architects can create environments that are more functional and comfortable.

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  • 13. 

    In all types of communication, there are two major components. We decode and we ____________.

    • A.

      Pre-code

    • B.

      Code

    • C.

      Assimilate

    • D.

      Encode

    Correct Answer
    D. Encode
    Explanation
    In all types of communication, there are two major components: decoding and encoding. Decoding refers to the process of interpreting or understanding the message received, while encoding involves the creation or formulation of the message to be transmitted. Therefore, the correct answer is "encode," as it completes the statement by indicating the other major component of communication.

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  • 14. 

    The three body types discussed in the text are: endomorph, mesomorph and

    • A.

      Midimorph

    • B.

      Paramorph

    • C.

      Ectomorph

    • D.

      Polymorph

    Correct Answer
    C. Ectomorph
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ectomorph. Ectomorph is one of the three body types discussed in the text, along with endomorph and mesomorph. Ectomorphs are typically characterized as having a lean and slender body type, with a fast metabolism and difficulty gaining weight or muscle mass. This body type is often associated with individuals who are naturally thin and have a smaller bone structure.

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  • 15. 

    The first territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Personal
    Explanation
    The first territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is "Personal." This refers to the individual's own private thoughts, feelings, and experiences. It is the innermost realm of the self, where one's true self resides. This territory is not visible to others and is often kept hidden or protected. It is a space where individuals can reflect, introspect, and develop their sense of identity and self-awareness.

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  • 16. 

    The second territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Stall
  • 17. 

    The third territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Space
    Explanation
    The third territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is "Space." This refers to the physical environment in which an individual exists and interacts with others. It includes both public and private spaces, such as homes, workplaces, and public places. Goffman argues that individuals actively manage and control their space to present a desired image of themselves to others. This concept highlights the role of physical surroundings in shaping social interactions and the construction of identity.

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  • 18. 

    The four territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Turn
    Explanation
    In Goffman's eight territories of the self, the four territory is "Turn". This refers to the individual's ability to control the direction and flow of interaction in a social setting. It involves the ability to initiate and terminate conversations, as well as to shift the focus of attention. This territory allows individuals to assert their agency and exercise control over their social interactions.

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  • 19. 

    The fifth territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Sheath
    Explanation
    Goffman's eight territories of the self refer to different aspects of an individual's identity and presentation. The fifth territory is not explicitly mentioned in the question, but the answer "Sheath" does not seem to fit within the context of Goffman's theory. It is possible that the question is incomplete or incorrectly phrased, as there is no clear connection between the given answer and Goffman's territories of the self.

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  • 20. 

    The sixth territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Possessional territory
    Explanation
    The sixth territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is possessional territory. This refers to the physical objects or possessions that individuals consider as part of their personal space and identity. Possessional territory includes items such as clothing, jewelry, gadgets, and other personal belongings that individuals use to express themselves and establish a sense of ownership and control over their environment.

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  • 21. 

    The seventh territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Information preserve
    Explanation
    The seventh territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is "Information preserve." This refers to the way individuals control and manage the information about themselves that they reveal to others. It involves the selective disclosure of personal information and the management of one's public image. In this territory, individuals decide what information to share and what to keep private, strategically presenting themselves to others in order to maintain a desired impression. This territory highlights the importance of privacy and the conscious effort individuals make in shaping their self-presentation.

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  • 22. 

    The last territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is ________.

    Correct Answer
    Conversation preserve
    Explanation
    The last territory of Goffman's eight territories of the self is "Conversation preserve". This refers to the idea that individuals have the ability to control and manage their own conversations, deciding what information to reveal or conceal about themselves. It highlights the importance of maintaining privacy and managing one's self-presentation in social interactions.

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  • 23. 

     In class, the ideal shape for the living room was suggested as:

    • A.

      Square

    • B.

      Circle

    • C.

      Rectangle

    • D.

      Octagon

    Correct Answer
    A. Square
    Explanation
    The ideal shape for a living room is suggested to be a square because it allows for optimal use of space and efficient furniture arrangement. A square shape provides equal proportions on all sides, making it easier to create a balanced and harmonious layout. It also allows for better traffic flow and facilitates conversation among people in the room. Additionally, a square shape provides a sense of stability and symmetry, creating a visually pleasing and comfortable environment.

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  • 24. 

    "The home is a container for ____________."

    • A.

      Dreams.

    • B.

      Finding safety.

    • C.

      Living in.

    • D.

      Nurturing the soul.

    Correct Answer
    A. Dreams.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dreams." This suggests that the home serves as a vessel or holder for one's aspirations, desires, and ambitions. It implies that the home is a place where dreams can be nurtured, pursued, and realized. It highlights the idea that the home is not just a physical structure, but also a space where one's imagination and goals can flourish.

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  • 25. 

    Artifacts are...

    • A.

      Remnants of childhood behaviours.

    • B.

      Anything added to the body.

    • C.

      Non-verbals passed on by our ancestors.

    • D.

      Culturally determined clothing trends.

    Correct Answer
    B. Anything added to the body.
    Explanation
    The term "artifacts" refers to objects or items that are created or modified by humans. In this context, it is suggested that artifacts are anything added to the body. This could include accessories, adornments, or modifications made to the body, such as tattoos or piercings. The other options provided in the question, such as remnants of childhood behaviors, non-verbals passed on by our ancestors, or culturally determined clothing trends, do not accurately define artifacts in the given context.

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  • 26. 

    The endomorph was seen as...

    • A.

      Dominant, cheerful, competitive.

    • B.

      Detached, tense, anxious.

    • C.

      Dependent, calm, relaxed.

    • D.

      Awkward, cool, suspicious.

    Correct Answer
    C. Dependent, calm, relaxed.
    Explanation
    The endomorph was seen as dependent, calm, and relaxed because these traits are often associated with individuals who have a higher body fat percentage and a rounder, softer physique. Endomorphs are typically more laid-back and easygoing, preferring a comfortable and stable environment. They are often seen as more reliant on others and less prone to stress or anxiety.

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  • 27. 

    "Immediacy" refers to...

    • A.

      How quickly a person responds with a non-verbal gesture

    • B.

      One being open, approachable.

    • C.

      One being in the moment and authentic

    • D.

      One's pace in matching non-verbals to another's

    Correct Answer
    B. One being open, approachable.
    Explanation
    Immediacy refers to one being open and approachable. This means that the person is readily available for communication, willing to listen, and engage with others. It implies a welcoming and friendly demeanor, creating a comfortable environment for interaction. Immediacy helps to build rapport and establish a positive connection with others, fostering effective communication and relationship-building.

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  • 28. 

    "Self-synchrony" refers to how one.

    • A.

      Regulates one's non-verbal actions

    • B.

      Matches one's gestures to one's words

    • C.

      Matches one's gestures to those of another

    • D.

      Tries to use an array of non-verbal behaviours

    Correct Answer
    B. Matches one's gestures to one's words
    Explanation
    "Self-synchrony" refers to the ability to match one's gestures to one's words. This means that a person's non-verbal actions, such as hand movements or facial expressions, are in sync with the words they are speaking. This synchronization between gestures and words helps to convey a consistent message and enhances effective communication.

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  • 29. 

    "Interactional Synchrony" occurs where...

    • A.

      One matches one's movements to those of another.

    • B.

      One matches one's words to one's behaviours.

    • C.

      A child mimics the actions of one's parents.

    • D.

      One learns the lyrics of all Police songs.

    Correct Answer
    A. One matches one's movements to those of another.
    Explanation
    Interactional synchrony refers to the coordination and mirroring of movements between individuals during social interactions. It involves one person imitating or matching the movements of another person. This behavior is commonly observed in parent-child interactions, where the child mimics the actions and gestures of their parents. It helps to establish a sense of connection and communication between individuals. Matching one's movements to those of another is the most accurate description of interactional synchrony among the given options.

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  • 30. 

    An example of an "emblem" is...

    • A.

      Middle Finger

    • B.

      A stammer/stutter

    • C.

      A pause

    • D.

      Pacing

    Correct Answer
    A. Middle Finger
    Explanation
    The middle finger is considered an "emblem" because it is a non-verbal gesture that has a specific meaning or message associated with it. In many cultures, extending the middle finger is considered offensive and vulgar, often used to express anger, contempt, or defiance. It is a universally recognized symbol that conveys a strong and clear message without the need for words.

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  • 31. 

    An example of an "adaptor" is...

    • A.

      Fidgeting

    • B.

      An action that coincides with a word

    • C.

      A person that mirrors another's actions

    • D.

      A mirroring technique

    Correct Answer
    A. Fidgeting
    Explanation
    Fidgeting can be considered an example of an "adaptor" because it is an action that coincides with a word. When someone is nervous or anxious, they may engage in fidgeting, such as tapping their foot or playing with their hands. This physical movement is a way of adapting to their emotional state and is often done unconsciously. Therefore, fidgeting can be seen as an example of an "adaptor" behavior.

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  • 32. 

    Females apparently are __________ than males at understanding non-verbal messages.

    • A.

      Better

    • B.

      Just as good

    • C.

      Worse

    Correct Answer
    A. Better
    Explanation
    Females apparently are better than males at understanding non-verbal messages. This suggests that women have a higher ability to interpret and comprehend non-verbal cues such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. They may possess a greater sensitivity and intuition when it comes to deciphering the unspoken messages conveyed through non-verbal communication.

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  • 33. 

    1.5 to 4 feet is called _____________ space.

    • A.

      Social-consultative

    • B.

      Casual-personal

    • C.

      Social-personal

    • D.

      Social-intimate

    Correct Answer
    B. Casual-personal
    Explanation
    Casual-personal is the correct answer because the given range of 1.5 to 4 feet refers to a distance that is neither too close nor too far. This suggests a level of familiarity and comfort between individuals, where personal conversations can take place without being overly intimate. The term "casual-personal" accurately describes this type of social space.

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  • 34. 

    "Tenure" has to do with...

    • A.

      A person holding a territory permanently 

    • B.

      How long a person has held the territory

    • C.

      How strongly a person conveys their intention of holding the territory

    • D.

      One's right to hold the territory

    Correct Answer
    B. How long a person has held the territory
    Explanation
    "Tenure" refers to the length of time that a person has held a territory. It is a measure of the duration or period for which someone has occupied or possessed a particular territory. It does not necessarily indicate permanence or convey the intention of holding the territory strongly, nor does it directly imply a person's right to hold the territory.

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  • 35. 

    When it comes to others entering your territory, there are violations of territory, invasions and ...

    • A.

      Diversions

    • B.

      Pollution

    • C.

      Contamination

    • D.

      Negation

    Correct Answer
    C. Contamination
    Explanation
    Contamination refers to the introduction of harmful or unwanted substances into a certain area or environment. In the context of the question, when others enter your territory, their presence may lead to the introduction of contaminants that can disrupt the natural balance or quality of the territory. This can be seen as a violation or invasion of the territory, as it can have negative effects on the ecosystem or the well-being of the inhabitants. Therefore, contamination is the most appropriate term to describe the negative impact caused by others entering your territory.

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  • 36. 

    An example of a "marker" is...

    • A.

      A water bottle on your desk in class

    • B.

      A nervous tick that distinguishes a person

    • C.

      Donald Trump's hand's up, palms out

    • D.

      The person who puts a stamp on your hand at the door

    Correct Answer
    A. A water bottle on your desk in class
    Explanation
    A water bottle on your desk in class can be considered as a "marker" because it serves as a visible indicator or sign of your presence in the classroom. It is an object that can be easily identified and associated with you being present in that particular location.

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  • 37. 

    Chronemics is defined as...

    • A.

      The use of pace and pauses in verbals

    • B.

      The use of time in the use of non-verbals

    • C.

      Smell

    • D.

      The study of physiological reactions to space

    Correct Answer
    B. The use of time in the use of non-verbals
    Explanation
    Chronemics refers to the study of how time is used in non-verbal communication. It focuses on the way people perceive, structure, and use time in various cultural and social contexts. This includes analyzing the use of time in gestures, body language, facial expressions, and other non-verbal cues. Chronemics helps us understand how time influences communication patterns, relationships, and social interactions.

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  • 38. 

     The "surrogate mother" experiment, by Harlow (1958) was done with...

    • A.

      Mice

    • B.

      Monkeys

    • C.

      Rats

    • D.

      People

    Correct Answer
    B. Monkeys
    Explanation
    The "surrogate mother" experiment conducted by Harlow in 1958 involved monkeys. This experiment aimed to study the effects of maternal deprivation and the importance of social and emotional attachment in primates. Harlow used surrogate mothers made of wire and cloth to investigate the monkeys' attachment behavior and their preference for comfort and security. The study had significant implications for understanding the importance of early social interactions and maternal care in primate development.

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  • 39. 

     According to Anderson's 2005 comparison of different religious groups, those who refrain from touch are more likely to be ___________ than Jewish.

    • A.

      Protestant

    • B.

      Muslim

    • C.

      Catholic

    • D.

      Rastafarian

    Correct Answer
    A. Protestant
    Explanation
    According to Anderson's 2005 comparison of different religious groups, it was found that those who refrain from touch are more likely to be Protestant than Jewish.

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  • 40. 

    Facial expression is ___________ with the level of touch.

    • A.

      Often confused

    • B.

      Synchronistic

    • C.

      Often off kilter

    • D.

      Anachronistic

    Correct Answer
    B. Synchronistic
    Explanation
    Facial expression is synchronistic with the level of touch. This means that the facial expressions of an individual are in harmony or in sync with the amount or intensity of touch they are experiencing. For example, if someone is receiving a gentle touch, their facial expressions may reflect relaxation or pleasure. On the other hand, if someone is experiencing a painful or intense touch, their facial expressions may show discomfort or distress. This suggests that there is a connection or correlation between the level of touch and the corresponding facial expressions displayed.

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  • 41. 

    In the "matching hypothesis" we...

    • A.

      Match another's movements to our own

    • B.

      Try to date people who are similar to ourselves

    • C.

      Hang out with people similar to ourselves

    • D.

      Date people who look like our parents

    Correct Answer
    B. Try to date people who are similar to ourselves
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Try to date people who are similar to ourselves." The matching hypothesis suggests that individuals are more likely to form romantic relationships with people who are similar to them in terms of attractiveness, social status, and other characteristics. This is based on the idea that people seek partners who are similar to themselves to maximize the chances of compatibility and long-term relationship success.

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  • 42. 

    "Manscaping" is when

    • A.

      A male alters his appearance

    • B.

      A male scans the "territory" to assess challengers

    • C.

      A women shifts her posture to attract a male

    • D.

      A man positions himself close to an exit

    Correct Answer
    A. A male alters his appearance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A male alters his appearance." Manscaping refers to the practice of grooming or trimming body hair, specifically in men. This can include shaving or trimming facial hair, chest hair, or pubic hair to achieve a desired aesthetic or hygiene level. It is a way for men to alter their appearance and maintain grooming standards.

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  • 43. 

    Height signifies power and prestige: average is...

    • A.

      5 ft 6 for women; 6 ft for men

    • B.

      5 ft 5 for women; 6 ft for men

    • C.

      5 ft 4 for women; 5 ft 9 for men

    • D.

      5 ft 8 for both sexes

    Correct Answer
    C. 5 ft 4 for women; 5 ft 9 for men
    Explanation
    Height is often associated with power and prestige in society. The answer choice of 5 ft 4 for women and 5 ft 9 for men suggests that these heights are considered average for each gender. This implies that taller heights may be seen as more powerful or prestigious, while shorter heights may be seen as less so.

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  • 44. 

    "Affect Blends" are...

    • A.

      Thinking two conflicting ideas at once

    • B.

      Conveying two emotions at the same time

    • C.

      Trying to change two things at once

    • D.

      Experiencing two emotions at the same time

    Correct Answer
    B. Conveying two emotions at the same time
    Explanation
    "Affect Blends" refer to the simultaneous expression or display of two different emotions. This means that an individual is conveying or experiencing two emotions at the same time. It could be a combination of happiness and sadness, anger and fear, or any other combination of emotions. Affect blends occur when there is a blending or mixing of emotions, leading to a complex emotional state.

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  • 45. 

    "Conjugate Lateral Eye Movements" means...

    • A.

      Whether we look left or right when thinking shows which side is our dominant brain side

    • B.

      Being nervous. It suggests that we have intentions that we are not stating in our words.

    • C.

      We have difficulty matching our eye movements to our body messages

    • D.

      We have difficulty with eye contact

    Correct Answer
    A. Whether we look left or right when thinking shows which side is our dominant brain side
    Explanation
    Conjugate lateral eye movements refer to the direction in which our eyes move when we are thinking. Looking left or right indicates the dominance of a particular side of our brain. This phenomenon suggests that our brain hemispheres have different functions, and the side towards which our eyes move can provide insights into our dominant brain side.

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  • 46. 

    The study of touch is also known as

    • A.

      Haptics

    • B.

      Synaptics

    • C.

      Olfactics

    • D.

      Tactilics

    Correct Answer
    A. Haptics
    Explanation
    Haptics is the study of touch, including the perception and interpretation of tactile sensations. It involves understanding how humans sense and respond to touch, as well as the use of touch in communication and technology. Synaptics is a term related to touch technology, specifically referring to touchpad and touchscreen interfaces. Olfactics is the study of smell, while Tactilics is not a recognized term. Therefore, the correct answer is Haptics.

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  • 47. 

    According to the text, the first sense we learn is...

    • A.

      Touch

    • B.

      Hearing

    • C.

      Sight

    • D.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    A. Touch
    Explanation
    The text states that the first sense we learn is touch. This suggests that touch is the initial sense that develops in humans.

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  • 48. 

    Adler and Towne (1975) suggested that records from 19th and 20th century orphanages point to mortality rates of nearly _________ because of a lack of touch.

    • A.

      90%

    • B.

      100%

    • C.

      80%

    • D.

      75%

    Correct Answer
    B. 100%
    Explanation
    Adler and Towne (1975) suggested that records from 19th and 20th century orphanages indicate that mortality rates were nearly 100% due to a lack of touch. This implies that the absence of physical contact and emotional connection in these orphanages led to a significantly high death rate among the children. Touch is a fundamental human need for healthy development and well-being, and the lack of it can have severe consequences, especially for vulnerable populations like orphaned children.

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  • 49. 

    Children 14 months to 2 years are said to receive _________ than younger children (babies).

    • A.

      Less touch

    • B.

      More touch

    • C.

      The same amount of touch

    Correct Answer
    B. More touch
    Explanation
    Children 14 months to 2 years are said to receive more touch than younger children (babies) because at this stage, they are more mobile and curious about exploring their environment. They are able to move around, interact with objects and people, and engage in more physical activities. This increased mobility and curiosity often result in more opportunities for touch, such as being held, hugged, or playing interactive games with caregivers. Additionally, older children may seek out more touch as a way to seek comfort, reassurance, and connection with their caregivers.

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  • 50. 

    Touch, even a slight touch, among the elderly was noted to reduce...

    • A.

      Postural sway

    • B.

      Asthma

    • C.

      Dementia

    • D.

      Nervous ticks

    Correct Answer
    A. Postural sway
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that touch, even a slight touch, has been observed to reduce postural sway among the elderly. Postural sway refers to the involuntary movement or instability in maintaining an upright position. Touch may provide a sense of stability and support, helping to reduce postural sway and improve balance in the elderly.

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