Energy In Living Systems

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By 16nelsaly
1
16nelsaly
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 552
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 334

SettingsSettingsSettings
Energy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Energy is the capacity to do work.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Energy is the capacity to do work, meaning that it is the ability to exert force and cause an object to move or undergo a change. This statement is true because energy is a fundamental concept in physics and is defined as the ability to perform work. Without energy, no work can be done.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of the following is part of the first law of thermodynamics?

    • A.

      Kinetic energy is stored energy.

    • B.

      Energy cannot be transferred or transformed.

    • C.

      Potential energy equals kinetic energy in a reaction.

    • D.

      Energy cannot be created or destroyed.

    Correct Answer
    D. Energy cannot be created or destroyed.
    Explanation
    The first law of thermodynamics, also known as the law of conservation of energy, states that energy cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system. This means that the total amount of energy in a system remains constant, although it can be transferred or transformed from one form to another. This principle is fundamental to understanding the behavior of energy in various physical and chemical processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Energy in ecosystems

    • A.

      Flows in one direction from heterotrophs to autotrophs.

    • B.

      Is recycled by plants back to animals.

    • C.

      Flows in one direction from the sun to heat.

    • D.

      Is recycled by decomposers back to plants.

    Correct Answer
    C. Flows in one direction from the sun to heat.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Flows in one direction from the sun to heat." This is because energy in ecosystems originates from the sun and is captured by autotrophs (plants) through photosynthesis. This energy then flows through the food chain from autotrophs to heterotrophs (animals) as they consume plants or other animals. Eventually, all energy is converted into heat and lost from the ecosystem. Therefore, energy in ecosystems flows in one direction from the sun to heat.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is the ultimate source of energy for almost all forms of life on Earth?

    • A.

      Solar energy

    • B.

      Thermal energy

    • C.

      Heat energy

    • D.

      Nuclear energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Solar energy
    Explanation
    Solar energy is the ultimate source of energy for almost all forms of life on Earth. This is because sunlight is converted into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis, which is used by plants to produce food. This food then becomes the primary source of energy for other organisms in the food chain. Additionally, solar energy also drives weather patterns, ocean currents, and the water cycle, which are essential for sustaining life on Earth. Thus, solar energy plays a crucial role in providing the energy needed for life to thrive on our planet.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which of the following statements below is correct?

    • A.

      Energy cannot be recycled throughout an ecosystem, but matter can.

    • B.

      Energy can be recycled throughout an ecosystem, but matter cannot.

    • C.

      Both energy and matter can be recycled throughout an ecosystem.

    • D.

      Neither energy or matter can be recycled throughout an ecosystem.

    Correct Answer
    A. Energy cannot be recycled throughout an ecosystem, but matter can.
    Explanation
    Energy cannot be recycled throughout an ecosystem because it is constantly being transformed and lost as heat through various processes such as respiration and metabolism. However, matter can be recycled through biogeochemical cycles such as the carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and water cycle. These cycles allow for the movement and transformation of matter within an ecosystem, ensuring that it is not lost but rather reused and recycled.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Kinetic energy is stored energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Kinetic energy is stored energy" is incorrect. Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is not stored energy, but rather the energy of an object in motion. Stored energy is typically referred to as potential energy, which includes gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, and chemical potential energy. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion, while potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    An object at rest has no ____ , but it may have _____ based on its location or structure.

    • A.

      Kinetic energy, conserved energy

    • B.

      Potential energy, kinetic energy

    • C.

      Kinetic energy, potential energy

    • D.

      Stored energy, potential energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Kinetic energy, potential energy
    Explanation
    An object at rest does not possess kinetic energy because kinetic energy is the energy associated with motion. However, it may still have potential energy based on its location or structure. Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition, such as gravitational potential energy or elastic potential energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A rock on the top of a mountain has what kind of energy?

    • A.

      Kinetic

    • B.

      Potential

    • C.

      No

    • D.

      Conserved

    Correct Answer
    B. Potential
    Explanation
    A rock on the top of a mountain has potential energy. Potential energy refers to the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition. In this case, the rock has the potential to fall down the mountain due to the force of gravity. As it is in a higher position, it has stored energy that can be converted into kinetic energy when it starts to move downhill.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Molecules that come from the food we eat provide energy for work that goes on inside our cells. This energy, stored inside of our food, is a form of ___.

    • A.

      Potential energy called chemical energy

    • B.

      Electrical energy called heat

    • C.

      Potential energy called entropy

    • D.

      Kinetic energy called heat

    Correct Answer
    A. Potential energy called chemical energy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is potential energy called chemical energy. When we consume food, the molecules in the food are broken down during digestion and converted into a form of potential energy called chemical energy. This chemical energy is then used by our cells to perform various work and functions within our body.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Organisms that cannot make their own food and must obtain energy from the foods they eat are called ___

    • A.

      Autotrophs

    • B.

      Heterotrophs

    • C.

      Plants

    • D.

      Matter

    Correct Answer
    B. Heterotrophs
    Explanation
    Heterotrophs are organisms that cannot produce their own food and instead obtain energy by consuming other organisms. They rely on external sources for their nutritional needs and cannot perform photosynthesis like autotrophs. Plants, on the other hand, are autotrophs as they can synthesize their own food using sunlight. Matter is a general term that does not specifically describe organisms that rely on external food sources. Therefore, the correct answer is heterotrophs.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.