Remidi Uh-2 (Plantae) Kls-x 2014

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Remidi Uh-2 (Plantae) Kls-x 2014 - Quiz

Bagi kalian yang ingin memperbaiki nilai UH plantae,silahkan kerjakan soal-soal berikut. Selamat latihan... 


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1.     Ciri-ciri makhluk hidup 1)     Uniseluler 2)     Multiseluler 3)     Berklorofil 4)     Heterotrof 5)     Autotrof 6)     Prokariot 7)     Eukariot Yang merupakan ciri plantae adalah...

    • A.

      1,3,5,7

    • B.

      2,4,6,7

    • C.

      1,3,5,6

    • D.

      2,3,5,7

    • E.

      2,3,5,6

    Correct Answer
    D. 2,3,5,7
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2, 3, 5, 7. This is because plants are multicellular (2) and eukaryotic (7). They also have the ability to produce their own food through photosynthesis, which means they are autotrophic (5) and have chlorophyll (3).

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  • 2. 

    Tumbuhan lumut memiliki cirri-ciri sebagai berikut, kecuali….

    • A.

      Mempunyai jaringan pembuluh

    • B.

      Merupakan tumbuhan peralihan antara tumbuhan bertallus dan tumbuhan berkormus

    • C.

      Tidak mempunyai jaringan pembuluh

    • D.

      Belum mempunyai akar, batang, dan daun sejati

    • E.

      Habitat di tempat lembab

    Correct Answer
    A. Mempunyai jaringan pembuluh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "memiliki jaringan pembuluh". This is because mosses, or tumbuhan lumut, do not have vascular tissues like xylem and phloem that are found in higher plants. Mosses are simple plants that lack true roots, stems, and leaves, and they rely on direct absorption of water and nutrients from their surroundings. They are typically found in moist habitats where they can absorb water easily.

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  • 3. 

    Tumbuhan lumut mengedarkan air dan mineral dengan cara... 

    • A.

      Difusi

    • B.

      Imbibisi

    • C.

      Melalui pembuluh

    • D.

      Transpor aktif

    • E.

      Osmosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Difusi
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the process by which substances move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. In the case of plants, mosses do not have specialized tissues like vascular plants, so they rely on diffusion to transport water and minerals throughout their cells. This allows them to absorb nutrients from their surroundings and distribute them to different parts of the plant. Therefore, diffusion is the most suitable answer for how moss plants circulate water and minerals.

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  • 4. 

    Tumbuhan lumut disebut tumbuhan peralihan dari tumbuhan talus ke kormus karena...

    • A.

      Tidak mempunyai akar sejati

    • B.

      Mempunyai pundi kuncup

    • C.

      Bereproduksi dengan spora

    • D.

      Tidak mempunyai kambium

    • E.

      Mengalami pergiliran keturunan

    Correct Answer
    A. Tidak mempunyai akar sejati
    Explanation
    Tumbuhan lumut disebut tumbuhan peralihan dari tumbuhan talus ke kormus karena tidak mempunyai akar sejati. This means that moss plants are considered transitional plants from thallus to stem because they do not have true roots. Mosses have rhizoids, which are hair-like structures that anchor the plant to a substrate, but they do not function in the same way as true roots. True roots are responsible for absorbing water and nutrients from the soil, while mosses rely on other mechanisms for obtaining these resources. Therefore, the absence of true roots is a characteristic that distinguishes mosses as transitional plants.

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  • 5. 

    Kelas dari tiap-tiap tumbuhan lumut di atas adalah...   Kelas dari tiap-tiap tumbuhan lumut di atas yaitu... No 1 2 3 A Anthoceropsida Bryopsida Hepaticopsida B Anthoceropsida Hepaticopsida Bryopsida C Hepaticopsida Anthoceropsida Bryopsida D Hepaticopsida Bryopsida Anthoceropsida E Bryopsida Hepaticopsida Anthoceropsida

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B because the class of each moss plant is listed as Anthoceropsida, Hepaticopsida, Bryopsida.

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  • 6. 

    Perhatikan ciri-ciri bryophyta berikut! 1)     Tubuh terdiri dari bagian-bagian yang menyerupai akar(rhizoid),batang,daun 2)     Sporofit tumbuh pada gametofit 3)     Gametofit dapat dibedakan menjadi jantan(anteredia) dan betina(arkegonia) Ciri-ciri di atas dimiliki oleh kelas....

    • A.

      Hepaticopsida

    • B.

      Bryopsida

    • C.

      Magnoliopsida

    • D.

      Coniferopsida

    • E.

      Anthoceropsida

    Correct Answer
    B. Bryopsida
    Explanation
    The given characteristics describe the class Bryopsida. Bryopsida is a class of bryophytes, which are non-vascular plants. The characteristics mentioned, such as the presence of structures resembling roots (rhizoids), stems, and leaves, the growth of sporophytes on gametophytes, and the differentiation of gametophytes into male (antheridia) and female (archegonia), are all features of Bryopsida. Therefore, the correct answer is Bryopsida.

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  • 7. 

    Bagian-bagian tumbuhan lumut berikut ini bersifat haplod kecuali .....

    • A.

      Protonema

    • B.

      Anteridium

    • C.

      Tumbuhan lumut

    • D.

      Sporogonium

    • E.

      Spora

    Correct Answer
    D. Sporogonium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sporogonium. Sporogonium is the diploid stage in the life cycle of a moss, while the other options mentioned (Protonema, Anteridium, Tumbuhan lumut, and spora) are all haploid structures or stages.

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  • 8. 

    Jenis lumut yang di manfaatkan oleh masyarakat pedesaan untuk mengobati penyakit hepatitis atau radang hati adalah 

    • A.

      Pogonatum cirratum

    • B.

      Sphagnum squarrosum

    • C.

      Marchantia polymorpha

    • D.

      Anthoceros laevis

    • E.

      Andrea petrophila

    Correct Answer
    C. Marchantia polymorpha
    Explanation
    Marchantia polymorpha is a type of liverwort that is used by rural communities to treat hepatitis or liver inflammation. Liverworts have been traditionally used in herbal medicine for their potential medicinal properties. Marchantia polymorpha specifically has been studied for its hepatoprotective effects, meaning it can help protect the liver from damage and promote its healing. It contains bioactive compounds that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which may contribute to its potential therapeutic benefits for liver-related conditions like hepatitis.

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  • 9. 

    1.     Perhatikan tabel perbedaan antara tumbuhan lumut dan  paku berikut: No. Ciri Lumut Paku 1. Struktur tubuh Memiliki rhizoid, batang dan udara Memiliki akar, batang, dan daun 2 Jaringan pembuluh Tidak ada Ada xilem, ada floem 3. Fase dominan Gametofit Sporofit 4. Tumbuhan dewasa Sprofil Gametofit 5. Ukuran tubuh Makroskopis makroskopis Perbedaan ciri tumbuhan lumut dan paku yang tidak benar dari tabel tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The incorrect difference between moss and fern plants in the given table is the dominant phase. According to the table, it states that the dominant phase for moss is gametophyte, while for fern it is sporophyte. However, the correct difference is that the dominant phase for moss is sporophyte, while for fern it is gametophyte.

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  • 10. 

    Metagenesis pada daur hidup paku didominasi oleh generasi ....

    • A.

      Spora

    • B.

      Sporogonium

    • C.

      Sporofit dan gametofit

    • D.

      Sprofil

    • E.

      Gametofit

    Correct Answer
    E. Gametofit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "gametofit". Metagenesis in the life cycle of ferns is dominated by the alternation of generations between the sporophyte and the gametophyte. The sporophyte produces spores through meiosis, which then develop into gametophytes. The gametophytes produce gametes (eggs and sperm), which fuse to form a zygote, leading to the development of a new sporophyte. This cycle of alternating generations is characteristic of ferns and other plants with a similar life cycle.

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  • 11. 

    Tanaman paku yang bersimbiosis dengan ganggang biru Anabaena untuk mengikat N₂ bebas sehingga ekosistem perairan menjadi subur adalah ....

    • A.

      Marsila crenata

    • B.

      Salvina natans

    • C.

      Azolla pinnata

    • D.

      Limnocharis

    • E.

      Ptyrograma calomelanos

    Correct Answer
    C. Azolla pinnata
    Explanation
    Azolla pinnata is the correct answer because it is a type of fern that forms a symbiotic relationship with the blue-green algae Anabaena. This symbiosis allows Azolla pinnata to fix free nitrogen (N₂) from the atmosphere, which enriches the water ecosystem and promotes fertility.

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  • 12. 

    Jenis tumbuhan paku yang dapat dimanfaatkan untuk sayuran adalah ...

    • A.

      Marsilea crenata

    • B.

      Equisetum debile

    • C.

      Lycopodium

    • D.

      Salvinia natant

    • E.

      Selaginella

    Correct Answer
    A. Marsilea crenata
    Explanation
    Marsilea crenata is a type of fern that can be used as a vegetable. It is commonly known as "water clover" and is often used in traditional Asian cuisine. The leaves of Marsilea crenata are edible and can be cooked or eaten raw in salads. They have a mild, slightly nutty flavor and are rich in vitamins and minerals. This plant is also known for its medicinal properties and is used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments.

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  • 13. 

    Pembagian dunia tumbuhan menjadi gymnospermae dan angiospermae didasarkan atas ....

    • A.

      Posisi bunga pada batang

    • B.

      jumlah keping biji

    • C.

      Jumlah mahkota bunga

    • D.

      Susunan berkas pembuluh

    • E.

      Letak bakal biji

    Correct Answer
    E. Letak bakal biji
    Explanation
    The division of plant kingdom into gymnosperms and angiosperms is based on the location of the embryo sac or ovule. Gymnosperms have naked seeds that are not enclosed within an ovary, while angiosperms have seeds enclosed within an ovary. Therefore, the position of the embryo sac or ovule determines the classification of plants into gymnosperms or angiosperms.

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  • 14. 

    Ciri khas Spermatophyta yang membedakannya dari divisi plantae yang lain adalah….

    • A.

      Berumah Satu

    • B.

      Alat reproduksinya berupa biji

    • C.

      Semua anggotanya mempunyai bunga

    • D.

      Semua anggotanya mempunyai strobilus

    • E.

      Menghasilkan spora untuk reproduksi vegetatif

    Correct Answer
    B. Alat reproduksinya berupa biji
    Explanation
    The characteristic that distinguishes Spermatophyta from other divisions of Plantae is that their reproductive organs are in the form of seeds.

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  • 15. 

    Spermatophyte mempunyai bunga sehingga disebut juga sebagai….

    • A.

      Anthophyta

    • B.

      Embryophyta

    • C.

      Kormophyta

    • D.

      Thallophyta

    • E.

      Phanerogamae

    Correct Answer
    A. Anthophyta
    Explanation
    Spermatophytes are plants that produce seeds, and they also have flowers. The term "Anthophyta" refers to the flowering plants, which include the spermatophytes. Therefore, spermatophytes are also known as Anthophyta.

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  • 16. 

    Perhatikan beberapa pernyataan berikut! 1) Bakal biji tidak dilindungi oleh daun buah 2) Bakal biji tumbuh di dalam daun buah 3) Bakal biji tersusun dalam strobilus 4) Mempunyai bunga sebagai alat perkembangbiakan Pernyataan yang sesuai dengan cirri-ciri Gymnospermae yaitu….

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      2 dan 3

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    • E.

      3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 dan 3
    Explanation
    Pernyataan yang sesuai dengan ciri-ciri Gymnospermae adalah pernyataan 1 dan 3. Pernyataan 1 menyatakan bahwa bakal biji tidak dilindungi oleh daun buah, yang merupakan salah satu ciri khas dari Gymnospermae. Pernyataan 3 menyatakan bahwa bakal biji tersusun dalam strobilus, yang juga merupakan ciri khas dari Gymnospermae. Oleh karena itu, jawaban yang benar adalah 1 dan 3.

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  • 17. 

    Perhatikan cirri-ciri berikut! 1) Tubuh menyerupai pohon kelapa 2) Batang berbentuk tiang 3) Daun majemuk menyirip 4) Sporofil tersusun dalam strobilus jantan dan betina 5) Umumnya berumah Satu Tumbuhan yang mempunyai cirri-ciri di atas termasuk….

    • A.

      Cycadinae

    • B.

      Ginkgoinae

    • C.

      Gnetinae

    • D.

      Coniferinae

    • E.

      Dicotyledoneae

    Correct Answer
    A. Cycadinae
    Explanation
    The given characteristics describe a plant that resembles a coconut tree, has a trunk shaped like a pillar, has compound leaves that are pinnate, has sporophylls arranged in male and female strobili, and is mostly dioecious. These characteristics match those of plants in the Cycadinae group, which is why the correct answer is Cycadinae.

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  • 18. 

    Kelas Gnetinae dikatakan lebih maju daripada kelas-kelas lain dengan alasan….

    • A.

      Berumah dua

    • B.

      Pertulangan daun menyirip

    • C.

      Mempunyai banyak cabang

    • D.

      Bunganya tersusun berkarang

    • E.

      Mempunyai perhiasan pada strobilus

    Correct Answer
    C. Mempunyai banyak cabang
    Explanation
    Kelas Gnetinae dikatakan lebih maju daripada kelas-kelas lain karena mempunyai banyak cabang. Having many branches can be seen as a sign of advancement in a plant species as it allows for more opportunities for growth and reproduction. More branches mean more leaves and more potential for photosynthesis, which is essential for plant growth. Additionally, more branches can also provide more space for flowers and fruits to develop, increasing the chances of successful reproduction. Therefore, the presence of many branches can be considered a characteristic of a more advanced plant class.

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  • 19. 

    Perhatikan cirri-ciri Gymnospermae berikut! 1)   Berumah dua 2)   Termasuk pohon meranggas 3)   Daun lebar dan berbentuk kipas 4)   Tulang daun mirip rusuk yang menonjol Jenis tumbuhan yang mempunyai cirri-ciri di atas yaitu….

    • A.

      Cycas rumphii

    • B.

      Ginkgo biloba

    • C.

      Gnetum gnemon

    • D.

      Cupressus lusitanica

    • E.

      Pinus merkusii

    Correct Answer
    B. Ginkgo biloba
    Explanation
    Ginkgo biloba is the correct answer because it exhibits all of the characteristics mentioned in the question. It is a gymnosperm, meaning it has separate male and female reproductive structures. It is a deciduous tree, which means it sheds its leaves annually. The leaves of Ginkgo biloba are broad and fan-shaped. The leaf veins are also prominent and resemble ribs. Therefore, Ginkgo biloba is the plant that possesses all the given characteristics.

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  • 20. 

    Salah satu cirri tumbuhan kelas Monokotil yaitu….

    • A.

      Berakar serabut

    • B.

      Tulang daun menyirip

    • C.

      Mempunyai cambium

    • D.

      Batang bercabang-cabang

    • E.

      Perhiasan bunga berjumlah 2, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Berakar serabut
    Explanation
    Monokotil adalah salah satu kelas tumbuhan yang memiliki akar serabut. Akar serabut adalah akar yang tumbuh secara horizontal dan memiliki banyak cabang kecil yang menyerupai serabut. Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah "Berakar serabut".

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  • 21. 

    Proses penyerbukan pada Gymnospermae terjadi dengan perantara…. 

    • A.

      Serangga

    • B.

      Burung

    • C.

      Manusia

    • D.

      Kelelawar

    • E.

      Angin

    Correct Answer
    E. Angin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Angin" (wind). Gymnosperms are plants that do not produce flowers or fruits and rely on wind for pollination. They release large quantities of pollen into the air, which is then carried by the wind to reach the female reproductive structures of other gymnosperms. This method of pollination allows for widespread dispersal of pollen and increases the chances of successful fertilization.

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  • 22. 

    Berikut ini adalah peristiwa yang terjadi pada reproduksi angiospermae : 1)   Matangnya biji dan buah 2)   Terjadi fertilisasi 3)   Serbuk sari menempel di kepala putik 4)   Zygot berkembang menjadi embrio 5)   Serbuk sari sampai di bakal biji Urutan peristiwa yang sesuai dengan tahapan perkembangannya adalah….

    • A.

      1-3-5-4-2

    • B.

      3-5-2-4-1

    • C.

      3-5-4-2-1

    • D.

      1-4-2-5-3

    • E.

      1-3-5-2-4

    Correct Answer
    B. 3-5-2-4-1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3-5-2-4-1. This is the correct sequence of events in the reproduction of angiosperms. First, the pollen grains (3) stick to the stigma of the flower. Then, the pollen tubes grow and reach the ovule (5). Fertilization occurs when the sperm cell from the pollen grain combines with the egg cell in the ovule (2). The fertilized egg develops into an embryo (4). Finally, the ovule matures into a seed and the flower develops into a fruit (1).

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  • 23. 

    Berikut ini adalah gambar penampang kandung lembaga pada tumbuhan Angiospermae. zygot terbentuk melalui peleburan inti dengan nomor ….    

    • A.

      1 dan 5

    • B.

      1 dan 7

    • C.

      2 dan 5

    • D.

      2 dan 7

    • E.

      3 dan 7

    Correct Answer
    D. 2 dan 7
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 dan 7. The explanation for this answer is not available.

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  • 24. 

     Tumbuhan yang berkembangbiak dengan strobilus jantan dan betina adalah….

    • A.

      Cycas rumphii, Musa paradisiaca, Pinus mercusii

    • B.

      Gnetum gnemon, Araucaria cuninghamii, solanum tuberosum

    • C.

      Magnolia grandifolia, Agathis alba, Gnetum gnemon

    • D.

      Ficus benjamina, Pinus mercusii, Araucaria cuninghamii

    • E.

      Araucaria cuninghamii, Pinus mercusii, Gnetum gnemon

    Correct Answer
    E. Araucaria cuninghamii, Pinus mercusii, Gnetum gnemon
    Explanation
    Plants that reproduce with male and female strobili are Araucaria cuninghamii, Pinus mercusii, and Gnetum gnemon. Strobili are cone-like structures that contain reproductive organs in plants. In these three species, the male strobili produce pollen, while the female strobili contain ovules. This allows for the process of fertilization and the production of seeds. Therefore, these plants have both male and female reproductive structures and can reproduce through the use of strobili.

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  • 25. 

    Berikut ini adalah karakteristik yang dimiliki oleh Dicotyledon kecuali….

    • A.

      Ujung akar lembaga tidak memiliki pelindung

    • B.

      Batang berkambium, kolateral tertutup

    • C.

      Bunga terdiri dari kelipatan 3

    • D.

      Biji yang berkecambah membelah 2

    • E.

      Mempunyai susunan tulang daun menjari dan menyirip

    Correct Answer
    C. Bunga terdiri dari kelipatan 3
    Explanation
    The given options describe the characteristics of Dicotyledon. All the options except "Bunga terdiri dari kelipatan 3" are correct characteristics of Dicotyledon. Dicotyledons have a protective covering on the root tip, the stem has a cambium layer that is arranged in a closed ring, the seeds of Dicotyledons split into two when germinating, and the leaf veins are arranged in a net-like pattern. However, Dicotyledons do not have flowers that are composed of multiples of three.

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  • 26. 

    Oryza sativa, Imperata cylindrica, dan Zea mays termasuk dalam family….

    • A.

      Arecaceae

    • B.

      Gramineae

    • C.

      Zingiberaceae

    • D.

      Liliceae

    • E.

      Musaceae

    Correct Answer
    B. Gramineae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Gramineae. Oryza sativa, Imperata cylindrica, and Zea mays are all plants that belong to the family Gramineae. Gramineae, also known as Poaceae, is the family of grasses, which includes important cereal crops like rice (Oryza sativa) and maize (Zea mays). Imperata cylindrica, also known as cogon grass, is a type of perennial grass that belongs to the Gramineae family. Therefore, Gramineae is the correct answer as it encompasses all three plants mentioned.

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  • 27. 

    Dalam sebuah taman terdapat beberapa tanaman berikut ! 1)     Phaseolus radiatus 2)     Solanum tuberosum 3)     Cycas rumphii 4)     Mimosa pudica 5)     Pinus merkusii Kelompok tumbuhan yang mengalami perkembangan generative dengan pembuahan ganda yaitu….

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      1,2,4

    • C.

      1,3,5

    • D.

      2,3,5

    • E.

      3,4,5

    Correct Answer
    B. 1,2,4
    Explanation
    The plants that undergo generative development with double fertilization are Phaseolus radiatus, Solanum tuberosum, and Mimosa pudica.

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  • 28. 

    Tumbuhan berikut yang dapat digunakan untuk campuran es campur adalah….

    • A.

      Manihot utilissima

    • B.

      Santalum album

    • C.

      Amarantus spinosus

    • D.

      Artocarpus integra

    • E.

      Solanum tuberosum

    Correct Answer
    D. Artocarpus integra
    Explanation
    Artocarpus integra is a plant that can be used for making mixed ice.

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  • 29. 

    Perhatikan gambar penampang batang berikut! Tumbuhan di bawah ini yang mempunyai penampang batang seperti di atas adalah….

    • A.

      Manihot utilissima

    • B.

      Curcuma domestica

    • C.

      Cyperus rotundus

    • D.

      Cocos nucifera

    • E.

      Aloe vera

    Correct Answer
    A. Manihot utilissima
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Manihot utilissima because the image shows a stem with a distinct cambium layer, which is characteristic of this plant species. Manihot utilissima, also known as cassava, is a tropical plant that is widely cultivated for its starchy tuberous roots. The other plant species listed do not have the same stem structure as shown in the image.

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  • 30. 

    Cocos nucifera, Phoenix dactylifera, Areca catechu termasuk dalam satu family yaitu….

    • A.

      Zingiberaceae

    • B.

      Rubiaceae

    • C.

      Myrtaceae

    • D.

      Palmae

    • E.

      Gramineae

    Correct Answer
    D. Palmae
    Explanation
    Cocos nucifera, Phoenix dactylifera, and Areca catechu are all plants that belong to the family Palmae.

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