Remidi Uh-2 (Plantae)

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| By Danik_margowati
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Danik_margowati
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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 8,751
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Remidi Uh-2 (Plantae) - Quiz

Bagi siswa/i SMAIT Nur Hidayahng nilainya masih di bawah 75,silahkan kerjakan soal-soal berikut. Jangan lupa menuliskan nama dan kelas. Selamat mengerjakan. . .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ditemukan tumbuhan berklorofil, tidak berbatang, akarnya berupa rhizoid, dan menghasilkan spora. Dari ciri-ciri tersebut dapat dipastikan bahwa tumbuhan tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      Jamur

    • B.

      Alga

    • C.

      Lumut

    • D.

      Paku

    • E.

      Lumut kerak

    Correct Answer
    C. Lumut
    Explanation
    Tumbuhan tersebut dapat dipastikan sebagai lumut berdasarkan ciri-ciri yang diberikan. Lumut adalah tumbuhan yang memiliki klorofil, tidak memiliki batang yang sejati, memiliki akar yang berupa rhizoid, dan menghasilkan spora.

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  • 2. 

    Penyebaran lumut dikatakan kosmopolit, artinya ....

    • A.

      Hidup hanya di tempat lembab

    • B.

      Mudah berkembang biak

    • C.

      Banyak sekali jenisnya

    • D.

      Selalu bergerombol

    • E.

      Penyebarannya sangat luas

    Correct Answer
    E. Penyebarannya sangat luas
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the spread of moss is cosmopolitan, meaning it is very extensive or widespread. This suggests that moss can be found in many different locations and environments, indicating a wide distribution.

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  • 3. 

    Generasi sporofit pada tumbuhan lumut adalah generasi yang menghasilkan ....

    • A.

      Protonema

    • B.

      Gamet

    • C.

      Anteridium

    • D.

      Spora

    • E.

      Arkegonium

    Correct Answer
    D. Spora
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "Spora". The sporophyte generation in moss plants is responsible for producing spores. Spores are reproductive structures that can develop into new gametophyte plants. This is a crucial part of the moss life cycle, as the spores are dispersed and can eventually give rise to new moss plants. Therefore, the sporophyte generation in mosses is primarily involved in the production of spores.

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  • 4. 

    Perhatikan gambar lumut ! Gametofit ditunjukkan oleh nomor :

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 because gametophytes are the haploid stage in the life cycle of plants, and in the given image, number 2 represents the gametophyte stage of the moss. The other numbers in the image may represent different stages or structures of the moss, but only number 2 represents the gametophyte.

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  • 5. 

    Metagenesi lumut Dalam siklus hidupnya, lumut daun mengalami metagenesis yang secara diagramatis diperlihatkan di atas. Manakah yang merupakan fase vegetatif ?

    • A.

      Sporofit → spora → protonema

    • B.

      Spora → protonema → tumbuhan lumut

    • C.

      Protonema → anteridium → spermatizoid

    • D.

      Tumbuhan lumut → arkegonium → sel telur

    • E.

      Spermatozoid atau sel telur → zigot → sporofit

    Correct Answer
    A. Sporofit → spora → protonema
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sporofit → spora → protonema. In the life cycle of moss, the sporophyte is the diploid (2n) phase that produces haploid (n) spores through meiosis. These spores then germinate and develop into the protonema, which is a filamentous structure that serves as the vegetative stage of the moss. The protonema eventually gives rise to the mature moss plant. Therefore, the sequence of Sporofit → spora → protonema represents the vegetative phase of the moss life cycle.

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  • 6. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut! Pada lumut hati Marchantia, bagian yang di tunjuk adalah ...

    • A.

      Anteridium

    • B.

      Arkegonium

    • C.

      Sel telur

    • D.

      Arkegoniofor

    • E.

      Zigot

    Correct Answer
    A. Anteridium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Anteridium. In the given image, the structure that is being pointed to is the anteridium. Anteridium is a male reproductive structure found in liverworts like Marchantia. It produces sperm cells that are involved in the fertilization process.

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  • 7. 

    Bagian-bagian tumbuhan lumut berikut ini bersifat haplod kecuali ....

    • A.

      Protonema

    • B.

      Anteridium

    • C.

      Tumbuhan lumut

    • D.

      Sporogonium

    • E.

      Spora

    Correct Answer
    D. Sporogonium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sporogonium. Sporogonium is the diploid stage in the life cycle of mosses, whereas the other options (Protonema, Anteridium, Tumbuhan lumut, spora) are all haploid. The sporogonium is responsible for producing spores through meiosis, which will eventually develop into the haploid gametophyte stage of the moss.

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  • 8. 

    Perhatikan metagenesis lumut berikut !       Fase sporofit dan gametofit secara berurutan ditunjuk oleh gambar ....

    • A.

      P dan Q

    • B.

      P dan R

    • C.

      Q dan R

    • D.

      S dan Q

    • E.

      Q dan S

    Correct Answer
    B. P dan R
    Explanation
    The correct answer is P and R. This is because the question is asking about the sequential occurrence of the sporophyte and gametophyte phases in the life cycle of moss. In mosses, the sporophyte phase produces spores, and the gametophyte phase produces gametes. The diagram P shows the sporophyte phase, while diagram R shows the gametophyte phase. Therefore, the correct answer is P and R, indicating that the sporophyte phase occurs before the gametophyte phase in the life cycle of moss.

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  • 9. 

    Jenis lumut yang di manfaatkan oleh masyarakat pedesaan untuk mengobati penyakit hepatitis atau radang hati adalah ....

    • A.

      Pogonatum cirratum

    • B.

      Sphagnum squarrosum

    • C.

      Marchanti polymorpha

    • D.

      Anthoceros laevis

    • E.

      Andrea petrophila

    Correct Answer
    C. Marchanti polymorpha
    Explanation
    Marchanti polymorpha is a type of liverwort that is commonly used by rural communities to treat hepatitis or liver inflammation. Liverworts have been traditionally used in herbal medicine for their potential medicinal properties. Marchanti polymorpha may contain compounds that have hepatoprotective effects, meaning they can protect and support the health of the liver. Therefore, it is likely that the rural community utilizes Marchanti polymorpha as a natural remedy for treating hepatitis or liver inflammation.

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  • 10. 

    Perhatikan tabel perbedaan antara tumbuhan lumut dan  paku berikut: No. Ciri Lumut Paku 1. Struktur tubuh Memiliki rhizoid, batang dan udara Memiliki akar, batang, dan daun 2 Jaringan pembuluh Tidak ada Ada xilem, ada floem 3. Fase dominan Gametofit Sporofit 4. Tumbuhan dewasa Sporofit Gametofit 5. Ukuran tubuh Makroskopis makroskopis Perbedaan ciri tumbuhan lumut dan paku yang tidak benar dari tabel tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    The incorrect difference between moss and fern plants in the given table is that the mature plant in moss is the sporophyte, while in fern it is the gametophyte.

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  • 11. 

    Fase metagenesis lumut sebagai berikut : 1)     Spora 2)     Sporangium 3)     Tumbuhan lumut 4)     Protonema 5)     Sporogonium 6)     Anteridium dan arkegonium Urutan metagenesis lumut yang benar adalah....

    • A.

      1,4,3,6,5,2

    • B.

      1,4,6,3,5,2

    • C.

      1,4,3,6,2,5

    • D.

      1,4,6,3,2,5

    • E.

      1,2,3,4,5,6

    Correct Answer
    A. 1,4,3,6,5,2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1,4,3,6,5,2. This is the correct sequence of the life cycle of moss. It starts with the spore, which germinates into a protonema. The protonema then develops into a mature moss plant. The mature plant produces anteridia and archegonia, which are the male and female reproductive structures. Fertilization occurs, resulting in the formation of a sporophyte called sporogonium. The sporogonium produces spores, which are released and can germinate to start the cycle again.

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  • 12. 

    Perhatikan gambar metagenesis tumbuhan paku berikut : Proses meiosis terjadi pada bagian yang berlabel .....

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
  • 13. 

    Metagenesis pada daur hidup paku didominasi oleh generasi ....

    • A.

      Spora

    • B.

      Sporogonium

    • C.

      Sporofit dan gametofit

    • D.

      Sporofit

    • E.

      Gametofit

    Correct Answer
    D. Sporofit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sporofit". Metagenesis in the life cycle of ferns is dominated by the sporophyte generation. This means that the fern undergoes alternation of generations, where the dominant phase is the sporophyte, which is the multicellular diploid phase that produces spores through meiosis. The spores then develop into the gametophyte generation, which is a multicellular haploid phase that produces gametes. However, in the case of ferns, the sporophyte generation is the larger, more dominant phase in the life cycle.

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  • 14. 

    Perhatikan skema daur hidup tumbuhan paku di atas ! Bagian yang berlabel a, b, dan c berturut-turut adalah .....

    • A.

      Protonema, arkegonium, dan tumbuhan paku

    • B.

      Protalium, arkegonium, dan sperma

    • C.

      Protalium, sperma, dan arkegonium

    • D.

      Arkegonium, sperma, dan protalium

    • E.

      Sperma, arkegonium, dan protalium

    Correct Answer
    A. Protonema, arkegonium, dan tumbuhan paku
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Protonema, arkegonium, dan tumbuhan paku. This is because in the life cycle of a fern, the first stage is the protonema, which is a thread-like structure that develops from a spore. The next stage is the arkegonium, which is a structure that produces eggs. Finally, the last stage is the tumbuhan paku, which refers to the mature fern plant.

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  • 15. 

    Tumbuhan paku yang biasa kita lihat adalah fase .....

    • A.

      Pembentukan spora

    • B.

      Pembentukan gamet

    • C.

      Pembentukan biji

    • D.

      Pembentukan zigot

    • E.

      Pembentukan anakan

    Correct Answer
    A. Pembentukan spora
    Explanation
    Tumbuhan paku memiliki siklus hidup yang melibatkan dua fase utama yaitu fase sporofit dan fase gametofit. Fase sporofit adalah fase di mana terjadi pembentukan spora, sedangkan fase gametofit adalah fase di mana terjadi pembentukan gamet. Oleh karena itu, jawaban yang tepat adalah "Pembentukan spora" karena tumbuhan paku yang biasa kita lihat adalah dalam fase sporofit.

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  • 16. 

    Struktur pembentuk gamet pada tumbuhan paku terdapat pada bagian ....

    • A.

      Daun

    • B.

      Sporangium

    • C.

      Protalium

    • D.

      Sorus

    • E.

      Strobilus

    Correct Answer
    C. Protalium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Protalium". Protalium is the structure that forms gametes in ferns. It is a small, heart-shaped structure that develops from a spore. The protalium produces both male and female gametes, which then fuse to form a zygote and eventually develop into a new fern plant.

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  • 17. 

    Berdasarkan spora yang dihasilkan paku ekor kuda(Equisetum debile) pada gambar, termasuk jenis tumbuhan paku ....

    • A.

      Homospora

    • B.

      Isospora

    • C.

      Heterospora

    • D.

      Peralihan

    • E.

      Makrospora

    Correct Answer
    D. Peralihan
    Explanation
    Based on the spores produced by Equisetum debile in the picture, it can be concluded that it belongs to the type of fern plants that undergo alternation of generations. This is because the spores are produced as part of the reproductive cycle in ferns, where they undergo alternation between a gametophyte and a sporophyte stage. Therefore, the correct answer is "Peralihan" which means alternation in Indonesian.

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  • 18. 

    Paku tanduk rusa dimanfaatkan orang untuk ....

    • A.

      Tanaman hias

    • B.

      Bahan makanan

    • C.

      Bahan pakaian

    • D.

      Tanaman pelindung

    • E.

      Obat-obatan

    Correct Answer
    A. Tanaman hias
    Explanation
    Paku tanduk rusa dimanfaatkan orang sebagai tanaman hias. This means that people use deer antler ferns as ornamental plants. They are valued for their unique and attractive appearance, making them popular choices for gardens, landscaping, and indoor decoration.

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  • 19. 

    Tanaman paku yang bersimbiosis dengan ganggang biru Anabaena untuk mengikat N₂ bebas sehingga ekosistem perairan menjadi subur adalah ....

    • A.

      Marsilea crenata

    • B.

      Salvinea natans

    • C.

      Azolla pinnata

    • D.

      Limnocharis

    • E.

      Ptyrograma calomelanos

    Correct Answer
    C. Azolla pinnata
    Explanation
    Azolla pinnata adalah tanaman paku yang bersimbiosis dengan ganggang biru Anabaena. Simbiosis ini memungkinkan Azolla pinnata untuk mengikat nitrogen bebas (N₂) dari udara dan mengubahnya menjadi bentuk yang dapat digunakan oleh tanaman lain. Kehadiran Azolla pinnata dalam ekosistem perairan membantu meningkatkan kesuburan tanah dan meningkatkan produktivitas ekosistem tersebut.

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  • 20. 

    Jenis tumbuhan paku yang dapat dimanfaatkan untuk sayuran adalah ...

    • A.

      Marsilea crenata

    • B.

      Equisetum debile

    • C.

      Lycopodium

    • D.

      Salvinia

    • E.

      Selaginella

    Correct Answer
    A. Marsilea crenata
    Explanation
    Marsilea crenata is a type of fern that can be utilized as a vegetable. It is commonly known as "water clover" or "nardoo" and is native to Southeast Asia. The leaves of Marsilea crenata are edible and can be cooked or eaten raw. They are rich in nutrients such as vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium. This plant is often used in traditional cuisines and is known for its unique flavor and texture.

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  • 21. 

    Pembagian dunia tumbuhan menjadi gymnospermae dan angiospermae didasarkan atas ....

    • A.

      Posisi bunga pada batang

    • B.

      Jumlah keping biji

    • C.

      jumlah mahkota bunga

    • D.

      Susunan berkas pembuluh

    • E.

      letak bakal biji

    Correct Answer
    B. Jumlah keping biji
    Explanation
    The division of plants into gymnosperms and angiosperms is based on the number of seed leaves or cotyledons. Gymnosperms have seeds with one or two cotyledons, while angiosperms have seeds with two cotyledons. This characteristic is used to classify plants into these two major groups.

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  • 22. 

    Ciri khas Spermatophyta yang membedakannya dari divisi plantae yang lain adalah….

    • A.

      Berumah Satu

    • B.

      Alat reproduksinya berupa biji

    • C.

      Semua anggotanya mempunyai bunga

    • D.

      Semua anggotanya mempunyai strobilus

    • E.

      Menghasilkan spora untuk reproduksi vegetatif

    Correct Answer
    B. Alat reproduksinya berupa biji
    Explanation
    Spermatophyta is a division of plants that is characterized by its reproductive structure, which is in the form of seeds. This feature sets it apart from other divisions of Plantae. The presence of seeds as a means of reproduction is a key distinguishing factor for Spermatophyta.

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  • 23. 

    Spermatophyte mempunyai kelamin yang jelas sehingga disebut juga sebagai….

    • A.

      Anthophyta

    • B.

      Anthophyta

    • C.

      Kormophyta

    • D.

      Thallophyta

    • E.

      Phanerogamae

    Correct Answer
    E. Phanerogamae
    Explanation
    Spermatophyte memiliki kelamin yang jelas, yang berarti mereka memiliki organ reproduksi jantan (stamen) dan betina (pistil). Istilah "Phanerogamae" merujuk pada tumbuhan yang memiliki organ reproduksi yang terlihat atau jelas. Oleh karena itu, jawaban yang tepat adalah "Phanerogamae".

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  • 24. 

    Perhatikan beberapa pernyataan berikut! 1) Bakal biji tidak dilindungi oleh daun buah 2) Bakal biji tumbuh di dalam daun buah 3) Bakal biji tersusun dalam strobilus 4) Mempunyai bunga sebagai alat perkembangbiakan Pernyataan yang sesuai dengan cirri-ciri Gymnospermae yaitu….

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      2 dan 3

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    • E.

      3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 dan 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 dan 3. This is because statement 1 states that the seed embryo is not protected by a fruit, which is a characteristic of gymnosperms. Statement 3 states that the seed embryo is arranged in a strobilus, which is also a characteristic of gymnosperms. Therefore, both statements 1 and 3 align with the characteristics of gymnosperms.

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  • 25. 

    Perhatikan cirri-ciri berikut! 1) Tubuh menyerupai pohon kelapa 2) Batang berbentuk tiang 3) Daun majemuk menyirip 4) Sporofil tersusun dalam strobilus jantan dan betina 5) Umumnya berumah Satu Tumbuhan yang mempunyai cirri-ciri di atas termasuk….

    • A.

      Cycadinae

    • B.

      Ginkgoinae

    • C.

      Gnetinae

    • D.

      Coniferinae

    • E.

      Dicotyledoneae

    Correct Answer
    A. Cycadinae
    Explanation
    The given characteristics, such as a body resembling a coconut tree, a stem shaped like a pillar, compound pinnate leaves, and sporophylls arranged in male and female strobili, are all typical features of plants belonging to the Cycadinae group. Therefore, the correct answer is Cycadinae.

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  • 26. 

    Kelas Gnetinae dikatakan lebih maju daripada kelas-kelas lain dengan alasan….

    • A.

      Berumah dua

    • B.

      Pertulangan daun menyirip

    • C.

      Mempunyai banyak cabang

    • D.

      Bunganya tersusun berkarang

    • E.

      Mempunyai perhiasan pada strobilus

    Correct Answer
    C. Mempunyai banyak cabang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mempunyai banyak cabang" because having many branches is a characteristic of the Gnetinae class that distinguishes it as more advanced compared to other classes.

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  • 27. 

    Perhatikan cirri-ciri Gymnospermae berikut! 1)   Berumah dua 2)   Termasuk pohon meranggas 3)   Daun lebar dan berbentuk kipas 4)   Tulang daun mirip rusuk yang menonjol Jenis tumbuhan yang mempunyai cirri-ciri di atas yaitu….

    • A.

      Cycas rumphii

    • B.

      Ginkgo biloba

    • C.

      Gnetum gnemon

    • D.

      Cupressus lusitanica

    • E.

      Pinus merkusii

    Correct Answer
    B. Ginkgo biloba
    Explanation
    Ginkgo biloba is the correct answer because it exhibits all the characteristics mentioned in the question. It is a gymnosperm, which means it has naked seeds and does not produce flowers or fruits. It is a deciduous tree, which fits the description of "pohon meranggas" (shedding leaves annually). The leaves of Ginkgo biloba are broad and fan-shaped, similar to the description of "daun lebar dan berbentuk kipas". Additionally, the leaves have prominent veins that resemble ribs, as mentioned in "tulang daun mirip rusuk yang menonjol". Therefore, Ginkgo biloba is the correct answer based on the given characteristics.

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  • 28. 

    Salah satu cirri tumbuhan kelas Monokotil yaitu….

    • A.

      Berakar serabut

    • B.

      Tulang daun menyirip

    • C.

      Mempunyai cambium

    • D.

      Batang bercabang-cabang

    • E.

      Perhiasan bunga berjumlah 2, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Berakar serabut
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Berakar serabut". Monocot plants are characterized by having fibrous roots, which means that their roots are thin and spread out in a network-like pattern. This is in contrast to dicot plants, which have a taproot system with a main root and smaller lateral roots.

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  • 29. 

    Proses penyerbukan pada Gymnospermae terjadi dengan perantara….

    • A.

      Serangga

    • B.

      Burung

    • C.

      Manusia

    • D.

      Kelelawar

    • E.

      Angin

    Correct Answer
    E. Angin
    Explanation
    Gymnosperms are a group of plants that do not produce flowers or fruits. Instead, they rely on the wind for pollination. The male reproductive structures of gymnosperms, called cones, release pollen grains into the air. These pollen grains are carried by the wind and may land on the female reproductive structures of other gymnosperms, leading to fertilization. This method of pollination is known as anemophily, and it is the primary way that gymnosperms reproduce. Therefore, the correct answer is "Angin" (wind).

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  • 30. 

    Berikut ini adalah peristiwa yang terjadi pada reproduksi angiospermae : 1)   Matangnya biji dan buah 2)   Terjadi fertilisasi 3)   Serbuk sari menempel di kepala putik 4)   Zygot berkembang menjadi embrio 5)   Serbuk sari sampai pada kepala putik Urutan peristiwa yang sesuai dengan tahapan perkembangannya adalah….

    • A.

      1-3-5-4-2

    • B.

      3-5-2-4-1

    • C.

      3-5-4-2-1

    • D.

      1-4-2-5-3

    • E.

      1-3-5-2-4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3-5-4-2-1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3-5-4-2-1. This is because the correct sequence of events in the reproduction of angiosperms is as follows: first, the pollen grains (serbuk sari) stick to the stigma (kepala putik) of the flower (event 3). Then, the pollen tube grows and reaches the ovule, where fertilization occurs (event 5). After fertilization, the zygote develops into an embryo (event 4). Finally, the seed and fruit mature (event 2) and are ready for dispersal (event 1).

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  • 31. 

    Berikut ini adalah gambar penampang kandung lembaga pada tumbuhan Angiospermae. Endosperm terbentuk melalui peleburan inti dengan nomor ….  

    • A.

      1 dan 5

    • B.

      1 dan 7

    • C.

      2 dan 5

    • D.

      2 dan 7

    • E.

      3 dan 7

    Correct Answer
    D. 2 dan 7
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 7. The endosperm is formed through the fusion of nuclei in the embryo sac. In Angiosperms, the embryo sac contains two polar nuclei in the center, and these nuclei fuse with one sperm nucleus each to form the endosperm. Therefore, the fusion of nuclei with numbers 2 and 7 is responsible for the formation of the endosperm in Angiosperms.

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  • 32. 

    Tumbuhan yang berkembangbiak dengan strobilus jantan dan betina adalah….

    • A.

      Cycas rumphii, Musa paradisiaca, Pinus mercusii

    • B.

      Gnetum gnemon, Araucaria cuninghamii, solanum tuberosum

    • C.

      Magnolia grandifolia, Agathis alba, Gnetum gnemon

    • D.

      Ficus benjamina, Pinus mercusii, Araucaria cuninghamii

    • E.

      Araucaria cuninghamii, Pinus mercusii, Gnetum gnemon

    Correct Answer
    E. Araucaria cuninghamii, Pinus mercusii, Gnetum gnemon
    Explanation
    Plants that reproduce with male and female strobili are Araucaria cuninghamii, Pinus mercusii, and Gnetum gnemon. Strobili are reproductive structures in plants that produce spores or gametes. These three plant species have separate male and female strobili, allowing them to reproduce sexually. This means that they require both male and female structures to produce offspring. Cycas rumphii, Musa paradisiaca, Pinus mercusii, Gnetum gnemon, Araucaria cuninghamii, solanum tuberosum, Magnolia grandifolia, Agathis alba, and Ficus benjamina do not have this specific reproductive mechanism, making them incorrect answers.

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  • 33. 

    Berikut ini adalah karakteristik yang dimiliki oleh Dicotyledon kecuali….

    • A.

      Ujung akar lembaga tidak memiliki pelindung

    • B.

      Batang berkambium, kolateral tertutup

    • C.

      Bunga terdiri dari kelipatan 3

    • D.

      Biji yang berkecambah membelah 2

    • E.

      Mempunyai susunan tulang daun menjari dan menyirip

    Correct Answer
    C. Bunga terdiri dari kelipatan 3
    Explanation
    The given answer states that "Bunga terdiri dari kelipatan 3" (Flowers consist of multiples of 3) is not a characteristic of Dicotyledons. This is correct because Dicotyledons typically have flowers with parts in multiples of 4 or 5, not 3.

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  • 34. 

    Oryza sativa, Imperata cylindrica, dan Zea mays termasuk dalam family….

    • A.

      Arecaceae

    • B.

      Gramineae

    • C.

      Zingiberaceae

    • D.

      Liliceae

    • E.

      Musaceae

    Correct Answer
    B. Gramineae
    Explanation
    Oryza sativa, Imperata cylindrica, and Zea mays are all types of grasses, which belong to the family Gramineae.

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  • 35. 

    Dalam sebuah taman terdapat beberapa tanaman berikut ! 1)     Phaseolus radiatus 2)     Solanum tuberosum 3)     Cycas rumphii 4)     Mimosa pudica 5)     Pinus merkusii Kelompok tumbuhan yang mengalami perkembangan generative dengan pembuahan ganda yaitu….

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      1,2,4

    • C.

      1,3,5

    • D.

      2,3,5

    • E.

      3,4,5

    Correct Answer
    B. 1,2,4
    Explanation
    The plants listed in options 1, 2, and 4 (Phaseolus radiatus, Solanum tuberosum, and Mimosa pudica) undergo generative development with double fertilization. This means that during reproduction, two sperm cells fertilize two different cells, resulting in the formation of both the embryo and the endosperm. The other options do not include all three plants that exhibit this characteristic.

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  • 36. 

    Tumbuhan berikut yang dapat digunakan untuk campuran es campur adalah….

    • A.

      Manihot utilissima

    • B.

      Santalum album

    • C.

      Amarantus spinosus

    • D.

      Artocarpus integra

    • E.

      Solanum tuberosum

    Correct Answer
    D. Artocarpus integra
    Explanation
    Artocarpus integra is a type of plant that can be used as an ingredient in making es campur.

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  • 37. 

    Tumbuhan di bawah ini yang mempunyai penampang batang teratur adalah….

    • A.

      Manihot utilissima

    • B.

      Curcuma domestica

    • C.

      Cyperus rotundus

    • D.

      Cocos nucifera

    • E.

      Aloe vera

    Correct Answer
    A. Manihot utilissima
    Explanation
    Manihot utilissima is the correct answer because it is the only plant listed that has a regular stem cross-section. The other plants listed may have irregular stem cross-sections or may not have stems at all.

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  • 38. 

    Di bawah ini terdapat ciri-ciri tumbuhan a.   Berakar serabut b.  Ujun akar dilindungi koleoriza c.   Batang tidak berkambium tersusun kolateral tertutup d.  Daun melengkung e.   Bunga umumnya berkelipatan 3 Dari tumbuhan berikut, yang mempunyai cirri-ciri di atas kecuali….

    • A.

      Polianthes tuberose

    • B.

      Artocarpus integra

    • C.

      Curcuma domestica

    • D.

      Phoenix dactylifera

    • E.

      Amaranthus spinosus

    Correct Answer
    D. Phoenix dactylifera
    Explanation
    Phoenix dactylifera is the correct answer because it does not have the characteristic of having flowers that are generally in multiples of 3. Phoenix dactylifera, also known as the date palm, has flowers that are either male or female and are not typically in multiples of 3. The other plants listed, Polianthes tuberose, Artocarpus integra, Curcuma domestica, and Amaranthus spinosus, all have the characteristic of having flowers that are generally in multiples of 3.

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  • 39. 

    Cocos nucifera, Phoenix dactylifera, Areca catechu termasuk dalam satu family yaitu….

    • A.

      Zingiberaceae

    • B.

      Rubiaceae

    • C.

      Myrtaceae

    • D.

      Palmae

    • E.

      Gramineae

    Correct Answer
    D. Palmae
    Explanation
    Cocos nucifera, Phoenix dactylifera, and Areca catechu all belong to the family Palmae.

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  • 40. 

    Pasangan yang paling tepat mengenai tumbuhan dan manfaatnya adalah….

    • A.

      Lycopersicum esculentum-bahan pangan

    • B.

      Zea mays-tanaman hias

    • C.

      Annona squamosa-bahan sandang

    • D.

      Canna hybrid-bahan bangunan

    • E.

      Gossipium obtusifolium-bahan pangan

    Correct Answer
    A. Lycopersicum esculentum-bahan pangan
    Explanation
    Lycopersicum esculentum, yang juga dikenal sebagai tomat, adalah tumbuhan yang biasa digunakan sebagai bahan pangan. Buah tomat yang matang dapat dimakan langsung atau digunakan dalam berbagai hidangan dan masakan. Tumbuhan ini menghasilkan buah yang kaya akan nutrisi, seperti vitamin C dan likopen, yang baik untuk kesehatan tubuh. Oleh karena itu, pasangan yang paling tepat adalah Lycopersicum esculentum-bahan pangan.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Mar 14, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Danik_margowati
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